Andrés Ham

Andrés Ham
Los Andes University (Colombia) | UNIANDES · School of Government Alberto Lleras Camargo

PhD

About

23
Publications
3,504
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170
Citations
Introduction
My research interests include Economic Development, Labor Economics, Economics of Education, and Applied Econometrics. I am particularly interested in exploring how institutions and public policies affect schooling and labor market decisions, understanding informal labor markets, and the causes and consequences of poverty and inequality. Most of my work focuses on developing countries, with an emphasis on Latin America.
Additional affiliations
March 2007 - July 2011
Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
This paper characterizes the labor market of youth in Colombia from 2008 to 2017. We estimate labor market indicators for individuals aged between 14 and 28 years using microdata from Colombia's household surveys over the study period. Our estimates document the main patterns and trends in the labor market of youth in labor force participation, emp...
Article
Background Many low- and middle-income countries have introduced social pensions to alleviate extreme poverty and improve the well-being of older individuals. However, evidence remains inconclusive about the potential effects of such programs on mental health, social and health behaviors. Method Data for individuals ≥60 years came from the nationa...
Article
This paper studies the effects of a large-scale information policy that nudges high school students towards college information websites in Colombia. We collect panel data on 6000 students in 115 public schools and match them to administrative records. Students in 58 randomly-chosen schools received a 35-minute presentation on the earning premiums...
Article
We study whether Honduran municipalities exposed to a conditional cash transfer program from 2000 to 2005 experience lasting effects on human capital and labor market outcomes. The government randomly assigned three forms of delivering program benefits across targeted municipalities: demand (vouchers), supply (clinic and school subsidies), and a co...
Article
School dropout is a growing concern across Latin America because of its negative social and economic consequences. Identifying who is likely to drop out, and therefore could be targeted for interventions, is a well-studied prediction problem in countries with strong administrative data. In this paper, we use new data in Guatemala and Honduras to es...
Article
Minimum wage policies are implemented in most developing countries, so understanding their consequences is critical to determine their effectiveness. This paper quantifies the labor market and poverty effects of Honduran minimum wages from 2005 to 2012. Using 13 household surveys as repeated cross-sections, I estimate the net effects of minimum wag...
Article
Full-text available
Across Latin America, school dropout is a growing concern, because of its negative social and economic consequences. Although a wide range of interventions hold potential to reduce dropout rates, policy makers in many countries must first address the basic question of how to target limited resources effectively for such interventions. Identifying w...
Research
Full-text available
I analyze cross-sectional heterogeneity in minimum wage compliance across industries, location, and coverage status. Then, I estimate the change in compliance at the extensive and intensive margin by exploiting a large minimum wage change in Honduras.
Research
Full-text available
I estimate the effect of minimum wages in Honduras on covered and uncovered sectors.
Article
Full-text available
Most conditional cash transfer evaluations have focused on estimating program effects on schooling, consumption, and labor supply. Fewer studies have addressed these outcomes using a distributive lens. This article uses data from three programs in Latin America to obtain evidence of their impact on educational inequality of opportunity, measured us...
Article
This study provides evidence on the preferences for informal employment among young adults in Colombia. While labor informality has usually been associated to its excluding nature, much of the recent literature has emphasized that individuals may actively choose to work in this sector. There are two main contributions of this research. On the one h...
Article
This article carries out a validation exercise of vulnerability measures as predictors of poverty at the aggregate and micro levels based on short and long term panel data for Argentina and Chile. It then compares their performance to that of deprivation indicators. The main findings indicate that while vulnerability measures are good predictors of...
Article
This document presents a discussion of vulnerability estimates – defined as the risk of being poor in the future – in Latin American countries from both a conceptual and an empirical perspective, based on recent developments in the distributive literature. The document develops two main contributions. First, it presents cross-sectional vulnerabilit...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents empirical evidence on the deprivation costs of the 2001-2002 Argentinean crisis. The selected approach is multidimensional and focuses on four aspects of quality of life: labor, assets, education and income. These dimensions are constructed by multivariate data reduction techniques and then aggregated using the Bourguignon and C...
Article
This paper studies quality of life in urban neighborhoods in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area. First, hedonic price regressions for residential prices are augmented with neighborhood characteristics, based on a real estate database with indicators on each property’s distance to public facilities and amenities, and on a smaller survey with greater...
Article
Full-text available
La pobreza multidimensional es un tópico que ha recibido gradualmente mayor atención dentro la literatura distributiva. Esta disciplina ampliada cuenta con escasa investigación en América Latina y el Caribe. El propósito exploratorio de este trabajo consiste en definir operativamente el concepto, realizar un análisis de su asociación con la pobreza...
Article
Full-text available
Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) provide income to the poor in an effort to improve current welfare and promote investment in human and social capital to prevent future deprivation. So far, the impact evaluation literature has focused on estimating current effects on outcomes such as school attendance, consumption and labor supply. However, these...

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Project (1)
Project
We study whether Honduran children exposed to a conditional cash transfer report lasting effects on human capital and labor market outcomes in early adulthood. While the government randomized transfers by municipalities, the control group was ultimately contaminated due to political reasons. Despite contamination, this program provides an opportunity to test an unanswered question: how does differential exposure to demand, supply, or both incentives for education impact long-run outcomes? Using municipal-level panel data, effects are estimated by difference-in-differences. We find that the form of delivering cash transfers affects the degree to which these programs achieve their long-term goal of reducing poverty. Relative to comparison municipalities who received three years of demand-side support, separate exposure to demand or supply-side incentives has no lasting impact. Joint exposure to both incentives leads to higher schooling and greater labor market attachment, especially for women. These differences are significant and robust to multiple hypothesis adjustments.