Andrew Copus

Andrew Copus
University of Eastern Finland | UEF · Karelian Institute

PhD

About

64
Publications
20,858
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1,012
Citations
Citations since 2017
14 Research Items
566 Citations
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Introduction
Andrew Copus currently works part-time for the University of Eastern Finland. He is also an Honorary Associate of the James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen. He serves as a member of the Scottish Government's Expert Advisory Group on Migration and Population. His main research interests are in rural economic and social change, and related policy. He uses both secondary data (with GIS) and qualitative approaches. He is currently the Scientific Coordinator of ESPON ESCAPE (Shrinking Rural Areas)

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Full-text available
The European Commission’s Long-term Vision for Rural Areas, published in June 2021 and building on a previous report on the Impact of Demographic Change and a Green Paper on Ageing, underlines the importance of population trends as a key issue for EU rural policy. The increasing concern about demographic issues, especially in rural Europe, has been...
Article
Both regional and rural development have enduring “received wisdoms” to which wise practitioners and policy makers pay lip-service. In the case of the latter the role of land-based industries as drivers of the rural economy is ignored at peril, whilst regional policy makers must pay their respects to cities and towns as the engines of growth. We su...
Article
Resumen: El artículo comienza con un debate sobre el concepto de “contracción” y sus orígenes, fuera del ámbito del desarrollo rural. A partir de ahí, se muestra la distribución de las zonas rurales en contracción en toda Europa. A continuación, se describen los procesos socioeconómicos que impulsan el declive demográfico en las zonas rurales, util...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodology to assess the internal and external coherence, and the robustness to future uncertainty, of place-based interventions addressing spatial (in)justice. The methodology merges elements of Theory of Change (ToC) and mechanism mapping with scenario planning. It was designed based on analysis of a range of European inter...
Book
This study report analyses European rural regions experiencing or threatened by demographic decline. It is orieted at understanding the processes driving shrinkage, mapping the heterogeneity within this group of regions, acknowledging alternative views on teh challenge and devising intervention logics for more appropriate integrated policy approach...
Research
This report (Annex 1) analysis the history of EU policies addressing the challenge of rural shrinkage over the past decades. It highlights the long-term concern for the issue, and, simultaneously, the ineffectiveness to change the overall spatial dynamics and population trends. Main policies addressed are Rural Development Programs, including local...
Research
The report analysis the need to take account of different perspectives in tackling challenges of rural shrinkage and extending intervention logics. In particular, limitations of linear and sectoral objectives of respective policies are discussed. Good practice examples are presented and referred to their ability to enhance change and provide useful...
Article
Full-text available
Rural areas in the Nordic countries often face challenges such as demographic change and the closure of public services. To address this situation, some rural communities have developed solutions which can be characterised as social innovation. This paper analyses 18 such community-driven social innovation projects across the Nordic countries and s...
Article
Full-text available
In accordance with the dynamics of spatial development, rural regions are increasingly characterized by interactive integration into their wider spatial contexts. The complexity of drivers and the wide array of socio-economic changes contrast with the inertia of the framework of European Rural Development Programmes elaborated over the past decade....
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Final Report has been designed as follows: • A summary of the Conceptual Framework (Chapter 2). The main ideas regarding the conceptualization of Inner Peripheries have been collected and are presented in the main report in a summarised form, while Annex 1 includes all relevant information on the conceptual and theoretical framework of the proj...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A reform of the EU policy instruments would not mean necessarily introducing new policy tools in the present regulative framework, but it implies strengthening the role of those already existing (in particular ITI and CLLD) and simplifying the working rules of ESI funds. This would ensure more coherent investment and simplify the life of beneficiar...
Article
Full-text available
Inner Peripheries remain, in many ways, territorial enigmas. Their geographical distribution is unknown, and the process through which they are formed is poorly understood. Little is known about how their geographical distribution has evolved over time. From the point of view of policy action, there are few examples of dedicated schemes and program...
Chapter
Full-text available
The post 2020 rural development policy will build on the wealth of experience and commitment of a wide scope of rural actors. To increase effectiveness, it will have to respond to a host of drivers and changes of rural regions. Rural policy should concern all economic sectors, strengthen social action and environmental considerations and be targete...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a survey approach to measuring the “transaction footprints” of rural small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Combined with a graphical presentation of results, this contributes to the evidence base on the roles of local and global linkages. Findings suggest that the food and drink industry of Scotland is relatively localised...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the methodological process for the design of regional development typologies in the frame of the EDORA project (European Development Opportunities for Rural Areas). These typologies constitute an important reference in the process of refreshing the stereotypes which underlie design and implementation of regional policy, and can...
Article
The ‘at-risk-of-poverty’ rate is the most widely recognised indicator of income poverty. Its principal advantage is that it is relatively straightforward to define and (given appropriate data) to calculate. National at-risk-of-poverty rates play a key role in monitoring EU2020 objectives relating to combating poverty. Regional patterns of poverty h...
Research
Full-text available
Conference paper, given at a conference organised by the OECD and REMISP in Rome in 2011, to be published as a chapter in Bryce B, Mantino, F and Ranobaldo C (2014) (eds) EU and Latin America: Comparing Policy Experiences in Rural Development (provisional title). OECD, Paris.
Article
Full-text available
The at-risk-of-poverty rate is a key monitoring indicator in connection with the European Union’s goal to take 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion by 2020. Whilst there is comprehensive and up to date coverage at the national level, much less is known about how different regions are performing in this respect. This pap...
Article
Full-text available
The 'at-risk-of-poverty' rate is the most widely recognised indicator of income poverty. Its principal advantage is that it is relatively straightforward to define and (given appropriate data) to calculate. National at-risk-of-poverty rates play a key role in monitoring EU2020 objectives relating to combating poverty. Regional patterns of poverty h...
Article
This is the Epilogue of the book „Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe, The relational turn in rural development” published in the Routlege Series Regions and Cities No. 76 in 2015. It draws together the implications and lessons learned from the previous chapters in terms of guiding principles and rationale for future rural policy. It aims at resta...
Chapter
This book argues that rural/regional policy needs to evolve in order to address the current complex reality, partially reformulating territorial or place-based approaches, and the New Rural Paradigm, following a set of principles termed ‘Rural Cohesion Policy’. In the last chapter, the Epilogue, the implications and lessons learned from the previou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Annotation: Addressing “functional region failure” is of course only one of a range of arguments in favour of adopting a CLLD approach in preference to more conventional horizontal or sectoral policies. These include advantages associated with integration and coherence, sensitivity to regional specificities and the full range of territorial assets,...
Book
This book reflects on how the economies, social characteristics, ways of life and global relationships of rural areas of Europe have changed in recent years. This reveals a need to refresh the concepts we use to understand, measure and describe rural communities and their development potential. This book argues that Europe has 'outgrown' many of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper seeks to clarify the rationale for policy which aims to stimulate growth by strengthening urban-rural linkages. It argues that since growth pole theory failed to deliver in the 1980s there has been a tendency for spatial planning and regional development policy documents to rely upon a range of concepts, such as 'city regions' and 'urban...
Chapter
Rural regions and small businesses are often assumed to be marginalised in relation to globalisation, which is perceived to be an urban phenomenon. However, emerging rural business network configurations contradict this commonly held view. This chapter presents an investigation of spatial and ‘relational’ structures in business networks of small an...
Article
Full-text available
Aspatial peripherality is an oxymoron, a term devised to collectively describe a range of processes which are increasingly emerging to compound or distort the handicaps conventionally associated with remote locations. Economic convention requires that highly accessible locations enjoy higher rates of growth and prosperity. However, certain peripher...
Article
Full-text available
The starting point of the EDORA project was the recognition that, rather than becoming more uniform in character, rural Europe is, in many ways, becoming increasingly diverse, implying new challenges and opportunities. The project’s overarching aim was to examine the process of differentiation, in order to better understand how EU policy can enab...
Article
Full-text available
The relative importance for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), of local embeddedness and engagement with the wider economic and technical environment has been a subject of debate, in the context of regional development, for some years. There is increasingly general acceptance that both are essential for regional development. This paper cons...
Article
Full-text available
Within the TERA-SIAP project, we developed a set of regional typologies (at NUTS3 level) which provide a suitable basis for Spatial Impact Assessments of a range of current and possible kinds of intervention (Generic Policy Issues) for rural areas. From a range of socio-economic models, we selected Regional Input-Output Models for the Spatial Impac...
Article
This article examines the rates of innovative activity of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in central areas and equally developed but less accessible areas in six European Union member states. The probability of innovating is well predicted by the observable characteristics of firms, entrepreneurial characteristics, and business networks....
Article
One Size Fits All? Regional Differentiation and Rural Development Policy Since enlargement the European Union has become more diverse in many socio-economic, demographic and agricultural respects. A recent research project sponsored by DG Agriculture (SERA - Study on Employment in Rural Areas) carried out a review of a broad range of regional stati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper examines the operation of business networks and the associated level of innovative activity in rural areas of the European Union by adopting a macro view. The empirical evidence is derived from field work carried out in 12 European Union areas located in six member states in the framework of a European Union funded research projec...
Article
Full-text available
Head of Department. His research on the analysis and measurement of community quality of life has meant he has been involved in the UK Government review of indicators of sustainability and quality of life (1999), the Urban Task Force (1999) and as the European representative on the International Quality of Life Network, tasked at leading academic a...
Article
Full-text available
Small and medium sized enterprises operate within a complex web of links of various kinds. These may be distinguished in terms of their content (transactional, advisory, regulatory, social), "object" (other SMEs, third sector organisations, business services, local and national government), geography (local,regional, global), and durability (transi...
Article
Technical changes in the field of transport, communication and information technology, together with long-term structural shifts will, in the new century, allow a degree of spatial reorganization of European economic activity. The validity of conventional (spatial) models of peripherality is increasingly questionable. They should be supplemented by...
Article
Technical changes in the field of transport, communication and information technology, together with long-term structural shifts will, in the new century, allow a degree of spatial reorganization of European economic activity. The validity of conventional (spatial) models of peripherality is increasingly questionable. They should be supplemented by...
Article
The notion of peripherality is an important concept used in rural policy-making. This paper explores why we need peripherality indicators and what constitutes peripherality. The need for indicators is seen to derive from their origin in core-periphery concepts which formed the basis of European regional policy analysis. Various themes of peripheral...
Article
Although commonly used and relatively clearly defined in an environmental context, the concept of sustainability tends to be rather nebulous and confusing in the context of rural socio-economic development. In this paper it is defined in terms of three dimensions, structure, performance and dependence. These dimensions are assessed across three gro...
Article
This paper begins with a brief description of European Community rural development policy under Objective 5b of the Reformed Structural Policy and its implementation within Scotland. This is followed by a discussion of the various methods used, both by the U.K. Government, and by the European Commission, to delimit areas for policy purposes. In ord...
Article
Recent procedures for selecting disadvantaged areas for European Community rural development assistance have specified criteria including low levels of agricultural income and GDP per capita, and proportionately high levels of agricultural employment. The first of these is measured by Farm Net Value Added per Annual Work Unit (FNVA per AWU). This p...
Article
Full-text available
The development of sheep breeds in Southern England between I75o and 19oo was a response by ordinary farmers to changes in the relative price levels of cereals, mutton, wool and tallow. Between c. I75o and z79o the high price of tallow led to the 'improvement' of the old horned breeds, to produce a carcass in which tallow production was maximized....
Article
This paper presents the overall conceptual framework and initial conclusions of an EU Fifth Framework programme project entitled Aspatial Peripherality, Innovation and the Rural Economy (AsPIRE), which has explored the changing nature of peripherality within Europe. Aspatial Peripherality (AsP) is a term which collectively describes a range of proc...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this report, elaborated within the RuDI project (FP 7 project, no. 213034) is to help to understand the various rationales behind European Rural Development, within the context of contemporary patterns and trends in rural socio-economic situations. It intends to provide both a theoretical foundation for later project work, and also to fa...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University College of Wales, 1986. 2 vols.

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