# Andrei KhrennikovLinnaeus University | lnu · Faculty of Technology

Andrei Khrennikov

PhD, ``kandidate'' of physics-mathematics, Moscow State University, 1983; Doctor of physics-mathematics, Steklov Mathematical Institute of Soviet Academy of Science, 1989

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1,138

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Citations since 2016

## Publications

Publications (1,138)

This is a short version of the article
Basieva, I., and Khrennikov, A. (2022). Conditional probability framework for entanglement and its decoupling from tensor product structure. arXiv:2205.11510; 2022 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 55, 395302.

This is the brief review on quantum-like modeling, quantum probability versus classical probability in cognition, psychology, decision making, and artificial intelligence. We describe the problems induced by using classical probability (CP) for mathematical formalization of decision making—paradoxes and probability fallacies. These problems are rel...

This is a review devoted to the complementarity–contextuality interplay with connection to the Bell inequalities. Starting the discussion with complementarity, I point to contextuality as its seed. Bohr contextuality is the dependence of an observable’s outcome on the experimental context; on the system–apparatus interaction. Probabilistically, com...

The aim of this paper is to promote quantum logic as one of the basic tools for analyzing human reasoning. We compare it with classical (Boolean) logic and highlight the role of violation of the distributive law for conjunction and disjunction. It is well known that nondistributivity is equivalent to incompatibility of logical variables -- the impo...

Our aim is to make a step towards clariﬁcation of foundations for the notion of entanglement (both physical and mathematical) by representing it in the conditional probability framework. In Schrödinger’s words, this is entanglement of knowledge which can be extracted via conditional measurements. In particular, quantum probabilities are interpreted...

This is a review devoted to the complementarity-contextuality interplay with connection to the Bell inequalities. Starting discussion with complementarity, we point out to contextuality as its seed. {\it Bohr-contextuality} is dependence of observable's outcome on the experimental context, on system-apparatus interaction. Probabilistically, complem...

Quantum mechanics (QM) is derived based on a universe composed solely of events, for example, outcomes of observables. Such an event universe is represented by a dendrogram (a finite tree) and in the limit of infinitely many events by the p-adic tree. The trees are endowed with an ultrametric expressing hierarchical relationships between events. Al...

This is the short version of my resent studies on social Fröhlich condensation and it role in establishing societal stability.

This a review of on quantum-like modeling of cognition, decision making, and social processes

Applications of the mathematical apparatus of quantum theory to decision making, economics, and finances should be accommodated with the foundations of this theory. Quantum nonlocality (spooky action at a distance) is one of the most exiting features of modern quantum theory. This is one of the main challenges in justification of applications of th...

Recently we started the development of Dendrographic Hologram Theory (DH-theory). It is based on the novel mathematical representation of the relational event universe (in the spirit of Smolin et al.). Elementary events are represented by branches of dendrograms, finite trees that are generated from data with clustering algorithms. In this context,...

Our aim is to make a step towards clarification of foundations for the notion of entanglement (both physical and mathematical) by representing it in the conditional probability framework. In Schr\"odinger's words, this is entanglement of knowledge which can be extracted via conditional measurements. In particular, quantum probabilities are interpre...

In this work we suggest a novel paradigm of social laser (solaser), which can explain such Internet inspired social phenomena as echo chambers, reinforcement and growth of information cascades, enhancement of social actions under strong mass media operation. The solaser is based on a well-known in quantum physics laser model of coherent amplificati...

An intuition of ambivalence in cognition is particularly strong for complex decisions, for which the merits and demerits of different options are roughly equal but hard to compare. We examined information search in an experimental paradigm which tasked participants with an ambivalent question, while monitoring attentional dynamics concerning the in...

These are very simple (may be even primitive) notes on quantum-like modeling, practically without mathematical formulas.

Recently we started the development of Holographic Dendrogramic Theory (DH-theory). It is based on the novel mathematical representation of the relational event universe (in the spirit of (Smolin, Barbour, Rovelli). Elementary events are represented by branches of dendrograms, finite trees, which are generated from data with clustering algorithms....

Purpose
This paper aims to present the basic assumptions for creation of social Fröhlich condensate and attract attention of other researchers (both from physics and socio-political science) to the problem of modeling of stability and order preservation in highly energetic society coupled with social energy bath of high temperature.
Design/methodo...

Recently quantum probability theory started to be actively used in studies of human decision-making, in particular for the resolution of paradoxes (such as the Allais, Ellsberg, and Machina paradoxes). Previous studies were based on a cognitive metaphor of the quantum double-slit experiment—the basic quantum interference experiment. In this paper,...

Nowadays, contextuality is the hottest topic of quantum foundations and, especially, foundations of quantum information theory. This notion is characterized by the huge diversity of approaches and interpretations. One of the strongest trends in contextual research is to identify contextuality with Bell test contextuality (BTC). In this paper, we cr...

Following Smolin, we proceed to unification of general relativity and quantum theory by operating solely with events, i.e., without appealing to physical systems and space-time. The universe is modelled as a dendrogram (finite tree) expressing the hierarchic relations between events. This is the observational (epistemic) model; the ontic model is b...

Closed timelike curves (CTCs), non-intuitive theoretical solutions of general relativity field equations can be modelled in quantum mechanics in a way, known as Deutsch-CTCs, to circumvent one of their most paradoxical implications, namely, the so-called grandfather paradox. An outstanding theoretical result of this model is the demonstration that...

This is a short introductory review on application of quantum probability (QP) in physics, cognitive studies, artificial intelligence, psychology, decision making, social and political sciences. We emphasize that QP is a contextual probability theory that is based on the quantum-like contextual paradigm: QP formalism can be used to model behavior n...

This is a short introductory review on quantum-like modeling of cognition with applications to decision-making and rationality. The aim of the review is twofold: (a) to present briefly the apparatus of quantum information and probability theory useful for such modeling; (b) to motivate applications of this apparatus in cognitive studies and artific...

This paper is a part of the volume devoted to Templeton foundation project "Matter and Consciousness". We present briefly Bohr's views and the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, with emphasizing the role of contextuality, complementarity, and free will. Then we turn to Quantum Bayesianism (QBism) as one of the quantum foundational flow...

Nowadays contextuality is the hotest topic of quantum foundations and, especially, foundations of quantum information theory. This notion is characterized by the huge diversity of approaches and interpretations. One of the strongest trends in contextual research is to identify contextuality with violation of the Bell inequalities. We call this sort...

Purpose: This paper aims to present the basic assumptions for creation of social Frohlich condensate and attract attention of other researchers (both from physics and socio-political science) to the problem of modelling of stability and order preservation in highly energetic society coupled with social energy bath of high temperature. Design method...

Stability of social and behavioural order in biological, ecological, and social systems is modelled within the formalism of the Fröhlich condensation. The latter is a high temperature analogue of the Bose-Einstein condensation and stability is approached via intensive pumping of energy into a system interacting with a bath. We start with the review...

Following Smolin, we proceed to unification of general relativity and quantum theory by operating solely with events, i.e., without appealing to physical systems and space-time. The universe is modelled as a dendrogram (finite tree) expressing the hierarchic relations between events. This is the observational (epistemic) model; the ontic model is b...

Purpose – This paper aims to present the basic assumptions for creation of social Fröhlich condensate and attract attention of other researchers (both from physics and socio-political science) to the problem of modelling of stability and order preservation in highly energetic society coupled with social energy bath of high temperature.
Design/metho...

This paper aims to present the basic assumptions for creation of social Fröhlich condensate and attract attention of other researchers (both from physics and socio-political science) to the problem of modelling of stability and order preservation in highly energetic society coupled with social energy bath of high temperature. The model of social Fr...

We start with the discussion on misapplication of classical probability theory by Feynman in his analysis of the two slit experiment (by following the critical argumentation of Koopman, Ballentine, and the author of this paper). The seed of Feynman’s conclusion on the impossibility to apply the classical probabilistic description for the two slit e...

No diagnostic or predictive instruments to help with early diagnosis and timely therapeutic intervention are available as yet for most neuro-psychiatric disorders. A quantum potential mean and variability score (qpmvs), to identify neuropsychiatric and neurocognitive disorders with high accuracy, based on routine EEG recordings, was developed. Info...

This paper is devoted to the foundational problems of dendrogramic holographic theory (DH theory). We used the ontic–epistemic (implicate–explicate order) methodology. The epistemic counterpart is based on the representation of data by dendrograms constructed with hierarchic clustering algorithms. The ontic universe is described as a p-adic tree; i...

We present a new mathematical model of disease spread reflecting some specialties of the covid-19 epidemic by elevating the role of hierarchic social clustering of population. The model can be used to explain slower approaching herd immunity, e.g., in Sweden, than it was predicted by a variety of other mathematical models and was expected by epidem...

In quantum physics, the notion of contextuality has a variety of interpretations, which are typically associated with the names of their inventors, say, Bohr, Bell, Kochen, Specker, and recently Dzhafarov. In fact, Bohr was the first who pointed to contextuality of quantum measurements as a part of formulation of his principle of complementarity. (...

Quantum measurement theory is applied to quantum-like modeling of coherent generation of perceptions and emotions and generally for emotional coloring of conscious experiences. In quantum theory, a system should be separated from an observer. The brain performs self-measurements. To model them, we split the brain into two subsystems, unconsciousnes...

We start with the discussion on misapplication of classical probability theory by Feynman in his analysis of the two slit experiment (by following the critical argumentation of Koopman, Ballentine, and the author of this paper). The seed of Feynman's conclusion on the impossibility to apply the classical probabilistic description for the two slit e...

We start with the discussion on misapplication of classical probability theory by Feynman in his analysis of the two slit experiment (by following the critical argumentation of Koopman, Ballentine, and the author of this paper). The seed of Feynman's conclusion on the impossibility to apply the classical probabilistic description for the two slit e...

We present a new mathematical model of disease spread reflecting some specialities of the covid-19 epidemic by elevating the role of hierarchic social clustering of population. The model can be used to explain slower approaching herd immunity, e.g., in Sweden, than it was predicted by a variety of other mathematical models and was expected by epide...

This paper is devoted to the foundational problems of dendrogramic holographic theory (DH-theory). We use the ontic-epistemic (implicate-explicate order) methodology. The epistemic counterpart is based on representation of data by dendrograms constructed with hierarchic clustering algorithms. The ontic Universe is described as the p-adic tree; it i...

In spite of numerous predictions, the natural herd immunity for covid-19 visru had not been approahed anywhere in the world. Thus, the traditional mathematical models of disease spread demonstrated their inability to describe adequately the covid-19 pandemic. In au-thor's works, the novel model of the disease spread was developed. This model reflec...

Ultrametric model of disease spread taking into account specialities of COVID-19 epidemic

In spite of numerous predictions, the natural herd immunity for covid-19 visru had not been approahed anywhere in the world. Thus, the traditional mathematical models of disease spread demonstrated their inability to describe adequately the covid-19 pandemic. In author's works, the novel model of the disease spread was developed. This model reflect...

Quantum measurement theory is applied to quantum-like modeling of coherent generation of perceptions and emotions and generally for emotional coloring of conscious experiences. In quantum theory, a system should be separated from an observer. The brain performs self-measurements. To model them, we split the brain into two subsystems, unconsciousnes...

This note is a part of my effort to rid quantum mechanics (QM) nonlocality. Quantum nonlocality is a two faced Janus: one face is a genuine quantum mechanical nonlocality (defined by the Lüders’ projection postulate). Another face is the nonlocality of the hidden variables model that was invented by Bell. This paper is devoted the deconstruction of...

A proposal for a fundamental theory is described in which classical and quantum physics as a representation of the universe as a gigantic dendrogram are unified. The latter is the explicate order structure corresponding to the purely number-theoretical implicate order structure given by p-adic numbers. This number field was zero-dimensional, totall...

The recent claim of Google to have brought forth a breakthrough in quantum computing represents a major impetus to further analyze the foundations for any claims of superiority regarding quantum algorithms. This note attempts to present a conceptual step in this direction. I start with a critical analysis of what is commonly referred to as entangle...

We present the mathematical model of cooperative functioning of unconscious and consciousness. The model is based on the theory of open quantum systems. Unconscious and consciousness are treated as bio-information systems. The latter plays the role a measurement apparatus for the former. States of both systems are represented in Hilbert spaces. Con...

This paper is our attempt, on the basis of physical theory, to bring more clarification on the question “What is life?” formulated in the well-known book of Schrödinger in 1944. According to Schrödinger, the main distinguishing feature of a biosystem’s functioning is the ability to preserve its order structure or, in mathematical terms, to prevent...

This is a short introductory review on quantum-like modeling of cognition with applications to decision making and rationality. The aim of the review is twofold: a) to present briefly the apparatus of quantum information and probability theory useful for such modeling; b) to motivate applications of this apparatus in cognitive studies and artifical...

In quantum physics, the notion of contextuality has a variety of interpretations which are typically associated with the names of their inventors, say Bohr, Bell, Kochen and Specker, and recently Dzhafarov. In fact, Bohr was the first who pointed to contextuality of quantum measurements as a part of formulation of his principle of complementarity....

The paper presents quantum model of subjective text perception based on binary cognitive distinctions corresponding to words of natural language. The result of perception is quantum cognitive state represented by vector in the qubit Hilbert space. Complex-valued structure of the quantum state space extends the standard vector-based approach to sema...

Bayesian inference offers an optimal means of processing environmental information and so an advantage in natural selection. We consider the apparent, recent trend in increasing dysfunctional disagreement in, for example, political debate. This is puzzling because Bayesian inference benefits from powerful convergence theorems, precluding dysfunctio...

This paper is our attempt on the basis of physical theory to bring more clarification on the question ``What is life?'' formulated in the well-known book of Schr\"odinger in 1944. According to Schr\"odinger, the main distinguishing feature of biosystem's functioning is the ability to preserve its order structure or, in the mathematical terms, to pr...

We continue to analyze basic constraints on the human decision making from the viewpoint of quantum measurement theory (QMT). As it has been found, the conventional QMT based on the projection postulate cannot account for the combination of the question order effect (QOE) and the response replicability effect (RRE). This was an alarming finding for...

We present a quantum mechanical (QM) analysis of Bell’s approach to quantum foundations based on his hidden-variable model. We claim and try to justify that the Bell model contradicts to the Heinsenberg’s uncertainty and Bohr’s complementarity principles. The aim of this note is to point to the physical seed of the aforementioned principles. This i...

Recently the quantum formalism and methodology started to be applied to modeling of information processing in biosystems, mainly to the process of decision making and psychological behavior (but some applications to microbiology and genetics are considered as well). Since a living system is fundamentally open (an isolated biosystem is dead), the th...

Our aim is to compare the fundamental notions of quantum physics - contextuality vs. incompatibility. One has to distinguish two different notions of contextuality, Bohr-contextuality and Bell-contextuality. The latter is defined operationally via violation of noncontextuality (Bell type) inequalities. This sort of contextuality will be compared wi...

This paper is our attempt on the basis of physical theory to bring more clarification on the question ``What is life?'' formulated in the well-known book of Schr\"odinger in 1944. According to Schr\"odinger, the main distinguishing feature of biosystem's functioning is the ability to preserve its order structure or, in the mathematical terms, to pr...

In this paper, with the help of a variant of Schauder fixed point theorem in the real Banach algebra together with the finite difference method (FDM), we take a brief look at the [Formula: see text]-adic analog of Richards’ equation derived by Khrennikov et al. [Application of [Formula: see text]-adic wavelets to model reaction–diffusion dynamics i...

We analyze the interrelation of quantum and classical entanglement. The latter notion is widely used in classical optic simulation of some quantum-like features of light. We criticize the common interpretation that “quantum nonlocality” is the basic factor differing quantum and classical realizations of entanglement. Instead, we point to the breakt...

We present the novel approach to mathematical modeling of information processes in biosystems. It explores the mathematical formalism and methodology of quantum theory, especially quantum measurement theory. This approach is known as quantum-like and it should be distinguished from study of genuine quantum physical processes in biosystems (quantum...

The principal objective of this article is a brief overview of the main parts of p-adic mathematics, which have already had valuable applications and may have a significant impact in the near future on the further development of some fields of theoretical and mathematical biology. In particular, we present the basics of ultrametrics, p-adic numbers...

We present the novel approach to mathematical modeling of information processes in biosystems. It explores the mathematical formalism and methodology of quantum theory, especially quantum measurement theory. This approach is known as {\it quantum-like} and it should be distinguished from study of genuine quantum physical processes in biosystems (qu...

We continue to analyze matching of some basic constraints on human's decision making with quantum theory of measurement. As was found, quantum measurement theory based on the projection postulate does not match with combination of the question order effect (QOE) and the response replicability effect (RRE). This was the alarm signal for quantum-like...

We present a mathematical model of disease (say a virus) spread taking into account 11 the hierarchic structure of social clusters in population. It describes the dependence of epidemic's 12 dynamics on the strength of barriers between clusters. These barriers are established by authorities 13 as preventing measures; partially they are based on exi...

We present a mathematical model of disease (say a virus) spread that takes into account the hierarchic structure of social clusters in a population. It describes the dependence of epidemic’s dynamics on the strength of barriers between clusters. These barriers are established by authorities as preventative measures; partially they are based on exis...

Recently theory of p-adic wavelets started to be actively used to study of the Cauchy problem for nonlinear pseudo-differential equations for functions depending on the real time and p-adic spatial variable. These mathematical studies were motivated by applications to problems of geophysics (fluids flows through capillary networks in porous disorde...

Recently people started to understand that applications of the mathematical formalism of quantum theory are not reduced to physics. Nowadays, this formalism is widely used outside of quantum physics, in particular, in cognition, psychology, decision making, information processing, especially information retrieval. The latter is very promising. The...

This note is a part of my efforts for getting rid of nonlocality from quantum mechanics (QM). Quantum nonlocality is two faced Janus, one face is apparent quantum mechanical nonlocality (assigned with projection postulate), another face is nonlocality of Bell's model with the hidden variables. This paper is directed against the latter. The main cas...

We present a new mathematical model of disease spread reflecting specialties of covid-19 epidemic by elevating the role
social clustering of population. The model can be used to explain slower approaching herd immunity in Sweden, than it was predicted by a variety of other mathematical models; see graphs Fig. 2. The hierarchic structure of social c...

We present a new mathematical model of disease spread reflecting specialties of covid-19 epidemic by elevating the role social clustering of population. The model can be used to explain slower approaching herd immunity in Sweden, than it was predicted by a variety of other mathematical models; see graphs Fig. \ref{GROWTH2}. The hierarchic structure...

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