Andres Mariano Rubiano Escobar

Andres Mariano Rubiano Escobar
El Bosque University · Neurosurgery

MD, PhD (c)

About

236
Publications
466,064
Reads
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6,319
Citations
Citations since 2017
150 Research Items
5771 Citations
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Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
El Bosque University
Position
  • Managing Director
July 2010 - July 2015
South Colombian University
Position
  • Professor of Neurosciences

Publications

Publications (236)
Article
Full-text available
•In LMICs, several factor may affect the applicability of guidelines for secondary damage control of spinal cord injury.•In LMICs, the use of steroids for spinal cord injury is heterogeneous and admissions to an intensive care units are limited.•The delays for surgical decompression of spinal cord injury can be significan and vary across income and...
Conference Paper
Background: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a growing global public health concern, representing a significant source of global mortality and morbidity, with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) bearing the greatest burden. Acknowledging the vast heterogeneity within and between LMICs and High-Income Countries, more generally LMICs do not relia...
Article
Full-text available
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is the most common type of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and 100–300 individuals per every 100 000 seek medical care for mTBI annually. The Eye Guide is a portable device that evaluates oculomotor function. This device has promising potential to detect trauma-related neurological deficits that are otherwise undete...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Nearly every field of medicine has some form of clinical practice guidelines. However, only within the past 5–10 years has the medical community acknowledged the need for well-developed guidelines tailored to the local healthcare needs and the resources available. In most low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), healthcare worke...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major global health issue, but low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face the greatest burden. Significant differences in neurotrauma outcomes are recognised between LMICs and high-income countries. However, outcome data is not consistently nor reliably recorded in either setting, thus the true burden...
Article
Full-text available
•Most spinal trauma worldwide occurs in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Several factors may limit the applicability of current guidelines as regards the early management of spinal injury.•The pre-hospital management per se of spinal trauma in LMICs is subject to partial adherence to recommendations, with possible impact on patient outcomes...
Article
Trauma registries play an important role in building capacity for trauma systems. Regularly, trauma registries exist in high-income countries (HICs) but not in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Neurotrauma includes common conditions, like traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and spinal cord injuries (SCI). The development of organized neurotrauma...
Article
Full-text available
•Most spinal trauma occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), but some elements may limit the application of current guidelines.•In LMICs, a respectable proportion of physicians treating spinal trauma is not aware of any guidelines on this topic.•Most physicians managing spinal trauma in LMICs believe that following the guidelines may pos...
Article
Full-text available
Background RT-PCR testing is the standard for diagnosis of COVID-19, although it has its suboptimal sensitivity. Chest computed tomography (CT) has been proposed as an additional tool with diagnostic value, and several reports from primary and secondary studies that assessed its diagnostic accuracy are already available. To inform recommendations a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a disproportionately greater impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). One strategy to reduce the burden of disease in LMICs is through the implementation of a trauma registry that standardizes the assessment of each patient's management of care. Objective This study aims to ascertain the intere...
Article
Objective Expanded access to training opportunities is necessary to address 5 million essential neurosurgical cases not performed annually, nearly all in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To target this critical neurosurgical manpower issue and advance positive collaborations developed the “Global Neurosurgery 2019: A Practical Symposium,”...
Article
Background: Core Outcome sets (COS) are important and necessary as they help standardize reporting in research studies. Cranioplasty following traumatic brain injury or stroke is becoming increasingly common leading to an ever growing clinical and research interest especially regarding the optimal material, cost-effectiveness, and timing of cranio...
Article
Full-text available
Penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI) affects civilian and military populations resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. No up-to-date and evidence-based guidelines exist to assist modern medical and surgical management of these complex injuries. A preliminary literature search revealed a need for updated guidelines,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) is a public health issue with great disparity among low- and middle-income countries where the implementation of evidence-based guidelines is challenging because resources are often unavailable. A consensus process including experts in the prehospital, emergency department, neurosurgery, and intensi...
Article
Full-text available
Predictors of the central nervous system (CNS) directed autoantibody response after acute CNS injury are poorly understood. We analyzed titers of IgG and IgM autoantibodies to ganglioside GM1 in serial serum specimens collected from human patients following acute spinal cord injury (SCI), traumatic brain injury (TBI) and brain tumor resection. We a...
Article
The present study aims to evaluate the accuracy of the prognostic discrimination and prediction of the short-term mortality of the Marshall computed tomography (CT) classification and Rotterdam and Helsinki CT scores in a cohort of TBI patients from a low- to middle-income country. This is a post hoc analysis of a previously conducted prospective c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly recognised as being responsible for a substantial proportion of the global burden of disease. Neurosurgical interventions are an important aspect of care for patients with TBI, but there is little epidemiological data available on this patient population. We aimed to characterise differences...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly recognised as being responsible for a substantial proportion of the global burden of disease. Neurosurgical interventions are an important aspect of care for patients with TBI, but there is little epidemiological data available on this patient population. We aimed to characterise differences i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly recognised as being responsible for a substantial proportion of the global burden of disease. Neurosurgical interventions are an important aspect of care for patients with TBI, but there is little epidemiological data available on this patient population. We aimed to characterise differences i...
Article
Abstract Study design: scoping review Objectives To understand the extent and type of evidence on diagnosis, clinical presentation, management, outcomes, and costs of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in the early stages in Latin America. Methods The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) methodology for scoping reviews was followed. Extracted data i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Neurosurgical guidelines have resulted in improved clinical outcomes and more optimized care for many complex neurosurgical pathologies. As momentum in global neurosurgical efforts has grown, there is little understanding about the application of these guidelines in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods A 29-question survey w...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Core Outcome sets (COS) are important and necessary as they help standardize reporting in research studies. Cranioplasty following traumatic brain injury or stroke is becoming increasingly common leading to an ever growing clinical and research interest especially regarding the optimal material, cost-effectiveness, and timing of craniopl...
Article
Full-text available
Low- and middle-income countries experience three times more traumatic brain injury (TBI) cases when compared with their high-income country counterparts. The quality of care patients receive in the prehospital setting and emergency department settings are highly variable and often dependent on computed tomography (CT) availability. The implementat...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Prehospital care is an essential component in reducing mortality for patients presenting with emergency medical conditions. Prehospital systems tend to be underdeveloped or non-existent in these areas, with less than 1% of low-income and middle-income country (LMIC) populations served by an organised prehospital system. Mobile health a...
Article
Purpose of review: The aim of this study was to provide an overview on advances in intracranial pressure (ICP) protocols for care, moving from traditional to more recent concepts. Recent findings: Deep understanding of mechanics and dynamics of fluids and solids have been introduced for intracranial physiology. The amplitude or the harmonics of...
Chapter
The current state of the medical education in neurosurgery at the Latin American and the Caribbean region is not well established in neurosurgical literature. The evolution of the process has been influenced in different periods of time according to international trends in medical education of postgraduate training, since the late 1880s until now....
Chapter
Transcranial Doppler (TCD/TCCS) is a noninvasive technique that allows the study of cerebral vasculature and its disturbances in real-time, promoting timely therapeutic measures to control cerebral perfusion variables. In the setting of post-traumatic intracranial hypertension, one of the effective interventions for restoration of many intracranial...
Article
Introduction : Infrascanner is a portable and easy-to-use device that functions based on near infrared spectroscopy and can be utilized in prehospitalary and hospitalary environments and has risen as a promising resort for the detection of potentially lethal intracranial hemorrhages, especially in low-and-middle income countries where access to a t...
Article
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is going to be the third-leading cause of death worldwide, according to the WHO. Two European surveys suggested that adherence to brain trauma guidelines is poor. No study has compared compliance between low- (LMICs) and high-income (UHICs) countries. Hence, this study aimed to investigate differences in th...
Article
Full-text available
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a disease that affects the normal function of the spinal cord. Roadtraffic accidents (RTAs)represent the main cause of SCI worldwide. SCI may generate physical disability and economic dependency, which is especially significant in low-and middle-income countries such as most of the Latin Americancountries.The mainobjecti...
Chapter
Post-traumatic epilepsy is a form of recurrent symptomatic seizure disorder secondary to brain injury and can appear several years after the head injury. It is the most frequent form of epilepsy in young adults. Although several mechanisms leading to potential brain damage after traumatic brain injury have been proposed, the exact cause is still un...
Chapter
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global public health concern, since its burden is increasing worldwide especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Guidelines and protocols regarding management of TBI in LMICs have been recently developed and global neurosurgery as subspecialty has become an ideal source of research for the needs of im...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) is a critical health problem in regions of limited resources (RLRs). Younger populations are among the most impacted. The objective of this review is to analyze recent consensus-based algorithms, protocols and guidelines proposed for the care of patients with TBI in RLRs. Observations The principal m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global public health issue with over 10 million deaths or hospitalizations each year. However, access to specialized care is dependent on institutional resources and public health policy. Phoenix Children's Hospital USA (PCH) and the Neiva University Hospital, Colombia (NUH) compared the management and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Shortage of general neurosurgery and specialized neurotrauma care in low resource settings is a critical setback in the national surgical plans of low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Neurotrauma fellowship programs typically exist in high-income countries (HIC), where surgeons who fulfill the requirements for positions regularly stay...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Latin America is among several regions of the world that lacks robust data on injuries due to neurotrauma. This research project sought to investigate a multi-institution brain injury registry in Colombia, South America, by conducting a qualitative study to identify factors affecting the creation and implementation of a multi-institution...
Article
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke have devastating consequences and are major global public health issues. For patients that require a cerebral decompression after suffering a TBI or stroke, a decompressive craniectomy (DC) is the most commonly performed operation. However, retrospective non-randomized studies suggest that a decomp...
Article
Background: The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) published evidence-based guidelines with a detailed approach to the management of intracranial hypertension (ICH) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. However, management with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage in TBI patients remains a controversial topic and is a recent addition to the 4th Editio...
Article
Full-text available
Latin America comprises 33 countries and 15 dependencies of other countries, having a population of over 630 million inhabitants(Tables 1 and 2). As one of the most urbanized regions worldwide and with many diverse cities, there is a large variability i n lifeexpectancy and mortality profiles. A recent study on the life expectancy and mortality in...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Neurotrauma is an important but preventable cause of death and disability worldwide, with the majority being associated with road traffic collisions (RTCs). The greatest burden is seen in low -and middle- income countries (LMICs) where variations in the environment, infrastructure, population and habits can challenge the success of con...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Many healthcare facilities in low-income and middle-income countries are inadequately resourced and may lack optimal organisation and governance, especially concerning surgical health systems. COVID-19 has the potential to decimate these already strained surgical healthcare services unless health systems take stringent measures to prot...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global public health concern; however, low/middle-income countries (LMICs) face the greatest burden. The WHO recognises the significant differences between patient outcomes following injuries in high-income countries versus those in LMICs. Outcome data are not reliably recorded in LMICs and d...
Conference Paper
Background Neurotrauma from road traffic collisions (RTCs) is an important yet preventable cause of death and disability especially in low and middle income countries (LMICs). However, it is uncertain if current preventative strategies are applicable globally due to variations in environment, resources, population, culture and infrastructure. This...
Article
Sixty-nine million people suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year, and TBI is the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Traumatic SAH (TSAH) has been described as an adverse prognostic factor leading to progressive neurological deterioration and increased morbidity and mortality. However, a limited number of studies evaluat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Trauma is a significant public health problem in Latin America (LA), contributing to substantial death and disability in the region. Several LA countries have implemented trauma registries and injury surveillance systems. However, the region lacks an integrated trauma system. The consensus conference’s goal was to integrate existing LA t...
Article
Background Ultrasound of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) has been used as a non-invasive and cost-effective bedside alternative to invasive intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. However, ONSD time-lapse behavior in intracranial hypertension (ICH) and its relief by means of either saline infusion or surgery are still unknown. The objective...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to the lack of high-quality evidence which has hindered the development of evidence-based guidelines, there is a need to provide general guidance on cranioplasty (CP) following traumatic brain injury (TBI), as well as identify areas of ongoing uncertainty via a consensus-based approach. Methods The international consensus meeting on...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sixty-nine million people suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year, and TBI is the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Traumatic SAH (tSAH) has been described as an adverse prognostic factor leading to progressive neurological deterioration and increased morbidity and mortality. However, a limited number of studies evaluat...
Article
Background: Healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries are inadequately resourced to adhere to current COVID-19 prevention recommendations. Recommendations for surgical emergency trauma care measures need to be adequately informed by available evidence and adapt to particular settings. To inform future recommendations, we set to sum...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Trauma is a significant public health problem in Latin America (L.A.), contributing to substantial death and disability in the region. Several LA countries have implemented trauma registries and injury surveillance systems. However, the region lacks an integrated trauma system. The consensus conference's goal was to integrate existing L...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Sixty-nine million people suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year and TBI is the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Traumatic SAH has been described as an adverse prognostic factor leading to progressive neurological deterioration and an increase in morbidity and mortality, but there are a limited number of st...
Article
Background: Globally, 69 million people suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year and TBI is the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Traumatic SAH (TSAH) has been described as an adverse prognostic factor leading to progressive neurological deterioration and an increase in morbidity and mortality, but there are a limited n...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) is currently the gold standard method for the safe diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypertension (ICHy), but it is subject to hemorrhage, infection and malfunction. Ultrasound of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) has been applied as a non-invasive alternative that is cost ef...
Article
Full-text available
Hinge craniotomy (HC) is a technique that allows for a degree of decompression whilst retaining the bone flap in situ, in a ‘floating’ or ‘hinged’ fashion. This provides expansion potential for ensuing cerebral oedema whilst obviating the need for cranioplasty in the future. The exact indications, technique and outcomes of this procedure have yet t...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Many health care facilities in low- and middle-income countries are inadequately resourced. COVID-19 has the potential to decimate surgical health care services unless health systems take stringent measures to protect health care workers from viral exposure and ensure the continuity of specialized care for patients. Among these measures,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many healthcare facilities in low-and middle-income countries are inadequately resourced. COVID-19 has the potential to decimate surgical healthcare services unless health systems take stringent measures to protect healthcare workers (HCWs) from viral exposure and ensure the continuity of specialized care for the patients. Among these...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective The objective of this broad evidence synthesis is to identify and summarize the available literature regarding the efficacy of different personal protective equipment (PPE) for reducing the risk of COVID-19 infection in health personnel caring for patients undergoing trauma surgery in low-resource environments (LREs). Introduction Many h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this review was to summarise the effects of different personal protective equipment (PPE) for reducing the risk of COVID-19 infection in health personnel caring for patients undergoing trauma surgery. The purpose of the review was to inform recommendations for rational use of PPE for emergency surgery staff, particularly...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure is currently the only accepted method for the safe diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypertension, but it is subject to hemorrhage, infection and malfunction. Ultrasound of the optic nerve sheath diameter is a non-invasive alternative that is cost effective and available at the bedside....
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: With the evolution of diagnostic techniques in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the study of neurological injury has made progress based on the concepts of primary and secondary injury, leading to the era of proteomics to understand the complex molecular events involved in the process. Objectives: This narrative review is intended to di...
Article
Background: Stab wounds (SW) to the thorax raises suspicion for cardiac injuries; however, the topographic description is variable. The present study aims to evaluate different topographical descriptions within the thorax and establish their diagnostic value in penetrating cardiac trauma by SW. Methods: Medical records of all patients admitted t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: More than half of deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) result from conditions that could be treated with emergency care - an integral component of universal health coverage (UHC) - through timely access to lifesaving interventions. Methods: The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to extend UHC to a further 1 billion pe...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. Los hematomas postraumáticos del clívus representan una entidad poco común en pacientes adultos. Reportamos dos casos de pacientes adultos, con antecedente de accidente de tránsito y hematomas postraumáticos del clívus, un caso de hematoma epidural y otro caso de hematoma subdural. Se describe el proceso de diagnóstico y manejo con apropia...
Article
Full-text available
When the fourth edition of the Brain Trauma Foundation's Guidelines for the Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury were finalized in late 2016, it was known that the results of the RESCUEicp (Trial of Decompressive Craniectomy for Traumatic Intracranial Hypertension) randomized controlled trial of decompressive craniectomy would be public afte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background More than half of deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) result from conditions that could be treated with emergency care - an integral component of universal health coverage (UHC) - through timely access to lifesaving interventions. Methods The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to extend UHC to a further 1 billion people...