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Andrey S Zaitsev

Andrey S Zaitsev

Dr.

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100
Publications
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Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and some other neighboring countries bear the heritage of several Soviet era nuclear disasters and the resulting severe radioactive pollution of vast territories. The most famous of them is the Chernobyl catastrophe on April 26, 1986 which resulted in a massive radioisotope fallout (0.185 MBq m−2 or higher) over...
Article
Full-text available
To understand the overwhelming species richness in soil the focus of attention has traditionally been on local soil conditions, such as physical and chemical characteristics. Regional factors like landscape history have been largely ignored. The aim of our study was to assess the importance of geological site age and local site conditions on oribat...
Article
Classifying organisms has a wide use and a long history in ecology. However, the meaning of a 'group of or-ganisms' and how to group organisms is still the subject of much theoretical and empirical work. Achieving this long quest requires simplifying the complexity of species niches for which relevant morphological, behavioural, biochemical or life...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen fertilization of permanent grasslands affects soil fauna communities by modifying their taxonomic composition, population dynamics and feeding activity. However, it is not well understood if the edaphic fauna adapts to these external inputs so that the immediate response to fertilizer application depends on the long-term nutrient managemen...
Article
Full-text available
Here we introduce the Soil BON Foodweb Team, a cross-continental collaborative network that aims to monitor soil animal communities and food webs using consistent methodology at a global scale. Soil animals support vital soil processes via soil structure modification, consumption of dead organic matter, and interactions with microbial and plant com...
Article
Marine organic matter can potentially enter terrestrial ecosystems via abiotic or biotic vectors. The former is facilitated by e.g. waves, tides, winds, etc.; the latter – by the activity of organisms, e.g. seabird migration. However, differences in its assimilation rate in detrital food webs at different distance from water remain generally unexpl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Here we introduce the Soil BON Foodweb Team, a cross-continental collaborative network that aims to monitor soil animal communities and food webs using consistent methodology at a global scale. Soil animals support vital soil processes via soil structure modification, direct consumption of dead organic matter, and interactions with microbial and pl...
Article
Full-text available
Land-use intensification is a major driver of biodiversity loss. However, understanding how different components of land use drive biodiversity loss requires the investigation of multiple trophic levels across spatial scales. Using data from 150 agricultural grasslands in central Europe, we assess the influence of multiple components of local-and l...
Article
Full-text available
We tested for fire-induced (5-6 years post-fire) changes in the structure and functioning of the soil food web along a 3000-km north-south transect across European Russia, spanning all major forest types in the northern hemisphere outside the tropics. The total biomass of the detrital food web, including microbes and invertebrates, was not affected...
Article
Permanently flooded rice cropping is increasingly converted to rotation systems including upland crops, managed with adaptive nitrogen fertilizer application schemes for the sake of both saving water and optimizing nutrient application. Such changes alter the diversity and composition of the edaphic fauna, with a critical impact on soil functioning...
Article
Cigarette butts (CBs) represent the most common, though poorly biodegradable, type of waste on Earth. Thrown on the soil surface, they can remain unchanged for years, poisoning surrounding ecosystems with toxins accumulated during the smoking process. However, there is practically no data on the effect of smoked CBs on soil biota or soil animals in...
Article
The southernmost Russian Far East represents a soil biodiversity hotspot in which settlements of ancient to modern ages form a mosaic within seminatural vegetation. We explored whether these settlements form potential “concentration points” of soil biodiversity by examining their oribatid mite (Acari: Oribatida) fauna. We sampled soils in nine sett...
Article
Regular flooding during rice cultivation adversely affects soil animals in agroecosystems and may disrupt ecological functions that they deliver. Alternation of upland crops and flooded rice potentially has a positive effect on soil fauna. However, this aspect has not yet been studied outside the tropics. We focused on the influence of interannual...
Article
Burning is the most common practice for rice straw disposal. Due to associated negative environmental and climatic effects, development of viable alternatives, preferably based on the natural functions of soil biota are needed. In the conditions of non-tropical rice-growing systems, where periods of flooding are very short, such an approach seems t...
Article
Increasing water scarcity and rapid socio-economic development are driving farmers in Asia to transform traditionally flooded rice cropping systems into non-flooded crop production. The management of earthworms in non-flooded rice fields appears to be a promising strategy to support residue recycling and mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trig...
Article
this knowledge gap, we measured such parameters of soil biological activity as flux rates of CH4, and CO2 and identified key environmental parameters that can influence soil biological activity. Soil samples were collected in burned and adjacent unburned control forests, along a 3000 km-long north-south transect in European Russia. A raw biological...
Article
Rice growing in Russia has some peculiarities, e.g., cultivation of a single crop per year and application of multiannual crop rotation cycles. Phytoparasitic nematodes have been previously found on rice crops in Russia: Aphelenchoides besseyi, as well as Hirschmanniella sp., Longidorus sp., Paratylenchus spp., Paraphelenchus, Aphelenchus, Aphelenc...
Article
Communities of soil animals (meso-and macrofauna) in rice paddies tend to be fragmented, and have extremely low abundance. Nevertheless, some groups, such as enchytraeids, may become dominant in flooded conditions, as shown in tropical rice agroecosystems. However, the fauna and functional composition of enchytraeids (Annelida, Clitellata, Enchytra...
Article
Full-text available
Rice growing requires highly destructive and highly invasive field management negatively affecting soil biota and its functions. We aimed to compare taxonomic and functional trait compositions of soil macrofauna at different stages of rice cropping cycles in the three temperate rice-growing regions in Russia. Samples were collected in 2016 at four...
Article
We compared soil nematode abundance, genus richness and feeding groups composition between four different biotope types (flooded rice paddies, upland crops planted one year after flooded rice, rice paddy bunds, and seminatural control grasslands) in temperate rice-growing systems in Russia. Our survey covered three major rice producing regions: Krasno...
Article
Two new oribatid mite species collected in the park zone of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (Sakhalin Island, Russia) are described. Xenillus similis sp. n. is a large pale brown mite with lamellae covering the major part of the proterosoma. Its cusps are separate, large, and blade-shaped with sharpened diverging medial teeth. The translamella is narrow with a t...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1YS4i8g13JWo3 (free access until March 15, 2019) The contribution of soil enchytraeids (potworms) to carbon cycling is often considered marginal and is therefore rarely quantified. In our experiment we aimed at evaluating the impact of the model enchytraeid species Enchytraeus buchholzi Vejdovsky, 1879 on rice straw...
Article
Descriptions of two new oribatid mite species found in the park zone of the city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin Island, Russia are provided. Xenillus similis sp. n. is a large light brown species in which the lamellae cover most of the proterosoma, the cusps are large, separate, knife-shaped with sharpened, diverging, medial teeth. The translamella...
Article
Research on factors determining soil metacommunity patterns across multiple spatial scales is quite rare. In this study, we aimed to compare the mechanisms that drive species co-occurrence and consequently form the ground-dwelling macro-arthropod metacommunity structure at local (10⁴ m) and regional (10⁶ m) scales. For the comparison, we used three...
Article
We performed a mesocosm experiment with rice paddy soils of three different soil types which were collected in the three major regions of rice production in Russia: Krasnodarsky Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia and Primorsky Krai. We used the earthworm species Eisenia fetida (Savigny 1826), introduced at different densities (0, 2, 4 and 6 individuals...
Book
Full-text available
Debate on how to achieve sustainable soil management across the European Union (EU) led to the adoption of the Soil Thematic Strategy in 2006, but insufficient support among Member States obliged the European Commission to withdraw proposals for a Soils Directive in 2014. Joint actions relating to soil sustainability remain within the 7th Env...
Article
We investigated fauna and community composition of springtails in the burnt and unburnt boreal forests of European Russia. We also analyzed ecoregional differences in the effect of fire disturbance on collembolan community faunistic similarity on an example of three different ecoregions of the boreal forest biome in the study territory. We collecte...
Article
Edaphic biota significantly affects several essential ecological functions such as C-storage, nutrient turnover, and productivity. However, it is not completely understood how belowground animal contribution to these functions changes in grasslands subject to different land use types. A microcosm experiment was carried out to test the effect of a t...
Article
Edaphic biota significantly affects several essential ecological functions such as C-storage, nutrient turnover, and productivity. However, it is not completely understood how belowground animal contribution to these functions changes in grasslands subject to different land use types. A microcosm experiment was carried out to test the effect of a t...
Article
Full-text available
Functionality of soil food webs after forest fires remains generally unexplored. We address this question by studying both burnt and unburnt spruce forests in Central European Russia (Tver Region). In August 2014 we sampled two spatially distant blocks consisting of forest areas burnt in 2010 and the respective unburnt controls. We analyzed biomass...
Article
Full-text available
1. Along with the global decline of species richness goes a loss of ecological traits. Associated biotic homogenization of animal communities and narrowing of trait diversity threaten ecosystem functioning and human well-being. High management intensity is regarded as an important ecological filter, eliminating species that lack suitable adaptation...
Article
We assessed the impact of forest fires on macrofauna taxonomic richness, abundance and total biomass in 20 forests burnt five years ago and 20 respective control plots along a 3000-km-long north-south transect in European Russia that covered five major forest types (Mediterranean and broadleaved forests , southern, middle, and northern taiga). In p...
Article
Fires change physical, chemical and biotic conditions of forest ecosystems. They also strongly affect soil macrofauna including key soil ecosystem engineers and regulators of soil-related processes in forest soils. However, due to a wide range of traits attributable to macroinvertebrates, the effect of forest burning on the macrofauna can be quite...
Article
Full-text available
In a dry heathland ecosystem we manipulated temperature (warming), precipitation (drought) and atmospheric concentration of CO 2 in a full-factorial experiment in order to investigate changes in below-ground biodiversity as a result of future climate change. We investigated the responses in community diversity of nematodes, enchytraeids, collembola...
Article
Full-text available
The PREDICTS project—Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)—has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used t...
Data
The PREDICTS project—Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)—has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used t...
Article
Forest fires are almost always heterogeneous, leaving less-disturbed sites that are potentially suitable as habitats for soil-dwelling creatures. The recovery of large soil animal communities after fires is therefore dependent on the spatial structure of the burned habitats. The role of locally less disturbed sites in the survival of soil macrofaun...
Book
Full-text available
Key messages • Soil is an important habitat for thousand millions of organisms. • Soil biodiversity is extremely diverse in shapes, colours, sizes and functions. • Soil biodiversity is globally distributed, from deserts to polar regions through grasslands, forests, urban and agricultural areas. • Soil biodiversity supports many services essential t...
Article
Relations between soil biota diversity and its contribution to the performance of some ecosystem functions were assessed based on the results obtained in undisturbed and burned spruce forests near the Central Forest Nature Biosphere Reserve (Tver oblast). In August 2014, in two 4-year-old burned areas, abiotic parameters of the soils, indicators of...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the impact of regional conditions and land-use intensity on eight selected arthropod taxa of Mesostigmata (Parasitidae), Oribatida (3 species), Collembola (1 species), Chilopoda (2 species) and Diplopoda (1 species) sampled in differently managed permanent grasslands of three German study regions. By jointly analyzing changes in abu...
Chapter
Available at: http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/public_path/JRC_global_soilbio_atlas_online.pdf
Book
Full-text available
SPE EA Pôle BIOME The Atlas is divided in 8 chapters covering all the aspects of soil biodiversity: - Chapter I: The soil habitat - Chapter II: Diversity of soil organisms - Chapter III: Geographical and temporal distribution - Chapter IV: Ecosystem functions and services - Chapter V: Threats - Chapter VI: Interventions - Chapter VII: Policy, educa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Being among the most important soil engineers, the potential of earthworms to beneficially affect carbon storage and cycling in tropical rice‐based ecosystems is poorly understood, as most studies are biased towards their perception as pests. We carried out a microcosm experiment to quantify the impact of a tropical earthworm on C turnover in paddy...
Article
Full-text available
We studied changes of testate amoeba communities associated with the conversion of spruce monocultures into mixed beech-fir-spruce forests in the Southern Black Forest Mountains (Germany). In this region, forest conversion is characterized by a gradual development of beech undergrowth within thinned spruce tree stands leading to multiple age contin...
Article
Full-text available
The PREDICTS project—Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems (www.predicts.org.uk)—has collated from published studies a large, reasonably representative database of comparable samples of biodiversity from multiple sites that differ in the nature or intensity of human impacts relating to land use. We have used t...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species’ threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeograph...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trophic interactions are key elements of ecological functioning. While well-established food webs are regularly explored, very little quantitative information is available on their establishment and assembling, leaving fundamental questions in the temporal dynamics of food webs unexplored. We assessed soil food webs in conventional rice fields at t...
Article
Full-text available
Study of the soil biota organization under the con� ditions of minimal human influence in different soil types is one of the most important tasks for both fun� damental and applied soil biology. When developing the concept of the zoological method of soil diagnos� tics, Gilyarov [6] considered the taxonomic diversity and the number of species of th...
Article
Full-text available
This study is devoted to the faunal inventory and preliminary ecological analysis of oribatid mite communities in Priazovsky National Wildlife Sanctuary (Krasnodar Krai, Southern Russia), which is included into the Ramsar Convention 'Kuban Delta' Wetland of international importance. We sampled five major habitat types represented in the sanctuary a...
Article
Full-text available
The fauna and community structure of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) in the Pskov Region of Russia is not yet comprehensively studied. Until now not much attention has been paid to soil communities of bogs and open landscapes of this area. The aim of this study was to compare the community composition of oribatid mites in different habitats in th...
Article
The post-fire soil faunal communities are formed both by animals having survived the fire and by colonizers from the surrounding landscape. The relative impact of these processes is largely affected by fire intensity. However, with the same fire intensity, the severity of the fire and, thus, the survival of soil animals could vary depending on envi...
Article
Replacement of native deciduous forests by coniferous stands was a common consequence of former European afforestation policies. However, these changes have proven to lead to serious ecological problems. Therefore, re-establishing mixed forests with native tree species became an increasingly popular management strategy to fulfil the demands of mult...
Article
Full-text available
Data from the literature and results of own research on the oribatid mite fauna in soils of the tundra zone and the northern taiga subzone of the Murmansk Region are summarized in this paper. The list of oribatid mite species inhabiting the northern taiga subzone has been extended to 216 species belonging to 100 genera of 47 families. In tundra soi...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial distribution is one of the main parameters of populations of soil animals. Spatial soil ecology having been developing during last decades bases animal distribution estimates on the geostatistic approach. A simple principle underlying the latter 's methodology is that samples placed close to each other have more similarity than those distan...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics and performance of soil biota during forest rotation were studied in monoculture beech stands forming a chronosequence of four different age-classes (30, 62, 111, 153 yr). Biomass was monitored in major groups of microflora, microfauna, mesofauna, and macrofauna. Resource availability (litter layer, soil organic mater), biomass of the...