Andreas Rauch

Andreas Rauch
Audencia Business School | AUDENCIA · Business School

Professor

About

77
Publications
126,760
Reads
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11,148
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
7581 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,2001,400
Introduction
Andreas Rauch is Professor of Entrepreneurship at Sydney University Business School. He also holds a research position at the Johannes Kepler University Linz and at the Leuphana University of Lüneburg, where he was Professor of Entrepreneurship and Regional Enterprises. His research interest focusses on evidence based entrepreneurship and psychological predictors of entrepreneurial behavior and he has been published among others in the Journal of Management, Journal of Business Venturing, and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. This research received several citation awards and Google Scholar shows that he has over 8000 career citations. He is in the Editorial Reviewer Board of the Journal of Business Venturing and appointed editor of Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - July 2015
Leuphana University Lüneburg
Position
  • Associate Professor, University of Groningen

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurship can be fulfilling and enhance wellbeing, but also highly stressful and diminish wellbeing. This meta-analytical review synthesizes 319 effect sizes from 94 studies and 82 countries to establish whether individuals derive greater wellbeing from working for themselves or for someone else. The answer is partly positive in favor of ent...
Article
Although events such as the global financial crisis, natural disasters, or the COVID-19 pandemic have large impacts on entrepreneurship, the literature lacks a differentiated analysis of such events. This editorial highlights the importance of events which are discrete and bounded in space and time, unexpected, and strong enough to produce change t...
Article
Full-text available
There have been recent calls in the entrepreneurship literature to shift research paradigms toward more relevant, contextual, and process-oriented research. We respond by proposing a life course perspective on firms and their creators using alternative sources of information, specifically life history data included in autobiographies written by the...
Article
Full-text available
Theoretically, working excessively hard should be related negatively with well-being; however, the empirical literature does not consistently indicate that entrepreneurs are lower in well-being than people working in other jobs. The present article introduces a study of 101 entrepreneurs differentiating between different types of working hard: Work...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Despite much progress in the field of family business research, there is still no unequivocal quantitative evidence on how many family businesses are generally transferred within the family and how many are sold to nonfamily members. Accordingly, the purpose of our paper is to overcome this data problem and to try to get a better estimate o...
Conference Paper
The choice of optimal governance structure to control an exchange relationship is most critical for the success of organisations. Yet, scholars debate what constitutes optimal governance, and specifically how the core governance constructs of transaction-cost theory (TCT) – market, hierarchy and hybrid – relate to a broader notion of governance tha...
Article
Full-text available
S We assess the health and wellbeing of normal adults living and working after one month of confinement to contain the COVID-19 outbreak in China. On Feb 20–21, 2020, we surveyed 369 adults in 64 cities in China that varied in their rates of confirmed coronavirus cases on their health conditions, distress and life satisfaction. 27% of the participa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background What are the health and wellbeing conditions of people during the COVID-19 outbreak in China? The epidemiological reports now focus on the confirmed COVID-19 cases, and we aim to assess the health and wellbeing of normal adults living and working after one month of public health emergencies into the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Methods On...
Article
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Machiavellians are often seen as manipulative people who contribute negatively to teams and ventures. However, recent work has shown that Machiavellians can also cooperate and act in pro-social ways in a team context. Thus, some aspects of Machiavellianism might be conducive for teams and team members’ intentions to start a business venture. Most s...
Article
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Reviews have a critical role in knowledge accumulation in entrepreneurship. Good reviews do not just summarize the literature but provide unique contributions on theory testing, theory development, the identification of research gaps, and suggestions for future research. This editorial discusses different forms for reviews, their strengths and weak...
Article
Warzone or postwar environments need entrepreneurship to sustain basic socioeconomic functions and the livelihood of the people. Meanwhile these dangerous environments also trigger entrepreneurs’ intention to exit these precious businesses. Little is known about what drive certain entrepreneurs but not others to exit in warzone environments. We the...
Article
Early meta‐analyses in management research sought primarily to resolve seemingly conflicting findings by estimating a relationship's population‐level effect size. Since then, management researchers have adopted increasingly sophisticated approaches that permit new theorizing, testing and comparing sophisticated models, and identifying boundary cond...
Article
Experimental methods provide important advantages for advancing academic understanding of entrepreneurship. Yet, the complex and comingled relationships between some of entrepreneurship's key characteristics pose thorny methodological challenges to entrepreneurship researchers – notably to negotiate important tradeoffs between the ideals of externa...
Article
Full-text available
The entrepreneurial process is associated with high uncertainty. Uncertainty is also a major source of stress. Therefore, a core aim of entrepreneurs is to reduce uncertainty to an extent that allows the entrepreneurial process to unfold. However, entrepreneurship scholars have insufficiently addressed stress processes that may be associated with t...
Book
Full-text available
Wegen fehlender amtlicher Statistiken schätzt das IfM Bonn seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre die Anzahl der Unternehmen in Deutschland, die vor der Übergabe stehen. Die vorliegende Schätzung für den Zeitraum 2018 bis 2022 kommt zum Ergebnis, dass etwa 150.000 Unternehmen mit rund 2,4 Mio. Beschäftigten zur Übergabe anstehen. Eine zusätzlich durchgeführte...
Article
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Researchers and practitioners are increasingly interested in entrepreneurship as a means to fight youth unemployment and to improve financial stability at higher ages. However, only few studies so far have examined the association between age and entrepreneurial activity. Based on theories from the lifespan psychology literature and entrepreneurshi...
Article
Full-text available
The role of human capital has received considerable attention in research on small and medium sized firms. However, much uncertainty remains as to how practices that enhance human resources (HR) affect the performance of small and medium sized firms, whether some practices have stronger effects than others, and which contingencies influence these e...
Article
Full-text available
Informal learning activities are increasingly acknowledged as significant for learning and development in modern workplaces. Yet, systematic research on effects of informal learning on work-related outcomes remains scarce. The present research focuses on deliberate practice-a construct from cognitive-psychological expertise research that describes...
Article
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We draw on the Effort-Reward-Imbalance (ERI) Model to examine factors related to the development of burn-out symptoms as well as the consequences of burn-out. Our sample consists of 168 small and newly founded business ventures. Our results indicate that physical well-being is negatively related to the development of burn-out symptoms. Moreover, bu...
Article
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The growing attention to entrepreneurship education has caused a debate about whether entrepreneurship education can affect entrepreneurial behavior. We use a quasiexperimental design, comparing a MSc entrepreneurship program with a comparison group from a MSc supply-chain management program to test the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education,...
Article
The balance of empirical evidence suggests that owning and running a business impacts on the health-related quality of life of entrepreneurs. However, prior research into health-related issues around entrepreneurship does neither account for the heterogeneity of motives of entrepreneurs, nor for the performance effect of health-related issues among...
Article
Due to their potential to create innovation and jobs, business start-ups are positively associated with e conomic growth. However, seizing entrepreneurial opportunities requires founders not only to contribute mentally, but also expend physical effort. The stress that founders experience during start-up bears a high risk of provoking burnout sympto...
Article
Full-text available
Most research in evidence-based entrepreneurship builds on quantitative designs, which is unfortunate because qualitative studies provide a unique contribution to the domain of entrepreneurship. They look at distinctive phenomena in their specific time period and context in one way or another, and can help generate and test new theories. We, theref...
Article
Full-text available
This study tests the cross-cultural validity of the relationship between innovation and growth in a sample of 857 business owners from five different countries: China, Germany, the Netherlands, Peru and Russia. We found that innovation is effective in each country, suggesting universal relationships. In addition, cultural variables moderated the in...
Article
Full-text available
The model developed in this paper draws on human capital theory to explain how newly founded business ventures achieve long‐term growth and reduce their chances of failure. Using a sample of 201 business start‐ups and assessing growth and venture failure over a period of 12 years, we found that general and specific human capital lead to growth and...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the importance of the external task environment for firm performance, little is known about the mechanisms that enable firms to benefit from a specific environmental setting. The authors argue that firms adjust their entrepreneurial orientation (EO) to the external environment and use it as a mechanism to transform the advantages provided b...
Article
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In this paper, we argue that national culture is important in interpreting the differences of entrepreneurial activities between countries. Furthermore, national wealth plays a moderating role between national culture and entrepreneurial activities. Datasets from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) project and Gl...
Article
Full-text available
The concept and aim of an evidence-based entrepreneurship (EBE) is discussed as a strategy to overcome the divide between knowledge developed in the field of entrepreneurship and its use in practice. Evidence constitutes the best summary of knowledge based on several sources of information (several studies, several different research groups, severa...
Article
Full-text available
The study meta-analytically integrates results from three decades of human capital research in entrepreneurship. Based on 70 independent samples (N = 24,733), we found a significant but small relationship between human capital and success (rc = .098). We examined theoretically derived moderators of this relationship referring to conceptualizations...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that many approaches to cross-cultural measurement in entrepreneurship research have been flawed and that there is a need for scales measuring cultural orientations at the individual level. We developed scenario-based scales measuring seven cultural orientations of business owners, namely uncertainty avoidance, power distance, in-group col...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to clarify the cross-cultural validity of the relationship between innovation, entrepreneurial orientation (EO), and performance in five different countries: China, Germany, The Netherlands, Peru, and Russia. We found that innovation and EO are effective in each country, suggesting universal relationships. At the same...
Chapter
Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) describes firm-level strategic processes that firms use to obtain a competitive advantage. The dimensions of EO include innovativeness, risk taking, and proactiveness. The following chapter describes the conceptualization of EO and its underlying dimensions. Moreover, we summarize the empirical evidence relating to...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) has received substantial conceptual and empirical attention, representing one of the few areas in entrepreneurship research where a cumulative body of knowledge is developing. The time is therefore ripe to document, to review, and to evaluate the cumulative knowledge on the relationship between EO and business perfo...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, researchers across different disciplines have taken increased interest in the study of digit ratio (2D:4D), a sexually dimorphic trait used as a marker of the prenatal influence of testosterone on the cerebral development (Manning, 2002). The field of 2D:4D research has generated a number of interesting findings suggesting that this area...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to review the personality approach on the basis of the theoretical framework, which assumes that the effects of a person's traits on his or her entrepreneurial behavior are mediated by specific traits and motivations, and moderated by environmental conditions. The article relies to a considerable extent on meta-analytical...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the relationship between strain, performance, and survival of small-scale business owners. 201 business owners were observed across a 10 years period. We used a control theoretical framework and argued that strain (psychosomatic complaints, susceptibility to stress) activates strategies that have positive effects on long-term su...
Article
Full-text available
The role of personality traits in the decision to start a business and to maintain it successfully is discussed controversially in entrepreneurship research. Our meta-analysis builds upon and extends earlier meta-analyses by doing a full analysis of personality traits that includes a comparison of different traits from a theoretical perspective and...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that many approaches to cross-cultural measurement in entrepreneurship research have been flawed, and that there is a need for scales measuring cultural orientations at the individual level. We developed scenario-based scales measuring seven cultural orientations of business owners, namely uncertainty avoidance, power distance, in-group co...
Article
While scholars representing the resource-based view argue that firm-specific characteristics determine firm performance, industrial organization economics scholars emphasize the importance of industry structure. The ongoing discussion on the relative importance of firm vs. industry-specific characteristics has become a fundamental debate in managem...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, the authors begin with a thorough review of past entrepreneurship personality research. The authors recall the early dominance and eventual decline of personality research in entrepreneurship, but they point to renewed interest. The authors blame the decline in research interest on poor results from studies that were based on scant...
Article
We argue that entrepreneurship research should use meta-analysis to integrate the findings of the field. A meta-analytical approach has several advantages as compared with narrative reviews: First, narrative reviews are likely to bias empirical evidence because they are limited by the information-processing capacities of the reviewers (Tett, Jackso...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore how three different human resource variables affect employment growth of small-scale enterprises: human capital of business owners, human capital of employees, and human resource development and utilization. The literature suggests different models of how these human resource variables affect business outcom...
Chapter
Full-text available
The individual owner and manager of a firm has an important function for the development of the firm and, therefore, psychological concepts have become more and more important to enable us to understand entrepreneurship. A general model is presented which argues that personality and human capital (education, experience) factors have a function via...
Article
Full-text available
Research has already examined the relationship between planning and suc- cess of small firms, but the conclusions drawn are inconsistent. In tbis study, we argue that the relationship between planning and success is dependent on the cultural context. Planning strategies and their relationship to success were compared in 77 Irish, 102 East German, a...
Article
Full-text available
A central question in entrepreneurship research is how to predict venture performance. In prior research, psychological characteristics of the entrepreneur and entrepreneurial behaviours have been more or less found to be able to distinguish between successful and unsuccessful entrepreneurs. The aim in this study was to extend earlier research and...
Article
Full-text available
Human resources of employees are important for management and organizational science but they are widely ignored in small-scale entrepreneurship research. However, employees constitute an important resource of small- scale enterprises and an efficient utilization of employee's skills, motivation, and behavior are essential for business success. In...
Article
Full-text available
It is argued that personality orientations play a role in the emergence of entrepreneurs, particularly in an ex-socialist country. Managers (n= 75) and entrepreneurs (n=102) are compared in East Germany and it is found that there are clear differences between them. A discriminant analysis is able to correctly classify 79 percent to the two groups b...
Article
While there is consensus among scientists about the importance of business formation on economic development, failure rates of newly founded enterprises are high. Attempts to study the causes of business failure are predominantly based on the ecological approach. Unfortunately, most of these studies investigated closure rates and firm dissolution w...
Article
Entrepreneurial activity is related to economic growth across various countries. There is, however, little knowledge about whether the same activities relates to success within different countries. Some scholars argued that entrepreneurial activities have to be adapted to the cross-national context. Other scholars argued for cross-national similari...
Article
In a special issue on strategic entrepreneurship in the Strategic Management Journal Hitt et al. (2001) emphasize the necessity to integrate the fields of entrepreneurship and strategic management as well as other research streams. We contribute to this claim by studying the performance of small firms in an integrated contingency framework that con...

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