Andrew P Shinn

Andrew P Shinn
INVE (Thailand)

PhD University of Stirling, UK

About

230
Publications
98,456
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4,069
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 1989 - September 1993
Natural History Museum, London
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Working on the taxonomy of Gyrodactylus (Monogenea) species parasitising salmonids
January 1989 - December 2012
University of Stirling

Publications

Publications (230)
Chapter
The phylum Nematoda and the class Turbellaria contain a number of parasitic and free-living species, whilst the classes Monogenea, Trematoda, Cestoda and Acanthocephala contain wholly parasitic forms that occur in a range of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Each of these taxa are themselves further infected with a range of pathogenic and benign a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aquaculture has a long history. The ancient Chinese were culturing carp in ponds for food as early as 3500 BCE. and a little later on, so were the ancient Egyptians. Fish under Nebamun's boat, including tilapia http://www.electrummagazine.com/2012/09/ancient-egyptian-tilapia-fish-story/ This perhaps suggests that since we have started to culture fi...
Article
The African continent has a rich diversity of fish and amphibians in its inland water systems that serve as hosts for mono-geneans of seven genera of the Gyrodactylidae van Beneden et Hesse, 1832. In August 2011, eight gyrodactylid parasites were col-lected from the gills of two specimens of bulldog, Marcusenius macrolepidotus (Peters), from Lake K...
Presentation
Full-text available
Desarrollo de la histopatología en postlarvas de Penaeus vannamei en Latino América con mortalidad repentina asociada a la presencia de bacterias Vibrio sp. que portan plasmidio pVA1 con gen VpPirAB
Article
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) caused by pathogenic isolates of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPAHPND) carrying a plasmid encoding two pir-like toxins, is one of the most serious diseases affecting shrimp aquaculture. This study investigated if the microbial feed ingredient “Novacq™” improves resilience of Penaeus vannamei to VPAHPND in...
Article
Full-text available
Although Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is a well-established aquaculture species globally, there are a limited number of commercial vaccines available or are used for this species. The majority of diseases affecting farmed tilapia are bacterial, with antibiotics frequently used to treat fish. The current study was performed to optimise the u...
Article
Full-text available
Gyrodactylus molweni sp. n. is described from the body surface and fins of the South African mullet, Chelon richardsonii (Smith, 1846) collected from Table Bay Harbour, Cape Town and is compared to five other Gyrodactylus species described from grey mullets globally namely G. zhukovi Ling, 1963 and G. mugili Zhukov, 1970 from Planiliza haematocheil...
Article
The presence of anti-nutritional factors such as phytic acid (PA) in a number of potentially useful plant ingredients has been a major impediment to their use as replacements for fishmeal in aquafeeds. This study builds on an earlier studying investigating the growth performance and nutrient utilisation in the juvenile Malaysian giant river prawn,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 is an OIE (Office International des Epizooties)-listed parasitic pathogen and had until the current study been reported from 19 countries across Europe, although many of these records require confirmation. The last comprehensive evaluation regarding the distribution of G. salaris , however, was made in...
Article
Intensive fish production has arguably resulted in a consequential increase in the incidence of disease within the aquaculture industry. The frequency and the severity of disease events are in part affected by changing global climatic conditions. More importantly, these changes directly influence changes in water quality parameters and the dynamics...
Article
The maturation and reproduction of Pacific whiteleg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei, through the practice of unilateral eyestalk ablation though common is an animal welfare concern. This study assessed the resilience of offspring from non-ablated P. vannamei when challenged with an isolate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) causing acute hepatopancreatic nec...
Article
Full-text available
The mollusc Diodora ruppellii (G. B. Sowerby I, 1835) (Gastropoda: Lepetellida: Fissurellidae) is reported here for the first time as an alien species in Libyan coastal waters. Field surveys conducted throughout the winter period of 2018–2019 along the sandy shoreline bordering Tripoli Harbour yielded fourteen empty shells and one live specimen, al...
Article
Full-text available
New records of alien and cryptogenic invertebrate marine species in Libya are reported here based on field surveys conducted from June to November 2018, in a shallow bay next to the city of Tripoli. Those identified here include the cerithiid gastropod Cerithium scabridum Philippi, 1848, the goniodoridid sea slug Okenia longiductis Pola, Paz-Sedano...
Article
Full-text available
Ornamental harlequin shrimp, Hymenocera picta, are commonly maintained on live comet sea stars, Linckia multifora. In Thailand, both species are commonly collected from the wild, raising concerns regarding the sustainability of such practices. As a step toward the sustainable aquaculture of both, methods of their culture and nutrition were investig...
Article
Full-text available
The spotted sea hare Aplysia dactylomela Rang, 1828 is reported from four locationsin Libyan coastal waters. The direct observation reported here resulted from a field survey of sea snails in the coastal environs of Tripoli, to the west of the country, while the remaining records result from postings made on the Facebook™ social media website, made...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence of the fragile cockle Fulvia fragilis (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) in Libyan coastal waters (south-eastern Mediterranean Sea) is reported here for the first time based on the collection of twenty-nine live specimens from the shoreline in close vicinity to Tripoli Harbour, situated to the west of the country. The present record fills a...
Article
Full-text available
New records of alien and cryptogenic invertebrate marine species in Libya are reported here based on field surveys conducted from June to November 2018, in a shallow bay next to the city of Tripoli. Those identified here include the cerithiid gastropod Cerithium scabridum Philippi, 1848, the goniodoridid sea slug Okenia longiductis Pola, Paz-Sedano...
Article
Approximately 10% of Late Jurassic (Tithonian) horseshoe crabs collected from the Kcynia Formation in the Owadów-Brzezinki Quarry, Central Poland, display microborings covering the entire carapace of specimens. Detailed examination of the surrounding sediment indicates the occurrence of short-term fluctuations in the oxygenation level of bottom wat...
Article
Full-text available
To understand better the effect of different water conditions on the survival of whiteleg shrimp, Penaeus vannamei, when challenged with a pathogenic strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP AHPND), a series of challenge trials with biofloc were conducted. Challenges investigated the effect of holding individual shrimp for short periods (5-10 days) in...
Article
Full-text available
Using FAO aquaculture production statistics, the global production of cultured crustaceans for 2018 is predicted to be ~8.63 million tonnes. The growth of the shrimp industry, however, is impacted by episodes of disease resulting in huge national income losses (despite compensatory price rises in response to supply shortage), amounting to billions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disease cost constrains aquaculture development and challenges its capacity to provide food security for the growing global population. Though losses to disease, in general terms, are regarded to be substantial, precise estimates for many diseases are lacking. This study set out to to provide estimates for the top 100 health conditions impacting o...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper documents the further spread of the invasive, non-indigenous sea snail Haminoea cyanomarginata Heller & Thompson, 1983 in the Mediterranean Sea. Since its original description in the Red Sea, this sea slug has been subsequently reported since 2001 from various locations throughout the Central, Eastern, and Western Mediterranean Se...
Article
Isolates of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VpAHPND) that carry a plasmid encoding two Pir-like toxins cause acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), a disease that has caused devastating economic losses to the shrimp industry, particularly in Asia. However, lower prevalence of AHPND infection has been associated with farms that operate with biofl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Article
In this study we examined the effect that a Francisella noatunensis (Fno) infection had on hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis mossambicus) subsquently infected with Streptococcus agalactiae. A variety of hemato-immunological parameters (haematocrit, total red blood cell count, mean corpuscular volume, total white blood and diff...
Article
The occurrence of the endocrine disruptors bisphenol-A (BPA) and 17β-estradiol (E2) in cultured populations of green mussel (Perna viridis) and water samples collected from selected fresh and marine coastal environments along the eastern coast of Thailand were investigated. Analysis found high levels of BPA in mussel tissues that correlated with le...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research Infrastructures (RIs) are facilities, resources and services used by the scientific community to conduct research and foster innovation. LifeWatch ERIC has developed various virtual research environments, which include many virtual laboratories (vLabs) offering high computational capacity and comprehensive collaborative platforms that supp...
Article
Full-text available
Information relating to the effects of phytic acid (PA), an anti-nutritional factor (ANF) commonly found in plant protein ingredients, on the growth performance, feed conversion ratio (FCR), nutrient utilisation and whole proximate composition in the Malaysian giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is lacking. Replicate groups of M. ros...
Article
Full-text available
Harlequin shrimp, Hymenocera picta, are commonly maintained on a diet of comet seastars, Linckia multifora, however, difficulties in sourcing a ready supply throughout the year, represent limitations to their sole use within commercial scale production. In a two-step approach, to address their limited availability, firstly the acceptability of seve...
Chapter
Full-text available
Current aquatic farming practices and the species that are grown worldwide are extraordinarily varied and reflect the diversity of habitats, ecological niches and biological diversity of the vertebrates and invertebrates cultured. This chapter covers the major parasite groups of concern in both vertebrate and invertebrate farmed hosts and signposts...
Article
Full-text available
The following information is missing from the Funding section: SJD is supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC grant number BB/K002260/1). © 2017 Denholm et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, a...
Article
Full-text available
A new genus and species of monogenean belonging to the Gyrodactylidae, Citharodactylus gagei n. gen. et n. sp. (Plathyhelminthes, Monogenea), is described from the gills of the moon fish, Citharinus citharus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire), a characiform fish collected from Lake Turkana in northern Kenya. The new viviparous genus can be readily distinguis...
Article
Full-text available
Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea, Platyhelminthes) is a notifiable freshwater pathogen responsible for causing catastrophic damage to wild Atlantic salmon stocks, most notably in Norway. In some strains of Baltic salmon (e.g., from the river Neva) however, the impact is greatly reduced due to some form of innate resistance that regulates parasite nu...
Data
Supporting Information reference list. (DOCX)
Data
The trade-off between host birth rate, a, and the rate hosts mount an immune response to the parasite (resistance), m. (TIF)
Data
Equilibrium and stability analysis of model. (DOCX)
Data
Derivation of the fitness of mutant type and trade-off. (DOCX)
Data
Details of evolutionary simulations. (DOCX)
Data
Schematic representation of salmon-Gs model. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Background Goodeid topminnows are live-bearing fishes endemic to the Mexican Highlands (Mesa Central, MC). Unfortunately, in the MC, environmental degradation and introduced species have pushed several goodeid species to the brink of extinction. Invasive fishes can introduce exotic parasites, and the most abundant goodeid, blackfin goodea Goodea at...
Article
Full-text available
Goodeid topminnows are live-bearing fishes endemic to the Mexican Highlands (Mesa Central, MC). Unfortunately, in the MC, environmental degradation and introduced species have pushed several goodeid species to the brink of extinction. Invasive fishes can introduce exotic parasites, and the most abundant goodeid, blackfin goodea Goodea atripinnis Jo...
Article
Full-text available
The social media network Facebook™ was used to gather information on the occurrence and geographical distribution of dusky grouper dermatitis, a skin lesion affecting the dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus. Dusky grouper are common targets for spear fishermen in the Mediterranean and by monitoring spearfishing activity in Libyan waters, it was p...
Article
Full-text available
In the period 2013-2015, wild dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe), caught in Libyan coastal waters and ranging in size from 42 to 92 cm in total length, were observed to have distinctive skin lesions of unknown aetiology. Histopathologically, the lesions comprised a multifocal, unilateral or bilateral dermatitis, involving the epidermis, s...
Article
Full-text available
El cálculo del costo real de cada brote de enfermedad se complica por la interacción entrelazada entre factores relacionados con el medio ambiente y la gestión; desde las pérdidas directas en producto hasta las pérdidas indirectas que afectan la industria y su cadena.
Research
Full-text available
Shinn, A.P. & Bron, J.E. (2012) Chapter 8: Considerations in the use of anti-parasitic drugs in aquaculture. In: Austin, B.A. (2012), Infectious disease in aquaculture.prevention and control. Woodhead Publishing Limited. pp. 190-217.
Article
Full-text available
As Asia’s aquaculture production continues to rise, so have the losses associated with disease outbreaks. The drive to intensify production and to maximise short-term profits may mean that investment in appropriate biosecurity measures is reduced, thereby exposing aquaculture enterprises to an increased risk of disease. In this article, we consider...
Article
This study investigates the effects of dietary lipid sources on the growth and reproductive performance of Nile tilapia over three consecutive spawnings. Fish were reared using three experimental diets, with the goal of replacing dietary fish oil with palm oil. Three experimental diets and a commercial trout diet was used as the control. The effect...
Article
Full-text available
Parasites generate costs for managing infections as well as prophylactic treatment in finfish aquaculture. Based on estimated hatchery losses to parasitism of 20%, the authors estimated annual global loss of juvenile fish to parasites at U.S. $107.31 million to $134.14 million. Assuming parasites are responsible for losses of 1% to 10% of harvest-s...
Article
Full-text available
In vertebrates, the presence of enteric worms can induce structural changes to the alimentary canal impacting on the neuroendocrine system, altering the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and affecting the occurrence and relative density of endocrine cells (ECs). This account represents the first immunohistochemistry and ultrastructur...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The European perch, Perca fluviatilis L. is a common paratenic host of dioctophymatid nematodes belonging to the genus Eustrongylides. In this host, once infected oligochaetes, which serve as the first intermediate host, are ingested, Eustrongylides migrates through the intestine and is frequently encountered within the musculature, fr...
Article
An outbreak of the sessile peritrich Zoothamnium duplicatum in a pilot, commercial-scale Limulus polyphemus hatchery resulted in the loss of ∼ 96% (40,000) second/third instar larvae over a 61 day period. Peritich growth was heavy, leading to mechanical obstruction of the gills and physical damage. The peritrichs were controlled without resultant l...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY Parasites have a major impact on global finfish and shellfish aquaculture, having significant effects on farm production, sustainability and economic viability. Parasite infections and impacts can, according to pathogen and context, be considered to be either unpredictable/sporadic or predictable/regular. Although both types of infection ma...
Article
Full-text available
The Omani abalone, Haliotis mariae, is the only species of abalone found in Omani waters. Given the rarity of this species and the high price it can fetch on the market (US$ 150 kg-1 dry weight), the wild abalone fishery in the Dhofar region has been regarded as a valuable income source for the past decade. The present study was undertaken set to i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 has had a devastating impact on wild Norwegian stocks of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., and it is the only Office International des Epizooties (OIE) listed parasitic pathogen of fish. The UK is presently recognised as G. salaris-free, and management plans for its containment and control are currently...