Andrew Truman

Andrew Truman
John Innes Centre · Department of Molecular Microbiology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

62
Publications
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Introduction
Group Leader at the John Innes Centre. We study the biosynthesis and function of bacterial specialised metabolites. A major focus of our research is the discovery and biosynthesis of RiPPs. JIC website: https://www.jic.ac.uk/people/andrew-truman/

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
Metalloproteinase inhibitors often feature hydroxamate moieties to facilitate the chelation of metal ions in the catalytic center of target enzymes. Actinonin and matlystatins are potent metalloproteinase inhibitors that comprise rare N-hydroxy-2-pentyl-succinamic acid warheads. Here we report the identification and characterization of their biosyn...
Article
Full-text available
The rational discovery of new specialized metabo-lites by genome mining represents a very promising strategy in the quest for new bioactive molecules. Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a major class of natural product that derive from genetically encoded precursor peptides. However, RiPP gene clusters ar...
Article
Full-text available
Thiostreptamide S4 is a thioamitide, a family of promising antitumour ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). The thioamitides are one of the most structurally complex RiPP families, yet very few thioamitide biosynthetic steps have been elucidated, even though the biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) of multiple thi...
Article
Full-text available
Ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a structurally diverse class of natural product with a wide range of bioactivities. Genome mining for RiPP biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) is often hampered by poor annotation of the short precursor peptides that are ultimately modified into the final molecule. Here, w...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural soil harbors a diverse microbiome that can form beneficial relationships with plants, including the inhibition of plant pathogens. Pseudomonas spp. are one of the most abundant bacterial genera in the soil and rhizosphere and play important roles in promoting plant health. However, the genetic determinants of this beneficial activity a...
Article
An ever-increasing demand for novel antimicrobials to treat life-threatening infections caused by the global spread of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens stands in stark contrast to the current level of investment in their development, particularly in the fields of natural-product-derived and synthetic small molecules. New agents displaying in...
Chapter
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In recent years, genome mining has become a powerful strategy for the discovery of new specialized metabolites from microorganisms. However, the discovery of new groups of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) by employing the currently available genome mining tools has proven challenging due to their inherent b...
Article
Full-text available
Glycopeptide antibiotics (GPAs) are last defense line drugs against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens. Natural GPAs teicoplanin and vancomycin, as well as semisynthetic oritavancin, telavancin, and dalbavancin, are currently approved for clinical use. Although these antibiotics remain efficient, emergence of novel GPA-resistant pathogens...
Article
Covering: 1950s up to the end of 2020Bottromycins are a class of macrocyclic peptide natural products that are produced by several Streptomyces species and possess promising antibacterial activity against clinically relevant multidrug-resistant pathogens. They belong to the ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) su...
Article
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Biofoundries integrate high-throughput software and hardware platforms with synthetic biology approaches to enable the design, execution and analyses of large-scale experiments. The unique and powerful combination of laboratory infrastructure and expertise in molecular biology and automation programming, provide flexible resources for a wide range...
Preprint
Full-text available
Thiostreptamide S4 is a thioamitide, a family of promising antitumour ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). The thioamitides are one of the most structurally complex RiPP families, yet very few thioamitide biosynthetic steps have been elucidated, even though the gene clusters of multiple thioamitides have been...
Article
Covering: up to June 2020 Ribosomally-synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a large group of natural products. A community-driven review in 2013 described the emerging commonalities in the biosynthesis of RiPPs and the opportunities they offered for bioengineering and genome mining. Since then, the field has seen tremen...
Article
Full-text available
d-amino acids endow peptides with diverse, desirable properties, but the post-translational and site-specific epimerization of l-amino acids into their d-counterparts is rare and chemically challenging. Bottromycins are ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides that have overcome this challenge and feature a d-aspartate (d-...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Genome mining is a computational method for the automatic detection and annotation of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) from genomic data. This approach has been increasingly utilised in natural product (NP) discovery due to the large amount of sequencing data that is now available. Ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides...
Article
Global Natural Product Social Molecular Networking (GNPS) is an interactive online small molecule–focused tandem mass spectrometry (MS2) data curation and analysis infrastructure. It is intended to provide as much chemical insight as possible into an untargeted MS2 dataset and to connect this chemical insight to the user’s underlying biological que...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a structurally diverse class of natural product with a range of bioactivities. Genome mining for RiPP biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) is often hampered by poor detection of the short precursor peptides that are ultimately modified into the final molecule. Here, we util...
Article
Full-text available
Teicoplanin (Tcp) is a clinically relevant glycopeptide antibiotic (GPA) that is produced by the actinobacterium Actinoplanes teichomyceticus. Tcp is a front-line therapy for treating severe infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens in adults and infants. In this review, we provide a detailed overview of how Tcp is produced b...
Article
Full-text available
Bottromycin is a ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) produced by several streptomycetes, including the plant pathogen Streptomyces scabies. There is significant interest in this molecule as it possesses strong antibacterial activity against clinically relevant multidrug resistant pathogens and is structurally di...
Article
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Thioalbamide, a thioamidated peptide biosynthesized by Amycolatopsis alba, is a thioviridamide-like molecule, and is part of a family of natural products representing a focus of biotechnological and pharmaceutical research in recent years due to their potent anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities on malignant cells. Despite the high antitumor...
Article
Full-text available
The first antibiotic, salvarsan, was deployed in 1910. In just over 100 years antibiotics have drastically changed modern medicine and extended the average human lifespan by 23 years. The discovery of penicillin in 1928 started the golden age of natural product antibiotic discovery that peaked in the mid-1950s. Since then, a gradual decline in anti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Agricultural soil harbors a diverse microbiome that can form beneficial relationships with plants, including the inhibition of plant pathogens. Pseudomonas are one of the most abundant bacterial genera in the soil and rhizosphere and play important roles in promoting plant growth and preventing disease. However, the genetic determinants of this ben...
Preprint
Full-text available
Herein, we present a protocol for the use of Global Natural Products Social (GNPS) Molecular Networking, an interactive online chemistry-focused mass spectrometry data curation and analysis infrastructure. The goal of GNPS is to provide as much chemical insight for an untargeted tandem mass spectrometry data set as possible and to connect this chem...
Article
Full-text available
Expression of non-native transcriptional activators may be a powerful general method to activate secondary metabolites biosynthetic pathways. PAS-LuxR regulators, whose archetype is PimM, activate the biosynthesis of polyene macrolide antifungals and other antibiotics, and have been shown to be functionally preserved across multiple Streptomyces st...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rational discovery of new specialized metabolites by genome mining represents a very promising strategy in the quest for new bioactive molecules. Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a major class of natural product that derive from genetically encoded precursor peptides. However, RiPP gene clusters are...
Article
Full-text available
Heterologous expression of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) represents an attractive route to the production of new natural products, but is often hampered by poor yields. It is therefore important to develop tools that enable rapid refactoring, gene insertion/deletion and targeted mutations in BGCs. Ideally, these tools should be highly efficient...
Article
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Bicyclomycin (BCM) is a clinically promising antibiotic that is biosynthesized by Streptomyces cinnamoneus DSM 41675. BCM is structurally characterized by a core cyclo(L-Ile-L-Leu) 2,5-diketopiperazine (DKP) that is extensively oxidized. Here, we identify the BCM biosynthetic gene cluster, which shows that the core of BCM is biosynthesized by a cyc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bicyclomycin (BCM) is a clinically promising antibiotic that is biosynthesised by Streptomyces cinnamoneus DSM 41675. BCM is structurally characterized by a core cyclo(L-Ile-L-Leu) 2,5-diketopiperazine (DKP) that is extensively oxidized. Here, we identify the BCM biosynthetic gene cluster, which shows that the core of BCM is biosynthesised by a cyc...
Article
The YcaO superfamily of proteins catalyzes the phosphorylation of peptide backbone amide bonds, which leads to the formation of azolines and azoles in ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs). Bottromycins are RiPPs with potent antimicrobial activity, and their biosynthetic pathway contains two divergent, stand-alo...
Article
Full-text available
Thioviridamide is a structurally novel ribosomally synthesized and post-translational modified peptide (RiPP) produced by Streptomyces olivoviridis NA005001. It is characterized by a structure that features a series of thioamide groups, and possesses potent anti-proliferative activity in cancer cell lines. Its unusual structure allied to its promis...
Article
Full-text available
Bottromycin A2 is a structurally unique ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) that possesses potent antibacterial activity towards multidrug-resistant bacteria. The structural novelty of bottromycin stems from its unprecedented macrocyclic amidine and rare β-methylated amino acid residues. The N-terminus of a prec...
Article
Full-text available
Ribosomally synthesised and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a large class of natural products that are remarkably chemically diverse given an intrinsic requirement to be assembled from proteinogenic amino acids. The vast chemical space occupied by RiPPs means that they possess a wide variety of biological activities, and the clas...
Article
Full-text available
Actinoplanes teichomyceticus produces teicoplanin (Tcp), a "last resort" lipoglycopeptide antibiotic used to treat severe multi-drug resistant infections such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A number of studies have addressed various steps of Tcp biosynthesis using in vitro assays, although the exact sequence of Tcp peptide c...
Article
Full-text available
Vancomycin is a front-line antibiotic used for the treatment of nosocomial infections, particularly those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Despite its clinical importance the global effects of vancomycin exposure on bacterial physiology are poorly understood. In a previous transcriptomic analysis we identified a number of Zur...
Article
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A wide variety of enzymatic pathways that produce specialized metabolites in bacteria, fungi and plants are known to be encoded in biosynthetic gene clusters. Information about these clusters, pathways and metabolites is currently dispersed throughout the literature, making it difficult to exploit. To facilitate consistent and systematic deposition...
Article
Discovering new antibiotics is a major scientific challenge, made increasingly urgent by the continued development of resistance in bacterial pathogens. A fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of bacterial antibiotic resistance will be vital for the future discovery or design of new, more effective antibiotics. We have exploited our intimate...
Article
Full-text available
Pathogenic antibiotic-resistant bacteria are an unprecedented threat to health care worldwide. The range of antibiotics active against these bacteria is narrow; it includes teicoplanin, a "last resort" drug, which is produced by the filamentous actinomycete Actinoplanes teichomyceticus. In this report, we determine the functions of tei15* and tei16...
Article
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Covering: 1988 to 2012This review presents recommended nomenclature for the biosynthesis of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), a rapidly growing class of natural products. The current knowledge regarding the biosynthesis of the >20 distinct compound classes is also reviewed, and commonalities are discussed.
Article
Streptomycete bacteria are a rich source of antibacterial natural products. Increasing antibiotic resistance is a global concern and novel classes of potent antibiotics are rare. Here we report the identification and genetic manipulation of the gene cluster for the cyclic antimicrobial peptide bottromycin in Streptomyces scabies. Bottromycin is act...
Article
Glycodiversification, an invaluable tool for generating biochemical diversity, can be catalyzed by glycosyltransferases, which attach activated sugar "donors" onto "acceptor" molecules. However, many glycosyltransferases can tolerate only minor modifications to their native substrates, thus making them unsuitable tools for current glycodiversificat...
Article
The gene clusters of several glycopeptides contain genes that encode COG2120 domain zinc-dependent N-acetylglucosaminyl deacetylases. Recently, a COG2120 protein encoded in the chloroeremomycin gene cluster, Cep15, has been postulated to possess nucleotidyltransferase activity. Here, we demonstrate that Cep15 possesses no catalytic activity and doe...
Article
(Chemical Equation Presented) A functional reassignment: BtrD, a protein encoded in the butirosin gene cluster, functions as a deacetylase rather than a nucleotidyltransferase as previously reported. BtrD was found to selectively catalyze the conversion of 2′-N-acetylparomamine to paromamine, strongly suggesting that butirosin's neosamine moiety or...

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