Andrew Jeffery Curtis

Andrew Jeffery Curtis
Kent State University | KSU · Department of Geography

About

157
Publications
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2,479
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Publications

Publications (157)
Article
Full-text available
Disease risk associated with contaminated water, poor sanitation, and hygiene in informal settlement environments is conceptually well understood. From an analytical perspective, collecting data at a suitably fine scale spatial and temporal granularity is challenging. Novel mobile methodologies, such as spatial video (SV), can complement more tradi...
Article
Full-text available
Maps have become the de facto primary mode of visualizing the COVID-19 pandemic, from identifying local disease and vaccination patterns to understanding global trends. In addition to their widespread utilization for public communication, there have been a variety of advances in spatial methods created for localized operational needs. While broader...
Article
Increasing urbanization in Ghana has led to a waste management crisis with multiple public health consequences. The contextualized mapping of what is dumped, where and why might provide vital on-the-ground support to address the problem itself, as well as the spillover disease impacts. One of the biggest challenges, however, are the required spatia...
Article
Full-text available
VisualCommunity is a platform designed to support community or neighborhood scale research. The platform integrates mobile, AI, visualization techniques, along with tools to help domain researchers, practitioners, and students collecting and working with spatialized video and geo-narratives. These data, which provide granular spatialized imagery an...
Article
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Individuals experiencing homelessness represent a growing population in the United States. Air pollution exposure among individuals experiencing homelessness has not been quantified. Utilizing local knowledge mapping, we generated activity spaces for 62 individuals experiencing homelessness residing in a semi-rural county within the United States....
Article
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The street homeless, those who spend their nights either in shelters or unofficial camps, whether in tents on a street or in society’s hidden spaces such as beneath an overpass, face multiple challenges beyond finding a safe place to sleep. Of further concern is how official actions can worsen these situations, through day-to-day activities or plan...
Article
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The complex interrelationship between the built environment and social problems is often described but frequently lacks the data and analytical framework to explore the potential of such a relationship in different applications. We address this gap using a machine learning (ML) approach to study whether street-level built environment visuals can be...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Increasing urbanization in Ghana has led to a waste management crisis with multiple public health consequences. The contextualized mapping of what is dumped, where and why might provide vital on-the-ground support to address the problem itself, as well as the spillover disease impacts. One of the biggest challenges, however, are the req...
Article
Data from the American Community Survey (ACS) provides a wealth of information useful for learning more about social determinants of health and their spatial distributions within a defined region. Although available data includes quantified indicators of uncertainty in aggregated location-specific estimates for a range of variables, this uncertaint...
Article
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The 2011 Joplin, Missouri, tornado was one of the deadliest and costliest tornadoes in US history, damaging approximately 8,000 structures and causing more than $2 billion in economic damages. As with most extreme events, reports following the tornado documented the widespread damage, including complete destruction of one of the local hospitals alo...
Article
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Background: The health burden in developing world informal settlements often coincides with a lack of spatial data that could be used to guide intervention strategies. Spatial video (SV) has proven to be a useful tool to collect environmental and social data at a granular scale, though the effort required to turn these spatially encoded video fram...
Article
Slums and informal settlements continue to pose considerable health challenges, mostly associated with the unavailability of basic amenities and proper waste management. While mapping where risks occur, such as the location of features associated with disease is obviously beneficial, the spatial data required is frequently not available, especially...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying emergent patterns of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the local level presents a geographic challenge. The need is not only to integrate multiple data streams from different sources, scales, and cadences, but to also identify meaningful spatial patterns in these data, especially in vulnerable settings where even small numbers and...
Article
This paper seeks to calibrate an existing analytical framework to develop building repair fragility models using a restoration dataset collected through a longitudinal field study in the city of Joplin, Missouri, after the catastrophic 2011 Enhanced Fujita 5 tornado. First, an existing recovery data set from Joplin is documented and the main findin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Identifying emergent patterns of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the local level presents a geographic challenge that is not ideally addressed using traditional spatial clustering approaches. The need is not only to identify statistically significant spatial patterns, but also develop a surveillance system to identify small numbers of cases...
Article
Various factors have been associated with the ongoing high prevalence of malaria in Ghana. Among these are poor sanitation, low socioeconomic status (SES), building construction and other proximate micro environmental risks, and individual behaviors. What makes the curbing of malaria more challenging, is that for many of the most impacted areas the...
Article
Videos embedded with spatial coordinates, especially when combined with additional expert insights, offer the potential to acquire fine-scale multi-time period contextualized data for a variety of different environments. However, while these geospatial multimedia (GSMM) data include abundant spatiotemporal, semantic and visual information, the mean...
Article
Community-level event (CLE) datasets, such as police reports of crime events, contain abundant semantic information of event situations and descriptions in a geospatial-temporal context. They are critical for frontline users, such as police officers and social workers, to discover and examine insights about community neighborhoods. We propose CLEVi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The utility of being able to spatially analyze health care data in near-real time is a growing need. However, this potential is often limited by the level of in-house geospatial expertise. One solution is to form collaborative partnerships between the health and geoscience sectors. A challenge in achieving this is how to share data out...
Article
Scholars typically use calls to the police to study crime patterning; however, crime reporting may be systematic across space. Using spatial video and geonarrative methodology, we investigate the overlap between perceived crime hot spots among 35 neighbourhood insiders (police officers, ex-offenders and residents) and hot spots gleaned from call da...
Article
Between 1975 and 1979, upwards of two million men, women, and children perished from starvation, disease, exhaustion, inadequate medical care, torture, murder, and execution during the Cambodian genocide. Within this context, the forced evacuation of Phnom Penh has figured prominently in the literature, especially with regard to the violence encoun...
Article
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In this research, the spatial video technology is applied to the collection of soccer-related graffiti locations in the city of Krakow, Poland. Krakow is predestined for this research due to the long and often violent rivalry between fan groups of the two major soccer teams, MKS Cracovia and Wisla Krakow. This form of rivalry is often expressed by...
Article
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The 2014–2016 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic outbreak reached over 28,000 cases and totaled over 11,000 deaths with 4 confirmed cases in the United States, which sparked widespread public concern about nationwide spread of EVD. Concern was elevated in locations connected to the infected people, which included Kent State University in Kent, Ohio...
Article
Full-text available
Diffusion of cholera and other diarrheal diseases in an informal settlement is a product of multiple behavioral, environmental and spatial risk factors. One of the most important components is the spatial interconnections among water points, drainage ditches, toilets and the intervening environment. This risk is also longitudinal and variable as wa...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a move towards using mixed method approaches in geospatial research to gain context in understanding health related social patterns and processes. The central premise is that official data is often too reductionist and misses’ nuances that can help explain causality. One example is the geonarrative, a spatially relevant commentary or...
Chapter
This study utilizes geospatial tools of remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS) to examine the land loss, land cover (LC) change, landuse of Kutubdia Island, Bangladesh. Multi-spectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM), and Landsat8 OLI imageries were used for land cover change. For assessing th...
Article
Full-text available
Informal settlements pose a continuing health concern. While spatial methodologies have proven to be valuable tools to support health interventions, several factors limit their widespread use in these challenging environments. One such technology, spatial video, has been used for fine-scale contextualized mapping. In this paper, we address one of t...
Article
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On April 17, 1975 Khmer Rouge soldiers began the forcible evacuation of Phnom Penh, Cambodia’s capital city. The evacuation has been the subject of considerable debate surrounding the Cambodian genocide and remains a topic of prime importance toward the understanding of Khmer Rouge policy and practice. In this field note, we present a geographicall...
Article
Objectives Abandoned houses may attract or generate crime; however, little is known about the nature of this relationship. Our study is aimed at better understanding this link. Methods Focusing on a high-crime neighborhood in Ohio, we use spatial video and calls for service (CFS) to examine how crime changed on streets where abandoned homes were r...
Article
Full-text available
Arboviruses are responsible for a large burden of disease globally and are thus subject to intense epidemiological scrutiny. However, a variable notably absent from most epidemiological analyses has been the impact of violence on arboviral transmission and surveillance. Violence impedes surveillance and delivery of health and preventative services...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of including a contextual underpinning to the spatial analysis of social data is gaining traction in the spatial science community. The challenge, though, is how to capture these data in a rigorous manner that is translational. One method that has shown promise in achieving this aim is the spatial video geonarrative (SVG), and in thi...
Article
Opioid drug overdoses in the United States have continued to rise since 2014. Overdoses are one of several interlinked health challenges faced by marginalized populations. Here we side with the argument that these populations can also be a valuable resource to address these challenges, and we use methods that can elevate this critical belief into r...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study utilizes geospatial tools of remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS) to examine the land loss, land cover (LC) change, landuse of Kutubdia Island, Bangladesh. Multi-spectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM), and Landsat8 OLI imageries were used for land cover change. For assessing th...
Article
One challenge facing spatial scientists trying to support public health outreach and intervention in challenging environments is the lack of fine scale spatial data. These data are required to gain a better understanding of both physical and social systems; why disease occurs where it does, and how to disrupt it. While data options exist, including...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cali, Colombia has experienced chikungunya and Zika outbreaks and hypoendemic dengue. Studies have explained Cali’s dengue patterns but lack the sub-neighborhood-scale detail investigated here. Methods Spatial-video geonarratives (SVG) with Ministry of Health officials and Community Health Workers were collected in hotspots, providing p...
Data
Spatial video geonnarative transcripts (English, De-identified). All SVG interviews were transcribed in Spanish and translated from Spanish to English by Fluent and Native speakers. 10.6084/m9.figshare.5172502. (DOCX)
Data
SVG interview footnotes. All SVG interviews were transcribed and translated. We used examples taken from these expert narratives throughout the paper to illustrate the various points being raised. CHW = community health worker, VC = vector control specialist. 10.6084/m9.figshare.5172970. (DOCX)
Data
Files 1, 2, and 3: Case data aggregated to neighborhood level with neighborhood characteristics. All cases were mapped to the neighborhood level. Folder A. Shape files. Shapefiles were used to define the neighborhoods. Folder B. Geodatabase of shapefiles. Neighborhood characteristic. 10.6084/m9.figshare.5172508. (ZIP)
Data
SVG interviewee prompts. SVG interviews were semi-structured and led by the local expert or leader. These questions were used to prompt leaders to point risks related to arboviral transmission in the neighborhood. 10.6084/m9.figshare.5197315. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
As the volume, accuracy and precision of digital geographic informationhave increased, concerns regarding individual privacy and confidentiality havecome to the forefront. Not only do these challenge a basic tenet underlying theadvancement of science by posing substantial obst acles to the sharing of data tovalidate research results, but they are ob...
Chapter
This chapter explores the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geospatial Technology (GT) to assess patterns of substance abuse. While geospatial techniques encompass a range of approaches for data collection, analysis and visualization, GIS is the platform through which data are organized and managed, analyzed for relationships across s...
Article
This paper introduces a mixed method approach for analyzing the determinants of natural latex yields and the associated spatial variations and identifying the most suitable regions for producing latex. Geographically Weighted Regressions (GWR) and Iterative Self-Organizing Data Analysis Technique (ISODATA) are jointly applied to the georeferenced d...
Article
Full-text available
Access to clean drinking water remains a significant health problem in the developing world. Traditional definitions of water access oversimplify the geographic context of water availability, the burden of water collection, and challenges faced along the path, mainly due to a lack of fine scale spatial data. This paper demonstrates how spatial vide...
Article
Full-text available
This study utilizes geospatial tools of remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS) to examine the land loss, land cover (LC) change, landuse of Kutubdia Island, Bangladesh. Multi-spectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM), and Landsat8 OLI imageries were used for land cover change. For assessing th...
Article
Recent headlines highlight disparities in childhood lead poisoning in urban areas yet discourse does not address the lack of primary prevention options. Previous geographic information systems (GIS) approaches, concentrated on census tracts or ZIP codes, miss contextual understanding of lead exposure and make intervention impractical. Through the c...
Article
New geographic approaches are required to tease apart the underlying sociospatial complexity of neighborhood decline to target appropriate interventions. Typically maps of crime hotspots are used with relatively little attention being paid to geographic context. This article helps further this discourse using a topical study of a neighborhood drug...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Designing effective public health campaigns in areas of armed conflict requires a nuanced understanding of how violence impacts the epidemiology of the disease in question. Methods: We examine the geographical relationship between violence (represented by the location of detonated Improvised Explosive Devices) and polio incidence by...
Article
Full-text available
The cartographic challenge in many developing world environments suffering a high disease burden is a lack of granular environmental covariates suitable for modeling disease outcomes. As a result, epidemiological questions, such as how disease diffuses at intra urban scales are extremely difficult to answer. This paper presents a novel geospatial m...
Article
The preponderance of active school transport (AST) and child injury research has occurred independently, yet they are inherently related. This is particularly true in urban areas where the environmental context of AST may pose risks to safety. However, it can be difficult to make these connections due to the often segregated nature in which these v...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although it is widely acknowledged that areas of conflict are associated with a high health burden, from a geospatial perspective it is difficult to establish these patterns at fine scales because of a lack of data. The release of the "WikiLeaks" Afghan War Diary (AWD) provides an interesting opportunity to advance analysis and theory...
Article
Emerging and reemerging infectious diseases continue to pose considerable regional and global concerns. A vital contribution to be made by geographers is in developing an understanding of the spatial structure of these epidemics across various scales. Confidentiality concerns and a general lack of individual data from many developing world areas me...
Article
Full-text available
A call has recently been made by the public health and medical communities to understand the neighborhood context of a patient’s life in order to improve education and treatment. To do this, methods are required that can collect “contextual” characteristics while complementing the spatial analysis of more traditional data. This also needs to happen...
Article
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Urban expansion and its environmental and safety effects are one of the critical information needed for future development planning, safety considerations and environmental management. This work used two methods to monitor urban expansion and it's environmental and safety effects, the first is based on Google Maps for the years 2002 and 2010, and...
Article
Innovatively apply Geographic Information System (GIS) software and spatial video cameras to examine hotspots of smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on a college campus. Pedestrians on a large public university in the U.S. Spatial video cameras mounted on bicycles and GIS software captured and analyzed smoking on campus. Data were collected...
Article
Statement of purpose Though it is widely acknowledged that place affects health, the pathways through which this relationship is realised are not fully understood. Geospatial technologies, such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) – enabled devices, offer insights into the health-place nexus through data colle...
Article
Disasters and displacement increasingly affect and challenge urban settings. How do pregnant women fare in the aftermath of a major disaster? This paper investigates the effect of pregnancies in disaster situations. The study tests a hypothesis that pregnant women residing in hurricane-prone areas suffer higher health risks. The setting is Louisian...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fine-scale and longitudinal geospatial analysis of health risks in challenging urban areas is often limited by the lack of available spatial data. Underlying population counts, residential context, and associated causative factors such as standing water or trash locations are often missing unless collected through logistically difficult surveys. Th...
Conference Paper
Geographic analysis of health or crime events, such as the location of sexually transmitted infections or drug arrests, is usually limited to a single point in time and space. It is unrealistic to think that a geographically defined hotspot tells “the whole story”. Current trends in both health and crime analysis are to break apart the spatial nuan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
H διαχείριση των καταστροφών, περιλαμβάνει τρείς φάσεις, την περίοδο πριν την καταστροφή και λήψης προληπτικών μέτρων, (1 η φάση), την περίοδο της επέμβασης του κρατικού μηχανισμού κατά την εξέλιξη ενός φαινομένου (2 η φάση) και την αποκατάσταση και ανάκαμψη μιας περιοχής (3 η φάση). Οι δύο πρώτες φάσεις στη διαχείριση μιας φυσικής καταστροφής είνα...
Article
Full-text available
A cholera outbreak began in Haiti during October, 2010. Spatiotemporal patterns of household-level cholera in Ouest Department showed that the initial clusters tended to follow major roadways; subsequent clusters occurred further inland. Our data highlight transmission pathway complexities and the need for case and household-level analysis to under...
Data
Full-text available
Detailed description of the 4 communities in the Collaborative Cholera Mapping Project and geospatial analysis of outbreak clusters.