Andrew M. Duffy

Andrew M. Duffy
Nanyang Technological University | ntu · Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information

PhD National University of Singapore

About

59
Publications
11,427
Reads
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584
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
As artificial intelligence and industrial automation continue to impact on the workplace, the manner in which they are reported by news media becomes increasingly of interest. Combining quantitative and qualitative analysis of trade journals, this paper investigates how machinery in the workplace is framed, in order to indicate the way in which suc...
Article
Editorial and commercial functions in news organizations operate under conflicting values which dictate their separation lest commercial interests influence editorial decision-making. Yet this historic partition is challenged by the deterioration of the old advertiser-sponsored business model. The relationship is growing closer, at the risk of caus...
Article
The increasingly assertive position of social media as a news source means that news audiences can no longer depend on traditional journalists for information verification. Instead, they must determine the news credibility on their own. The majority of information credibility studies have considered news audiences’ information evaluation as a purel...
Article
Full-text available
Guided by the framework of reciprocity on social media, the current study investigated antecedents of news sharing. Using a two-wave panel survey involving 868 respondents who took two surveys about one year apart, this study examined the effect of frequency of receiving news on social media on subsequent news-sharing behaviour, while controlling f...
Article
As both news and audiences are increasingly mobile, this introduction calls for intensified research into mobility as a core characteristic of journalism. This special issue explores the intersection of news with mobility in production, distribution and consumption. News has become mobile in a material sense as it is accessed on portable devices; a...
Article
Full-text available
This study synthesises two analytical frameworks—journalistic strangers and agents of media innovation—to examine how perceptions among newsworkers towards new entrants to their field shape the normalisation of innovations in a digital-first legacy news organisation over three years. Based on two rounds of interviews, it finds that peripheral playe...
Article
Scholars have noted the power of state-led discourse to create a national identity as an imagined community and have explicitly linked food to state-orchestrated narratives of nationhood. Others have described how a nation is constructed and maintained through everyday ‘banal nationalism’. This article combines the two to observe how state-led and...
Article
A leitmotif in scholarship on travel texts has been themes of power and privilege. It is not clear, however, whether the more populist, egalitarian and non-elitist form of travel media, travel blogs, fits into this pattern. This article considers the role of power in how bloggers press authenticity into service as a marker of value in travel. It ar...
Article
Celebrity has become common in many fields of endeavour and is increasingly manifested in the emerging form of self-mediated microcelebrity or social media Influencer. One regular tactic for both celebrity and microcelebrity is to use the media for a dual performance at once ordinary and extraordinary, linking the world of the exotic with that of t...
Article
Growing interest with the practice of sharing news stories through social media has driven a move in scholarship away from the “news” aspect and towards the “sharing” aspect. As more news is distributed using social media, its use as social glue becomes increasingly significant. Accordingly, this paper places news sharing in the sociological tradit...
Article
While fake news has been widely reviled as an attack on democracy, less has been written about its threat to interpersonal relationships. Social networks have become increasingly popular for sharing news and as a result have also offered fertile ground for the spread of fake news. This paper considers the impact of the latter on the former, particu...
Article
Observing the limitations driven by a certain path-dependency in most scholarship on digital journalism, we argue for favouring a direction that privileges “digital” over “journalism”. Rather than seeing it as a digital iteration of journalistic principles, as has been a persistent theme in academia to date, it would see consider journalism as an e...
Article
The editor has often been hidden in scholarship under the catch-all term of ‘journalist’. Yet the roles of editor and reporter, while overlapping, are distinct. That distinction is essential to make because the editorial function is one of the defining characteristics of news journalism that separates it from ‘interloper media’ such as blogs, publi...
Chapter
Under threat from social media and interactive Web 2.0, the traditional media industry seeks new models to maintain its viability. This chapter studies both consumers and prospective producers of one genre—travel journalism—to advocate a model that could help arrest the industry's decline and return to growth. It argues that one way forward for tra...
Article
Travellers have long inhabited a liminal position between home and away. Now they also have a bridging foot in cyberspace, as Internet-enabled smartphones mediate their travel experience. Social-web-assisted mobility means that gazing down at a smartphone screen can either enhance or hamper a traveller’s movement through a destination and their int...
Article
Full-text available
Social media are now firmly embedded in professional newsrooms, and policies and guidance within these newsrooms have evolved to include social media activities. These policies articulate and expose the underlying assumptions of the role of these new media within the traditional boundaries of the newsroom. Through thematic analysis of the policies...
Article
Bypassing the dominant Western bias in journalism scholarship is a challenge; it raises the question of what might replace it. Similarly, to evade the Western post-imperialism orthodoxies recurrent in cultural studies scholarship into travel and tourism would require other perspectives. This study combines the two and attempts to circumvent the Wes...
Article
Digital disruption has challenged newsroom norms, and newsmakers are increasingly sought and found online. But who can reporters trust? In a post-truth, fake-news era, this paper explores how student reporters in Singapore verify the credibility of online newsmakers. The study has three areas of enquiry. Firstly, how do they utilise social media to...
Article
Full-text available
Bourdieu’s field theory presents a distinction between the autonomy of a field and the heteronomity of the fields that surround and potentially encroach on it. Journalism is one such field which attempts to maintain its autonomy in the face of change imposed from beyond its boundaries. This paper looks at how the field of journalism responds to two...
Article
Full-text available
Through an analysis of relevant literature and open-ended survey responses from 2501 Singaporeans, this article proposes a conceptual framework to understand how individuals authenticate the information they encounter on social media. In broad strokes, we find that individuals rely on both their own judgment of the source and the message, and when...
Article
Smartphones and the social web provide innovative ways to connect, notably in the tourism context. Anecdotes abound of backpackers absorbed in their smartphones or lurking in coffee shops on laptops. It remains unclear whether such preoccupation with the social web, which provides connection with home and with fellow travelers, is beneficial or det...
Article
Full-text available
Confronted with circumstances altered by the Internet, professional working practices have the option to change or to stay the same. This paper looks at how newsworkers in the new form of digital newsrooms have adapted the old location- or topic-based ‘beat’ system; now that they are called upon to curate or aggregate news stories which arrive full...
Article
When faced with a lack of information, consumers turn to trust to make a decision; but what happens to trust when individuals are confronted with the wealth of data on the Internet? This study evaluates three forms of trust in information-abundant contexts: trust in the site, trust in the reviewers, and a postulated third form, trust-in-self. It lo...
Article
An article reveals a journalist’s agenda as well as their preconceptions about the audience. Based on schema theory, the mobility/mooring paradigm demonstrates how travel journalists create interplay between the challenge of the unknown and the reassurance of the known. First, this interplay reveals how a journalist forms their identity and imagine...
Chapter
Full-text available
Under threat from social media and interactive Web 2.0, the traditional media industry seeks new models to maintain its viability. This chapter studies both consumers and prospective producers of one genre-travel journalism-to advocate a model that could help arrest the industry's decline and return to growth. It argues that one way forward for tra...
Article
Ideas about trust have been based on information scarcity. To overcome the uncertainty associated with choice, people gather information; when that is not enough, they turn to trust in order to make a decision. Consumer-review Web sites offer information abundance, however, which demands a re-evaluation of the function of trust under such circumsta...
Article
While relations of power have been a repeated theme in studies on textual representations of guest–host interaction in travel and tourism, the emerging genre of travel blogs may offer a new perspective. This paper introduces the mobility/mooring paradigm as a framework for examining communications, looking initially at travel blogs. It proposes tha...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines newspaper coverage of the arts in Singapore to consider the role of the island state’s newspapers in the development and documentation of Singapore’s growing arts scene. Sampling two constructed weeks for each of 10 years, 1999 to 2008, content analysis is used to examine arts coverage in the Straits Times and Lianhe Zaobao. T...
Article
Travel journalists cannot know each traveller for whom they write, so they must imagine what a reader wants. The subsequent journalism influences how tourists travel and engage with a foreign country and its inhabitants. This article uses an independent/connected framework of tourist behaviour to identify how travel journalists imagine their reader...
Article
Scholarly work on journalistic role conceptions is growing, but the assumption that what journalists conceive of as their roles depends in part on what they believe audiences expect from them remains underexplored. Through a nationally representative survey (N = 1,200), this study sought to understand journalistic role expectations in Singapore, a...
Article
Travel journalism is one source travellers turn to in order to research a destination, alongside friends who have been there, guidebooks, websites, blogs, user review sites, and chat rooms. But the travel journalists they consult would also have consulted these sources and planned their trip based on what they find there. This paper examines whethe...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to examine when travelers are more influenced by friends (word-of-mouth [WOM]) with limited knowledge of hotels but an understanding of the traveler, and when by review sites (electronic word-of-mouth [eWOM]) which have immense experience of hotels but cannot know the individual traveler. Sites such as TripAdvisor® offer m...
Conference Paper
As the media ecosystem changes, affected by the rising tide of social media and the ebbing tide of advertising revenue and circulation, journalism itself will change too. This paper brings together ideas on the news media’s relationships with power and democracy and connects them with journalism roles and functions that support these relationships....
Article
The similarities between good journalism and academic writing, each based on intellectual curiosity, rigorous research and thoughtful deliberation, advocate for journalism’s inclusion in university tenure schemes. This family resemblance, however, has instead led to a greater regard for their differences, and each prefers to draw boundaries that ex...
Conference Paper
Recent years have seen professionalisation of journalism through education, with more courses at universities and more practitioners with a journalism degree. At the same time, more there has been a rise of the amateur information source in the form of web 2.0 blogs, wikis, chat rooms, and social media sites. Professional training and amateur infor...
Conference Paper
Travellers research a destination before they leave, to know what to expect. They turn to friends who have been there, guidebooks, websites, blogs, user review sites, chat rooms, and travel journalism in the traditional media. Both agenda setting theory and framing effects theory suggest that media-particularly journalism-affects what people think...
Chapter
The Internet is a foreign country: they do things differently there. So in a digitized world the first source of information for travelers is often online — blogs and user-generated content with personal reports on holidays and journeys, destinations and attractions, hotels and restaurants (Casaló, Flavián and Guinalíu, 2011). The information they...
Article
Many journalism students harbour desires of becoming travel writers. And yet, when taken on a travel-writing trip, how do they react when confronted with the reality? And how does their own social framework influence their perception of a foreign country? This article uses content analysis of travel articles written by mainly Singaporean journalism...
Article
While there has been consistent academic interest in the link between the media and politics, this attention has mostly bypassed lifestyle journalism. Yet this can reflect the political and social realities of a country if less clearly than more overtly political coverage. This paper seeks to demonstrate how the Singapore government has used food t...
Article
This study investigates teenage attitudes towards unofficial versus mainstream media as a source of information. It starts from three unproven premises. First, that young people place more trust in unofficial online news than in mainstream media, because they feel a greater ownership of the cyberworld. Second, due to a perception of authoritarian c...
Chapter
SINGAPORE is a little red dot in a sea of green. Red for Buddhism, green for its larger, less wealthy, primarily Muslim neighbours, Indonesia to the south and Malaysia to the north. That Singapore has survived since independence in 1965 is remarkable. That it has done so while becoming a global finance and business centre and generating great wealt...