Andrés M. Cuervo

Andrés M. Cuervo
National University of Colombia | UNAL · Instituto de Ciencias Naturales

PhD

About

102
Publications
51,395
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2,277
Citations
Introduction
Andrés M. Cuervo currently works as Assistant Professor and Curator of Birds at the Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Andrés does research in Biogeography, Evolutionary Biology and Systematics (Taxonomy). Email: amcuervom [at] unal.edu.co
Additional affiliations
August 2006 - August 2013
Louisiana State University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Museum of Natural Science (LSUMNS) - http://www.museum.lsu.edu/cuervo.html
August 2005 - January 2006
University of Antioquia
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Ornithology
January 2003 - August 2005
University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras
Position
  • Student

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
Since the recognition that allopatric speciation can be induced by large-scale reconfigurations of the landscape that isolate formerly continuous populations, such as the separation of continents by plate tectonics, the uplift of mountains or the formation of large rivers, landscape change has been viewed as a primary driver of biological diversifi...
Article
Full-text available
Geographic variation in vocalizations, morphology and plumage patterns in New World flycatchers is little understood, particularly in rare species with disjunct distributions. We discovered a distinct new flycatcher of the genus Myiopagis from cloud forests of the northern Central Andes in Antioquia, Colombia. Comparisons of vocalizations and exter...
Article
Full-text available
Populations in the Rufous Antpitta (Grallaria rufula) complex occupy humid montane forests of the Andes from northern Colombia and adjacent Venezuela to central Bolivia. Their tawny to cinnamon-colored plumages are generally uniform, featuring subtle variation in hue and saturation across this range. In contrast to their conservative plumage, subst...
Article
Diversity does not drive speciation The role of the environment in the origin of new species has long been debated. Harvey et al. examined the evolutionary history and species diversity of suboscine birds in the tropics (see the Perspective by Morlon). Contrary to expectations that the tropics have higher rates of speciation, the authors observed t...
Article
The taxonomy of the T. nudigenis complex has historically been challenging due to the uniformity in plumage among taxa, poorly known vocal variation, and allopatric distributions. Recent phylogenetic analyses have contributed to understanding relationships within the genus; however, much remains to be learned about the extent of phenotypic and gene...
Article
Full-text available
Gustavo Kattan fue un científico visionario que soñó con repetir expediciones ornitológicas en las localidades históricas del Museo Americano de Historia Natural en Colombia, para estudiar los cambios en las aves del país como respuesta a cambios ambientales y en el paisaje, y así contribuir a su conservación. Construyendo sobre el trabajo de Gusta...
Article
Studying processes acting on differentiated populations upon secondary contact, such as hybridization, is important to comprehensively understand how species are formed and maintained over time. However, avian speciation studies in the tropical Andes have largely focused on the role of topographic and ecological barriers promoting divergence in all...
Article
Full-text available
The Grallaria rufula complex is currently considered to consist of 2 species, G. rufula (Rufous Antpitta) and G. blakei (Chestnut Antpitta). However, it has been suggested that the complex, populations of which occur in humid montane forests from Venezuela to Bolivia, comprises a suite of vocally distinct yet morphologically cryptic species. We seq...
Article
Full-text available
Describimos la composición de especies de aves del Parque Nacional Natural (PNN) Chingaza y su zona de amortiguación, a partir de la revisión de 10 estudios ornitológicos, trabajo de campo entre 2008–2017 y la expedición Colombia Bio en 2018. Reportarmos para el PNN Chingaza y su zona de amortiguación un total de 531 especies, agrupadas en 339 géne...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the phylogeny, biogeography, and diversification of suboscine passerines in the genus Scytalopus (Rhinocryptidae), a widespread, species-rich, and taxonomically challenging group of Neotropical birds. We analyzed nuclear (exons, regions flanking ultraconserved elements) and mitochondrial (ND2) DNA sequence data for a taxonomically and ge...
Chapter
Full-text available
RESUMEN Para la avifauna de la serranía de Perijá se obtuvieron registros de 495 especies, de 300 géneros, 59 familias y 19 órdenes. Las familias con mayor número de especies fueron Tyran-nidae (63), Thraupidae (47) y Trochilidae (42); mientras que los géneros más ricos fueron Tangara (12), Turdus (9), Sporophila (7) y Setophaga (6). En la región d...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological speciation can proceed despite genetic interchange when selection counteracts the homogenizing effects of migration. We tested predictions of this divergence-with-gene-flow model in Coeligena helianthea and C. bonapartei, 2 parapatric Andean hummingbirds with marked plumage divergence. We sequenced putatively neutral markers (mitochondri...
Preprint
Full-text available
We studied the phylogeny, biogeography and diversification of suboscine birds in the genus Scytalopus (Rhinocryptidae), a widespread, speciose, and taxonomically challenging group of Neotropical birds. We analyzed nuclear (exons, regions flanking ultraconserved elements) and mitochondrial (ND2) DNA sequence data for a taxonomically and geographical...
Article
Full-text available
Avian diversification has been influenced by global climate change, plate tectonic movements, and mass extinction events. However, the impact of these factors on the diversification of the hyperdiverse perching birds (passerines) is unclear because family level relationships are unresolved and the timing of splitting events among lineages is uncert...
Article
Full-text available
Phylogeographical analyses provide information about the role of evolutionary processes underlying species diversity of the Neotropical montains. We used mitochondrial DNA sequence data for the Henicorhina leucophrys complex (Aves: Troglodytidae) from Mexico to Bolivia to describe population structure, infer relationships and divergence times among...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim: Employ phylogeographic analyses of a widespread species complex to examine the role of historical and evolutionary processes in the origin and maintenance of high species diversity in the Neotropical montane region. Location: Neotropical highlands. Taxon: Henicorhina wood-wrens (Aves, Troglodytidae). Methods: We collected mtDNA sequence data f...
Article
Full-text available
The selection of species and individuals for molecular analyses critically affects inferences in various fields of systematic biology including phylogenetics, phylogeography, and species delimitation. Especially in areas like the Neotropical region where molecular analyses have recovered substantial within-species divergence and unexpected affiniti...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the phylogeography and plumage variation of the Russet-crowned Warbler (Myiothlypis coronata), from Venezuela to Bolivia, with focus on populations from Ecuador and northern Peru. We analyzed sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, geographic distributions, as well as photographs of specimens deposited at museum collections. Phylog...
Data
Samples included in the phylogenetic and plumage analyses of Myiothlypis coronata. COP, Colección Ornitológica Phelps; IAvH, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt; ICN, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales; ANDES, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad de Los Andes; QCAZ, Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador; MZUTI, Museo de Zoologí...
Data
Migrants per generation. Posterior probability distribution of the number of migrants per generation between adjacent lineages of Myiothlypis coronata. (PDF)
Data
Plumage variation of Myiothlypis coronata across Ecuador and northern Peru. M. c. elata: A. QCAZ 2298 (Carchi); B. QCAZ 4507 (Pichincha); C. QCAZ 4244 (Molleturo, Azuay); D. QCAZ 4111 (Cruspampa, Azuay). M. c. orientalis: E. QCAZ 3302 (Sumaco volcano, Napo); F. MECN 6556 (Mirador, Napo); G. MECN 4577 (Cordillera de los Huacamayos, Napo); H. MECN 45...
Article
Full-text available
The Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus) is widely distributed within the tropical Andes of South America. We analyzed 73 study specimens, 25 vouchered tissue samples, and 123 audio recordings to assess geographic variation in genetics, vocalizations, and morphology and evaluate species limits. We found that Grallaricula ferrugin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ecological speciation can proceed despite genetic interchange when selection counteracts homogeneizing effects of migration. We tested predictions of this divergence-with-gene-flow model in Coeligena helianthea and C. bonapartei , two parapatric Andean hummigbirds with marked plumage divergence. We sequenced neutral markers (mtDNA and nuclear ultra...
Article
Full-text available
We infer phylogenetic relationships, divergence times, and the diversification history of the avian Neotropical antpitta genera Hylopezus and Myrmothera (Grallariidae), based on sequence data (3139 base pairs) from two mitochondrial (ND2 and ND3) and three nuclear markers (TGFB2, MUSK and FGB-I5) from 142 individuals of the 12 currently recognized...
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomy and knowledge of the distribution of Colombian avifauna has undergone great changes since the publication of “A Guide to the Birds of Colombia” by Hilty & Brown (1986) to the extent that we are unaware of how many and which species inhabit the Colombian territory. Here, we present a checklist of the birds of Colombia updated to August...
Article
Full-text available
La taxonomía y conocimiento de la distribución de la avifauna colombiana ha sufrido grandes cambios desde la publicación de “A Guide to the Birds of Colombia” por Hilty & Brown (1986), a tal punto que hoy no se sabe con precisión cuántas y cuáles especies de aves existen en el territorio colombiano. Presentamos la lista de chequeo de la avifauna de...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2001073.].
Preprint
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The Bogota Sunangel ( Heliangelus zusii ) was described based on a historical specimen lacking locality data as a striking–and potentially extinct– new species of hummingbird more than two decades ago. However, it was considered a dubious taxon by some researchers until a molecular study with strong species-level taxon sampling revealed its phyloge...
Article
Full-text available
An implicit assumption of speciation biology is that population differentiation is an important stage of evolutionary diversification, but its significance as a rate-limiting control on phylogenetic speciation dynamics remains largely untested. If population differentiation within a species is related to its speciation rate over evolutionary time,...
Article
Full-text available
High tropical species diversity is often attributed to evolutionary dynamics over long timescales. It is possible, however, that latitudinal variation in diversification begins when divergence occurs within species. Phylogeographic data capture this initial stage of diversification in which populations become geographically isolated and begin to di...
Data
Histograms of null models comparing adjusted R2 values from randomized and empirical lineage loss indices. Red lines are empirical values and black lines are the 95% quantile threshold of the R2 values from models using randomized values. The x-axis shows R2 values for the predictor variable used in each univariate comparison. Additional model outp...
Data
Geographical coordinates for species used to produce sampling polygons. Ten latitude-longitude coordinates were compiled for each species from published records or georeferenced using descriptions of the sampling localities. For the lumped dataset some lineages within the lumped species had less than 10 samples. (PDF)
Data
Scatter plots with regression lines showing the relationship between sampling and various variables. On the y-axis of each plot is the proportion of range size sampled versus phylogeographic structure as determined by the number of bGMYC clusters using a 0.9 threshold (top left), absolute latitudinal midpoint (top right), range size km2 (bottom lef...
Data
Predictions of variable influence on phylogeographic metrics. The expected directionality of the correlation are shown: positive (+) or negative (-). N/A indicate there is no clear indication of how the variables will interact. (DOCX)
Data
Spreadsheet containing taxon list and morphological data. (XLSX)
Data
Spreadsheet containing R2 values from univariate null models. These data values were used to produce the histograms in S2–S5 Figs. (XLSX)
Data
Zip file containing mitochondrial DNA sequences alignments as nexus files for the species listed in S2 Table. (ZIP)
Data
Heat maps showing standard deviation for corresponding maps in Fig 4. Shown are crown (A) and stem (B) ages and mean crown (C) and stem (D) splitting rates, and lineage loss (E) standard deviation. Crown age is the time in which extant mtDNA haplotypes within each species coalesce. Stem age is the time of when the mtDNA haplotypes coalesce with the...
Data
Histograms of null models comparing adjusted R2 values from randomized and empirical phylogeographic structure values. Red lines are empirical values and black lines are the 95% quantile threshold of the R2 values from models using randomized values. The x-axis shows R2 values for the predictor variable used in each univariate comparison. Additiona...
Data
Histograms of null models comparing adjusted R2 values from randomized and empirical stem splitting rates. Red lines are empirical values and black lines are the 95% quantile threshold of the R2 values from models using randomized values. The x-axis shows R2 values for the predictor variable used in each univariate comparison. Additional model outp...
Data
Histograms of null models comparing adjusted R2 values from randomized and empirical crown splitting rates. Red lines are empirical values and black lines are the 95% quantile threshold of the R2 values from models using randomized values. The x-axis shows R2 values for the predictor variable used in each univariate comparison. Additional model out...
Data
Text file containing latitude and longitude coordinates mined from eBird. These coordinates were used to extract environmental data for each species. (TXT)
Data
Output from principal components analysis of 19 climatic variables. Shown are factor loadings, eigenvalues, and the percentage of the variation explained for each of the first four PC axes. (DOCX)
Data
Spreadsheet containing taxon list and species data values. (XLSX)
Data
Spreadsheet containing PGLS models and output. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Phylogeographic analyses have hypothesized that Sclerurus (Furnariidae) populations of the rufous-throated clade (S. rufigularis and S. mexicanus sensu lato) have a long history of evolutionary isolation, particularly within the S. mexicanus complex (Tawny-throated Leaftosser). Although it has long been recognized that S. mexicanus should be split...
Preprint
Although an implicit assumption of speciation biology is that population differentiation is an important stage of evolutionary diversification, its true significance remains largely untested. If population differentiation within a species is related to its speciation rate over evolutionary time, the causes of differentiation could also be driving d...
Article
Simultaneous examination of evolutionary history in island forms and closely related mainland relatives can provide reciprocal insight into the evolution of island and mainland faunas. The Cocos Flycatcher (Nesotriccus ridgwayi) is a small tyrant flycatcher (Tyrannidae) endemic to Cocos Island, an oceanic island in the eastern Pacific Ocean. We fir...
Article
Full-text available
In the Andes, humid-forest organisms frequently exhibit pronounced genetic structure and geographic variation in phenotype, often coincident with physical barriers to dispersal. However, phylogenetic relationships of clades have often been difficult to resolve due to short internodes. Consequently, even in taxa with well-defined genetic structure,...
Article
Full-text available
We describe Scytalopus perijanus (Perijá Tapaculo), a new species in the family Rhinocryptidae (suborder Tyranni) found in humid montane and elfin forests (1,600–3,225 m elevation) in the Serranía de Perijá of Colombia and Venezuela. Although specimens of this taxon have been available in museums since 1941, they were not carefully studied and were...
Article
Full-text available
In a previous study, we presented evidence that the Henicorhina wood-wren inhabiting the upper slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, H. anachoreta, merits status as a species distinct from the lower �levation taxon, H. bangsi, based on genetic and phenotypic evidence as well as differences in song. Moreover, in a narrow zone of sympatry we...
Article
Full-text available
Serranía de Perijá is the northernmost projection of the Andes. Although it has a distinct orogenic history from the adjacent ranges of northern South America, Perijá has received little biological research and conservation attention, particularly on the Colombian side. The avifauna of Serranía de Perijá remains understudied and its populations are...
Article
Full-text available
AimTo assess geographical and temporal patterns of diversification in Metallura hummingbirds, particularly with respect to topographical barriers and climatic variation between different populations.LocationTropical Andes.Methods We estimated a multilocus phylogeny for all nine species of Metallura and evaluated phylogeographical patterns within Me...