Andrew Booth

Andrew Booth
The University of Sheffield | Sheffield · School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR)

BA Dip Lib MSc MCLIP PhD

About

562
Publications
427,359
Reads
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33,780
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1996 - December 2012
The University of Sheffield
January 1994 - present
Independent Researcher
Independent Researcher
February 1992 - October 1994
The King's Fund
Position
  • Information Services Manager
Education
October 1979 - June 1982
University of Reading
Field of study
  • English Language & Literature

Publications

Publications (562)
Article
Our previous work identified that nine leading guidance documents for seven different types of systematic review advocated the same process of literature searching. We defined and illustrated this process and we named it ‘the Conventional Approach’. The Conventional Approach appears to meet the needs of researchers undertaking literature searches f...
Article
What is new and objectives: Older people from ethnic minorities experience the intersectionality of age and ethnicity in relation to complex medication management and polypharmacy. Minority ethnic groups in the United Kingdom are at risk of poor medication management because factors such as cultural beliefs, language barriers, lack of knowledge of...
Article
Background Mild cognitive impairment in older adults is a risk factor for dementia. Mild cognitive impairment is a result of a diverse range of underlying causes and may progress to dementia, remain stable or improve over time. Objectives We aimed to assess the evidence base around the assessment and management pathway of older adults with mild co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Supplementary search methods, including citation searching, are essential if systematic reviews are to avoid producing biased conclusions. Little evidence exists on how to prioritise databases for citation searching or to establish whether using multiple sources is beneficial. Objectives: A systematic review examining urgent and emer...
Article
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Background Breast-feeding holds considerable potential to reduce infant mortality. Feeding choices, already complex, take on additional complexity against a backdrop of the risk of transmissible Ebola Virus. This review describes the factors that influence infant feeding and attitudes of pregnant women, mothers, family members and health practition...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As chronic and progressive age‐related diseases, there are commonalities between age‐related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy (DR), and cognitive impairment (CI) and dementia. We undertook a systematic review to quantify such associations. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched (from inception to June 2020)...
Article
Objective To explore the burdens experienced by family carers who support older relatives to manage their medications at home. Methods This study, based on a larger UK medication management study: MEdication Management in Older people: Realist Approaches Based on Literature and Evaluation (MEMORABLE), reports on findings from family carer intervie...
Article
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Background: The value of rapid reviews in informing health care decisions is more evident since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While systematic reviews can be completed rapidly, rapid reviews are usually a type of evidence synthesis in which components of the systematic review process may be simplified or omitted to...
Article
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Background The term ‘safeguarding’ covers the protection of health, wellbeing and human rights. Effective safeguarding enables people (particularly children, young adults and other vulnerable people) to live free from fear of abuse, harm or neglect. The UK Children Act 2004 required key agencies, including health and social care providers, to consi...
Article
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A considerable proportion of quantitative research remains unpublished once completed. Little research has documented non‐dissemination and dissemination bias in qualitative research. This study aimed to generate evidence on the extent of non‐dissemination in qualitative research. We followed a cohort of qualitative studies presented as conference...
Article
Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults is a risk factor for dementia. MCI results from diverse underlying causes and may progress to dementia, remain stable or improve over time. Objectives: To assess the evidence base around the assessment and management pathway of older adults with MCI in community/primary care, hospital and...
Article
Background For systematic reviews to be rigorous, deliverable and useful, they need a well-defined review question. Scoping for a review also requires the specification of clear inclusion criteria and planned synthesis methods. Guidance is lacking on how to develop these, especially in the context of undertaking rapid and responsive systematic revi...
Article
Background: The value of rapid reviews in informing health care decisions is more evident since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While systematic reviews can be completed rapidly, rapid reviews are usually a type of evidence synthesis in which components of the systematic review process may be simplified or omitted to...
Article
The aim of this rapid evidence review was to identify the main challenges involved in implementing digital and data-driven technologies in health and social care. We aimed to address the following research questions: RQ1: what are the main challenges involved in successfully implementing and using digital and data-driven technologies in health and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: A significant proportion of the global population regularly experience air quality poorer than that recommended by the World Health Organization. Air pollution, especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5), is a risk factor for various noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and is emerging as a risk factor for dementia. To begin to understand...
Article
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Introduction Community pharmacists and their teams have remained accessible to the public providing essential services despite immense pressures during the COVID-19 pandemic. They have successfully expanded the influenza vaccination programme and are now supporting the delivery of the COVID-19 vaccination roll-out. Aim This rapid realist review ai...
Article
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Purpose: Persistent physical symptoms (PPS) are often associated with profound physical disability and psychological distress. Interventions for PPS that promote behavioural change aim to reduce levels of symptoms and improve overall functioning in patients. The evidence for these interventions is mixed, with effective relationships between patien...
Article
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Background Vascular services is changing rapidly, having emerged as a new specialty with its own training and specialised techniques. This has resulted in the need for reconfiguration of services to provide adequate specialist provision and accessible and equitable services. Objectives To identify the effects of service configuration on practice,...
Article
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This study developed, validated, and evaluated a framework of factors influencing dietary behaviours in urban African food environments, to inform research prioritisation and intervention development in Africa. A multi-component methodology, drawing on concept mapping, was employed to construct a framework of factors influencing dietary behaviours...
Article
Background/objectives: Coexistent seizures add complexity to the burden of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We aim to estimate the incidence and prevalence of coexistent seizures and AD and summarize characteristics. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO protocol registration CRD42020150479). Setting: Population-, community-, hospit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Community pharmacists and their teams have remained accessible to the public providing essential services despite immense pressures during the COVID-19 pandemic. They have successfully expanded the influenza vaccination programme and are now supporting the delivery of the COVID-19 vaccination roll-out. Aim This rapid realist review aim...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To review when, how, and in what context knowledge mobilization (KMb) has crossed patient‐practitioner‐researcher boundaries. Background KMb is essential in contemporary health care, yet little is known about how patients are engaged. Design Integrative review. Data sources Ten academic databases and grey literature. Review methods We follo...
Article
This is a translation of Cochrane Review, Houghton C, Meskell P, Delaney H, Smalle M, Glenton C, Booth A, Chan XHS, Devane D, Biesty LM., Barriers and facilitators to healthcare workers’ adherence with infection prevention and control (IPC) guidelines for respiratory infectious diseases: a rapid qualitative evidence synthesis. Cochrane Database of...
Article
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Background: Obesity and nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NR-NCDs) are increasing throughout Africa, driven by urbanisation and changing food environments. Policy action has been limited - and influenced by high income countries. Socio-economic/political environments of African food systems must be considered in order to understand what...
Article
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Introduction High-quality facility-based birth reduces maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Previous multi-country systematic reviews have analysed qualitative research studies to understand the barriers and facilitators of delivery in a health facility. However, questions remain as to the extent to which generic multi-context reviews ca...
Article
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Background Breastfeeding is recommended by many organisations, but feeding choices can take on complexity against a backdrop of a transmissible infection risk. The aim of this synthesis is to explore what is known about the values and preferences of pregnant women, mothers, family members and health practitioners, policy makers and providers (midwi...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has created a sense of urgency in the research community in their bid to contribute to the evidence required for healthcare policy decisions. With such urgency, researchers experience methodological challenges to maintain the rigour and transparency of their work. With this in mind, we offer reflections on our recen...
Article
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Background: The term 'medically unexplained symptoms' is used to cover a wide range of persistent bodily complaints for which adequate examination and appropriate investigations do not reveal sufficiently explanatory structural or other specified pathologies. A wide range of interventions may be delivered to patients presenting with medically unex...
Article
Background Service reconfigurations sometimes increase travel time and/or distance for patients to reach their nearest hospital or other urgent and emergency care facility. Many communities value their local services and perceive that proposed changes could worsen outcomes for patients. Objectives To identify, appraise and synthesise existing rese...
Article
Full-text available
Background To date, there has been little research into the causes of, and solutions to, loneliness among migrant and ethnic minority people. Objectives The objectives were to synthesise available evidence and produce new insights relating to initiatives that aim to address loneliness among these populations, plus the logic, functioning and effect...
Article
Full-text available
Background: More older people are living in the community with multiple diagnoses and medications. Managing multiple medications produces issues of unrivalled complexity for those involved. Despite increasing literature on the subject, gaps remain in understanding how, why and for whom complex medication management works, and therefore how best to...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to address the question: what does “effectiveness” mean to researchers in the context of literature searching for systematic reviews? We conducted a thematic analysis of responses to an e‐mail survey. Eighty‐nine study authors, whose studies met inclusion in a recent review (2018), were contacted via e‐mail and asked three question...
Article
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Background The number and proportion of older people in the UK are increasing, as are multimorbidity (potentially reducing quality of life) and polypharmacy (increasing the risk of adverse drug events). Together, these complex factors are challenging for older people, informal carers, and health and care practitioners. Objectives MEMORABLE (MEdica...
Article
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Objective To identify factors influencing dietary behaviours in urban food environments in Africa and identify areas for future research. Design We systematically reviewed published/grey literature (protocol CRD4201706893). Findings were compiled into a map using a socio-ecological model on four environmental levels: individual, social, physical a...
Article
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Background: Reconfiguration of urgent and emergency care services often increases travel time/distance for patients to reach an appropriate facility. Evidence of the effects of reconfiguration is important for local communities and commissioners and providers of health services. Methods: We performed a systematic review of the evidence regarding...
Article
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Background: This review is one of a series of rapid reviews that Cochrane contributors have prepared to inform the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. When new respiratory infectious diseases become widespread, such as during the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers' adherence to infection prevention and control (IPC) guidelines becomes even more important....
Article
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Objective To synthesise evidence of urban dietary behaviours (macronutrients, types of foods, dietary diversity and dietary practices) in two African countries in relation to postulated changes in the context of nutrition transition. Design Systematic review and meta-analyses, including six online databases and grey literature, 1971–2018 (Protocol...
Article
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Aim: To explore "missed care" in relation to primary and community care, including nursing homes to build an understanding of implications for patients, public, politicians and policy makers. Background: Missed care occurs when any aspect of required patient care is omitted or delayed. Little attention has examined missed care in primary, commun...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: More older people are living in the community with multiple diagnoses and medications. Managing multiple medications produces issues of unrivalled complexity for those involved. Despite increasing literature on the subject, gaps remain in understanding how, why and for whom complex medication management works, and therefore how best to...
Article
Full-text available
Background In 2015, approximately 2.16% of adults were recorded as having intellectual disabilities. UK government policy is that adults with intellectual disabilities should access mainstream health services. However, people with intellectual disabilities experience challenges when accessing primary and community health services that can lead to i...
Article
Objective: High blood pressure is one of the main modifiable risk factors for dementia. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding the best antihypertensive class for optimizing cognition. Our objective was to determine whether any particular antihypertensive class was associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline or dementia using com...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To examine the strengths and weaknesses of multi-context (international) qualitative evidence syntheses in comparison with single-context (typically single-country) reviews. We compare a multi-country synthesis with single-context syntheses on facility-based delivery in Nigeria and Kenya. Design: Discussion Paper. Background: Qualitative...
Article
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Background The World Health Organization’s Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) has succeeded in reducing the cases of Polio by 99%. The persistence of the remaining 1% in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria has continued to pose threats to polio-free neighbouring countries. This systematic review aims to contribute to ongoing efforts to eradic...
Article
The requirement that literature searches that identify studies for inclusion in systematic reviews should be systematic, explicit and reproducible extends, at least by implication, to other types of literature review. However, realist reviews commonly require literature searches which challenge systematic reporting; searches are iterative and invol...
Article
Full-text available
Noncommunicable disease now contributes to the World Health Organization top 10 causes of death in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Particular examples include stroke, coronary heart disease, dementia and certain cancers. Research linking clinical and lifestyle risk factors to increased risk of noncommunicable disease is now well establishe...
Book
Full-text available
The revised edition of the Handbook offers the only guide on how to conduct, report and maintain a Cochrane Review. The second edition of The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions contains essential guidance for preparing and maintaining Cochrane Reviews of the effects of health interventions. Designed to be an accessible resou...
Preprint
Background Increasing numbers of older people are living in the community with multiple diagnoses and medications. Managing multiple medications produces issues of unrivalled complexity for those involved. Despite a growing body of literature on the subject, gaps remain in understanding how, why and for whom complex medication management works, and...
Article
Background: Service reconfigurations sometimes increase travel time and/or distance for patients to reach their nearest hospital or other urgent and emergency care (UEC) facility. Many communities value their local services and perceive that proposed changes could worsen outcomes for patients. Objectives: To identify, appraise and synthesise existi...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives: The last decade has witnessed increased recognition of the value of literature reviews for advancing understanding and decision making. This has been accompanied by an expansion in the range of methodological approaches and types of review. However, there remains uncertainty over definitions and search requirements beyon...
Article
Background The NHS currently faces increasing demands on accident and emergency departments. Concern has been expressed regarding whether the needs of vulnerable groups are being handled appropriately or whether alternative methods of service delivery may provide more appropriate emergency and urgent care services for particular groups. Objective...
Article
Background The global ageing population and the long prodromal period for the development of cognitive decline and dementia brings a need to understand the antecedents of both successful and impaired cognitive ageing. It is increasingly apparent that the trajectory of risk-factor change, as well as the level of the risk factor, may be associated wi...
Article
Background Digital and online symptom checkers and assessment services are used by patients seeking guidance about health problems. NHS England is planning to introduce a digital platform (NHS111 Online) to operate alongside the NHS111 urgent-care telephone service. This review focuses on digital and online symptom checkers for urgent health proble...
Chapter
This chapter provides authors (who already have experience of undertaking qualitative research and qualitative evidence synthesis) with additional guidance on undertaking a qualitative evidence synthesis that is subsequently integrated with an intervention review. There are two main designs for synthesizing qualitative evidence with evidence of the...