Andrew Crane

Andrew Crane
University of Bath | UB · Faculty of Management

About

132
Publications
221,065
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Introduction
My research explores new ways of thinking about the social, ethical and environmental dimensions of business. I am particularly known for my work on the changing political role of the corporation in the global economy, business ethics, CSR, modern slavery and business, CSR communication, business-NGO partnerships, and responsible marketing and consumption. More details at http://andrewcrane.org
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - June 2016
York University
Position
  • Managing Director
September 2002 - December 2006
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Professor of Business Ethics

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Worker hostels or dormitories are common in labour-intensive industries staffed largely by migrant labour and have long been associated with exploitative practices. More recently, hostels have come under scrutiny due to accusations that they are used to restrict workers’ freedom in ways that are tantamount to modern slavery. Drawing on a qualitativ...
Article
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Social media is fueling the increasing individualization of impact metrics. While democratizing for some, for others, the move reinforces privilege and exacerbates inequality.
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Research on managing working conditions in the supply chain is currently conducted under the umbrella of 'social’ sustainability. In this introduction to the 2021 Emerging Discourse Incubator, ‘Managing Working Conditions in Supply Chains: Towards Decent Work’, we argue that the trajectory of this research may be insufficient for addressing decent...
Article
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Despite growing attention from companies and regulators looking to eradicate modern slavery, we know little about how slavery works from a business perspective. We address this gap by empirically examining innovations in the business models of modern slavery, focusing on how the business models of slavery in advanced economies have evolved since sl...
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In recent years, research on morality in organizational life has begun to examine how organizational conduct comes to be socially constructed as having failed to comply with a community’s accepted morals. Researchers in this stream of research, however, have paid little attention to identifying and theorizing the key actors involved in these social...
Article
Purpose This paper investigates how organisations are responding to mandatory modern slavery disclosure legislation. Experimentalist governance suggests that organisations faced with disclosure requirements such as those contained in the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015 will compete with one another, and in doing so, improve compliance. The authors seek...
Article
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“Modern slavery,” a term used to describe severe forms of labor exploitation, is beginning to spark growing interest within business and society research. As a novel phenomenon, it offers potential for innovative theoretical and empirical pathways to a range of business and management research questions. And yet, development into what we might call...
Article
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Please check the following link for more information on the call for papers: https://www.journalofsupplychainmanagement.com/new-blog/2020/5/21/call-for-papers-emerging-discourse-incubator-managing-working-conditions-in-supply-chains-towards-decent-work-3w2ew
Technical Report
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Executive summary This report focuses on the South Indian garment industry clustered around Tirupur and specifically on the labour challenges faced by the industry. We conducted 135 interviews and engaged in a series of consultations with around 100 further participants (including business actors, workers, NGOs, unions, and government agencies) in...
Article
Modern slavery – where workers face severe constraints on their freedom of movement, are forced to work through threat or coercion, and/or are trapped in debt bondage – has become one of the most prominent human rights issues of our time. To date, the incipient, interdisciplinary literature on modern slavery and business in the management field has...
Article
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Within the burgeoning corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication literature, the question of the relationship between CSR practices and CSR communication (or between “walk” and “talk”) has been a central concern. Recently, we observe a growing interest in formative views on the relation between CSR communication and practices, that is, wor...
Chapter
Most forced labour takes place in business contexts, yet the business logics of exploitation are rarely explored empirically. This gap relates to the lack of researchers in the field with specific expertise in business and management, as well as the methodological and logistical challenges with researching the business dynamics of forced labour. Th...
Chapter
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This chapter offers a review of the current literature that addresses the business side of modern slavery (‘the business of modern slavery’), and identifies avenues for future research on modern slavery within management and organizational studies. We begin by reviewing how scholars define modern slavery as a construct when it is studied in the con...
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The literature on cross-sector partnerships has increasingly focused attention on broader systemic or system-level change. However, research to date has been partial and fragmented, and the very idea of systemic change remains conceptually underdeveloped. In this article, we seek to better understand what is meant by systemic change in the context...
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Business and society research has increasingly moved from the margins to the mainstream. Although this progression has benefited from advances in empirical research, the field continues to suffer from considerable methodological challenges that hamper its development. In this introductory article to the special issue, we review how far our field ha...
Article
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An issue of Business & Society does not pass where there is not at least one, if not more, papers on corporate social responsibility (CSR) or corporate social performance (CSP). In fact, the field is obsessed with issues of performance and impact. Does CSR have an impact on financial performance? Or, perhaps more importantly, does CSR have an impac...
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A growing body of scholarship analyzes the emergence and resilience of forced labor in developing countries within global value chains (GVCs). However, little is known about how forced labor arises within domestic supply chains concentrated within national borders, producing products for domestic consumption. We conduct one of the first studies of...
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Growing recognition that communication with stakeholders forms an essential element in the design, implementation and success of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has given rise to a burgeoning CSR communication literature. However this literature is scattered across various sub-disciplines of management research and exhibits considerable heter...
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This paper addresses the topic of this special symposium issue: how to enhance the impact of cross-sector partnerships. The paper takes stock of two related discussions: the discourse in cross-sector partnership research on how to assess impact and the discourse in impact assessment research on how to deal with more complex organizations and projec...
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Defining the Scope of Business & Society
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This paper examines the role of accounting in assigning financial values to stakeholder claims. Stakeholder theorists have called for metrics managers can use to coordinate stakeholder claims. We argue that accounting already serves as the dominant example of such a tool, and that its role in measuring and representing stakeholder claims, and how t...
Article
Previous research highlights the tensions that social hybrids face by spanning categories. This paper explores the emergence of legislation to support a new category for social hybrids, focusing on Benefit Corporation legislation in the United States. We present quantitative analysis of the state-level factors that make a state suitable for a socia...
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It is quite a privilege to assume the editorship of a scholarly journal when much of the hard work has already been done. As the new editorial team responsible for editing Business & Society, we are inheriting a thriving enterprise that has convened a strong community of committed readers, authors, editors, and reviewers, which has a growing reputa...
Chapter
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This paper uses case study research to identify key success factors in the development of ecolabels. It is divided into three sections – first, background is provided on ecolabels and green marketing. The second section provides cases on labels for various products, with success defined as ecolabel longevity and consumer uptake. The third section,...
Conference Paper
Reputational effects on firms whose actions have social consequences are known to affect the reputation of other firms, but the theoretical understanding of this “reputational spillover” has thus far been limited. This paper furthers theoretical development of the phenomenon by uncovering and examining its facets that have received little or no con...
Article
Organizational hybridity refers generally to the practice of integrating diverse or competing purposes, logics, or systems within a single organization. Consequently, the organization becomes the hybrid “offspring” of the ancestral groups, sectors, or philosophies from which it draws. Blending of goals or logics is not an entirely new phenomenon; i...
Conference Paper
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This symposium focuses on the question of how the space for social hybrids between their “parent” organizational types is created and maintained. As a new organizational space, this positioning is typically novel, precarious, and open to contestation (Cooney 2006). The papers in this symposium offer a variety of new insights into understanding the...
Article
Responsible tourism’ has become an established area of tourism research and practice and is typically understood as a broad set of tourist interactions that engage with and benefit local communities and minimize negative social and environmental impacts. Extant research however has adopted a largely top down approach to understanding responsible to...
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This article critiques Porter and Kramer's concept of creating shared value. The strengths of the idea are highlighted in terms of its popularity among practitioner and academic audiences, its connecting of strategy and social goals, and its systematizing of some previously underdeveloped, disconnected areas of research and practice. However, the c...
Article
Growing income inequality has become a major social welfare problem across the globe. To date, scant attention has focused on the role of the firm in theories of income inequality, and management and organization theory has largely been silent on the issue. In this paper, we propose a redefinition of income inequality relevant for the firm. We also...
Book
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Cross-sector partnerships are widely hailed as a critical means for addressing a wide array of social challenges such as climate change, poverty, education, corruption, and health. Amid all the positive rhetoric of cross-sector partnerships though, critical voices point to the limited success of various initiatives in delivering genuine social chan...
Article
Shared value, the concept popularized by Porter and Kramer in the Harvard Business Review (Porter & Kramer, 2006, 2011), seeks explicitly to address the task of regaining trust and purpose for business and the broader institution of capitalism in the current age of crisis. “The capitalist system is under siege”, the authors contend, “…learning how...
Technical Report
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Our research into how UK industries profit from forced labour found that: The way the UK economy functions creates a pool of people vulnerable to forced labour. People who are excluded from formal work and those in jobs at or near minimum wage are most susceptible. Forced labour is used when it makes business sense, and is strongly associated with...
Article
This paper explores the moral dimension of corporate greening. Drawing on extensive case-study evidence from three organizational types, the proposition is advanced that there is a tendency in corporations for greening to be accompanied by a process of amoralization, i.e. a lack of moral meaning and significance for organization members in relation...
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This is chapter one from the textbook Corporate Social Responsibility: Readings and Cases in Global Context written by Crane, Matten and Spence. It presents a comprehensive introduction to corporate social responsibility, including its rise to prominence, definition, and manifestation in different organizational and national contexts. A framework o...
Chapter
The questions of whether corporations can or should be regarded as citizens, and in which communities such citizenship should be acknowledged or contested, have received growing attention (Gerencser, 2005; Moon, Crane and Matten, 2005; Norman and Néron, 2008). A parallel debate on the role of corporations in governing the citizenship of individuals...
Article
Scant attention has been paid to the phenomenon of modern slavery in the management literature. This paper redresses this by identifying modern slavery as a management practice, comprising exploiting/insulating capabilities and sustaining/shaping capabilities. A model is presented that specifies how these micro organization-level capabilities enabl...
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In 2010, Business Ethics Quarterly published ten articles that considered the potential contributions to business ethics research arising from recent scholarship in a variety of philosophical and social scientific fields (strategic management, political philosophy, restorative justice, international business, legal studies, ethical theory, ethical...
Article
This study adopts critical discourse analysis to examine the construction of freedom in texts produced by cultural brokers. Specifically we investigate: how freedom is constructed in tourism texts; how this varies across different types of tourism experience; and how the individual tourist’s freedom is situated with respect to that of other actors...
Chapter
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Corporate citizenship is typically considered as synonymous with CSR. In contrast, this chapter uses the term 'corporate citizenship' to examine the changing roles of corporations as active participants in emerging forms of (global) governance. The ways in which wider society is being governed is broadly theorized and the different ways in which 'c...
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This paper addresses some of the practical and theoretical challenges associated with the blurring of boundaries between the activities and responsibilities of corporations, governments, and civil society. Focusing on the changing role of the corporation in contemporary global political economy, the paper sets out some of the drivers, benefits and...
Article
Corporate social performance (CSP) has been a prominent concept in the management literature dealing with the social role and impacts of the corporation; it has been promulgated as a unifying paradigm for the field. However, the concept of CSP is still lacking strong theoretical foundations and empirical validity, suggesting that the paradigmatic s...
Article
At what point does legitimate competitive intelligence gathering cross the line into industrial espionage, and what is it about certain intelligence gathering practices that makes them open to criticism? In order to shed light on current developments in the competitive intelligence gathering ‘industry’ and the ethical issues that are typically rais...
Article
The promise of personal liberation is central to the tourism experience, yet we have limited understanding of how freedom is constructed in the tourism marketplace. This study adopts critical discourse analysis to explore: the nature of freedom offered to tourists; how this varies across different types of tourism experience; and how the individual...
Article
In this paper we propose an adaption to stakeholder theory whereby stakeholders are conceptualized on the basis of their social identity. We begin by offering a critical review of both traditional and more recent developments in stakeholder theory, focusing in particular on the way in which stakeholder categories are identified. By identifying crit...
Article
No it’s not a typo. The title of this article refers to two different ways of thinking about governance and cross-sector social interaction (CSSI) – let’s call them ‘small g’ and ‘big G’ governance – and how these relate to different levels of analysis of CSSIs. To put it simply: the former is concerned with how CSSIs are governed; the latter is co...
Article
Citizenship based on identity and difference brings to the fore new actors, issues and arenas of political contestation and struggle. In this paper, we explore the multifaceted role of the corporation in mediating the nature, meaning and significance of particular citizenship identities. We show that corporations can reflect citizenship identities,...
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In developing countries, firms encounter distinct challenges that place them in situations where they take on functions typically handled by the public sector. These functions range from the provision of health care and education for local communities to the development of political capacity and public policy. Drawing on 30 case studies of companie...
Article
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Employee buy-in is a key factor in ensuring small- and medium-size enterprise (SME) engagement with corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this exploratory study, we use participant observation and semi-structured interviews to investigate the way in which three fair trade SMEs utilise human resource management (and selection and socialisation i...
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In the face of overwhelming global challenges like climate change and persistent poverty, can individuals in organizations make a difference? This paper looks at what motivates sustainability managers to devote their time and energies to addressing social, environmental and ethical issues. It is rooted in the literature on the role of individuals a...
Article
In recent years, issues of childhood obesity, unsafe toys, and child labor have raised the question of corporate responsibilities to children. However, business impacts on children are complex, multi-faceted, and frequently overlooked by senior managers. This article reports on a systematic analysis of the reputational landscape constructed by the...
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Many researchers and senior executives now agree that under the right conditions, corporate social responsibility initiatives can simultaneously create value for society while also producing valuable rewards for companies. But can multinational corporations capitalize on their corporate social responsibility investments when they expand overseas? D...
Article
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has experienced a journey that is almost unique in the pantheon of ideas in the management literature. Its phenomenal rise to prominence in the 1990s and 2000s suggests that it is a relatively new area of academic research. This book seeks to offer such a critical reflection on some of the major debates that co...
Chapter
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As a field of inquiry, corporate social responsibility (CSR) is still in an embryonic stage. The study of CSR has been hampered by a lack of consensus on the definition of the phenomenon, unifying theory, measures, and unsophisticated empirical methods. Globalization has also added to the complexity of CSR issues to be addressed. Despite these conc...
Book
The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility is a review of the academic research that has both prompted, and responded to, the issues of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Business schools, the media, the corporate sector, governments, and non-governmental organizations have all begun to pay more attention to these issues in recent y...
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This article examines the role of corporations in constructing the nature, meaning and implications of `consumer responsibility'. It draws on a theoretical framework that elaborates how objects, subjects and concepts are configured in organizational discourse. Using critical discourse analysis, it reveals how consumer responsibility is organized in...
Article
This article introduces the concept of ecological citizenship to management theory and in particular to ways of understanding the roles and responsibilities of the corporation. It begins by establishing the case for incorporating citizenship thinking into the literature on organizations and the environment and specifically for developing a greater...
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The ideology of independence lies at the very core of the marketing agenda. For the free market to operate as a legitimate means of social organization, the right to be independent and to be free to enact ostensibly independent choices is to all intents and purposes sacred. Independence is an especially critical concept for marketing academics and...
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The paper examines the contribution of the French philosopher Michel Foucault to the subject of ethics in organizations. The paper combines an analysis of Foucault's work on discipline and control, with an examination of his later work on the ethical subject and technologies of the self. Our paper argues that the work of the later Foucault provides...
Article
The paper examines the contribution of the French philosopher Michel Foucault to the subject of ethics in organizations. The paper combines an analysis of Foucault’s work on discipline and control, with an examination of his later work on the ethical subject and technologies of the self. Our paper argues that the work of the later Foucault provides...
Article
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Partnerships between businesses and nonprofit organisations are an increasingly prominent element of corporate social responsibility implementation. The paper is based on two in-depth partnership case studies (Earthwatch–Rio Tinto and Prince’s Trust–Royal Bank of Scotland) that move beyond a simple stage model to reveal the deeper-level micro-proce...
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This article is an invited response to a paper by Jones and Haigh in issue 27 of the Journal of Corporate Citizenship. We argue that their attempt to caricature our paper in the Academy of Management Review (2005) is a manifestation of widespread unease around the shifting roles of business and government. We conclude, highlighting the necessity of...
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This article presents a response to Norman and Néron’s contention that the language of citizenship is helpful in thinking about the political dimensions of corporate responsibilities. We argue that Norman and Néron’s main conclusions are valid but offer an extension of their analysis to incorporate extant streams of literature dealing with the poli...
Article
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In this chapter we provide an overview of the advent, rise, current use and future perspectives of corporate citizenship in the management literature. The purpose of our chapter then is to map out the territory of research on corporate citizenship and outline the major contestations, debates and the potential of using citizenship as a metaphor for...