Andres Díez-Herrero

Andres Díez-Herrero
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España | IGME

PhD Geology. MSc Hydrology
Scientific Research Professor

About

384
Publications
137,413
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,444
Citations
Introduction
Scientific Research Professor in the Geological Survey of Spain (Natural Hazards Division). Former, Lecturer on Geology and Hydrology at the UEM, USEK, UCLM and Stanford Universities. Research themes: Flood hazard and risk analysis using geological and geomorphological methodologies, such as palaeohydrology and dendrogeomorphology; application to landscape and urban planning and civil protection plans. See detailed information in www.andresdiezherrero.es (in Spanish)
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - December 2018
Stanford University
Position
  • Lecturer
May 2005 - April 2020
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Geological Survey of Spain
November 2001 - May 2005
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
January 1995 - June 1995
September 1991 - November 2001
Complutense University of Madrid
Field of study
  • Fluvial Hydrology and Geomorphology
September 1986 - June 1991
Complutense University of Madrid
Field of study
  • Earth Sciences

Publications

Publications (384)
Chapter
The estimation of rare, large magnitude floods is problematic due to short gauging station records and their limited spatial distribution. The instrumental record can be lengthened by hundreds or thousands of years by estimating discharges of past floods using geological and botanical evidence (palaeostage indicators) left by flood waters. In the f...
Article
Over the last forty years, applying dendrogeomorphology to palaeoflood analysis has improved estimates of the frequency and magnitude of past floods worldwide. This paper reviews the main results obtained by applying dendrogeomorphology to flood research in several case studies in Central Spain. These dendrogeomorphological studies focused on the f...
Article
Dendrogeomorphology uses information sources recorded in the roots, trunks and branches of trees and bushes located in the fluvial system to complement (or sometimes even replace) systematic and palaeohydrological records of past floods. The application of dendrogeomorphic data sources and methods to palaeoflood analysis over nearly 40 years has al...
Article
Full-text available
El análisis y la gestión del riesgo por avenidas e inundaciones precisan nuevas fuentes de datos, complementarias y alternativas a las tradicionales (hidrológicas, meteorológicas, histórico-documentales), que permitan extender el registro de eventos pasados para mejorar la estimación de la frecuencia y magnitud de eventos futuros. Entre estas fuent...
Conference Paper
Over the last three decades, more than a dozen sites with Pleistocene palaeoflood deposits in river valleys of the central Iberian Peninsula (basins of the Duero and Tagus rivers and their tributaries) have been located, described, dated and interpreted. Some palaeoflood sediments were deposited next to, or within, Neanderthal occupation sites and,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mountain rivers can convey significant amounts of coarse sediment (gravel, cobble), and large wood pieces; both recruited from river margins and valley slopes. The erosion, transport, and deposition of this material may endanger human infrastructures, such as bridge piles, canals, or weirs, notably increasing flood hazards and potential damages. Th...
Poster
Full-text available
The main objective of this research is to design an instrument to evaluate public attitudes towards several protection measures against possible urban flooding, concretely when Duero River passes through the city of Zamora (Spain). The study took place in three differentiated phases. In a first one, using the focus group technique, three groups of...
Poster
Full-text available
Presentación del proyecto RESCUhE en las I Jornadas Científico-Técnicas del CN IGME-CSIC
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The geoheritage and geodiversity of the national parks contribute, together with biodiversity, to make them protected natural areas that are unique in Spain, but also unique worldwide. Geoheritage is non-renewable and if it is lost or degraded it does so forever. Under the Global Change and Climate Change scenario, the geoheritage of the Canary nat...
Article
Full-text available
The volcanic eruption of La Palma, which began September 19th and officially ended on December 24th 2021, generated numerous volcanic products and structures (lava flows, tephra cones, pyroclasts, erratic blocks, mineral precipitates, levees, fissures, lava deltas, volcanic tubes, hornitos, etc.). The new volcano is the most modern Geosite of the S...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Guía breve del Geolodía 22 Segovia, que se desarrolla en esta edición en la localidad de Valseca, con recorridos por las tres geo-rutas de la localidad y con la visita al GeoMuseo
Chapter
No os tiréis piedras. Usadlas para la paz y el bienestar Las piedras, entendidas como fragmentos de rocas y minerales, han sido utilizadas por el ser humano como armas arrojadizas desde la Prehistoria (puntas de lanzas y flechas de industria lítica) hasta la actualidad (intifada palestina). También la transformación humana de esas piedras para ob...
Conference Paper
In this research we designed an instrument to evaluate public attitudes towards flood risk management measures applicable to urban flood prone areas. Using the focus group qualitative research technique, a total of 24 stakeholders organized in three groups discussed about these measures. Content analysis allowed us to identify main opinions and bel...
Article
Full-text available
Flood frequency analyses relay on different source of data, including botanical records. Among these, the potential of dendrogeomorphology for flash flood reconstruction in torrential river systems has already been demonstrated in the specialized literature; however, studies combining other approximation techniques such as lichenometry are comparat...
Chapter
Full-text available
The discovery of lithic and faunal remains in a small karstic rock shelter located in the outskirts of Segovia city in April 2012 marked the beginning of archaeological investigations that have revealed the presence of various karstic sites in the Eresma River valley. The chronology of these sites places the presence of Neanderthals in this area of...
Book
Full-text available
“A todo riesgo. Convivir con los desastres geológicos cotidianos en Segovia” es una obra de divulgación científico-técnica que recopila los contenidos prácticos de la excursión homónima que se viene desarrollando ininterrumpidamente en la ciudad de Segovia desde 2007 en el marco de la Semana de la Ciencia, lo que la convierte en la actividad decana...
Article
Full-text available
The accurate estimation of flood risk depends on, among other factors, a correct delineation of the floodable area and its associated hydrodynamic parameters. This characterization becomes fundamental in the flood hazard analyses that are carried out in urban areas. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to have a correct characterization of th...
Article
Full-text available
Tipping bucket rain gauges (TBR) are widely used worldwide because they are simple, cheap, and have low-energy consumption. However, their main disadvantage lies in measurement errors, such as those caused by rainfall intensity (RI) variation, which results in data underestimation , especially during extreme rainfall events. This work aims to under...
Article
Flood maps group different types of cartographies related to flooding and the components and variables of flood risk and its mitigation measures. This paper analyses the most important facts in the development of flood mapping in Spain and assesses the current. While 60/2007 EU Directive has been an important step for mapping risk, future developme...
Article
Full-text available
Featured Application: The present manuscript shows an easy and achievable approach to improving flood hazard maps by delimiting the uncertainty derived from flood frequency analysis, and how this propagates through to the hydrodynamic modelling results on which these map-pings are based. Abstract: All flood hazard and risk assessment suffer from a...
Article
Full-text available
The City Council of Segovia, as part of the Second Environmental Education Strategy of the Autonomous Region of Castile & Leon (Spain), together with the Geological Survey of Spain (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, IGME), has developed a research project to implement the management of urban geoheritage in the Department of the Environment, w...
Article
Full-text available
The Geosite of Jarama VI is a rock shelter containing a lithostratigraphic sequence formed by five Upper Pleistocene sedimentary units, three of wich present archaeological remains of the Middle Palaeolithic with an age older than 50 ka BP. A bone of Homo neanderthalensis has been found in one of those units. In order to preserve all the analogical...
Chapter
Most of the deaths and economic losses resulting from natural disasters that have occurred in Spain have been brought about by floods. The adequate management of flood risks is, therefore, a critical aspect as regards improving the quality of life of populations living in flood risk areas. Local communities’ social resilience to floods is directly...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen: Las técnicas dendrocronológicas pueden aportar, además de la caracterización y data-ción de elementos patrimoniales, otra información de utilidad en la conservación preventiva del patrimonio cultural. Este trabajo se centra en la utilización de estas técnicas dendrocronológicas en diversos proyectos de investigación en los que, combinadas...
Chapter
Full-text available
En el presente estudio se recopilan todos los restos de actividad minera histórica, de especial importancia patrimonial, localizados en el término municipal de El Espinar (sector suroccidental de la provincia de Segovia, Castilla y León). La minería en este municipio ha sido de especial importancia desde, al menos, época romana; pero no es hasta me...
Book
La Sierra de Guadarrama, enclavada en el Sistema Central, forma parte de la división natural entre las mesetas norte y sur. Las rocas que forman el substrato del Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama, sufrieron procesos de deformación y metamorfismo hacia finales del Paleozoico en el proceso tectónico que condujo a la formación de una gran cor...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente artículo se muestran las actividades didácticas realizadas en torno a la geología de los paisajes de meseta interior y los recursos educativos generados en las últimas tres décadas y media en la provincia de Segovia. Se proponen sencillas actividades prácticas y talleres fácilmente reproducibles en otros ámbitos territoriales y útile...
Chapter
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en presentar el potencial que el análisis de la percepción psicosocial tiene para el diseño de estrategias de gestión y comunicación del riesgo de inundaciones. Para ello, en primer lugar, se realiza una exposición teórica de los principales procesos psicológicos implicados en la evaluación del riesgo de inundac...
Book
Full-text available
Alguna vez te has planteado qué pasó antes de la Prehistoria que nos contaban en el colegio? ¿Quieres saber qué es lo más antiguo que hay en la provincia de Segovia? Descubre cómo Segovia estuvo cubierta por mares tropicales como el actual Caribe, con sus arrecifes y tiburones; asómbrate sabiendo que formó parte de una cadena de montañas más alta q...
Article
Full-text available
The present Special Issue brought together recent research findings in Flood Risk Assessments (FRA) and contains contributions on advanced techniques and real cases where FRA have been carried out. The 16 research contributions highlight various processes and related topics where FRA have been applied and the main benefits and improved knowledge de...
Article
Full-text available
Studies looking at flood risk analysis and assessment (FRA) reviews are not customary, and they usually approach to methodological and spatial scale issues, uncertainty, mapping or economic damage topics. However, most of these reviews provide a snapshot of the scientific state of the art of FRA that shows only a partial view, focused on a limited...
Cover Page
Full-text available
The Flood Hazard and Risk Science has undergone a revolution over the last decade driven by the dramatically growing capabilities for monitoring and modelling Earth processes. Data are increasingly available from the extensive use of unmanned aerial vehicles equipped with diferent sensors, ground based imagery, the development of active remote-sens...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Precipitation measurement has always been of human interest. Its estimation can guide the decisions concerning flooding prevention and irrigation scheduling in semi-arid regions. Nowadays, manufactures offer several types of rain gauges. Among them, the tipping-bucket rain gauges (TBRs) is the most frequently used worldwide to collect rainfall data...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN Los sistemas habituales de geoindicadores no son adecuados para su aplicación en geconservación porque están diseñados para identificar cambios en los sistemas geológicos pero no para evaluar su significado en términos de protección ni las necesidades de gestión del lugar. A partir de esta conclusión, se reflexiona acerca de las característ...
Article
Full-text available
The sensitive mountain catchment of Portainé (Eastern Pyrenees, Iberian Peninsula) has recently experienced a significant change in its torrential dynamics due to human disturbances. The emplacement of a ski resort at the headwaters led to the surpassing of a geomorphological threshold, with important consequences during flood events. Consequently,...
Article
Full-text available
Floods, at present, may constitute the natural phenomenon with the greatest impact on the deterioration of cultural heritage, which is the reason why the study of flood risk becomes essential in any attempt to manage cultural heritage (archaeological sites, historic buildings, artworks, etc.) This management of cultural heritage is complicated when...
Article
Full-text available
Flash floods are unexpected events, which evolve rapidly and affect relatively small areas. The short time available for minimising risks requires preparedness and active response. In this context of risk management, the flood risk perception of the local population is the first step towards achieving resilience of people and communities. Although...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los sistemas habituales de geoindicadores no son adecuados para su aplicación en geconservación porque están diseñados para identificar cambios en los sistemas geológicos pero no para evaluar su significado en términos de protección ni las necesidades de gestión del lugar. A partir de esta conclusión, se reflexiona acerca de las características que...