Andy C. Pratt

Andy C. Pratt
City, University of London · Department of Sociology

BSc, PhD, DLitt

About

179
Publications
29,712
Reads
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6,647
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
City, University of London
Position
  • Professor of cultural economy
September 2009 - September 2013
King's College London
Position
  • Professor of culture media and creative industries
September 1992 - September 2009
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Position
  • Reader in urban cultural economy

Publications

Publications (179)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report compares employment in the creative economies of the US and UK between 2011 and 2013, and for Canada in 2011. It does this using microdata from the UK’s Office for National Statistics’ (ONS) Annual Population Survey (APS), the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS), the US Bureau of Labour Statistics’ Occupational Employment...
Chapter
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The aim of this article is to examine the relationship between the creative industries, culture and development. It seeks to examine the development debates in relation to the creative industries, 1 and the ideas underpinning them, including that of culture. In a superficial sense culture and development seem a logical and positive coupling: a win-...
Chapter
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This chapter fundamentally challenges the received wisdom of the 'digital age' and music, which is technologically reductive and generalized. Instead I argue for the need to attend to the situated nature of the practices that constitute music. In so doing I bring back the material to 'digital discourse', and reconnect with space and society. In so...
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Research that has been conducted on university-­‐industry collaborations predominantly examines knowledge exchange in the field of high technology where the output is a material product, or income stream. The material product is assumed to act as a proxy for knowledge exchange and/or knowledge transfer; the exchange is propagated by diffusion and a...
Article
This paper considers the two concepts: the cultural and creative ecosystem, and the circular economy. It explores superficial commonalities and differences, as well as what can be learned from this ‘cyclical’ thinking (which we later frame as relational and contextual thinking). We lay out the common narratives of circularity in the representation...
Article
The aim of this paper is to interrogate the idea of the creative hub. It argues that hubs are more than buildings or containers, they can provide a crucial link between intermediary activities (social and economic). It argues against generalisation of an abstract and general hub model and in favour of an understanding of creative hubs in their empi...
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The aim of this symposium is to examine the situation of the creative economy in cities—specifically cities of sub‐Saharan Africa. In this introduction we set out the case for the need to ‘re‐describe’ the (much derided) phenomenon of the creative city. This task requires clarification of what is understood in academe and policy communities by the...
Article
The contemporary cultural industries comprise publishing, film, TV, music, and theater, in both their recorded and their live forms. Historically, culture was restricted to immaterial and material cultural heritage and the fine arts. The notion of the cultural economy encompasses both usages. The terminology “cultural economy” is new but derives fr...
Chapter
In recent years, the night-time economy (NTE) has become ‘a thing’ for the policy community. Of course, there have always been economic activities happening at night but seldom have policy makers previously made them the focus of attention, preferring to leave them metaphorically, and actually, ‘in the dark’.
Article
In this commentary piece, we are reminded that naming (in-formality) is an inherently political act. Informality is discussed through a number of dimensions: conceptually in relation to the term ‘formal’; considering its (ordinary) presence in the city; discussing the recognition and devaluation of the informal economy; and pointing to the contribu...
Article
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This article argues that whilst appearing new, quasi-public spaces have emerged from a process of investment restructuring over the last 50 years. The profound change that is set in motion is a loss of control of public space and its cultural uses in cities. The tensions set up in this transformation are illustrated by the cultural fortunes of the...
Chapter
As with the others in this collection, this chapter explores the experience of using a creative voucher. However, here we take a different perspective by reflecting on the process rather than outcomes. In this chapter we view the voucher—and the policy of vouchers—as part of a wider process that may, or may not, engender knowledge exchange; which i...
Chapter
This chapter seeks to elaborate on what one might have expected to be the straightforward task of delivering and evaluating Creativeworks London’s (CWL) Creative Voucher scheme. This chapter offers a discussion of how we implemented the creative vouchers, the products of which make up most of this volume. It also raises the question of what and how...
Article
At the turn of the 21st Century globalisation was the watchword, and global cities were a key point of reference. Subsequently, globalisation, always a slippery term, has lost a precision that previously it had held for many commentators; instead our perspectives are being refocused as situated and diverse experiences: globalisations. Academic coll...
Article
The aim of this paper has been to address the apparent paradox that culture has been the high-profile victim of funding cuts in the period of austerity; at the same time, culture has prospered. Is culture then the ‘poster child for resilience’? The paper seeks to de-couple the notion from neo-liberalism and austerity. It counters with an argument t...
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The aim of this paper is to question the normative interpretations of resilience as they apply to the local cultural economy. The paper has three sections, the first sets out the received notion of resilience that is atomistic and closed (Mode A), and contrasts it with another version (Mode B) which is social and open. The second section reviews so...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this paper - to sketch out the possible future cultural dimension of cities - is a challenging task; one where culture in both its old and new forms will have a greater impact than has been previously evident. We preface the review of the past 50 years, which is sub-divided into three temporal sections, with some definitional issues rega...
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This paper picks up themes discussed in Cox's (2013) 'Notes on a brief encounter: critical realism, historical materialism and human geography'. I argue that perhaps the encounter was more complex than Cox allows. At core Cox underplays, or marginalises, the discussion of causality and dismisses the significance of ontology stressing instead episte...
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"Whoever makes critically and unflinchingly conscious use of the means of administration and its institutions is still in a position to realize something which would be different from merely administered culture" (Adorno 1993: 131). The Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) have a distinct geography, one that is dynamic and that has until recently...
Article
This paper is concerned with both what creative cities are imagined to be, as well as what they actually are. This is a challenge for policy makers. Overall, the paper seeks to create a platform for a more nuanced and subtle approach to creativity, culture and cities: one that is situated and not universal. It seeks to map out an approach that is c...
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This chapter outlines in four sections the recent development of the study of the cultural industries, the challenges that have shaped it, and what the consequences of the growth and development of the cultural industries are. We begin by positioning the cultural industries within academic debate s discuss how they have been conceptualised. The sec...
Article
This paper questions the conventional limits of regeneration and highlights the limited range of approaches, especially in relation to cultural institutions and their multiplicity of audiences, and the fact that different policies evoke, or construct, various ‘publics’, ‘visitors’ and ‘audiences’. The question of who gains and looses is given an ex...
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This article offers a situated and pragmatic analysis of the state of the art of creative cities policy thinking regarding the governance of the relationship between the cultural and creative economy and urbanization. It argues for the need to pay attention to the context, history and regulatory forms of creative cities and be very cautious in our...
Article
The aim of this article is to outline the key aspects of the philosophy of realism and its application in the social sciences more generally, and human geography in particular. The first part of this essay addresses the three ‘cornerstones’ of the philosophy of the social sciences that have been challenged by realist scholars: ontology, causality,...
Chapter
Dieser Band diskutiert aktuelle und zukünftige Steuerungsoptionen der Kreativwirtschaft. Internationale Experten aus Forschung und Praxis stellen das Orientierungswissen zu neuen Institutionen, Wissensmanagement und vernetzten transnationalen Arbeitsformen vor und problematisieren die Frage der Steuerbarkeit dieses aufstrebenden Handlungsfeldes. Er...
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This paper considers factors influencing change that will affect future working patterns and practices, leisure time, employment levels and influential sectors within a 50-year time horizon (2010–2060). The main section of this paper sketches out the drivers (demographics, technology, industry and employment) and their implications for the future o...
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This paper seeks to examine critically the role of culture in the continued development, or regeneration, of `post-industrial' cities. First, it is critical of instrumental conceptions of culture with regard to urban regeneration. Secondly, it is critical of the adequacy of the conceptual framework of the `post-industrial city' (and the `service se...
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Writers in information and communication studies often assume the stability of objects under investigation: network nodes, databases, information. Legal writers in the intellectual property tradition often assume that cultural artefacts exist as objects prior to being governed by copyright law. Both assumptions are fallacious. This introduction con...
Chapter
There has been an increased interest by policymakers in the cultural and creative economy1 in recent years, in part due to the success of developing reliable empirical measures of activity, and in part due to the anticipated economic and social benefits that such growth might bring. These benefits are partially based upon empirical growth (KEA_Euro...
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Full-text available
entitled The Art of Innovation: How Fine Arts Graduates Contribute to Innovation (2008) provides us with an opportunity to offer a series of reflections on a number of topics. These include a) links between the art schools and the creative economy, b) the nature of cultural policy and the role of consultancy research, c) the rise of creative labour...
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The aim of this paper is to examine which factors in energy systems and the built environment could influence the future of work. In addition, it looks at trends in relation to corporate demands for space and its specifications, and considers what the scope is for integrating business and industry within the dwelling landscape. It seeks to consider...
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This article introduces a special section concerned with precariousness and cultural work. Its aim is to bring into dialogue three bodies of ideas — the work of the autonomous Marxist `Italian laboratory'; activist writings about precariousness and precarity; and the emerging empirical scholarship concerned with the distinctive features of cultural...
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The aim of this article is to critically examine the notion that the creative class may or may not play as a causal mechanism of urban regeneration. I begin with a review of Florida's argument focusing on the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings. The second section develops a critique of the relationship between the creative class and growth. T...
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The paper begins with a discussion of the definition of cultural industries. The paper's three main themes are concerned with, first: 1) a contestation of the generic application of the global commodity chain concept, 2) the need for a unique focus on cultural industries associated with the particular nature of its production process, and 3) the ro...
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English translation: Questioning the relationship between advanced producer services, the cultural industries and global cities
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This chapter argues that culture, and the cultural economy in particular, have become an important feature of the national and the international economy as well as international relations. This chapter is divided into three main sections. In the first I discuss the core problem of definitions and measurement of the cultural economy. Following on fr...
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Introduction Innovation and creativity matter: whether it is in terms of economic opportunity, social problem solving, or simply the generation of new ways of understanding or the codification of old ideas. From an historical point of view, more innovation and more creativity has emerged from cities than from rural areas. Moreover, huge cities appe...
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The aim of this paper is to ground debates about the ‘new economy’ or ‘e-society’ in the practice of individuals and companies producing ‘new media’. The uncontroversial starting point is to question the generalization in much theorizing, and the tendency to technological reductive accounts of social and economic change. The focus here is to point...
Chapter
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This paper will take the opportunity to reflect upon the question of cultural policy in the 21st Century. It highlights the factors to be taken into account. It argues that the old models will no longer work due to the changing nature of culture and the cultural economy. The paper will map out these changes as a prelude to rethinking cultural polic...
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Full-text available
The author explores the processes of restructuring in the UK advertising industry. His core concern is with changes in advertising practice in creative advertising agencies. He explores how creativity is manifest as ‘peer regard’, and shows how there has been a shift of power between creative and media-buying functions as a result of the demise of...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Exploring the creative economy and its effects in cities and regions across the world.