Andrew Arato

Andrew Arato
The New School · Department of Sociology

About

136
Publications
14,269
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,638
Citations

Publications

Publications (136)
Chapter
Why publish another book on contemporary populism in an already increasingly crowded scholarly field? As authors of several works on civil society, authoritarian regimes, sovereignty, and democratization, we believe that on many relevant issues we have new things to say, with more grounding theoretically than most works on the subject. Indeed, we t...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on alternatives to populism. Deploying the ideal typical definition of populism developed earlier, it shows that alternative interpretations of popular sovereignty, part/whole relations, forms of antagonism, and leadership can yield a category of “the popular” distinguished from populism. Only popular (vs. the populist) movemen...
Chapter
This chapter articulates the impact of the populist logic on the type of movements and parties formed. It analyses the dynamics and impact of populist mobilization on competitive party systems in constitutional democracies. It argues that key elements of populist logic—the pars pro toto conception of political representation, the friend–enemy conce...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on populism in power, distinguishing between populists in government and populism as “the government” (controlling all key institutions). We ask whether the authoritarian logic of populism fosters a change of regimes of constitutional democracy. We argue that once they enter government, populist politicians typically engage in...
Chapter
This chapter considers the uneasy relationship of “populism and constitutionalism.” After defining constitutionalism, it considers the antagonism of populist logic to “liberal constitutionalism” and asks whether this means to constitutionalism as such. While on the level of logic the answer here is affirmative, we raise the empirical question of th...
Chapter
This chapter tries to answer “why populism and why now?” by focusing on three time frames of causality: long term, middle term, and short term. Distinguishing among cultural, economic, and political contradictions of modernity, the chapter stresses that populism ultimately is rooted in the political tension between the two historical answers to “ab...
Book
Populism and Civil Society: The Challenge to Constitutional Democracy is a theoretical work that draws on extensive secondary literature as well as comparative analysis of cases. The aim is to assess the significance of what is now a global phenomenon—the populist challenge to constitutional democracy. After defining populism using the methods of i...
Article
Full-text available
How is it possible, that after the exhilarating start of democratic transitions in the late 1980s and 1990s, today authoritarian–populist options seem to be emerging in many new, as well as old democracies? Why does populism, that in most of its historical varieties has been anti-institutional and anti-procedural, turn to constitution making and co...
Article
Full-text available
Book
The achievements of the democratic constitutional order have long been associated with the sovereign nation-state. Civic nationalist assumptions hold that social solidarity and social plurality are compatible, offering a path to guarantees of individual rights, social justice, and tolerance for minority voices. Yet today, challenges to the liberal-...
Article
Constitutions are made in almost all transformation of regimes. What are the dangers and the hopes associated with such a process? What can make constitution-making legitimate? The Adventures of the Constituent Power explores the democratic methods by which political communities make their basic law, arguing that the most advanced method developed...
Article
The conflict in the Ukraine—barely placated by a fragile truce that temporarily froze its territorial fault lines—remains one of the gravest threats to both regional and international peace since the end of the Cold War. The present de facto territorial arrangements in Ukraine remain highly unstable—as well as entirely unacceptable—to at least one...
Article
The article has several theses. First we propose that there is a new method of constitution-making today, the two-stage, post-sovereign one perfected in South Africa. Second, we admit the path-dependent nature, and difficult pre-conditions, of this method. Third, we maintain that even when the full method is unlikely in a given context, its legitim...
Article
Full-text available
1. The term “sovereign dictatorship” and the emphasis of the dictatorial pattern of constitution making do return in Verfassungslehre even if now less frequently, given the change of topics. (Schmitt 1993, 59–60). 2. This is still called omnipotence in Political Theology I (Schmitt 2002, 43) but to be replaced already in that work by a theology of...
Chapter
Let us leave behind the journalistic commonplace, the revolutions of 1989. The actors themselves, as we know, spoke of self-limiting, peaceful, velvet, and negotiated revolutions, terms all indicating distance from the revolutionary tradition they knew all too well. Even in South Africa in the 1990s, few spoke of revolution during what was indeed t...
Article
The article presents the Round Table form, elsewhere post-sovereign multi-stage constitution making as an independent democratic type superior to the alternatives. It locates the form along with Convention and Constituent Assembly both in a comprehensive typology based on models of regime transformation, as well as historically. After making a set...
Chapter
The first thing that I want to do is get a sense of your intellectual formation — what your discipline is, who your major influences were, when you first encountered the Frankfurt School, and so forth.
Article
This short article will seek to explore the causes, and possible solutions, of what seems to be the current freezing of the Turkish constitution-making process that has had some dramatic successes in the 1990s and early 2000s. I make the strong claim that democratic legitimacy or constituent authority should not be reduced either to any mode of pow...
Article
This article reconstructs a model of 'post-sovereign constitution-making', namely, a multi-stage, democratic model with round table or multi-party negotiations as its centre piece, involving two constitutions with free elections in between, and overall enforcement through a Constitutional Court. This is the model that was more or less perfected in...
Article
Full-text available
My concern here is for the dramatic new method of democratic constitution making, one that I call post-sovereign in the sense that the constituent power is not embodied in a single organ or instance with the plenitude of power, and all organs participating in constitutional politics are brought under legal rules. This method is the democratic alter...
Article
According to Hannah Arendt, “the great and, in the long run, perhaps the greatest American innovation in politics as such was the consistent abolition of sovereignty within the body politic of the republic, the insight that in the realm of human affairs sovereignty and tyranny are the same.” This statement can profitably be put together with Hans K...
Chapter
Der Diskurs über die Zivilgesellschaft ist „global“ geworden. Die „Zivilgesellschaft“ ist nun eines der von Politikern, Akademikern und politischen Aktivisten weltweit meistverwendeten Konzepte und wird herangezogen, um alles zu beschreiben — von Bürgerinitiativen, Freiwilligenverbänden und Wohltätigkeitsorganisationen bis hin zu globalen Netzwerke...
Chapter
I am not an expert on Cuba: although I have learned many things about Latin America from my students, I have not had the good fortune to learn about Cuba to the same extent. So, even the familiar notion of Cuban exceptionalism that Laurence Whitehead so eloquently describes in this book was new in a sense. From a familiarity with international hist...
Article
[MacArthur] said that he had issued no orders or directives, and that he had limited himself merely to suggestions…. He stated that it was his belief, that it was his conviction, that a constitution, no matter how good, no matter how well written, forced upon the Japanese by bayonet would last just as long as bayonets were present, and he was certa...
Article
Full-text available
Constitutional politics has returned in our time in a truly dramatic way. In the last 25 years, not only in the new or restored democracies of South and East Europe, Latin America and Africa, but also in the established liberal or not so liberal democracies of Germany, Italy, Japan, Israel, New Zealand, Canada and Great Britain, issues of constitut...
Article
Several Presidents of the United States have been seen to lose the support of the majority in the legislative body without being obliged to surrender power and with- out any great evil resulting to society therefrom. I have heard that fact quoted to prove the independence and strength of the American executive power. But a few moments' reflection w...
Article
Full-text available
São examinados cinco conjuntos normativos de demandas que têm a chance de reduzir o imenso hiato entre os representados e os representantes nas democracias modernas. Como um desses conjuntos, a accountability é mais facilmente entendida em relação aos outros.
Article
Five normative sets of claim complexes that have a chance of reducing the immense gap between represented and representative in modern democracy are examined. Accountability, one of these sets, is best understood in relation to them.
Article
Full-text available
El autor realiza un análisis de los problemas que se pueden suscitar en los procesos de elaboración constitucional llevados a cabo por las nuevas democracias emergentes. En un recorrido que nos lleva desde Budapest hasta Filadelfia, pata terminar en Sudáfrica, se discuten los aspectos relacionados con la legitimidad de estos procesos: el aprendizaj...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of a typology of forms of constitution making and with emphasis on the constitutionalization process a set of basic principles for linking constitution making with the demands of democracy is put forward. The analysis deals both with the reconstruction of historical cases and with the critical examination of relevant theories. Special...
Article
Full-text available
Not available. El concepto de sociedad civil ha cobrado especial relevancia en el ámbito de la teoría política de la democracia por su potencialidad analítica para el estudio de las transiciones desde regímenes dictatoriales a otros democráticos, así como para identificar nuevas esferas susceptibles de profundización democrática en el seno de las...
Article
L'A. tente d'appliquer l'appareil conceptuel de Luhmann a l'examen du statut epistemologique de la theorie de la societe civile. Sont abordees aussi bien la vision plus technocratique de Luhmann sur le probleme de l'Etat et la societe d'avant 1980, que ses idees posterieures, liberales sur les rapports entre la science politique et la theorie polit...
Article
In this paper, the scope of Roman attitudes towards warfare is examined through an analysis of Roman artwork and inscriptions in victory monuments. Due to the integral nature of warfare to Roman society, the portrayal of victorious campaigns was essential to the maintenance of the Roman perception of their own indomitable nature. This paper argues...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
to understand why we are experiencing dedemocratization in so many places