Andrew A. Lovett

Andrew A. Lovett
University of East Anglia | UEA · School of Environmental Sciences

BA, PhD

About

225
Publications
71,316
Reads
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8,782
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 1990 - present
University of East Anglia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 1983 - May 1990
Lancaster University
Position
  • Researcher and Teaching Fellow

Publications

Publications (225)
Article
We present C-LLAMA 1.0 (Country-level Land Availability Model for Agriculture), a statistical–empirical model of the global food and agriculture system. C-LLAMA uses simplistic and highly traceable methods to provide an open and transparent approach to modelling the sensitivity of future agricultural land use to drivers such as diet, crop yields, a...
Article
Full-text available
Onshore wind electricity generation is key to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. Poorly sited wind farms degrade high carbon soils and habitats, diminishing overall emission reductions. We explore the viability of the Scottish Government’s renewable energy plan with respect to land use, natural capital and low carbon storage. With avoidance of se...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present C-LLAMA 1.0 (Country-level Land Availability Model for Agriculture), a statistical-empirical model of the global food and agriculture system. Based on the FALAFEL (Flux Assessment of Linked Agricultural Food production, Energy potentials & Land-use change) model, C-LLAMA aims to address the need for an open and transparent approach to mo...
Article
Full-text available
2021 has been a landmark year for UK energy and climate policy. Plans and strategies were announced across many sectors, from offshore wind to how we heat our homes. The UK also hosted COP26 and pressed hard for greater ambition. Now that the spotlight has moved, in this Review, we consider whether plans will be adequate to deliver results. With a...
Data
High-resolution water quality data recorded at the outlet of the Blackwater Drain, Norfolk, between 2011 and 2019 by an in-situ automated bankside monitoring station.
Article
In 2010, the UK government launched the Demonstration Test Catchments (DTC) platform to evaluate the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology whilst maintaining food production capacity. In this paper, we compare the impacts on soil health of two types of co...
Article
In 2010, the UK government established the Demonstration Test Catchment (DTC) initiative to evaluate the extent to which on-farm mitigation measures can cost-effectively reduce the impacts of agricultural water pollution on river ecology whilst maintaining food production capacity. A central component of the DTC platform was the establishment of a...
Article
Advice delivery is one mechanism that can be used to encourage the uptake of water pollution mitigation measures amongst the farming community, but determining who is best placed to effectively provide advice and increase adoption creates a challenge for policy-makers. Through in-depth interviews, this research investigates the perspectives of both...
Chapter
Landscapes provide a broad range of ecosystem services that are crucial for many aspects of human well-being. However, this provision is increasingly under threat from a variety of economic, social and environmental changes. Many of these are manifested in unsustainable land uses. Integrative and proactive environmental planning is needed to addres...
Chapter
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are effective tools for data integration, analysis and display that are central to many aspects of landscape planning. This chapter provides an overview of some key GIS concepts and developments regarding landscape planning. We also provide possible sources of software and some examples for different applicati...
Chapter
This chapter summarises the main themes discussed in previous chapters of the book. In particular, it emphasizes how the assessment and enhancement of ecosystem services can be facilitated though landscape planning. The chapter also outlines possible future roles for landscape planning in Europe and how technological changes might influence how the...
Chapter
The objective of this book is to provide an introduction and overview of relevant concepts, methods and techniques for landscape planning with ecosystem services in Europe. It presents a new, ecosystem services-informed, approach to landscape planning that constitutes both a framework and toolbox for students and practitioners to address the enviro...
Chapter
A combination of technical and societal factors has resulted in major changes in the extent and availability of spatial data in the past two decades. This chapter discusses the evolution of spatial data infrastructures, emphasising the increasing availability of freely-accessible data via geoportals. An overview is provided of sources likely to be...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the key theoretical and methodological concepts for landscape planning in Europe. A short portrait of landscape planning and its contribution to supporting sustainable landscape development provides insights into the capabilities of an integrative environmental planning tool that cuts across different sectors and levels of d...
Chapter
The contributions of landscapes to produce renewable energy from sources such as wind, solar and biomass has recently attracted enhanced interest from policy and business stakeholders. At the same time, potential conflicts with nature conservation, tourism interests and the delivery of other ecosystem services have become apparent, originating from...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the economic methods that can be used to derive monetary values for the different benefits provided by ecosystem services. It begins by considering the basis of valuation, particularly the importance of identifying the benefits involved. This leads on to a review of three main classes of techniques (i) market valuation, (ii)...
Chapter
A range of different societal values need to be considered when evaluating ecosystem services and their changes in relation to both landscape planning and assessing specific planning proposals. These are typically expressed through legislative or preference-based frameworks, the latter involving economic or social methodologies. This chapter descri...
Chapter
Full-text available
The legal and governance context for landscape planning in countries outside the EU can differ greatly from their EU counterparts. We propose a framework for characterizing that context in order to enable readers from non-EU countries to relate their planning systems to the European baseline for landscape planning. Methodologies for the assessment...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of relevant pressures, their more specific effects in different types of ecosystems, some guidelines for assessing pressures, and an illustrative case study. It provides insights concerning which pressures need to receive particular consideration in different types of ecosystems, and how they can be evaluated. An e...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the range of measures that can be used to mitigate the impacts of water pollution and flooding. It makes a distinction between source measures which aim to reduce the amount of water or pollutant initially mobilised, pathway interventions which seek to slow the flow of pollutant enriched water once it has become mobilised and...
Book
Human well-being depends in many ways on maintaining the stock of natural resources which deliver the services from which humans benefit. However, these resources and flows of services are increasingly threatened by unsustainable and competing land uses. Particular threats exist to those public goods whose values are not well-represented in markets...
Article
Full-text available
Mitigating agricultural water pollution requires changes in land management practices and the implementation of on-farm measures to tackle the principal reasons for water quality failure. However, a paucity of robust empirical evidence on the hydrological functioning of river catchments can be a major constraint on the design of effective pollution...
Article
Full-text available
Despite continued investment and evidence of high quality wine production, English and Welsh wine grape yields remain low. To increase sector resilience to weather and climate risks we present the first combined terrestrial and climatic English and Welsh Viticulture Suitability (EWVS) model. Results show many existing vineyards (≥ 1 ha) are sub-opt...
Article
Diffuse pollution of watercourses from agriculture represents a complex and persistent environmental problem in the UK. This paper provides insights into why UK policy interventions have had limited success to date, drawing on the disciplines of psychology, sociology and behavioural economics to more thoroughly understand farmer attitudes and behav...
Article
The efficacy of cover crops and non-inversion tillage regimes at minimising farm-scale nutrient losses were assessed across a large, commercial arable farm in Norfolk, UK. The trial area, covering 143 ha, was split into three blocks: winter fallow with mouldboard ploughing (Block J); shallow non-inversion tillage with a winter oilseed radish (Rapha...
Chapter
Encouraging adaptation is an essential aspect of the policy response to climate change. However, given that human activities are the main cause of environmental transformations worldwide, it follows that adaptation itself has the potential to generate further pressures, creating new threats for both local and global ecosystems. From this perspectiv...
Article
Agricultural point source pesticide pollution arising from contaminated machinery washings and accidental spillages pose a significant threat to river water and groundwater quality. In this study, we assess the effectiveness of a three-stage on-farm biobed for treating pesticide contaminated waste water from a large (20 km2) commercial arable estat...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Meeting the world’s energy demand is a major challenge for society over the coming century. To identify the most sustainable energy pathways to meet this demand, analysis of energy systems on which policy is based must move beyond the current primary focus on carbon to include a broad range of ecosystem services on which human well-being d...
Article
Full-text available
From 2004 to 2013, the vineyard area in the United Kingdom (UK) increased 148%. Observed climate change and underlying weather variability were assessed for their influence on the development and viability of UK viticulture. The perspectives of grapegrowers in the UK on climate change and weather variability were complemented by a quantitative anal...
Article
To fully assess the sustainability of energy from home-grown biomass, the whole production combustion life cycle of the crops needs to be considered across a broad range of ecosystem service indicators. A sustainability framework needs to consider impacts within the UK and beyond arising across the life cycle. This paper presents a framework for ma...
Chapter
Energy, and access to energy, are essential to human life, civilisation and development. A number of energy issues - including energy security, energy prices and the polluting emissions for energy use - now have high prominence on global agendas of policy and diplomacy. In addressing these and other global energy issues, the purpose of this book is...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a study on the Salle Farms estate in Norfolk to assess the effectiveness of a cover crop (oilseed radish) and reduced tillage methods as mitigation measures for controlling diffuse pollution from agriculture. Results from porous pot sampling of nitrate in soil water indicate a substantial contrast between the fields with and wi...
Article
Our wellbeing depends upon the services provided by ecosystems and their components. Despite recent advances in academic understanding of ecosystem services, and consideration in UK national environmental policy, a greater awareness is needed at community and individual levels. Dynamic features of virtual globe applications have considerable potent...
Article
Technical advances in landscape visualization have tended to, and still do, outstrip the understanding of how best to use them in practical planning contexts. This paper draws upon recent literature and experience gained during a number of projects to address three key questions regarding the most effective use of 3D landscape visualizations for co...
Article
Full-text available
Encouraging adaptation is an essential aspect of the policy response to climate change. Adaptation seeks to reduce the harmful consequences and harness any beneficial opportunities arising from the changing climate. However, given that human activities are the main cause of environmental transformations worldwide, it follows that adaptation itself...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first assessment of the impact of land use change (LUC) to second generation (2G) bioenergy crops on ecosystem services (ES) resolved spatially for Great Britain (GB). A systematic approach was used to assess available evidence on the impacts of LUC from arable, semi-improved grassland or woodland/forest, to 2G bioenergy crops, for w...
Article
Full-text available
This paper uses high-frequency bankside measure-ments from three catchments selected as part of the UK government-funded Demonstration Test Catchments (DTC) project. We compare the hydrological and hydrochemical patterns during the water year 2011–2012 from the Wylye tributary of the River Avon with mixed land use, the Black-water tributary of the...
Article
Full-text available
The paper estimates the potential contribution of Miscanthus x giganteus (Miscanthus) and short rotation coppice (SRC; in Great Britain often willow and poplar species, e.g. Salix. viminalis L. x S. viminalis var Joruun) to the heat and electricity needs in Great Britain to 2050 under climate change, using a model system which is composed of a part...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public awareness and understanding of ecosystem services has tended to lag behind the increasing use of the concept in landscape planning and design. Augmented reality tools on mobile devices such as smartphones have the potential to help communicate the provision of ecosystem services in different landscape settings and enhance the scope for more...
Conference Paper
This working paper is an output of the UKERC Energy Strategy under Uncertainty flagship project which aims:  To generate, synthesise and communicate evidence about the range and nature of the risks and uncertainties facing UK energy policy and the achievement of its goals relating to climate change, energy security and affordability.  To identify...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst a large body of plot and field-scale research exists on the sources, behaviour and mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture, putting this evidence into a practical, context at large spatial scales to inform policy remains challenging. Understanding the behaviour of pollutants (nutrients, sediment, microbes and pesticides) and t...
Article
Full-text available
We present a novel methodology for spatially sensitive prediction of outdoor recreation visits and values for different ecosystems. Data on outset and destination characteristics and locations are combined with survey information from over 40,000 households to yield a trip generation function (TGF) predicting visit numbers. A new meta-analysis (MA)...
Article
The Demonstration Test Catchments (DTC) project is a UK Government funded initiative to test the effectiveness of on-farm mitigation measures designed to reduce agricultural pollution without compromising farm productivity. Three distinct catchments in England have been chosen to test the efficacy of mitigation measures on working farms in small tr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper defines the potentially available land for perennial energy crops across Great Britain as the first component of a broader appraisal undertaken by the ‘Spatial Modelling of Bioenergy in Great Britain to 2050’ project. Combining data on seven primary constraints in a GIS reduced the available area to just over 9 M ha (40% of GB). Adding o...
Article
Full-text available
C. Obst et al. provide a welcome opportunity to clarify the difference between environmental-economic cost-benefit analyses (such as ours) and environmental accounting exercises [such as the UN-SEEA ([ 1 ][1], [ 2 ][2]) initiative]. Accounting studies attempt to assess the total value of goods
Article
The UK Climate Projections 2009 (UKCP09) dataset contains future climate projections for the UK and a measure of uncertainty for these values. Understanding both types of data is important for scientific interpretation, but just presenting information visually has limitations because of the amount of data involved. This study evaluates the use of s...
Article
Full-text available
Landscapes generate a wide range of valuable ecosystem services, yet land-use decisions often ignore the value of these services. Using the example of the United Kingdom, we show the significance of land-use change not only for agricultural production but also for emissions and sequestration of greenhouse gases, open-access recreational visits, urb...
Article
To achieve the UK Government’s aim of expansion in the growth of perennial energy crops requires farmers to select these crops in preference to conventional rotations. Existing studies estimating the total potential resource have either only simplistically considered the farmer decision-making and opportunity costs, for example using an estimate of...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed habitat conversion rates across the Tonle Sap floodplain by comparing land cover manually delineated from aerial photographs (1:25,000) taken in January and February 2005 with land cover derived from satellite imagery (Landsat and Spot), aerial photographs (1:25,000 and 1:40,000), and topographic maps (1:50,000; JICA 2000) for 1995 and...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a concerted effort by the international scientific community to understand the multiple causes and patterns of land-cover change to support sustainable land management. Here, we examined biophysical suitability, and a novel integrated index of “Economic Pressure on Land” (EPL) to explain land cover in the year 2000, and estimated the...
Article
The paper presents a model system, which consists of a partial equilibrium model and process-based terrestrial biogeochemistry models, to determine the optimal distributions of both Miscanthus (Miscanthus×giganteus) and short rotation coppice willow (SRC) (Salix. viminalis L. x S. viminalis var Joruun) in Great Britain (GB), as well as their potent...
Article
In this study, we present a geographical information system (GIS)-based approach to enable the estimation of lahar features important to rapid hazard assessment (including flow routes, velocities and travel times). Our method represents a simplified first stage in extending the utility of widely used existing GIS-based inundation models, such as LA...
Poster
Full-text available
Stakeholder knowledge and engagement is increasingly seen as a necessary ingredient for catchment management. Whilst many agricultural management options remain voluntary, the implementation of diffuse pollution mitigation measures will only be effective with the cooperation of stakeholders. Anthony et al. (2009) and Zhang et al. (2012) state the n...
Conference Paper
The remote sensing requirements to determine the effects of gas flaring on the environment and localize point of risk is immense. Based on the wave front reconstruction theory and Geographic Information System, this paper considers the principle of synthetic aperture radar cross range imaging to determine the extent of gas flaring using optical dat...