Anette Kersting

Anette Kersting
University of Leipzig · Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie

About

197
Publications
49,524
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,630
Citations
Citations since 2017
99 Research Items
4003 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Full-text available
Emotional intelligence and, in particular, the component emotion regulation may increase well-being and improve mood and coping with negative emotions. In the present eye-tracking study, we examined whether attention allocation to positive stimuli mediates the relationship between emotion regulation abilities and trait affect. Gaze behavior of 104...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Before the loss of a loved one to cancer, relatives have time to adapt to the impending death. However, due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, adjustment to an imminent death may be more difficult. This study investigates factors related to pre-loss grief and preparedness during the COVID-19 pandemic and their relationship with COVID-19 r...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine the simultaneous effects of pre-loss grief, preparedness for death and preparedness for caregiving on different psychological health outcomes in relatives of people with cancer. Two hundred ninety-nine relatives of people with cancer participated in a cross-sectional online survey. Participants were included if...
Article
Full-text available
Attention to emotions and emotional clarity are core dimensions of individual differences in emotion awareness. Findings from prior research based on self-report indicate that attention to and recognition of one’s own emotions are related to attention to and recognition of other people’s emotions. In the present experimental study, we examined the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) is now included in Section II of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-5-TR). To understand the health burden and then allocate economic and professional resources, it is necessary to provide epidemiological data for this new disorder. This is especially...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals differ in their dispositional coping behavior when they are confronted with anxiety-provoking situations. Cognitive avoidance is characterized by a withdrawal from threatening information, whereas vigilance denotes the intensive search for threat-related information. Functional neuroimaging studies indicate alterations in bra...
Article
Full-text available
Using reaction-time measures, research on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and biased attention to emotional stimuli in adults has obtained inconsistent results. To help clarify this issue, we conducted an eye-tracking study on the link between childhood maltreatment and allocation of attention to facial emotions analyzing gaze behav...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose A cancer diagnosis can have a substantial impact on one’s mental health. The present study investigated the prevalence and predictors of psychiatric comorbidities in cancer patients at the time of their discharge from the hospital. Methods Psychiatric comorbidities were assessed shortly before hospital discharge and half a year after hospi...
Article
Internet-based cognitive-behavioural grief therapy (ICBGT) has proven to be effective for people bereaved by suicide, however the extent to which patients can benefit from therapy seems to differ. This study investigates predictors of initial grief as well as change in grief severity following treatment in an ICBGT for people bereaved by suicide. D...
Article
Background: Physicians show an increased prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Potentially traumatic events in the medical profession include confrontation with suffering, death, violent experiences, and medical errors. The aim of the present analysis is to record traumatic events (TE) in physicians seeking help and to qualitatively...
Article
Full-text available
Background Bereavement due to cancer increases the risk of prolonged grief disorder. However, specialized treatment options for prolonged grief after a loss due to illness are still scarce. Objective The aim of this study is to extend previous findings by evaluating a web-based cognitive behavioral intervention with asynchronous therapist support,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sleep disturbances are an underestimated risk factor for suicidal ideation and behavior. Previous research provided preliminary support of a temporal relationship between sleep disturbances and suicidal ideation. The present study therefore sought to investigate the prospective association between sleep disturbances, passive and active s...
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on the criterion-related validity of the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT). The IPANAT is thought to be a measure of automatic activation of cognitive representations of affects. In this study, it was investigated whether implicit affect scores differentially predict ratings of facial emotions over and above exp...
Article
Full-text available
The Depressive and Anxious Avoidance in Prolonged Grief Questionnaire (DAAPGQ) was developed to measure depressive and anxious avoidance behaviors, which, according to cognitive-behavioral models, are supposed to play an important role in the development and maintenance of prolonged grief. The present study aimed to develop a German version of the...
Article
Full-text available
Syria has been the main country of citizenship of refugees in Germany since 2013. Syrians face numerous human rights violations in their country that can be accompanied by the experience of potentially traumatic events, loss and displacement. Along the migration process, refugees are exposed to various factors that can have an impact on mental heal...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The high prevalence of mental disorders related to posttraumatic stress among Syrian refugees is often in contrast with their low utilization of mental health care in the host countries. Mental health self-stigma, i.e., internalized stigma of having a mental disorder, could prevent individuals from seeking mental health care. Therefore,...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as lockdowns have played a critical role in preventing the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, but may increase psychological burden. This study sought to examine emotions reflected in social media discourse following the introduction of social contact restrictions in Central Europe. Subjects and methods Germ...
Article
Background Cancer is one of the most common causes of death. The period of time between receiving a terminal diagnosis of cancer and the death of a loved one has been operationalized as pre-loss grief and, more recently, as preparedness for death. Originally, grief before loss was thought to have positive effects on the bereavement outcome, but som...
Article
Full-text available
Alexithymia is a clinically relevant personality trait characterized by deficits in recognizing and verbalizing one's emotions. It has been shown that alexithymia is related to an impaired perception of external emotional stimuli, but previous research focused on emotion perception from faces and voices. Since sensory modalities represent rather di...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The loss of a loved one due to suicide can be a traumatic event associated with prolonged grief and psychological distress. Objective: This study examined the efficacy of an Internet-based cognitive-behavioural grief therapy (ICBGT) specifically for people bereaved by suicide. Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 58 participants w...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ziel der Studie Darstellung der Erwerbssituation und Suche nach Determinanten der Erwerbstätigkeit in Abhängigkeit der Symptomschwere bei geflüchteten Menschen mit posttraumatischer Belastung. Methodik Befragung 133 geflüchteter, in Deutschland lebender Menschen syrischer Herkunft mit posttraumatischer Belastungssymptomatik und expl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The concept of alexithymia is characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's emotions. Alexithymic individuals are impaired in the recognition of others' emotional facial expressions. Alexithymia is quite common in patients suffering from major depressive disorder. The face-in-the-crowd task is a visual search paradigm t...
Article
Background In recent years, a growing body of eye-tracking research has investigated gaze behavior in individuals with social anxiety during the visual perception of emotional stimuli. The aim of this article was to review and synthesize studies examining attention orientation in patients with clinical social anxiety by means of eye-tracking method...
Article
Objectives For many women, the postpartum period is a particularly vulnerable time to experience body image dissatisfaction. We aimed to examine the impact of social media usage frequency in the context of postpartum body image dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. We therefore empirically tested a hypothetical model assuming that so...
Article
Full-text available
Present-centered therapy (PCT) was originally developed as a strong comparator for the non-specific effects of psychotherapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. PCT qualifies as a not strictly supportive treatment as it is structured and homework is assigned between sessions. It does not focus on cognitive restructuring or exposure....
Article
Full-text available
Refugees from war zones often have missing significant others. A loss without confirmation is described as an ambiguous loss. This physical absence with simultaneous mental persistence can be accompanied by economic, social or legal problems, boundary ambiguity (i.e., uncertainty about who belongs to the family system), and can have a negative impa...
Article
Full-text available
Background The primary health care setting is considered a major starting point in successful obesity management. However, research indicates insufficient quality of weight counseling in primary care. Aim of the present study was to implement and evaluate a 5A online tutorial aimed at improving weight management and provider-patient-interaction in...
Article
Full-text available
Refugees who have fled from the ongoing civil war in Syria that arrived in Germany often develop post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The aim of this study was to determine health care services utilization (HCSU), health care costs and health-related quality of life (HrQoL) of Syrian refugees with mild to moderate PTSS without current treatment i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Major depressive disorder has been associated with specific attentional biases in processing emotional facial expressions: heightened attention for negative and decreased attention for positive faces. However, using visual search paradigms, previous reaction-time-based research failed, in general, to find evidence for increased spatial a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Syrian refugees residing in Germany often develop posttraumatic stress as a result of the Syrian civil war, their escape, and postmigration stressors. At the same time, there is a lack of adequate treatment options. The smartphone-based app Sanadak was developed to provide cognitive behavioral therapy–based self-help in the Arabic langua...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Individuals suffering from overweight or obesity frequently experience weight-based stigmatization. The widespread belief that weight is a matter of personal will and self-control results in various weight-based stereotypes (e.g., laziness, lack of self-discipline, or neglect). Objective: Based on the modified version of the Weight...
Article
Background: Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) may experience psychological burden from living with a chronic medical condition, which has been identified as the most important risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to estimate rates of depression and anxiety in a large sample of patients with BE. Methods: A tot...
Article
Full-text available
Many Syrian refugees residing in Germany have been exposed to traumatizing events, while treatment options are scarce. Therefore, the self-help app “Sanadak” was developed to target post-traumatic stress in Syrian refugees. We aimed to inspect the recruitment and baseline characteristics of the participants in the trial, which is conducted to evalu...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Syrian refugees residing in Germany often develop posttraumatic stress as a result of the Syrian civil war, their escape, and postmigration stressors. At the same time, there is a lack of adequate treatment options. The smartphone-based app Sanadak was developed to provide cognitive behavioral therapy–based self-help in the Arabic langua...
Article
We evaluated 2,865 elderly people to investigate the prevalence of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), examine predictors and mental health correlates. The conditional prevalence of PGD varied between 0.8% and 5.2% (diagnostic algorithm vs. cut-off). PG-13 scores were related to depressive symptoms, sleep disturbances, reduced life satisfaction, and qu...
Article
Full-text available
Trait anxiety refers to the stable tendency to attend to threats and experience fears and worries across many situations. According to the widely noticed, pioneering investigation by Etkin et al. (2004) trait anxiety is strongly associated with reactivity in the right basolateral amygdala to non-conscious threat. Although this observation was based...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Obesity is one of the most common and relevant health problems in need of urgent action in Germany. General practitioners (GPs) are the initial contact and thus one of the most important starting points for the successful treatment of overweight and obesity. The aim of the study was to assess the treatment practice and attitudes toward...
Article
Background Internet-based psychological interventions have proven effective and yield advantages that make them a viable alternative to face-to-face therapy in many fields. Yet, the role of therapeutic alliance in technologically mediated interventions has been discussed critically. The aim of this meta-analysis is to summarize the association betw...
Article
Full-text available
Background Late-life depression is a major public health concern, driving the development of complementary treatment options. This study investigates the effectiveness and acceptability of internet-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (iCBT) in older individuals (60+ years) compared to younger age groups.Materials and Methods Secondary analysis of a...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The role of thwarted belongingness (TB) in predicting suicidal ideation, as originally assumed by the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide, is repeatedly challenged by empirical findings. This could be due to an inadequate conceptualization of the construct of TB that is assumed to be influenced by intrapersonal and interpersonal factors...
Article
Objective: Masculinity ideologies have been associated with negative mental health outcomes. However, little is known regarding the link between masculinity ideologies and posttraumatic stress (PTS). This review aims to provide insight into this association by synthesizing available empirical research. Method: The databases Web of Science, PsycI...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, an externally oriented style of thinking, and a reduced inclination to imagination. Previous research has shown deficits in the recognition of emotional facial expressions in alexithymia and reductions of brain responsivity to emotiona...
Article
Background : Grief reactions that become abnormally persistent and cause significant impairment in functioning have been introduced as new diagnostic entities within the classification systems DSM-5 and ICD-11 termed persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBDDSM-5) and prolonged grief disorder (PGDICD-11), respectively. In order to assess these...
Article
Background : In the last decade, eye-tracking technology has been increasingly used to investigate attention orientation in depression. The aim of the current review was to summarize the available eye-tracking research specifying the effects of clinical depression on early and late attention allocation during visual perception of emotional material...
Article
Background: Major depressive disorder is associated with attentional biases in the explicit processing of emotional facial expressions. It is unclear if attentional biases for emotional faces also exist at an automatic level of perception. Method: Gaze behavior of twenty-nine clinically depressed individuals and twenty-nine gender matched health...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) will be newly included in the ICD-11, while a clinically similar diagnosis, persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD), has already been added to the DSM-5. Only few studies have evaluated these criteria-sets for prolonged grief. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ICD-11 accessory sym...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The legal status of abortion has changed in the regions of former East Germany after reunification due to the adoption of restrictive West German abortion policies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact on attitudes towards abortion and the associated health care implications in Western and Eastern Germany. Materials and Met...
Chapter
Menschen mit der Diagnose einer Binge-Eating-Störung (BES) leiden unter regelmäßig auftretenden Essanfällen. Charakteristisch für einen Essanfall ist, dass die Betroffenen in einem begrenzten Zeitraum (z. B. innerhalb von zwei Stunden) eine erheblich größere Nahrungsmenge zu sich nehmen als die meisten Menschen unter vergleichbaren Umständen (Ameri...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ziel Die Rekrutierung von sogenannten seltenen Populationen, dazu zählen Geflüchtete, für Forschungsstudien gilt als schwierig. Deshalb teilen wir Erkenntnisse zu förderlichen und hinderlichen Strategien zur Rekrutierung von Geflüchteten sowie wahrgenommene Barrieren basierend auf unseren Erfahrungen im „Sanadak“-Trial, einer random...
Article
Objective: Syrians have been the largest group among asylum seekers in Germany since 2014. Refugees are exposed to various risks along the migration process, indicating the need for adequate psychosocial support. Following the advice of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to consult the target group, this is the first study qualitati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although the relationship of trait impulsivity and suicidal behavior is well established, its relationship with suicidal ideation and its fluctuation still remains unclear. Our aim is to examine (1) the relationship of trait impulsivity and suicidal ideation and behavior in the context of the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suici...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Clinical depression is characterized by high levels of negative affect (NA) and attenuated positive affect (PA). Psychological and pharmacological treatments have been shown to reduce NA and to enhance PA in depressed patients. Following dual-process models, two types of affect can be distinguished: explicit (or self-reported) affect,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We examined whether multi-disciplinary stepped psychosocial care for cancer patients improves quality of care from the patient perspective. Methods In a university hospital, wards were randomly allocated to either stepped or standard care. Stepped care comprised screening for distress, consultation between doctor and patient, and the provi...
Article
Objective: In the popular and scientific literature an association between breastfeeding and attachment is often supposed although this has not been systematically investigated. This is the first review that provides a systematic overview of the current state of research on the association between breastfeeding and attachment. The objective is to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Studies examining longitudinal associations between socioeconomic factors and quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients are rare. This study investigates changes in QoL over a 6-month period. Methods Four hundred forty-two cancer patients (mean age 64, SD = 11, 70% male) completed standardized questionnaires at the beginning (t1) and end (t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: After delivery, some women experience impairment of their mother-infant bonding (MIB), which can lead to long-term disturbances of the mother-child relationship and the child’s social-emotional development. Little is known about the association between early maternal bonding problems and mothers’ own adverse childhood experiences, even...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to provide a German translation of the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS) - a measure tailored to pregnancy-specific aspects of body image while being consistent to the multifaceted theoretical framework of body image - and to test its psychometric properties and validity. Methods: The English-language original ver...
Article
Orientation of gaze toward specific regions of the face such as the eyes or the mouth helps to correctly identify the underlying emotion. The present eye-tracking study investigates whether facial features diagnostic of specific emotional facial expressions are processed preferentially, even when presented outside of subjective awareness. Eye movem...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ziel der Studie Adipositas, eine exzessive Gewichtszunahme und psychische Belastungen während der Schwangerschaft sind mit erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken für die Mutter und das ungeborene Kind verbunden. Ziel der Studie war die Erfassung der Prävalenz von Adipositas und einer exzessiven Gewichtszunahme sowie von Zusammenhängen...
Article
Zusammenfassung Ziele Übergewicht und Adipositas in der Schwangerschaft sowie Figur- und Gewichtssorgen sind mit erhöhter physischer und psychischer Belastung assoziiert. Bisher ist allerdings wenig über die Entwicklung von Figur- und Gewichtssorgen bei schwangeren Frauen mit Übergewicht und Adipositas sowie Zusammenhänge mit der psychischen Gesund...
Article
Full-text available
Background Syrians represent the largest group among refugees in Germany. Many of them were exposed to sequential traumatizing events including war, escape and post-migration stressors, which significantly increase the risk to develop symptoms of posttraumatic stress and other mental disorders. However, there is a lack of adequate treatment options...
Article
Trait anxiety, the disposition to experience anxiety, is known to facilitate perception of threats. Trait anxious individuals seem to identify threatening stimuli such as fearful facial expressions more accurately, especially when presented under temporal constraints. In past studies on anxiety and emotion face recognition, only self-report or expl...
Article
Purpose: In the past, research on personality in borderline personality disorder (BPD) used primarily questionnaires suggesting heightened neuroticism in BPD. Self-report instruments inform about the conscious or explicit self-concept. BPD patients are known to show negative distortion with exaggeration of negative affect in the self-report. Neurot...
Article
Ziel der Studie Auf dem Gebiet der internetbasierten kognitiven Verhaltenstherapie wurde der Dosis-Wirksamkeits-Effekt von Online-Selbstmanagementprogrammen bislang unzureichend untersucht. Das Ziel der Studie war es, die Wirksamkeit einer Online-Intervention für verschiedene Nutzungsintensitätsgruppen (NIGs) hinsichtlich der depressiven Symptomati...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC-5A) was developed to assess the satisfaction with patient-provider interaction based on the Chronic Care Model. The additional 5A approach (assess, advise, agree, assist, arrange) allows to score behavioral counseling. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Identifying the underlying pathways between obesity and depression and which individuals with obesity are at risk for developing depressive symptoms is important for improving prevention and treatment efforts. The current study investigated appearance evaluation as a potential mediator of the relationship between obesity and depression...