Andrew Michael Durso

Andrew Michael Durso
Florida Gulf Coast University | FGCU · Department of Biological Sciences

PhD Biology (Utah State University)

About

78
Publications
28,591
Reads
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883
Citations
Introduction
Andrew is an Assistant Professor of Wildlife Biology in the Biological Sciences Department at Florida Gulf Coast University in Ft Myers, Florida, USA. He is a snake ecologist who studies physiology, behavior, conservation, human-wildlife interactions, citizen science, and recently global public health and machine learning/artificial intelligence. Andrew grew up herping & birding in the southeastern United States, and has lived in Illinois, Utah, Germany, and Switzerland.
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - present
Utah State University
Position
  • PhD research
July 2009 - August 2011
Eastern Illinois University
Position
  • Master's thesis
August 2005 - May 2009
University of Georgia
Position
  • Undergraduate thesis

Publications

Publications (78)
Preprint
Full-text available
Correctly identifying the strength of selection parasites impose on hosts is key to predicting epidemiological and evolutionary outcomes. However, behavioral changes due to infection can alter the capture probability of infected hosts and thereby make selection difficult to estimate by standard sampling techniques. Mark-recapture approaches, which...
Article
Full-text available
Background Snakebite envenoming is a neglected tropical disease that kills an estimated 81,000 to 138,000 people and disables another 400,000 globally every year. The World Health Organization aims to halve this burden by 2030. To achieve this ambitious goal, we need to close the data gap in snake ecology and snakebite epidemiology and give healthc...
Chapter
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants, animals and fungi is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and naming livi...
Article
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However , the difficulty of identifying plants, animals and fungi is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and naming liv...
Article
The composition of founding populations plays an important role in colonisation dynamics and can influence population growth during early stages of biological invasion. Specifically, founding populations with small propagules (i.e., low number of founders) are vulnerable to the Allee effect and have reduced likelihood of establishment compared to t...
Article
Full-text available
An observation of Natrix natrix re-swallowing a regurgitated Bufo bufo after disturbance during the initial process of swallowing. Ingestion was resumed more than 70 minutes later. The observation was made in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. We believe that this is the first published observation of a snake re-swallowing a regurgitated prey...
Article
Full-text available
Diadophis punctatus in mangrove forest in the Rookery Bay Reserve
Chapter
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants and animals is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and naming living plan...
Article
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However , the difficulty of identifying plants and animals is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and naming living pla...
Article
Full-text available
The secretive behavior and life history of snakes makes studying their biology, distribution, and the epidemiology of venomous snakebite challenging. One of the most useful, most versatile, and easiest to collect types of biological data are photographs, particularly those that are connected with geographic location and date-time metadata. Photos v...
Article
Full-text available
We trained a computer vision algorithm to identify 45 species of snakes from photos and compared its performance to that of humans. Both human and algorithm performance is substantially better than randomly guessing (null probability of guessing correctly given 45 classes = 2.2%). Some species (e.g., Boa constrictor) are routinely identified with e...
Chapter
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and namin...
Article
Toxin-resistant predators may suffer costs from eating chemically-defended prey and do not feed exclusively on toxic prey. Common Gartersnakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) (Linnaeus, 1758) have been considered the drivers of an evolutionary arms race with highly toxic newts (Taricha spp.), which they consume with few or no deleterious effects. However, ho...
Article
Full-text available
Species identification can be challenging for biologists, healthcare practitioners and members of the general public. Snakes are no exception, and the potential medical consequences of venomous snake misidentification can be significant. Here, we collected data on identification of 100 snake species by building a week-long online citizen science ch...
Article
Full-text available
Wind-generated power is one of the fastest growing alternative energy strategies worldwide and will likely account for 20% of US energy production by 2030. The installation and maintenance of wind farms are associated with increased human activity and can generate noise pollution, disturb and fragment habitat, and even alter community composition a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Fangs are a putative key innovation that revolutionized prey capture and feeding in snakes, and - along with their associated venom phenotypes - have made snakes perhaps the most medically-significant vertebrate animals. Three snake clades are known for their forward-positioned fangs, and these clades (Elapidae, Viperidae, and Atractas...
Article
While there is huge promise in monitoring physiological parameters in free-living organisms, we also find high amounts of variability over time and space. This variation requires us to capitalize on long-term physiological monitoring to adequately address questions of population health, conservation status, or evolutionary trends as long-term sampl...
Book
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and namin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and namin...
Article
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However , the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and nami...
Article
Full-text available
Snakebite envenoming causes up to 138,000 deaths and 400,000 permanently disabled victims worldwide every year. Flooding is one of the many factors that seems to influence the incidence of snakebite. The catastrophic floods from late 2018 in Kerala (India) were widely broadcast and are an example of how flooding events are related to the increased...
Article
Snakes are a useful model for ecological studies because they are gape-limited predators that may undergo ontogenetic changes in diet. We analyzed carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios to estimate percent contributions of different prey to snake biomass, trophic positions and isotopic niche width of juveniles and adults of the snake Thamnodynas...
Chapter
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However, the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and namin...
Article
Full-text available
Background Snakebite envenoming is a major global health problem that kills or disables half a million people in the world’s poorest countries. Biting snake identification is key to understanding snakebite eco-epidemiology and optimizing its clinical management. The role of snakebite victims and healthcare providers in biting snake identification h...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial and temporal variation in stoichiometric and stable isotope ratios of animals contains ecological information that we are just beginning to understand. In both field and lab studies, stoichiometric or isotopic ratios are related to physiological mechanisms underlying nutrition or stress. Conservation and ecosystem ecology may be informed by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Building accurate knowledge of the identity, the geographic distribution and the evolution of species is essential for the sustainable development of humanity, as well as for biodiversity conservation. However , the difficulty of identifying plants and animals in the field is hindering the aggregation of new data and knowledge. Identifying and nami...
Article
Full-text available
Trade-offs among the key life-history traits of reproduction and immunity have been widely documented. However, the currency in use is not well-understood. We investigated how reproducing female side-blotched lizards, Uta stansburiana, allocate lipids versus proteins when given an immune challenge. We tested whether lizards would invest more in rep...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The global decrease in wildlife populations, especially birds, is mainly due to land use change and increasing intensity of land use (Parmesan and Yohe 2003). However, impacts of management tools to mitigate biodiversity loss at regional and global scales are less apparent in forest regions that have a constant forest area, and which di...
Poster
Full-text available
Many people fear snakes but are interested in learning to identify them. Our social media outreach and education tool, the “Snake Identification” Facebook group (www.SnakeIdentification.org) allows users to post photos of snakes for rapid identification (average response time <1 minute). Snake Identification currently has over 125,000 members (repr...
Article
Climate change is predicted to alter the frequency and intensity of precipitation events, placing stress on freshwater aquatic ecosystems and their associated wildlife. Thus, understanding interspecific variation in drought sensitivity and the repeatability of those responses across heterogeneous landscapes is critical. Semi-aquatic snakes serve im...
Article
Trade-offs between the reproductive and immune systems are predicted when resources are limited, but are difficult to measure. We used ¹⁵N-labelled amino acids to directly compare protein allocation by lizards to eggs and healing wounds. We showed that these two demands compete for the same resource, and that the ratio of protein allocation between...
Article
Full-text available
An official journal of the Genetics Society, Heredity publishes high-quality articles describing original research and theoretical insights in all areas of genetics. Research papers are complimented by News & Commentary articles and reviews, keeping researchers and students abreast of hot topics in the field.
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the presence of ectoparasites and hemoparasites in side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) across a large part of their range and measured how parasitic infection related to several key physiological indicators of health. Blood samples were collected from 132 lizards from central Arizona, southern Utah, and eastern Oregon. Hemopara...
Article
Organisms must balance energy invested into self-maintenance, reproduction, and somatic growth over their lifetime. In this study, the effects of diet restriction and diet complexity on side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) were analyzed. Thirty male lizards, housed in the laboratory, were fed either an ad libitum or a restricted diet for 18 day...
Article
Aim The ‘two sides of the same coin’ hypothesis posits that biological traits that predispose species to extinction and invasion lie on opposite ends of a continuum. Conversely, anthropogenic factors may have similar effects on extinction and invasion risk. We test these two hypotheses using data on more than 1000 reptile species. Location Global....
Code
These three .R scripts generate all the data and figures used in our paper: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S094420061630068X hognose_diet.R is the primary data analysis with the mixing models and most of the figures hog mcp graphs.R is the code for generating Figure 1 appendix2_vary_TEF.R is the code for generating the results...
Code
These three .R scripts generate all the data and figures used in our paper: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S094420061630068X hognose_diet.R is the primary data analysis with the mixing models and most of the figures hog mcp graphs.R is the code for generating Figure 1 appendix2_vary_TEF.R is the code for generating the results...
Article
Full-text available
If population, community, and ecosystem ecology of amphibians and reptiles has a central problem, it is that the number of individuals one sees (or hears) does not necessarily reflect the numbers that actually are present. This is true for all wildlife (MacKenzie et al., 2005a) and even for plants (Chen et al., 2013), but the problem may be particu...
Article
Full-text available
Convergent evolution of tetrodotoxin (TTX) resistance, at both the phenotypic and genetic levels, characterizes coevolutionary arms races between amphibians and their snake predators around the world, and reveals remarkable predictability in the process of adaptation. Here we examine the repeatability of the evolution of TTX resistance in an undesc...
Article
AimNon-native reptiles are often detrimental to native communities and ecosystems and can be extremely difficult to manage once established. Thus, there is considerable interest in predicting the likelihood of establishment of non-native reptiles. We assessed three hypotheses describing possible factors contributing to the successful establishment...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen scientists have vast potential to contribute to our knowledge of amphibian and reptile distribution, abundance, and ecology. In addition to recording where particular species are observed, an ideal citizen science database would 1) imply non-detections using a checklist-based format, 2) allow reporting of effort and other ancillary informat...
Article
Full-text available
On 21 December 1993 in the Khao Sok National Park, Surat Thani province, Thailand, an ecotourism party consisting of 8 people visited a vertical limestone karst cliff, 40 m tall and flanked by grown trees ≥ 20 m tall (Fig. 1). The ground between the cliff and the forest consisted of a mosaic of bushes and patches of barren soil. At about 14:00 h, t...