Andrew Grogan-Kaylor

Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
University of Michigan | U-M · School of Social Work

PhD
Conducting research on parenting and child development in international context. https://agrogan1.github.io/

About

172
Publications
64,936
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Introduction
My interests are in developing more knowledge to reduce violence against children and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACES), with the aim of improving child and family wellbeing. My current research focuses on parenting and child development across cultures and social contexts. I try to understand these issues within the context of current conversations about children’s rights. https://agrogan1.github.io/
Additional affiliations
August 2001 - March 2020
University of Michigan
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • https://agrogan1.github.io
Education
September 1993 - August 2000
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Field of study
  • Social Work

Publications

Publications (172)
Article
Whether spanking is helpful or harmful to children continues to be the source of considerable debate among both researchers and the public. This article addresses 2 persistent issues, namely whether effect sizes for spanking are distinct from those for physical abuse, and whether effect sizes for spanking are robust to study design differences. Met...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationsh...
Preprint
Spanking is one of the most common forms of child discipline used by parents around the world. Research on children in high-income countries has shown that parental spanking is associated with adverse child outcomes, yet less is known about how spanking is related to child well-being in low- and middle-income countries. This study uses data from 21...
Article
Background Caregivers use a variety of disciplinary methods to respond to undesired child behavior. Many caregivers use nonaggressive forms of discipline, such as verbal reasoning and redirection. Some caregivers use aggressive forms of discipline, such as spanking and yelling. However, most caregivers use a combination of aggressive and nonaggress...
Article
Background Nearly one third of children under five in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience spanking. Studies from North America suggest that spanking is associated with heightened risk of physical abuse. However, the link between spanking and physical abuse in the international context remains understudied. Objective To examine the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodological description of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing the effect of Raising Our Spirits Together (ROST), a technology-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) for depression, tailored for the rural context and for delivery by clergy, compared to an enhanced control condition. Depression is among the mo...
Article
Full-text available
The current study used the family stress model to test the mechanisms by which economic insecurity contributes to mothers' and fathers' mental health and couples' relationship functioning. Although low household income has been a focus of poverty research, material hardship—defined as everyday challenges related to making ends meet including diffic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Eating behavior regulation emerges during early development and involves general self-regulation (emotional, behavioral), appetite regulation (homeostatic metabolic need) and appetite self-regulation (including both Bottom-Up Food Approach and Bottom-Up Food Avoidance and top-down purposeful self-control of eating). Limited research has i...
Article
Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) can have lasting effects on well-being. Children also display resilience following IPV exposure. Yet, little research has prospectively followed changes in both maladaptive and adaptive outcomes in children who experience IPV in early life. The goal of the current study was to investigate how ch...
Article
U.S. adults have experienced a threefold increase in anxiety and depression symptomatology during COVID-19. Caregivers of children reported elevated parenting stress, food insecurity, and economic worries. Many struggled to manage childcare and home education. However, prior studies used non-representative samples and lacked comparison to non-careg...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent that physical function discrete data elements (DDE) documented in electronic health records (EHR) are complete within pediatric rehabilitation settings. Methods: A descriptive analysis on completeness of EHR-based DDEs detailing physical functioning for children with cerebral palsy...
Article
Purpose: This pilot study assesses the association of Raising Our Spirits Together (ROST), a technology-assisted, group-based cognitive behavioral therapy for depression, with rural adults' depressive symptoms and anxiety. Method: Nine adults from rural Michigan participated in an open pilot of ROST. Clergy facilitated pilot groups. The pilot be...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive social issue with broad physical and mental health implications. Although 35%–56% of women report IPV victimization with more than one violent partner, few studies have identified factors that increase the risk of experiencing IPV across multiple partners (i.e., IPV reengagement). In the current study,...
Article
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pressing issue, affecting nearly one-third of women in the U.S. over their lifetimes, and has been linked with a number of deleterious outcomes, including the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although IPV is often chronic, few studies have prospectively examined trajectories of PT...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Ending violence against children is critical to promote the health and socioemotional development of children across the globe. To this end, the UNICEF and the WHO have called for the abolishment of spanking, which is the most pervasive form of physical violence against children worldwide. This study used an ecological perspective to ex...
Article
Executive functioning (EF), or a set of related cognitive skills that facilitate goal-oriented behavior, is a critical aspect of adaptive development. Mounting research indicates that exposure to environmental threats during the preschool years jeopardizes EF; however, the extent and mechanisms through which early exposure to intimate partner viole...
Article
Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) increases risk for symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity, and yet no known evaluations of interventions for IPV-exposed children have demonstrated effectiveness in treating their attention problems. This study examined the utility of the Preschool Kids’ Club (PKC), a treatment program tailor...
Article
Given the scope and adverse clinical consequences of child abuse, assessment of salient etiological factors can lend critical insights needed for abuse prevention. Increasingly, dual-processing models have been applied to aggression, which postulate that parallel automatic and conscious processes can evoke aggressive behavior, implicating both affe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: To test associations between 11 parental discipline behaviors and child aggression, distraction, and prosocial peer relations across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Study Design: Data came from the fourth (2009-2013) and fifth (2012-2017) rounds of the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). Survey responses publicly...
Preprint
Objective: Ending violence against children is critical to promote the health and socioemotional development of children across the globe. To this end, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have called for the abolishment of spanking, which is the most pervasive form of physical violence against childre...
Article
Full-text available
Child maltreatment has a critical impact on the lives of children. Maladaptive parenting may interrupt the process of establishing healthy peer relationships as the quality of parent-child bonds determines positive or negative child outcomes. Although maladaptive parenting is known as a risk factor for predicting bullying perpetration and victimiza...
Article
Objectives To examine whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and physical punishment (ie, spanking) are unique risk factors for behavior problems in early childhood, and whether ACEs moderate the associations of spanking with child behavior problems. Study design We conducted prospective, longitudinal analyses on 2,380 families in the Fragil...
Article
Background and Objective Sixty countries worldwide have banned the use of physical punishment, yet little is known about the association of physical and nonphysical forms of child discipline with child development in a global context. The objective of this study is to examine whether physical punishment and nonphysical discipline are associated wit...
Article
Given the scope and adverse clinical consequences of child abuse, assessment of salient etiological factors can lend critical insights needed for abuse prevention. Increasingly, dual-processing models have been applied to aggression, which postulate that parallel automatic and conscious processes can evoke aggressive behavior, implicating both affe...
Article
Full-text available
Children who witness intimate partner violence (IPV) develop posttraumatic stress disorder at alarmingly high rates. Research suggests that caregivers’ symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) often co-occur alongside children’s PTSS, a phenomenon termed “relational posttraumatic stress.” The goal of this study is to use dyad-centered analyses to ex...
Preprint
Given the scope and adverse clinical consequences of child abuse, assessment of salient etiological factors can lend critical insights needed for abuse prevention. Increasingly, dual-processing models have been applied to aggression which postulate that parallel automatic and conscious processes can evoke aggressive behavior, implicating both affec...
Article
Mothers experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) have been found to have negative long-term parenting outcomes, such as reduced maternal involvement and greater use of physical punishment, which represent potential pathways by which IPV negatively affects children. Factors influencing these parenting practices have not been examined in IPV-expo...
Article
Full-text available
This study estimates the effect of physical punishment on the cognitive development of 1,167 low-income Colombian children (Mage = 17.8 months old) using 3 analytic strategies: lagged-dependent variables, a difference-in-differences-like approach (DD), and a novel strategy combining matching with a DD-like approach. Across approaches, physical puni...
Article
Background Spanking is associated with detrimental outcomes for young children. Research shows that spanking is more commonly used in low-income households. Objective To examine whether economic hardship, measured by household income-to-poverty ratio at the time of the child’s birth, moderated the longitudinal associations between maternal spankin...
Article
Background Parenting styles and neighborhood dynamics are key predictors of youth externalizing behavior. However, other contextual factors, such as parents’ work-related stress and parents’ work schedules, have received less empirical attention. Objective We examine the direct and indirect relationships of four key factors on child externalizing...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant social concern, with high prevalence rates among Latinas and resulting serious negative outcomes, including parenting difficulties. Parenting following exposure to IPV is paramount as IPV can be frightening to children as well as disruptive to their development of emotional and self-regula...
Article
Full-text available
Research from U.S. samples has shown consistent associations between physical punishment and adverse child outcomes. Nonetheless, little is known about the effects of physical punishment in countries where its use is more accepted. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between physical punishment and children and adolescents' out...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) continues to be a widely prevalent problem and has strong negative consequences for women and children. Parenting effectively (for example, practicing warm and supportive parenting and refraining from the use of physical discipline) may be very difficult for women who have experienced IPV and who have children. At th...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This qualitative study used Twitter to examine stay-at-home parents’ publicly available postings to Twitter about discipline and spanking. Many adults still support the use of spanking despite a substantial body of evidence demonstrating that spanking is linked to a range of negative child outcomes. Little is currently known about how par...
Article
Background A large body of research has found that corporal punishment is associated with increases in children’s behavior problems. However, questions remain as to whether or not the relationship between corporal punishment and behavior problems is equally true across contexts. Objective To examine the degree to which the effects of corporal puni...
Article
A robust research literature links parental spanking with negative behavioral outcomes for children, however, it remains unclear whether conditions in the community may moderate the associations between spanking and behavior problems in early childhood. In the current study, we examined whether community violence exposure moderated the associations...
Article
Background: Research has shown that problematic behaviors, such as violence and drug use, may spread through shared physical space and social norms, lending rise to the notion of contagion theories of human behavior. Objective: This study examines whether physical child abuse spreads across time and space in a pattern reflective of a contagion m...
Article
Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with a host of problems, including the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). PTSS include a wide range of unique symptomatology and as a result, clinical presentations of PTSS can vary in both distribution and overall number of symptoms. Work in child and adolescent...
Preprint
Objective: This qualitative study used Twitter to examine stay-at-home parents’ publicly available contributions to Twitter about discipline and spanking. Background: Many adults still support the use of spanking despite a substantial body of evidence demonstrating that spanking is linked to a range of negative child outcomes. Little is currently k...
Article
This study examined if, compared to White and African American children, maternal spanking of American Indian children was associated with child externalizing behavior problems. Using a community-based sample of 3,632 children (1,183 White, 2,183 African American, 266 American Indian), multiple-group autoregressive cross-lagged models examined the...
Article
Objective: To examine whether the longitudinal associations between maternal spanking and child externalizing behavior are moderated by attachment style. Methods: This study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n = 2211), a large cohort sample of low-income urban families. Multiple-group autoregressive cross-lagged models...
Article
Millions of children witness intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and the effects of these experiences are substantial. One of the more common sequelae of exposure to IPV is the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Given the chronic nature of both IPV and PTSS, there is a need for prospective research on long-term mental healt...
Article
One in four women experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime. Most of these women are mothers, raising young children, and parenting them under stressful conditions. This study examined a variety of parenting practices, and evaluated the contribution of child and mother demographic variables, the level of violence experienced by t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: With lingering effects from more than 50 years of war, young children in Colombia are exposed to multiple risk factors such as poverty, civil conflict, and domestic violence. In addition to these environmental stressors, public and legal support for corporal punishment remains high, which is shown by the high prevalence of young childr...
Article
Spanking is one of the most common forms of child discipline used by parents around the world. Research on children in high-income countries has shown that parental spanking is associated with adverse child outcomes, yet less is known about how spanking is related to child well-being in low- and middle-income countries. This study uses data from 21...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects a large proportion of women in the United States and is a serious public health concern. Rates of IPV are even higher for Latinas in the United States. Approximately, 10% of women experience intimate partner rape in their lifetime, and IPV and intimate partner rape have been strongly linked to the development...
Article
While corporal punishment is widely understood to have undesirable associations with children's behavior problems, there remains controversy as to whether such effects are consistent across different racial or ethnic groups. We employed a Bayesian regression analysis, which allows for the estimation of both similarities and differences across group...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To examine the association of father early engagement behaviors and infant low birth weight (LBW) among unmarried, urban couples. Methods Participants were from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth-cohort study of urban families. We conducted cross-sectional analyses of data from interviews with unmarried mothers and fa...
Article
Objective: The Moms’ Empowerment Program (MEP) provides affordable services to address the effects of women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) and to enhance their mental health. In past evaluations with mothers of school-age children this ten-session program was successful in reducing women’s symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Method: A n...
Chapter
Exposure to intimate partner violence is a serious issue for Latinx women and children in the U.S.; however, there is a dearth of knowledge of how to best intervene with this population in order to support better adjustment following experiences of violence. This chapter describes our process of adapting a set of programs for families exposed to in...
Data
Meta-Analytic Review of 50 years of research on corporal punishment.
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) poses serious risks to the health of women. Numerous studies link children’s IPV exposure to various forms of developmental psychopathology. One possible explanatory factor appears to be children’s beliefs and attitudes about the violence they have witnessed. Little research has investigated how these beliefs may cha...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) poses serious risks to the health of women. Numerous studies link children’s IPV exposure to various forms of developmental psychopathology. One possible explanatory factor appears to be children’s beliefs and attitudes about the violence they have witnessed. Little research has investigated how these beliefs may cha...
Article
Full-text available
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is a particularly prevalent public health concern among Latina populations, the evidence-based treatment options for Latinas who experience IPV are limited. The present study tested the efficacy of the Moms’ Empowerment Program (MEP), an intervention for Spanish-speaking Latina mothers who had recently exper...
Article
Full-text available
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate whether participation in the Moms' Empowerment Program (MEP), a 10-week, 10-session intervention designed to provide support and increase access to available community resources for women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV), enhanced the physical health of participants who self-identified as Latina. Methods Mothers o...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant social and public health problem that includes physical violence, sexual violence, threats of physical or sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression by an intimate partner. Estimates suggest that 35% of Latinas living in the United States experience IPV in their lifetime, with known seve...
Article
Children exposed to negative neighborhood conditions and parental spanking are at higher risk of experiencing maltreatment. We conducted prospective analyses of secondary data to determine the effects of neighborhood collective efficacy and parental spanking on household Child Protective Services (CPS) involvement, and whether spanking mediates the...
Article
Families that experience domestic violence and parental substance misuse are disproportionately involved with the child welfare system. Prior research suggests that child protective services (CPS) caseworkers are more likely to substantiate maltreatment allegations when domestic violence and parental substance misuse are identified during the inves...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this research was to examine the association between income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia. Using a nationally representative Colombian sample of adults, and data from departments and municipalities, we fit sex-stratified linear and logistic multilevel models with blood pressure as a continuous and binary variable,...
Article
Full-text available
This study employed fixed effects regression that controls for selection bias, omitted variables bias, and all time-invariant aspects of parent and child characteristics to examine the simultaneous associations between neighborhood disorganization, maternal spanking, and aggressive behavior in early childhood using data from the Fragile Families an...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence remains a pervasive and common social problem. Evidence indicates that children witness many instances of intimate partner violence. However, the structure of children’s thinking about family violence is still not well understood. This research employed latent profile analysis to identify underlying latent profiles of chil...
Conference Paper
Purpose Approximately 35% of Latinas living in the United States experience intimate partner violence (IPV), with known severe negative outcomes. One consequence is depression, which disproportionately affects IPV-exposed Latinas. This study tested the effectiveness of the Moms’ Empowerment Program (MEP), a culturally adapted psychotherapeutic inte...
Article
Objective Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by recurrent mood episodes and profound impairments in psychosocial functioning. Occupational disability is one of the most problematic impairments for individuals with BD due to high rates of unemployment and work impairments. Current evidence indicates that social stressors at work—such as social i...
Article
One in 15 children in the United States are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) each year. Although much is known about the adverse effects of witnessing IPV on children, little attention has been given to the impact of IPV on children of diverse ethno-racial backgrounds. In particular, the association between IPV and children's attitudes an...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary addresses the critique by Larzelere, Gunnoe, Roberts, and Ferguson (2017: Marriage & Family Review, 53, 24–35) ostensibly concerning the quality of research on “positive parenting” but actually critiquing physical punishment research. The critique revealed that the authors have a poor understanding of positive parenting. After expli...
Article
Full-text available
Neighborhood and parenting influences on early behavioral outcomes are strongly dependent upon a child’s stage of development. However, little research has jointly considered the longitudinal associations of neighborhood and parenting processes with behavior problems in early childhood. To address this limitation, this study explores the associatio...
Article
We review the literature on parental physical punishment of children, and lay out the foundations of a case against the use of physical punishment as a form of discipline. We consider the empirical research on physical punishment finding that physical punishment is associated with a number of undesirable outcomes for children and adolescents. We pa...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary addresses the critique by Larzelere, Gunnoe, Roberts, and Ferguson (2016: Marriage and Family Review, 53, 24–35) ostensibly concerning the quality of research on “positive parenting” but actually critiquing corporal punishment research. The critique revealed that the authors have a poor understanding of positive parenting. After exp...