Andreas Pyka

Andreas Pyka
University of Hohenheim · Institute of Economics

Prof. Dr.

About

295
Publications
66,915
Reads
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5,627
Citations
Citations since 2017
85 Research Items
3045 Citations
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Introduction
Andreas Pyka works at the Institute of Economics , Hohenheim University. Andreas does research in Bioeconomics, Computational Economics and Evolutionary Economics.
Additional affiliations
May 2012 - May 2015
Halle Institute for Economic Research
Position
  • Professor
April 2009 - present
University of Hohenheim
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2008 - December 2012

Publications

Publications (295)
Book
Full-text available
CONTENTS Praise for the Book .................................................................................. ix About the Editor and Contributors ...................................................... xi Preface ..................................................................................................... xx All Chapters by Jinhyo Jose...
Chapter
The book was inadvertently published with its Chapters 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16 having an incorrect “Copyright Holder Name” and “Copyright Year” information. The reprinting information in the footnotes of these Spin-Off chapters were also missed to be included to these 7 chapters.
Article
Lean Startup (LS) has been overlooked as a method to model businesses for sustainability. To theoretically assess such LS capacity, we conceptually devolve one assessment tool or meta-model. The meta-model validates the ability of any eco-innovation practice to address the business-society-nature interface, the eco-innovation dimensions, and two se...
Article
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In this article, we introduce the global stakeholder capitalism model of digital platforms. We describe the role that big data plays in the formation of the new extended innovation ecosystems of digital platforms and explain how these extended innovation ecosystems give rise to this new model. We discuss the implications of this new model for the s...
Article
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This collection of papers builds on the idea that the bioeconomy provides a framework for potentially effective solutions addressing the grand global challenges by a turn towards an increased use of biological resources, towards renewability and circularity. Consequently, it cannot be perceived as an end in itself. Thus, innovative endeavors within...
Article
To address increasingly urgent global environmental challenges, there is a need for rapid and widespread adoption of eco-innovations. Previous research has shown that targeting key initial adopters using network-based strategies is an effective way to increase the adoption and diffusion of innovations; however, these models have not specifically be...
Article
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One of the most difficult tasks that economies face is how to generate economic growth without causing environmental damage. Research in economic complexity has provided new methods to reveal structural constraints and opportunities for green economic diversification and sophistication, as well as the effects of economic complexity on environmental...
Chapter
It is great to launch these conference proceedings from the ISS 2018 conference held in Seoul, July 2–4, Korea. The theme of the ISS 2018 was “Innovation, Catch-up, and Sustainable Development. Keun Lee, one of the guest editors of this volume, served as the President of the Society (2016–2018) and also as the main host or Chairman of the Organizin...
Article
Full-text available
The bioeconomy transition is seen as a means to achieving industrial competitiveness. Targeted actions on leverage points can have specific effects on transitional changes in system dynamics; these actions have yet to be identified in the context of the knowledge-based health bioeconomy in Kenya. This paper employs system dynamics and grounded theo...
Article
Mainstream approaches to analyzing innovation systems are based on statistical methods, use standard sets of indicators, and are typically deployed to measure and classify innovation performance. As they are not based on decision-theoretic approaches that involve the multiple agents that are usually embedded in innovation systems, conventional appr...
Article
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Several studies argue that agricultural mechanization has reduced employment and wages. However, there is a lack of studies analyzing employment and income over time, especially comparing the agricultural activities. Our major argument is the structural change in the employment - from un-skilled to skilled workers which has to be understood because...
Article
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With its update of the Bioeconomy Strategy and the Green Deal, the European Commission committed itself to a transformation towards a sustainable and climate-neutral European Union. This process is characterised with an enormous complexity, which policymaking needs to acknowledge for designing transition pathways. Modelling can support policymaking...
Chapter
Die evolutorische Ökonomik setzt sich die Erklärung von dynamischen, überwiegend durch technologische und andere Innovationen verursachten Wirtschaftsprozessen zum Ziel. Theoretisch wurzelt sie in den Arbeiten von Joseph A. Schumpeter aus dem frühen 20. Jahrhundert, der den in der Volkswirtschaftslehre im Vordergrund stehenden Preiswettbewerb durch...
Article
Full-text available
Successful transitions to a sustainable bioeconomy require novel technologies, processes, and practices as well as a general agreement about the overarching normative direction of innovation. Both requirements necessarily involve collective action by those individuals who purchase, use, and co-produce novelties: the consumers. Based on theoretical...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research in Data Envelopment Analysis has created rankings of the ecological efficiency of countries' economies. At the same time, research in economic complexity has provided new methods to depict productive structures and has analyzed how economic diversification and sophistication affect environmental pollution indicators. However, no research s...
Article
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As a microcosm for future challenges, the COVID-19 pandemic exhibits increasingly transboundary dynamics, causing interconnected problems across multiple societal systems. To examine the role of innovations as a social mechanism to reconcile these arising challenges, we view the unfolding of the pandemic through the lens of a content analysis of 70...
Article
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Network dynamics, economic transformation, and policy design are closely related phenomena that influence the performance of economic systems in a variety of ways. In this introductory paper, we set the stage for a series of excellent contributions addressing some still largely unexplored questions in this research field. At the core of our introdu...
Article
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In this contribution, we set out a framework for ethical research and innovation. Our framework draws upon recent scholarly work recommending the introduction of new models at the intersection of ethics, strategy, and science and technology studies to inform and explicate how the decisions of researchers can be considered ethical. Ethical research...
Book
This volume presents selected contributions from the 2018 conference of the International Schumpeter Society (ISS). The selected chapters in this volume reflect the state-of-the-art of Schumpeterian economics dedicated to the three conference topics innovation, catch-up, and sustainability. Innovation is driving catch-up processes and is the condit...
Article
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This study investigates how structural change that leads to increasing output variety was gradually perceived by economists and eventually incorporated into models of economic growth. We trace the evolution of growth models from exclusively macroeconomic models to those that include micro and meso levels of aggregation, and further, to those that p...
Chapter
Eine Strategie zur Umsetzung einer nachhaltigen Bioökonomie muss neben disziplinären und technischen Zielvorstellungen auch den gesellschaftlichen Wandel einplanen und vorbereiten. Eine zukunftsfähige politische Strategie muss also neben dem techno-ökonomischen Wissen ebenso solches Wissen fördern, welches es Produzenten und Konsumenten ermöglicht,...
Preprint
In recent years, many scholars praised the seemingly endless possibilities of using machine learning (ML) techniques in and for agent-based simulation models (ABM). To get a more comprehensive understanding of these possibilities, we conduct a systematic literature review (SLR) and classify the literature on the application of ML in and for ABM acc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Keywords Agent-based Modelling · Multi-Agent System · Machine Learning · Reinforcement Learning · Output Analysis · Systematic Literature Review · Research Methods In recent years, many scholars praised the seemingly endless possibilities of using machine learning (ML) techniques in and for agent-based simulation models (ABM). To get a more compreh...
Preprint
Full-text available
A parsimonious multisectoral, multi-occupational agent-based model is developed to study the impact of robotization on employment and wages. Hereby the effects of three policy interventions are studied: a universal basic income, a robot tax, and stimulating spawning of new sectors combined with increasing dynamic efficiency through labour mobility....
Chapter
Full-text available
A parsimonious multisectoral, multioccupational agent-based model is developed to study the impact of robotization on employment and wages. Hereby the effects of three policy interventions are studied: a universal basic income, a robot tax, and stimulating spawning of new sectors combined with increasing dynamic efficiency through labor mobility. I...
Chapter
After more than 200 years of industrial production, large portions of humankind are wealthier than ever before. At the same time, industrial production to date is closely linked to the exploitation of natural resources. The influence of human activity has assumed global proportions, as can be seen most clearly from the accumulation of climate-damag...
Chapter
Using a serious game for experimental economic research, we obtain insights in how human subjects cope with market and technological uncertainty and their bounded rationality in solving product development challenges. We find not only remarkable differences in the overall performances of cohorts of subjects, but also in the evolution of the product...
Research
Link: https://www.springer.com/journal/10806/updates/17328216 (Call for papers Special Issue in the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics - The Normative Dimension of Transformations towards a Sustainable Bioeconomy – Expanding the Economic Perspective) We invite papers to a special issue which will focus on the ethical aspects to be c...
Chapter
Due to increasing competitive pressure, growing customer demands and rising desire for individuality in the product design, companies face rising demands on the efficiency of their production systems. This challenges the alignment of established philosophies such as Lean and Industry 4.0 and requires respective strategy derivations to be translated...
Book
Full-text available
Perspectives on Robots brings forth voices of different stakeholders engaged in or affected by new robot development to deliver a reality check on what robots are and what we can expect them to do. How will the robots developed today influence the nurses, teachers, physiotherapists, car mechanics, and cleaning staff of the future? And how are these...
Article
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The transition towards a bioeconomy is considered a powerful approach to combating current trends of unsustainability. To date, the concept has been widely perceived as a predominantly technical endeavor. This is, however, not sufficient and will not really tackle the global sustainability challenges. Therefore, the imparting of technological knowl...
Article
Full-text available
Western economies nowadays are confronted with a predicted productivity slowdown resulting in diminishing rates of economic growth. While some scholars see these developments as an indication of the approaching end of growth due to fully exploited technological opportunities, this article contends that the possibilities for radical, paradigm changi...
Article
This article places the evolution and co-evolution of regional innovation processes at the top of the contemporary research agenda by introducing a special issue on this topic. The contributions cover a number of distinct but complementary issues on evolutionary and co-evolutionary processes of innovation activities at the regional level and provid...
Chapter
Die evolutorische Ökonomik setzt sich die Erklärung von dynamischen, überwiegend durch technologische und andere Innovationen verursachten Wirtschaftsprozessen zum Ziel. Theoretisch wurzelt sie in den Arbeiten von Joseph A. Schumpeter aus dem frühen 20. Jahrhundert, der den in der Volkswirtschaftslehre im Vordergrund stehenden Preiswettbewerb durch...
Chapter
Full-text available
Successful transformations to sustainability and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) (United Nations 2015) require fundamental changes in socioeconomic systems. To tackle effectively the global challenges humanity is confronted with, radical changes on a technological, organizational, economic, institutional, sociocultural, a...
Article
The paper employs a regional innovation system concept and divides system failures into three categories: institutional infrastructure, organizational landscape and structural connectedness. To analyze the economic effects of systemic interventions, it employs the VISIBLE model, which allows ex-ante policy experiments to be conducted in a virtual s...
Chapter
Die Tatsache, dass Wertschöpfung mehr und mehr in komplexen, interorganisationalen Netzwerken stattfindet, hat seit den 1950er Jahren die Forschung zum Einfluss sozialer (Netzwerk-)Strukturen vorangetrieben. Die Aussage, dass die sozialen Verbindungen zwischen Firmen die Leistungsfähigkeit dieser sowie die des gesamten Netzwerkes beeinflussen, führ...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, new regional innovation policy paradigms emerged that transcend a long-lived dispute on whether either regional specialization, diversification, or rather related variety is most conducive to regional innovativeness. This includes ‘smart specialization’ in which regions are deliberately specialized and connected following technological re...
Article
Full-text available
Innovation policy and business strategy often expect that investing in private and public research and development will immediately produce a flow of products and processes with high commercial and social returns. Policymakers and managers implicitly follow the logic underlying most linear innovation models assuming a well-defined and uni-direction...
Book
More than one hundred years after Thorstein Veblen’s famous article ‘Why is Economics Not an Evolutionary Science?’, Evolutionary Economics is now widely recognized as a highly productive approach offering crucial insights for the understanding of socio-economic processes of change and development. A major feature in the development of Evolutionar...
Article
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In recent literature, there is disagreement over the temporal pattern of vertical governance of firms over the product life-cycle. We use a novel neo-Schumpeterian agent-based simulation model to investigate emerging patterns of vertical governance for different levels of imitability and substitutability of capabilities. We find that, in the mature...
Article
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Abstract: Since Klaus Schwab and the World Economic Forum declared the arrival of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, there has been much discussion about it. However, there is no commonly agreed-upon definition of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Therefore, we attempted to answer the following four research questions. “What is the definition of the...
Chapter
Der Struktur und Dynamik von Netzwerken wird in der soziologischen Organisations- und Netzwerkforschung bereits seit Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts eine große Bedeutung beigemessen. Gleichzeitig fällt auf, dass einem Großteil der empirischen Studien im Bereich der interorganisationalen Netzwerkforschung eine statische Perspektive zugrunde liegt. Die St...
Article
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The transformation towards a knowledge-based bioeconomy has the potential to serve as a contribution to a more sustainable future. Yet, until now, bioeconomy policies have been only insufficiently linked to concepts of sustainability transformations. This article aims to create such link by combining insights from innovation systems (IS) research a...
Article
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We study the projected impact of automation on employment in the forthcoming decade, both at the macro-level and in actual (types of) sectors. Hereto, we unite an evolutionary economic model of multisectoral structural change with labor economic theory. We thus get a comprehensive framework of how displacement of labor in sectors of application is...
Article
Regarding your Free exchange column purporting to review how economists understand growth (April 14th), we also share serious misgivings about the adequacy of the analysis of economic growth that one sees in the standard textbooks and in much of the current literature. Granting the legitimacy of that target, however, we found that you fell short wh...
Book
Full-text available
Cambridge Core - Entrepreneurship and Innovation - Modern Evolutionary Economics - by Richard R. Nelson
Article
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This paper contributes to the (re-)conceptualisation of responsible innovation by proposing an evolutionary economic approach that focuses on the role of consumers in the innovation process. After a discussion of the philosophical foundations and ethical implications of this approach, which bears an explanatory potential that has not been adequatel...
Chapter
Full-text available
To improve sustainability, the global economic system has to undergo severe transformation processes. This chapter deals with the possibility of an innovation-triggered transformation towards a knowledge-based bioeconomy, which is supposed to overcome the current lock-in into a fossil fuel-based CO2-intensive production. To do this, a neo-Schumpete...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to complement research on transformations towards sustainability by drawing upon the innovation systems (IS) framework. The IS framework already serves as a suitable and influential basis for research on processes of technological innovation and economic change. We argue that improving the capacity of an IS framework for...
Article
Full-text available
In order to counter something to the most thrilling challenges of mankind at the beginning of the twenty-first century, production and consumption systems need to transform towards sustainability. We argue that the knowledge-based bioeconomy and digitalization are two promising technological approaches which require to be thought together in order...
Chapter
Im Jahr 1982 erschien das zwischenzeitlich weltweit am häufigsten zitierte wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Werk von Richard Nelson und Sidney Winter: An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change und bereitete das Feld für die mittlerweile prosperierende Evolutionsökonomik bzw. Schumpeterianische Ökonomik (vgl. Hanusch/Pyka, 2006a, 2007a).
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Governments around the world seek for strategies to overcome the reliance on fossil resources and provide solutions for the most challenging contemporary global issues: food shortage, depletion of natural resources, environmental degradation and climate change. A very recent and widely diffused proposition is to transform economic systems into bio-...
Chapter
To improve sustainability, the global economic system has to undergo severe transformation processes. This chapter deals with the possibility of an innovation-triggered transformation towards a knowledge-based bioeconomy, which is supposed to overcome the current lock-in into a fossil fuel-based CO2-intensive production. To do this, a Neo-Schumpete...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to create an indicator that compares the efficiency of countries in converting economic complexity into human development through the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method and econometric validation. The DEA will not only enable comparisons of efficiency across countries, but will also enable the creation of a global indic...
Chapter
Over the last couple of decades, firms increasingly acquire locally unavailable inputs in other regions, and are increasingly engaged in research collaboration with firms across the world. In this chapter, we propose and use a spatial agent-based model to study the significance of supraregional relationships on technological progress, in general, a...
Chapter
Liberalizing retail energy markets has become a tool for policy makers worldwide to introduce competition into a sector historically characterized by regional monopoly. Opening up the products offered by power retailers to free competition, irrespective of region or distribution network, is expected by policy makers to lead to lower markups and thu...
Chapter
We propose that the concept of complementarity can take two distinct meanings in evolutionary economics: one referring to Adam Smith’s notion of increasing specialization and the division of labour, which we denote ‘downward complementarity’ (wholes into new parts); and a second type that refers to the discovery of emergent complementarity between...
Chapter
The theme of the 15th International Joseph A. Schumpeter Conference, held from July 27 to 30, 2014 in Jena (Germany), was “Foundations of Economic Change—Behavior, Interaction and Aggregate Outcomes”. This topic was intended first to cover core dimensions of innovation driven evolutionary economic development and to be broad enough to attract a wid...
Research
Full-text available
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2017/06/13/time-to-acknowledge-the-role-of-consumers-in-responsible-innovation/
Article
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The shift from a fossil-based to a bio-based economy (bioeconomy) requires more efficient utilization of the biomass generated from agricultural production. This can be achieved through the cascading use of biomass, which also offers the potential of creating additional value from biomass by developing novel products. Taking sugarcane as a case stu...
Chapter
Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung darf nicht nur – wie in der neoklassischen Ökonomik – an quantitativen Wachstumsmaßstäben gemessen werden. Vielmehr muss sie – in Anknüpfung an die Schumpetersche Ökonomik – auch nach der qualitativen Veränderung grundlegender wirtschaftlicher Strukturen über längere Zeiträume hinweg beurteilt werden. Insbesondere de...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the exploration of the interactionmechanisms between the evolution of demand and the overall process of differentiation of the economic system is pursued in a twofold way: (i) the question is asked whether demand indeed saturates and whether such saturation is required for an ongoing economic development; (ii) the impact of the income...
Article
In the field of innovation and entrepreneurship, scholars have addressed the strategic question of how innovation networks can be formed mainly in a descriptive fashion. As a result, general models of innovation network formation are still missing in the literature. We contribute to filling this important gap by putting forth a first general model...
Book
The book illustrates the considerable advances in modern evolutionary economics and addresses core questions of economic behaviour, interaction of heterogeneous actors in uncertain environments and the possibility of aggregating observations on a macro-economic level. It presents the foundations of economic change as the major building blocks of an...
Book
This book is at the cutting edge of the ongoing research in bioeconomy and encompasses both technological and economic strategies to master the transformation towards a knowledge- and bio-based production system. The volume combines different international perspectives with approaches of the various fields of research. Bioeconomy is one of the futu...
Article
Although lagging behind the USA in biologics, German firms are forging ahead in the emerging field of biosimilars. This development confirms earlier explanations of the differences in these industries given by the Varieties of Capitalism approach. With the recent differentiation in biopharmaceuticals, again, the differences in the institutional env...