Andreas Schmeling

Andreas Schmeling
Universitätsklinikum Münster | UKM · Institut für Rechtsmedizin

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117
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4,548
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
2099 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
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From volume 67 (1970) onwards, the journal appeared under the new bilingual title Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin—Journal of Legal Medicine. The editorial board was expanded and internationalised. From 1970 to 1990, 1416 articles were published in 36 volumes. 1036 articles were in German and 380 in English. The authors of 411 articles came from non-G...
Article
Full-text available
The interruption of the publication of the Deutsche Zeitschrift für die gesamte gerichtliche Medizin due to the war ended with volume 39 for the years 1948/1949. Until volume 66/1969, the journal appeared unchanged under the historical title. The 912 publications contained in the 28 volumes of these two decades cover topics from the main fields of...
Article
Zusammenfassung Bei immer mehr ausländischen Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen ohne gültige Ausweispapiere wird bei vermutlich falschen Altersangaben eine forensische Altersdiagnostik angefordert. In diesem Beitrag werden Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der bildgebenden Verfahren bei lebenden Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen dargestellt.
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Es sollte die Methode von Roberts et al. aus dem Jahr 2016 zum Nachweis der Vollendung des 18. Lebensjahres überprüft werden. Dazu wurden 603 Orthopantomogramme (OPG) von 300 Frauen und 303 Männern im Alter von 16,01 bis 25,99 Jahren von 3 Untersuchern ausgewertet, wobei ein Hauptuntersucher alle OPGs zweimal begutachtet hat. Durch...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of secondary dentin formation is generally suitable for age assessment. We investigated the potential of modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to visualize the dental pulp in direct comparison with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). To this end, we examined 32 extracted human teeth (teeth 11-48 [FDI]) using 9.4-T ultrasho...
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Zusammenfassung Die forensische Altersdiagnostik kann ein entscheidendes Instrument zur Durchführung rechtstaatlicher Verfahren sein. Bei der Altersdiagnostik wird die Entwicklung von Skelett- und Zahnmerkmalen einer zu begutachtenden Person mit Daten von Referenzpopulationen verglichen. Als möglicher Einflussfaktor auf die Altersdiagnose ist der s...
Article
Full-text available
Dental methods are an important element of forensic age assessment of living persons. After the development of all the teeth, including third molars, is completed, degenerative characteristics can be used to assess age. The radiologically detectable reduction of the dental pulp cavity has been described as such a feature. We investigated the suitab...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic age assessment of living individuals, developmental stages of skeletal maturation and tooth mineralization are examined and compared with a reference population. It is of interest which factors can affect the development of these features. We investigated the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the developmental stages of the medial epip...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to test whether a new stage classification based on radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in lower third molars in a Chinese population can be used for the 18- and 21-year thresholds. A total of 1300 orthopantomograms, including equal numbers of northern Chinese males and females evenly distributed...
Article
In der Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist das Leichenschauwesen durch landesrechtliche Bestimmungen geregelt. Um die Durchführung der Leichenschau deutschlandweit weitestgehend zu standardisieren, erarbeitete die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Rechtsmedizin die S1-Leitlinie „Regeln zur Durchführung der ärztlichen Leichenschau“. Die aktuelle Version dieser L...
Article
Degenerative dental changes can be closely related to chronological age. In 2012 Olze et al. proposed that several criteria, which were first presented by Gustafson for extracted teeth, can also be applied to orthopantomograms. The present study aimed to verify whether secondary dentin formation, periodontal recession, attrition, and cementum appos...
Article
Zahnärztliche Methoden sind Bestandteil der Empfehlungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Forensische Altersdiagnostik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rechtsmedizin zur Altersdiagnostik bei lebenden Personen. Ist die Zahnentwicklung abgeschlossen, so können degenerative Zahnmerkmale beurteilt werden. Ein zur Altersdiagnostik geeignetes Merkmal stellen di...
Article
Full-text available
Within medical age assessment practice, the indicator “medial clavicular ossification” constitutes crucial evidence capable of excluding age minority “beyond reasonable doubt” concerning age-disputed individuals doubtfully claiming children’s rights during legal procedures. Yet, one of its characteristics affects the morphological variability inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Regressive dental changes appear to be suitable for age assessment in living adults. In 2012, Olze et al. showed that several criteria presented by Gustafson for extracted teeth can also be applied to orthopantomograms. The objective of this study was to test the applicability and reliability of this method in a Chinese population. For this purpose...
Article
Bei immer mehr ausländischen Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen ohne gültige Ausweispapiere wird bei vermutlich falschen Altersangaben eine forensische Altersdiagnostik angefordert. In diesem Beitrag werden Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der bildgebenden Verfahren bei lebenden Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen dargestellt.
Article
According to the acknowledged recommendations of the multidisciplinary “Study Group on Forensic Age Diagnostics,” the indicator “medial clavicular ossification” carries the potential of delivering decisive evidence to proof age majority “beyond reasonable doubt” regarding age-disputed individuals within legal procedures. Yet, sternoclavicular thin-...
Technical Report
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An important aspect of the reception of unaccompanied children in migration is the question of their age. As these young people frequently arrive without reliable documents, their age might be called into question. This puts into focus age assessment, the attempt by authorities to estimate the (chronological) age of a person, in the absence of reli...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic medicine and many other fields, age estimation by the use of teeth is of great importance for the purpose of individual identification. In the past, however, age estimation based on the second molar mineralization was scarcely performed. In this study, a total of 1657 panoramic radiographs taken from 834 males and 823 females of norther...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to explore the potential application of radiographic visibility of the root pulp in lower third molars in a northern Chinese population, in order to determine if this methodology can be used to prove whether a person has surpassed the thresholds of 18 and 21 years of age. A total of 1300 orthopantomograms compri...
Article
Purpose: To explore the possibility of determining majority via a morphology-based examination of the epiphyseal-diaphyseal fusion by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a prospective cross-sectional study developing and applying a new stage classification was conducted. Materials and methods: 344 male and 350 female volunteers of German nat...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present research is to study the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in third molars from a northern Chinese population to determine if this methodology could be used for the 18-year threshold. A total of 1300 conventional orthopantomograms from 650 males and 650 females of northern Chinese subjects aged between 1...
Article
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In the past, numerous studies have documented the possibility of intraindividual differing appearances of the paired age-marker “medial clavicular ossification” in borderline adults. However, the extent of the divergences is rarely mentioned. Against that the article describes this phenomenon from a large sample of 2595 male persons by means of thi...
Article
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Determining the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis by computed tomography represents the currently recommended methodology for the question of whether a living individual has completed the 18th or 21st year of life. In the present study, thin-slice CT scans of 1078 sternoclavicular joints were reconstructed in axial and coronal i...
Article
Objectives: To clarify the relevance of the bony fusion of the distal femoral and the proximal tibial epiphyses by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a prospective cross-sectional cohort study was performed with a special focus on a reliable determination of the 14th, 16th and 18th years of life. Methods: We scanned 658 German volunteers...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic age estimations of living individuals, computed tomography of the clavicle is widely used for determining the age of majority. To this end, the degree of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis can be determined by means of two classification systems complementing each other: a 5-stage system and an additional 6-stage system tha...
Article
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To maintain the principle of sporting fairness and to protect the health of athletes, it is essential that age limits for youth sporting competitions are complied with. Forensic scientists have developed validated procedures for age estimation in living individuals. Methods have also been published for age estimation in competitive sports. These me...
Article
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A pedestrian was killed in a road traffic accident by collision with a car coming from the right. The victim’s right femur was observed to have sustained a wedge-shaped fracture with biconcave side edges (so-called Messerer fracture), with the apex of the wedge pointing in the direction opposite to the direction of travel of the car. The absence of...
Article
Background: Forensic age estimation is requested by courts and other government authorities so that immigrants whose real age is unknown should not suffer unfair disadvantages because of their supposed age, and so that all legal procedures to which an individual's age is relevant can be properly followed. 157 age estimations were requested in Berl...
Article
Full-text available
The radiological investigation of the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis represents the crucial tool for assessing whether a living individual has completed the age of 18 years. However, exposure to radiation cannot always be accepted due to legal reasons and radiation-free methods still lack reference data or are not available....
Article
Full-text available
In order to increase the validity of age estimation in adolescents and young adults when there is no legitimation for X-ray examinations, it seems desirable to be able to assess the mineralization of third molars using X-ray-free imaging procedures. In the present study, the mineralization stages of lower third molars were determined prospectively...
Chapter
Aufgrund des Erfahrungsschatzes in der Erhebung, Protokollierung und Dokumentation von Verletzungsbefunden sind Rechtsmediziner seit altersher auch mit der Untersuchung Lebender nach rechtserheblichen Körperverletzungen befasst (Beweismittelsicherung am Lebenden), damit sich entsprechend erhobene Befunde und ihre Beurteilung im weiteren Verfahrensa...
Article
As superimposition effects often impede the evaluation of the ossification status of the medial clavicular epiphysis in standard posterior-anterior (PA) radiographs, additional oblique images (right anterior oblique, RAO, and left anterior oblique, LAO) are currently recommended to allow for reliable stage assessments. The present study examines th...
Article
Background: To guarantee equal chances for participants in U-20 football tournaments, it seems desirable to verify the ages given by players with questionable dates of birth. Objective: To study the potential use of 3.0 tesla MRI of the clavicle in estimating the ages of U-20 football players. Methods: The ossification stage of the medial clav...
Article
The establishment of radiation-free examination procedures in the field of forensic age diagnostics in living persons is to be considered of special scientific interest so as to minimize necessary exposure to X-rays while facilitating additional assessment of skeletal development in all cases. To this end, the advantages offered by magnetic resonan...
Article
Age assessment of living individuals represents a valuable tool in both forensic medicine and sports medicine. In soccer, age-related tournaments play an important role in guaranteeing equal chances to the competitors. However, age estimations in this field should not rely on imaging methods that include exposure to radiation. Therefore, the presen...
Article
To increase the reliability of forensic age estimations in living adolescents and young adults where there is no legitimation for X-ray examinations, it would be desirable to establish radiation-free imaging methods. In the present study, the ossification stage of the distal femoral epiphysis was determined retrospectively in 166 male and 124 femal...
Article
Radiation-free imaging procedures for the purposes of forensic age diagnosis are highly desirable, especially for children. With this in mind, the stage of ossification of the olecranon was prospectively determined in 309 male and 307 female healthy volunteers aged between 10 and 25 years, based on ultrasound. A four-stage classification system was...
Article
The clavicle plays an important role for forensic age estimation in living individuals, particularly with regard to the age of majority. The present prospective study aims to evaluate the age-dependent ossification process of the medial clavicular epiphysis in order to establish the clavicular sub-stages introduced in 2010 as well as the advantages...
Article
Computed tomography (CT) of the medial clavicular epiphysis has been well established in forensic age estimations of living individuals undergoing criminal proceedings. The present study examines the influence of the examiner's qualification on the determination of the clavicular ossification stage. Additionally, the most frequent sources of error...
Article
Fractures of the medial and basal orbital wall as well as the petrous part of the temporal bone were described first in 1980 by a Berlin-based study group led by Geserick as new cranium findings resulting from a contrecoup mechanism. Experimental and comparative examinations revealed that indirect fractures of the orbital walls are caused by a coup...
Article
Although age estimations of living persons have been carried out for a long time already, the importance of forensic age diagnostics has increased considerably since the beginning of the 1980s. The Study Group on Forensic Age Diagnostics of the German Society of Legal Medicine founded under the chairmanship of Prof. Dr. Gunther Geserick in March 20...
Article
In order to increase the reliability of forensic age estimations in living adolescents and young adults without justification for X-ray examinations, the establishment of radiation-free imaging procedures is desirable. In this study, the ossification stage of the right-hand distal fibula epiphysis was sonographically determined prospectively in 309...
Article
Establishing radiation-free imaging methods for the assessment of clavicular ossification in forensic age determination is desirable as it reduces radiation exposure in living individuals. For this purpose the stage of ossification of the right medial clavicular epiphysis was determined prospectively using sonography in 309 male and 307 female heal...
Article
According to a modified method originally developed by Cameriere et al. (Int J Legal Med 120:143-146, 2006; J Forensic Sci 52:1151-1155, 2007; Forensic Sci Int 174:59-62, 2008; Forensic Sci Int 174:178-181, 2008; Forensic Sci Int 193:128.e1-128.e6, 2009), the suitability of the iliac crest apophysis (ICA) for the purpose of forensic age estimation...
Article
Due to increasing international migratory movements, forensic age estimations of living individuals in criminal proceedings are gaining increasing significance for forensic physicians and radiologists involved in delivering expert opinions. The present study examines the suitability of the radiologically well-known Risser sign grading as a possible...
Article
Due to the increasing significance of forensic age estimations in the age of globalisation, novel radiographic criteria besides clavicles and hand bones may provide additional certainty for forensic age expertises. The present study analyses the suitability of the iliac crest apophysis by means of 643 pelvic radiographs of patients between 10 and 3...
Article
One of the main criteria used in dental age diagnostics in living adolescents and young adults is assessment of the mineralisation stage of the third molars. In the case of Europid populations, it has been established that impaction status has an influence on the rate of mineralisation of the third molars. In view of this, a study was undertaken to...
Article
The evaluation of the eruption status of the wisdom teeth constitutes a significant component of the spectrum of dental methods available for purposes of forensic age diagnostics. In the present study, the status of wisdom tooth eruption was identified in 606 conventionally created orthopantomograms of 515 female and 91 male Germans, divided by sex...
Article
The intervertebral haemorrhages described by Simon in 1968 as a vital sign of hanging have been verified and endorsed by other authors. They occur in 40-50 % of hanging cases, most frequently in the lumbar spine, in younger age groups, and in cases of free suspension. The haemorrhages are not unique to hanging, but may occur in particular as a resu...
Article
Full-text available
The main criteria used in dental age estimation in living young individuals are mineralisation and eruption of the third molars. In order to further diversify the spectrum of characteristics after completion of third molar development, tests were undertaken to determine whether the characteristics studied by Gustafson can be ascertained with the re...
Article
In Germany, the external post-mortem examination is considered a medical duty and may be performed by any licensed physician. Concerning legal medicine as a curricular subject in teaching medical students, the external post-mortem examination is regarded a core area. At the University of Müenster, 15 virtual cases of death have been developed by us...
Article
Data from the literature indicate that the pulmonary pressure rises in cases of ethanol intake. We have recently proposed a method for the detection of prevalent right ventricular damage in cases of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism and pulmonary fat embolism. In the present study, we compared the expression of the antibodies against fibronectin and...
Article
Even if there is clinical evidence that carbon monoxide poisoning determines cardiac damage, the literature on the cardiac pathomorphology in such cases is scarce. We investigated the immunohistochemical expression of two known markers of fresh cardiac damage, fibronectin and the terminal complement complex C5b-9, in both cardiac ventricles in 26 c...
Article
A chimney built and operated according to the instructions is supposed to ensure that the combustion gases coming from the fireplace can escape safely. If the operational reliability is impaired, this presents a risk of acute poisoning. The report deals with a negligently caused carbon monoxide poisoning of a married couple as a consequence of impr...
Article
We report the case of a 53-year-old man who was found dead in his apartment 2 days after a little fire during which he had suffered from second to third degree burns at 2% of the body surface, also involving the skin around the mouth and the nose. At autopsy, severe acute emphysema and mucopurulent obstructive laryngotracheobronchitis were observed...
Article
Due to the requirement to minimise exposure to radiation, it is desirable to develop non-ionising imaging procedures for the analysis of skeletal maturation for forensic age diagnostics in living individuals. The present pilot study analyses the applicability of ultrasound examinations for the evaluation of apophyseal ossification of the iliac cres...
Article
Pulmonary thromboembolism is a life-threatening event potentially determining right ventricular failure. Even if the pathophysiology of this phenomenon has been widely investigated, no morphological demonstration of right ventricular ischemic damage determining right ventricular failure in cases of fatal pulmonary embolism has been reported till no...
Article
Full-text available
The main criterion for dental age estimation in living individuals is the mineralisation of third molars. However, the mineralisation of third molars can be completed before the forensically relevant age of 18 years has been attained. In a material of 1,198 orthopantomograms from 629 females and 569 males aged between 15 and 40 years, the radiograp...
Article
Forensic age estimation of living subjects has become increasingly important in recent years. One main criterion for dental age estimation in the relevant age group is the evaluation of third molar mineralization. In the present study, we determined the stages of third molar mineralization in 347 female and 258 male First Nations people of Canada a...
Chapter
IntroductionDental DevelopmentSkeletal MaturationSecondary Sexual DevelopmentConclusion References
Article
In mass disasters, the main task of the medicolegal expert is to support the victims' identification. As such events are rare, the knowledge obtained during previous operations should be evaluated and published to improve the quality and effectiveness of the identification work in future disasters. This report describes the experience gained at the...
Article
Full-text available
The question of whether an individual has reached the age of 18 is of crucial importance in forensic age estimation practice. In some countries, the age threshold of 21 years is relevant as well. A completed mineralization of third molars is not a sufficient criterion for a diagnosis of a minimum age of 18 years with the required probability. In a...
Article
Thin-slice computed tomography provides the imaging modality of choice in analysing the ossification process of the medial clavicular epiphysis for the purpose of forensic age diagnostics in the living in the course of criminal proceedings. The classification of the ossification stages by Schmeling et al. compass the emergence of an epiphyseal ossi...
Article
Determination of the stage of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis is a crucial part of age estimation in criminal proceedings when evaluating individuals with completed hand ossification. In order to ensure a maximum of accuracy in forensic age estimation practise, it is recommended to perform thin-slice CT scans; but to date there exis...
Article
Pulmonary fat embolism is a life-threatening event that may result to potentially determining right ventricular failure. Even if the pathophysiology of this phenomenon has been widely investigated, no immunohistochemical demonstration of right ventricular failure following pulmonary fat embolism has been reported till now. We performed an immunohis...
Article
This paper presents statistical data on medico-legal autopsies at the three Berlin institutes from 1999 to 2003. With an autopsy frequency of 6.5% in 1999, Berlin was ranking at the top in Germany. The relatively high autopsy rate--compared to other German institutes--led to a higher share of women, a higher mean age of the examined bodies and a hi...
Article
The analysis included the age reports provided by the Institute of Legal Medicine in Berlin (Charité) in the period from 2001 to 2007. A total of 416 age estimations were carried out, 289 in criminal and 127 in civil proceedings. 357 of the examined individuals were male, 59 were female. The vast majority of the individuals came from Vietnam. In 11...
Article
As a collection of radiographic standards of the normal hand development with a homogenous degree of maturity of all skeletal elements, the digital atlas of skeletal maturity by Gilsanz and Ratib combines the possibilities of digital imaging with the principle of a conventional atlas method. The present paper analyses the forensic applicability of...
Article
We report the case of a 33-year-old man admitted to a psychiatric hospital because of paranoid schizophrenia. The man was found dead lying in his bed with the face pressed against a pillow and with elevated buttocks. The autopsy did not reveal a cause of death. The histological findings displayed the signs of the haemorrhagic-dysoric syndrome with...
Article
Due to technical innovations and strict safety regulations the rate and mortality of accidents caused by electric current has been considerably reduced. Nevertheless there are still deaths caused by electric shock, which are mostly due to carelessness and ignorance. The described death by electric shock of a 39-year-old man was the consequence of a...
Article
The present paper analyses the applicability of the clinically prevalent skeletal age determination method of Tanner and Whitehouse for forensic age estimation in living individuals. For this purpose, the hand X-rays from 48 boys and 44 girls aged 12-16 years were evaluated retrospectively. The minima and maxima, the mean values with their standard...
Article
In recent years, skeletal age determination has become increasingly important for determining the age of live subjects as part of criminal investigation. The most widely used method worldwide to determine skeletal age is the Greulich-Pyle atlas method. The present study examines the suitability of the Greulich-Pyle method given the particular requi...