Andrew Cartwright

Andrew Cartwright
Central European University | CEU · Democracy Institute

PhD, LLM, LLB

About

41
Publications
3,832
Reads
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182
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
84 Citations
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Introduction
Demographic challenges to rural development; shrinking settlements and policies to address land abandonment; absent owners and methods for engaging with diaspora; inheritance, pensions and social security in rural areas.

Publications

Publications (41)
Technical Report
Full-text available
The following report incorporates select research findings from a study into causes of abandoned land in seven municipalities in South-East Serbia. It contains policy recommendations for mitigating the problem. In terms of quantifying the extent of abandoned land, we used figures on uncultivated land gathered in the agricultural and population cens...
Chapter
This chapter examines the return of land fragmentation in central and eastern Europe as an unintentional though predictable consequence of the post-socialist restitution and privatization reforms. It considers the efforts of a coalition of international organizations, bi-lateral donors and land market professionals to promote viable farm holdings v...
Article
Full-text available
This article identifies a hitherto understudied element of local food communities, namely their potential as counter-movements to nationalist discourses, practices and policies. This potential should be particularly valuable in Eastern Europe, where European integration has been severely contested over the past years by political elites. We support...
Article
Full-text available
The article argues that closer attention to how solidarity is understood and expressed in different European contexts can shed light on the conditions for establishing a social and solidarity economy. Drawing on data collected within the H2020 SOLIDUS project, which explores current expressions of European solidarity, the comparative analysis cover...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows some of the different ways that civil society organisations are involved in policy making in Hungary. Although it is aimed towards those working in think tanks and policy institutions, the review incorporates other civic elements that can be relevant in policy discussions, partly to highlight the complexity of civil society but als...
Book
Full-text available
Policy Experiments, Failures and Innovations takes a policy studies perspective in considering post-communist EU member states' experiences since accession. The book analyses policy transfer processes and expands the new and growing sub-field of policy failure by interrogating the binary ideas of 'failure' and 'success' in the context of the Centra...
Research
Full-text available
The paper contributes to the scholarship on civil society capacity to change state policy and practice. It does so by providing a case study of a Hungarian foundation active in the field of mental health, and how it employs different tactics to advance its integrated approach to mental health. The paper demonstrates how the organization under study...
Presentation
Full-text available
How do changes in population size and age affect farm size and land use in Europe? The graying and the shrinking of the rural population are thought to lead to the consolidation of agricultural holdings on the one hand, and a widespread conversion to land uses which are either more commercially viable or can attract significant public investment on...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper investigates just how special is land as a form of inheritance. In many countries, succession within families remains the most important method of land transfer and new farm development. Rules and regulations reflect both cultural and economic concerns, sometimes guiding practice, other times being more marginal to practice. The presenta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Estimates of the total amount of farmland owned by the over 60s in Central and Eastern Europe vary between 45-65%. In many cases, owners live close by, working the land for subsistence or renting it out for additional income. In many cases, land has been an ambiguous inheritance which owners, especially urban based ones, struggle to manage. Typical...
Chapter
Full-text available
The World Disasters Report is an annual independent publication commissioned by the IFRC, contributing evidence-based research on the challenges, trends and innovations in disaster risk reduction and crisis management. The report is an important body of research, which builds on discussions at the 2015 UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
I am very happy to be able to speak to you before the serious business of the workshops. I have been given this opportunity because of some research that our university’s students have carried out for you in preparation for this conference. As in many places, there is increased demand from many quarters to show the practical relevance of research....
Article
Full-text available
Under European Union (EU) law, Monitoring Committees (MCs) are charged with overseeing the implementation of Operational Programmes. Despite their potential to influence the process of fund disbursement, relatively little is known about the Committees’ operation and their impact in the new member states. This article is an empirical study of how th...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the horizontal dimension of partnership arrangements in cohesion policy in three EU Member States: Austria, Hungary and Slovakia. The focus is on the practice of the monitoring committees (MCs), the primary institutional expression of partnership in the distribution of Structural Funds. The main findings are that in each c...
Research
Full-text available
CEU Center for Policy Studies Working Paper Series: In many countries in post-socialist Central and Eastern Europe, the elderly own significant portions of rural land. For a variety of reasons, however, they have been wary of passing on their land to heirs or selling it on the open market. Governments in the region have developed schemes to address...
Research
Full-text available
If public policy should deliberately aim for enhancing social capital is of course a complex issue that can not be answered at length or in the affirmative in a few pages. However, as this paper on Hungary points out, there are many instances of current development policy where fostering self and community confidence is accepted as critical for suc...
Research
Full-text available
CEU Center for Policy Studies Working Paper series: This report sets out how voluntary organizations and civic groups take part in social policy making in Hungary. It also presents a series of case studies on socially innovative projects that aim to encourage greater engagement and participation, with the main theme how governmental and non-governm...
Research
Full-text available
This paper addresses the question of how civil society engagement impact impacts on life satisfaction and quality of life in Hungary. It takes a broad approach to engagement, looking at membership, donations as well as neighborliness and obligations towards others. While the causal relationship between the two have not been studied in Hungary, the...
Research
Full-text available
This report provides recent Hungarian data and some analysis on key indicators usually associated with social capital, including, among others, generalized trust, social contacts, associational membership. One of the themes of the report is the degree to which some of the standard measurements of social capital can misrepresent the nature of trust...
Research
Full-text available
This paper addresses the question of how far diversity in Hungary may be connected to levels of trust in communities. It focuses on various analyses of two phenomena: first, the attitudes to the, albeit small, increases in foreign born nationals living in Hungary, secondly, the debate on the increasing differentiation of education in Hungary and as...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the development of a new research agenda on and theoretical approach to the relation between local state formations and social security arrangements in rural areas. We argue that an analysis of these relations will enhance our understanding of the state in rural settings and of its interrelation to other n...
Article
Full-text available
This is a counter story to those that viewed the collapse of socialism as the creation of a tabula rasa. Unlike other accounts, Katherine Verdery has no problem in starting from the premise that private property was a profoundly ideological concept that served to embed these countries in global transformations in labour, value and the accumulation...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this article is use two case studies from the Transylvanian region of Romania to examine private ownership of agricultural land. The idea is not simply to look at who got the land and why, but what ownership of land might mean in practice. What did those who received formerly collectively owned lands intend to do with it? The second part...
Article
Full-text available
The article takes the form of a speculation between science, policy and politics in three sections. The first considers how sociologist have distinguished between 'peasants' and 'farmers'. The second considers the CAP and why it might make sense to introduce such a distinction in it. The third ponders why such a radical change is politically unlike...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines property law reforms in central and eastern Europe via a case study of the land reforms introduced in Romania in 1990-92, by far the largest European land reform since the Second World War. Although important legislative changes have since been introduced the reforms from this period laid the foundation for the present property...
Article
Full-text available
Charities are playing a significant role in the implementation of the government's New Deal programme. From providing advice on local employment issues to administrative services to work placements, the voluntary sector has been working in public/private partnerships throughout England and Wales. However, despite the government's commitments in the...
Book
Full-text available
This thesis examines the implementation of ownership reforms following the collapse of Communist rule in Romania in 1989. It concentrates upon the rural sector and, in particular, the question of what to do with the collective farms. The aim has been to provide a critical account of the roots of the post-Communist land question, going back as far a...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines the implementation of land reforms in two villages in Transylvania in 1990-91. Despite efforts on the part of a significant number of peasants to restore the pre-Communist system of land tenure, in practice, this proved to be impossible. This failure was only clearly revealed in the application of the Law on Agricultural Land Re...
Chapter
Full-text available
Using two villages in Transylvania, Romania, as illustrations, Mirsid in Salaj and Plaiesti in Turda, this paper examines the post-socialist process of land privatization and restitution and the impact they had on the rural landscape. My argument is that whilst the aim of restoring the pre-collective farm boundaries drove many peasants, in practice...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Recognising and recording rights All property regimes have methods for formally recognising property claims, sifting the legitimate from the illegitimate. Under English law, records of property rights are supposed to work like a mirror. Anyone who wishes to find out what rights go with the land, what duties, etc., need only examine th...
Article
Full-text available
Summary The paper begins with a critical approach to the de finition of social capital. We argue that the netwo rk component of the standard "social capital mix" prov ides the most robust justification for the capital ascription of social capital. Network capital can be considered capital because it produces of servic es or products while remaining...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project aims to show how the current distribution of land ownership in central and eastern Europe undermines rural development and, in particular, how a combination of aging populations and labour migration patterns in the European Union threatens the existence of hundreds of villages in the region. The project highlights various consequences such as farmland abandonment, huge income inequalities and dying villages. It also collects and examines the record of local and national policy responses.
Project
Mapping and understanding solidarity practices in Hungary through civil society initiatives across five policy sectors (employment, education, housing, health and migration). Organizations included in the research: Small Basket Shopping Community, Esztergom; Szatyorbolt, Budapest; Study Halls Platform, national level; Miskolc University Teacher Training Initiative, Miskolc; the City is for All, Budapest; the Shelter Foundation, Budapest; Awakenings Foundation, Budapest; Migszol Szeged, Migszol Pecs).