Andrew Chapman

Andrew Chapman
Kyushu University | Kyudai · International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Reseach - I2CNER

PhD (Energy Science)

About

90
Publications
25,470
Reads
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972
Citations
Introduction
I work at the International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER). My research focuses on energy policy and the social aspects of energy systems, technology and sustainability.
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy Research, Kyushu University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2016 - December 2018
International Institute for Carbon Neutral Research, Kyushu University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2013 - October 2016
Kyoto University
Field of study
  • Socio-Environmental Energy Science
July 2010 - July 2012
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Governance and Public Policy
January 2004 - January 2007
Flinders University
Field of study
  • International Relations

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
The energy transition from fossil-based to renewable energy sources is one method of tackling climate change. In Japan and nations with similar, centralized energy supply systems, the challenge to shift from top-down energy planning to bottom-up, citizen-driven change remains a challenge. Thus, it is critical to understand householder preferences a...
Article
This study proposes a novel objective and quantitative evaluation framework for energy-related social equity (ESE) based on data envelopment analysis. Specifically, we integrated five social indicators of 99 countries into a single composite indicator to investigate the international distribution and change of ESE, and the progress in the energy tr...
Article
Children are considered to be especially vulnerable to energy poverty; however, there has been little empirical research on how energy poverty affects early childhood development in energy-poor countries. To overcome this, here we measure energy poverty and early child development using a multidimensional approach based on data from national multip...
Article
Using Japan as a proxy for a developed nation, we investigated the role of existing and nascent technologies in curbing carbon emissions. We simulated possible pathways to meeting 2030 and 2050 emission targets within the Japanese electricity supply sector using a single-region model in The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System (TIMES). Critically, our sim...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need to derive hydrogen from renewable sources, and the innovative stewardship of two natural resources, namely the Sun and forest, could provide a new pathway. This paper provides the first comparative analysis of solar-driven hydrogen production from environmental angles. A novel hydrogen production process proposed in this paper, name...
Article
This study investigates how sustainable economic development in emerging nations could be enhanced by realizing opportunities presented by the demographic dividend, the digital economy, and ensuring energy efficiency. To date, the linkage between demographic dividend, digital innovation, energy intensity, and sustainable economic growth has not bee...
Article
Different wireless power transfer (WPT) technologies using inductive, capacitive, or optical coupling, and microwaves have been theoretically investigated and many have been employed in commercial products. WPT technologies have their own advantages and drawbacks and have been individually studied. This article envisions a concept of universal and...
Article
Full-text available
This research considered changes in monthly electricity generation and demand in Japan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Observed network electricity demand and generation type for the January–June 2020 period were compared to forecast values (using a triple exponential smoothing method) based on trends established from 2016 to 2019. Regional level ele...
Article
This research examines the societal impacts of varying energy policy approaches and the progress of the energy transition toward a low carbon energy-based regime internationally. Using indicators relevant to energy policy and the energy transition, five critical social equity impacts of environmental improvement, health, employment, participation,...
Article
Cultural diversity is increasing in the US, which is likely to have an impact on preferences toward future energy policy. This research investigates people’s lived experience and preferences through a nationally representative survey (n = 3000) regarding the energy system, and how these relate to cultural group and other demographics. Our study hig...
Article
Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) provide efficient technology to meet the heating and cooling demands of buildings. However, their deployment is limited in Japan, mainly due to high drilling costs. Application of GSHP systems in Japanese residential buildings as substitutes for kerosene heaters and even air source heat pump (ASHP) systems, especial...
Cover Page
Full-text available
CALL FOR PAPERS Governance strategies and insights to accelerate the production and diffusion of hydrogen and fuel-cell technologies Convenors: Gregory Trencher, Araz Taeihagh, Andrew Chapman, Tohoku University, National University of Singapore, and International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy As the energy transition to a post-carbon soci...
Article
Several studies have investigated the effect of environmental taxes on economic growth and carbon emissions. However, limited studies have quantitatively identified the connection between environmental taxes and technological innovations. The main focus of this study is to investigate the causal relations between environmental taxes and environment...
Chapter
This research aims to develop a social equity conscious policy making framework, cognizant of lifestyle, consumption, demographics, proactiveness and the distribution of costs and benefits across society. The proposed framework is applicable in multiple jurisdictions, wherever consumption, environmental footprint intensity, and basic societal demog...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper proposes and analyses an innovative sustainable energy option; a concentrated solar and biomass hybrid carbon capture and sequestration plant. This conceptual plant utilizes concentrated solar as the heat source for the biomass gasification process. The produced synthetic gas will then be used for electricity generation and carbon dioxid...
Article
Full-text available
This research details outcomes from a global model which estimates future hydrogen penetration into a carbon constrained energy system to the year 2050. Focusing on minimum and maximum penetration scenarios, an investigation of global fuel cell vehicle (FCV) deployment is undertaken, cognizant of optimal economic deployment at the global level and...
Article
This paper examines the effect of remittance income on energy consumption and the economy between 1976 and 2019 in the four highest remittance recipient nations of South Asia. The detailed analysis explores long-run and directional relationships utilizing stationary tests, the panel cointegration test, dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS), fully mo...
Article
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Short term outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic have included improved air quality and reduced carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas emissions, while long term repercussions may include a disruption to joint international research efforts, the creation of silos, and the potential for internalizing efforts toward national rather than global goa...
Article
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This research qualitatively reviews literature regarding energy system modeling in Japan specific to the future hydrogen economy, leveraging quantitative model outcomes to establish the potential future deployment of hydrogen in Japan. The analysis focuses on the four key sectors of storage, supplementing the gas grid, power generation, and transpo...
Chapter
The sustainability of urban energy generates a very big challenge for the countries, since it is necessary to ensure that the energy remains available for the activities of each city and at the same time it is necessary to invest in obtaining sustainable energy resources and the construction of the infrastructure corresponding for the use of this s...
Chapter
As more and more people make cities their home, the issue of social sustainability in these cities is being brought to the fore. Although a key component of sustainability, social aspects are rarely addressed in a quantitative manner, leading to an evaluation of sustainability which is not comprehensive. This chapter outlines the concept of social...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research details outcomes from a global model which estimates future hydrogen penetration into a carbon constrained energy system to the year 2050. Focusing on minimum and maximum penetration scenarios, an investigation of global fuel cell vehicle (FCV) deployment is undertaken, cognizant of optimal economic deployment at the global level and...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article proposes a novel system concept named universal wireless power transfer, in which power can be wirelessly transferred between different entities (e.g. vehicles, robots, homes, grid facilities, consumer electronic devices, etc.) equipped with proper energy transmitters and receivers, whether stationary or in motion. This concept general...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to address the challenge of achieving more equitable social outcomes through a reduction and fairer allocation of environmental burdens, and in doing so, contributing to national sustainable development policy. This novel study demonstrates the nature of societal outcomes through the lens of inequity with respect to life...
Article
The Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011 drastically changed the energy consumption pattern of Japan. Not being able to rely on nuclear energy, the country turned to fossil fuels and attempted to increase the share of renewable energy in its electricity generation mix. This paper will explore why geothermal energy is stagnating in Japan, despit...
Article
This study develops a framework to facilitate the participation of scientists to policy design towards energy transition, building upon existing literatures on science policy nexus, policy process, and energy system modelling. The framework assumes that policy design is embedded within systems and influenced by other actors, which is represented by...
Article
en Sustainability concerns have been placing public policy in the power sector under pressure to realize a radical change. However, energy policy is often subject to strong path dependency and inertia that make such change difficult. This study contributes to the theoretical understanding of the conditions under which radical policy changes happen...
Article
Recent research has allowed us to quantify the costs and benefits of adopting renewable energy in specific municipalities, but how do these outcomes vary among communities at the national scale? This study uses survey responses from 47 Japanese municipalities to model these impacts and identifies key technological, social, and demographic factors t...
Article
Decarbonization of the energy system is a key goal of the Paris Agreements, in order to limit temperature rises to under 2° Celsius. Hydrogen has the potential to play a key role through its versatile production methods, end uses and as a storage medium for renewable energy, engendering the future low-carbon energy system. This research uses a glob...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research details a global model for the estimation of future hydrogen penetration into the carbon constrained energy system out to 2050. Results show that approximately 2.2% of global energy consumption needs can be met by 2050, with significant contributions in the city gas network and transportation sector. Notably, passenger FCVs dominate t...
Article
Full-text available
Modern lifestyles demand a number of products derived from petroleum-based sources that eventually cause carbon emissions. The quantification of lifestyle and household consumption impacts upon carbon emissions from both the embodied CO2 (EC) and materially retained carbon (MRC) viewpoints is critical to deriving amelioration policies and meeting e...
Article
Engendering a low-carbon energy transition is necessary to limit climate change impacts and temperature rises. Ideally, this transition would be inclusive, incorporating all stakeholders, however, the issue of energy or fuel poverty is a major obstacle to this goal. This research investigates energy poverty in Japan using a subjective, multidimensi...
Article
The issue of climate change and the development of international agreements around carbon targets such as the Paris agreement have engendered the prospect of a carbon constrained future. As a result, individual nations who are signatory to the Paris Agreement have developed ambitious carbon reduction targets in order to restrict temperature rises t...
Article
The approximate number of people without access to clean cooking facilities is 2.8 billion, primarily in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Among those, 2.5 billion people cook with biomass in inefficient and polluting stoves. The health impacts are severe: it is estimated that household air pollution from solid fuel use results in more than a million pr...
Article
Full-text available
Japan is a nation which is highly dependent on the import of raw materials to supply its manufacturing industry, notable among them copper. When extracting copper from ore, a large amount of energy is required, typically leading to high levels of CO2 emissions due to the fossil fuel-dominated energy mix. Moreover, maintaining security of raw materi...
Article
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We analyse subjective experiences of energy poverty to address the limitations of existing observable indicators as evidence for policy. We investigate the linkage between self-reported energy affordability and life satisfaction, health and economic inequality. A large-scale survey of 100,956 respondents across 37 nations shows that energy affordab...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the greatest challenges for the global energy system is the need to decarbonize while maintaining a stable energy supply. A successful energy transition to a high share of renewable energy will require enabler technologies such as storage, which include hydrogen as one such option. This research investigates the societal penetration of hydro...
Article
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Just over twenty years ago, the Kyoto Protocol brought nations together to address the emergent issue of climate change. To support the development of energy policy, a number of academic fields were strengthened, particularly surrounding sustainable development and the economic, environmental, and social aspects of sustainability. This research foc...
Article
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This research aims to quantitatively identify the variation in equity and burden distribution associated with mega-solar siting at the local level in Japan, and to identify mega-solar siting outcomes in each region and prefecture, in terms of social equity and burden distribution outcomes relative to stated preferences. Methodologies employed inclu...
Article
Hydrogen as an energy carrier allows the decarbonization of transport, industry, and space heating as well as storage for intermittent renewable energy. The objective of this paper is to assess the future engineering potential for hydrogen and provide insight to areas of research to help lower economic barriers for hydrogen adoption. This assessmen...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable amount of energy is being consumed in the buildings worldwide. Space and water heating have big share in building energy consumption, account for 53.2% and 28.1% in Japanese residential and commercial buildings at 2015, respectively. Solar heating is a reliable and mature technology that experienced its remarkable success in Japan duri...
Article
Full-text available
Ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems are energy-efficient technologies to provide low-carbon heating and cooling demands for the buildings. However, deployment of the GSHP systems in Japan is limited mainly due to the relatively high drilling costs for placement of the ground heat exchangers (GHEs), in comparison with EU and North American countr...
Chapter
This research explores energy system design—assessing probable and desirable energy scenarios based on user choice and future system participation preferences as identified in a recent survey across Japan. Scenarios are assessed from a sustainability viewpoint to clarify their economic, environmental, and social effectiveness in a quantitative mann...
Conference Paper
By increasing the share of buildings in final energy consumption and CO2 emission, increasing the energy efficiency in the buildings is getting more important. Zero emission buildings (ZEBs) are energy efficient and self-sufficient in producing energy, which can be helpful of achieving the energy security and also controlling global warming issues...
Article
Sustainable development is an important United Nations agenda, and the determination of which of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) should be prioritized is left up to each participating nation. Stakeholder engagement including all members of society can engender a nationally representative priority SDG set. This research investigates inclusi...
Conference Paper
This paper is investigating the CO2 emission saving of ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems for providing heating comfort condition for the residential buildings in cold climate of Japan. The required energy and equivalent CO2 emission of heating system for a sample building in Sapporo City were calculated in 3 scenarios: GSHP system, air-source...
Article
This study investigates how our lifestyles can cause societal issue including a reduction in social equity due to the consumption of natural resources. Based on a range of household environmental footprints and their application to a quantitative social equity evaluation framework, a methodology is proposed which identifies the creation and origin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An investigation of the public bads generated from household lifestyle-based consumption. Combining the EEIOA and EPSEF methodologies to identify public bad creation and the allocation of societal burden.
Article
A public survey of energy users across Japan was conducted in March of 2017. It is almost one year since liberalization of the low voltage electricity market for households and small retail premises, for whom we identified an opportunity to play a positive role through their choices and participation in the energy market, which may influence the on...
Article
Full-text available
Japan's energy market has seen the siting and construction of over 2800 new mega-solar power plants since the introduction of the Feed-in Tariff policy in 2012 (Kitamoto, 2017). While scholars have highlighted the potential for community-engaged renewable power development with social benefits for local residents, many major mega-solar projects hav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public bads, which detract from social equity, are created by household consumption because our lifestyles lead to the consumption of limited resources, resulting in the generation of various social-environmental burdens. However, these burdens are not necessarily distributed equally among households despite the fact that income and consumption lev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates the ongoing transition toward a low carbon society in Japan, and focuses on the social equity issues associated with this transition. Through a national household survey on energy knowledge, use and choice survey, issues important to Japan, its energy system and social equity are identified. In addition, householders’ propen...
Article
This study investigates the sustainability and social equity impacts of the ongoing transition toward a low carbon society in Japan to assess the merits of top-down and bottom-up approaches. The research uses mixed methods, incorporating householder and energy expert surveys, scenario design utilizing the Japanese MARKAL/TIMES framework, and sustai...
Article
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This study analyzes the key drivers of the relationship between economic growth and carbon emissions in six Northeast Asian countries (China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Mongolia, and Russia) from 1991 to 2015. We apply a decomposition analysis approach using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index to identify the main c...
Article
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Carbon Capture and storage may contribute as much as one-fifth of the necessary reductions to meet the IEA’s emissions goals for 2050. CCS is one of the only technologies that reduces the carbon impact of “business as usual,” preventing CO2 from burning fossil fuels and certain industries from entering the atmosphere. Japan has geological, regulato...
Article
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Feed-in tariff (FiT) policy approaches for renewable energy (RE) deployment are employed in many nations around the world. Although FiTs are considered effective in boosting RE deployment, the issue of increasing energy bills and social burden is an often-reported negative impact of their use. The FiT has been employed in Japan since 2012, followin...
Chapter
Australian renewable energy policy is guided by the renewable energy target, which prescribes audacious targets for both large-scale and overall levels of renewable energy electricity generation. In order to achieve these targets, subsidies have been offered for both large- and small-scale generators, the most pronounced of which are the feed-in ta...
Article
Recent proposals to produce and import hydrogen from Australia to Japan for electricity generation raise questions about how to compare the costs and feasibilities of different hydrogen import pathways. This paper establishes a framework for the comparison of technological, economic, and social costs and feasibility. The framework is then applied t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research investigates precedents, policies and factors relevant to a successful energy regime transition relevant to the Japanese case, through a review of national leaders in renewable energy deployment. Germany, Italy and Spain are of particular note for their progress in energy transition toward a low-carbon energy regime. The transition th...
Article
This paper investigates the precedents, policies and factors relevant to a successful energy regime transition which may be applied in the Japanese case, through a review of national leaders in renewable energy deployment. The examples of Germany, Italy and Spain are of particular note for their progress along the transition pathway toward a low ca...