Andreas Mokros

Andreas Mokros
FernUniversität in Hagen · Faculty of Psychology

Professor

About

144
Publications
110,076
Reads
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3,041
Citations
Education
September 2008 - July 2013
Universität Regensburg
Field of study
  • Psychology
April 2001 - August 2007
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 2000 - May 2007
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Psychopathy is deemed an important construct in forensic settings. Consequently, its theoretical basis and measurement are relevant to researchers but also to criminal justice administrators and decision-makers. The Elemental Psychopathy Assessment (EPA) is a recently developed self-report scale designed to measure psychopathic traits based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has documented a small but significant correlation between psychopathic capacities and utilitarian moral judgment, although the findings are generally inconsistent and unclear. We propose that one way to make sense of mixed findings is to consider variation in perspective-taking capacities of psychopathic individuals. With this in m...
Article
Full-text available
Psychopathic traits have been linked to anomalies in experiencing fear and anxiety. It remains unclear, however, to what extent fear and anxiety levels are useful parameters to effectively distinguish between subtypes of psychopathy. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate whether different psychopathic phenotypes (primary and secondary psychopathy) can b...
Chapter
Die empirische Bewährung von Behandlungsprogrammen von Straftätern (insbesondere Sexualstraftätern) wird seit langem kritisch diskutiert. In diesem Kapitel geben wir einen kurzen Überblick über diese Kontroverse. Wir legen dar, dass nur experimentelle Evaluationsstudien mit zufälliger Zuordnung zu einer Behandlungsgruppe und einer Kontrollgruppe (R...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated competing measurement models for the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV), one of the most widely used assessment instruments of psychopathy, which applies to clinical, forensic, and community samples. With four all-male community and forensic samples collected in Germany and the United States (nTotal = 853), we evaluated...
Article
Full-text available
A promising line of research on forensic assessment of paraphilic sexual interest focuses on behavioral measures of visual attention using sexual stimuli as distractors. The present study combined event-related potentials (ERPs) with behavioral measures to investigate whether detection of a hidden sexual preference can be improved with ERPs. Normal...
Article
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Recent theoretical models stress the importance of both personal and contextual factors in the development of political extremism. One such theory is the Intergroup Threat Theory (ITT) that suggests a relationship between extremism and intergroup threat (i.e., the perception that one's ingroup is threatened by a particular social outgroup). Using a...
Article
Previous studies have linked polymorphisms of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA uVNTR) and serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) to individual differences in the expression of psychopathic traits, but findings remain inconsistent. One possible reason is that these studies have treated psychopathy as a unitary construct when there is accumulating eviden...
Article
Identifying pedophilic sexual interest among persons who have sexually offended against children (PSOCs) is important for risk assessment because not all PSOCs are pedophilic. Existing physiological and self-report methods have several limitations. In the present study, sexual interest was assessed indirectly by means of a computer task: the Choice...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Sexualsadismus bezeichnet eine lustvolle Erregbarkeit durch die Kontrolle, Erniedrigung oder Schmerzzufügung zulasten einer anderen Person. In den psychiatrischen Klassifikationskatalogen wird heute auf Zwang und Nichteinvernehmlichkeit abgestellt, um die forensische Ausprägung des Sexualsadismus von der konsensuellen Spielart im Si...
Article
Purpose The diagnostic criteria of the Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) overlaps greatly with the Lifestyle and Antisocial facets of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), whereas the Interpersonal and Affective facets seem to differentiate between antisocial and psychopathic offenders. Previous studies investigated either the ASPD d...
Article
The standard measure of assessment of psychopathy in forensic and correctional settings is the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), an observer-rating instrument assessing 4 facets of psychopathy: Interpersonal, Affective, Lifestyle, and Antisocial. The relatively new triarchic model of psychopathy, in contrast, consists of 3 factors: Boldne...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to express emotion is considered a core socioemotional skill; however, most research is focused on receptive abilities, with little investigation of productive abilities. We present an investigation of individual differences in facial expression of emotion using observational techniques. Given descriptions of highly psychopathic persons...
Article
Criminal behaviours vary significantly among juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs). Offense-related subtypes may differ in criminal persistence and inform clinical practice. In the present study, Latent Class Analysis empirically derived four distinct JSO subtypes based on 10 offense/victim characteristics in a comprehensive sample of 670 JSO...
Article
In this chapter, the authors refer the term psychopathy to the construct as measured by the Psychopathy Checklist‐Revised and its derivatives. They argue that not only can we differentiate psychopathy from antisocial personality disorder but also that we can parse psychopathy itself into two meaningful variants. Drawing on the observations of clini...
Preprint
We respond to a critique by Patrick et al. (2020) of our recent study (Roy et al., 2020) that raised questions regarding the three-factor model of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM). Roy et al. demonstrated that a replicable model involving seven unidimensional factors accounted for the TriPM items across North American and European general...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Individuals with pedophilic disorder (PD) experience personal and interpersonal difficulties and are at risk of sexually offending against children. As such, innovative and empirically validated treatments are needed. Recent studies have indicated that men who have sexually offended against children (SOC) with PD display an automatic a...
Article
We respond to a critique by Patrick et al. (2020) of our recent study (Roy et al., 2020) that raised questions regarding the three-factor model of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM). Roy et al. demonstrated that a replicable model involving seven unidimensional factors accounted for the TriPM items across North American and European general...
Article
In forensic psychiatry, secondary prevention implies avoiding offences in individuals who are at high risk but have not committed serious offenses in the past. For this purpose, the forensic prevention outpatient clinic at the Ansbach District Hospital was established to provide risk assessment and treatment. To test the treatment effect of the for...
Article
The present study aimed to differentiate pedophilic child sex offenders (CSOs) from nonoffending controls (CTLs), as well as contact from noncontact CSOs. For this purpose, we investigated 21 contact CSOs, 20 noncontact CSOs (child pornography offenders), as well as 21 CTLs on neuropsychological test measures and indirect test measures of sexual in...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Borchard und Gerth legen in ihrem Beitrag „Die Relevanz eines kohärenten forensischen Beurteilungs- und Behandlungsprozesses: Grenzen der allgemeinpsychiatrischen Diagnosesysteme ICD und DSM für die forensische Fallkonzeption“ (Borchard und Gerth 2020) ein Plädoyer für ein eigenes forensisch-psychiatrisches Diagnosesystem vor. Der f...
Article
Full-text available
Protecting the human rights is particularly important within the forensic context because patients in forensic psychiatry are not admitted voluntarily and so the treatment itself is of a coercive nature. Coercive measures (i.e., actions against the will of the patient such as forced medication, seclusion or restraint) form an additional incision of...
Article
Psychopathy is a primary risk factor of re-offending in sexual offenders. Conceptually, both variable-centered (e.g., factor analysis) and clustering methods (e.g., latent profile analysis) have been used in previous research. Variable-centered and clustering methods were merged in a simultaneous modeling strategy for two purposes: First, to test a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Comprehensive reply to DeMatteo et al. 2020 in Psychology, Public Policy & Law provides evidence for the reliability and validity of the PCL-R in the assessment of risk for institutional violence.
Article
The Hare Psychopathy Checklist – Revised (PCL-R) is among the most well-established instruments for the assessment of psychopathy. The PCL-R is a 20-item observer rating instrument based on file review and a semi-structured interview. The current study aimed to investigate the validity of the German adaptation of the PCL-R, its factor structure, co...
Article
Full-text available
Many reviews on sexual arousal in humans focus on different brain imaging methods and behavioral observations. Although neurotransmission in the brain is mainly performed through electrochemical signals, there are no systematic reviews of the electrophysiological correlates of sexual arousal. We performed a systematic search on this subject and rev...
Article
The Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) is based on a 3-dimensional conceptual model, though few studies have directly tested a 3-factor structure. The current study used a large community sample (N = 1,064, 53% males, Mage = 34) to test the structure of the TriPM via exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, along with 4 community replicatio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: Individuals with pedophilic disorder (PD) experience personal and interpersonal difficulties and are at risk of sexually offending against children. As such, innovative and empirically validated treatments are needed. Recent studies have indicated that men who have sexually offended against children (SOC) with PD display an automatic at...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Coercive sexual sadism can be distinguished from consensual BDSM (bondage discipline/dominance submission/sadism masochism) role-play and from everyday sadism, a personality trait. The purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic qualitative review of the pertinent literature on coercive sexual sadism from the last three years...
Article
Full-text available
Clinicians and theorists have often proposed the two psychopathic subtypes of “primary” and “secondary” psychopathy, with recent research indicating some empirical support for both psychopathy subtypes, though the findings across studies are far from uniform. For the current study, latent profile analysis was used to investigate if homogeneous late...
Article
Background Patients suffering from severe mental disorders and who have an increased risk of violent behavior, tend to be insufficiently cared for until committing a violent offense leads to compulsory placement in a forensic psychiatric clinic. Objective The concept of the preventive outpatient clinic has been recently published in this journal....
Article
Full-text available
In diesem Artikel wird das neue Fünf-Kategorien-Modell für die Risikoeinschätzung von Sexualstraftätern (Hanson et al. 2017 a) anhand einer Kohorte von n = 1679 aus der Strafhaft entlassenen und über mindestens fünf Jahre lang nachuntersuchten Sexual-straftätern mittels des Static-99 vorgestellt. Es handelt sich dabei um eine Zusammenführung von re...
Article
Full-text available
Psychopathy is a disorder of high public concern because it predicts violence and offense recidivism. Recent brain imaging studies suggest abnormal brain activity underlying psychopathic behavior. No reliable pattern of altered neural activity has been disclosed so far. This study sought to identify consistent changes of brain activity in psychopat...
Article
Introduction The “Dunkelfeld” project offers pharmacologic treatment and psychotherapy to self-referred pedophilic patients in an anonymous way. Aim To provide a re-assessment focusing on the crucial time × group interaction (ie, the treatment effect). Methods A recent study reported on the effectiveness of the “Dunkelfeld” program based on inter...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the intense selection pressure against inbreeding, humans are expected to possess psychological adaptations that regulate mate choice and avoid inbreeding. From a gene’s-eye perspective, there is little difference in the evolutionary costs between situations where an individual him/herself is participating in inbreeding and inbreeding among...
Article
Sexual sadism is assumed to be a crucial factor in sexual homicide. Prevalence estimates vary greatly due to differences in the definition of sexual sadism. A nationwide sample of 350 male perpetrators who had committed a sexual homicide offense against a female 14 years of age or above in England or Wales was assessed based on archival records. Se...
Article
Psychopathy is characterized by callous affect, interpersonal manipulation, a deviant lifestyle, and antisocial behavior. Previous research has linked psychopathic traits to childhood trauma, but also to the upstream variable number tandem repeat (uVNTR) polymorphism of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene. An interaction between childhood trauma an...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) gilt als das am häufigsten verwendete Verfahren zur Feststellung psychopathischer Merkmale. Im Rahmen der deutschsprachigen Adaptierung der PCL-R wurden Normdaten anhand einer Stichprobe erwachsener männlicher Straftäter erhoben. Basierend auf diesen Daten werden im ersten Teil des vorl...
Article
Full-text available
Im Bereich der Diagnostik von Persönlichkeitsstörungen zeichnet sich in jüngster Vergangenheit eine Entwicklung von kategorialen hin zu dimensionalen Ansätzen ab. Ein dimensionaler Ansatz ermöglicht eine Erfassung von Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen als kontinuierliche Variablen sowie eine empirisch begründete Beschreibung der Persönlichkeitsstruktur. Im...
Article
Background: Since 2012, a forensic preventive outpatient clinic has been established at Ansbach District Hospital to fill a gap in general psychiatric care for patients with schizophrenia or severe personality disorders and having a high risk for violent behavior. An interdisciplinary team drawing on forensic psychiatric knowledge applies instrume...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to the intense selection pressure against inbreeding, humans are expected to possess psychological adaptations that regulate mate choice and avoid inbreeding. From a gene’s-eye perspective, there is little difference in the evolutionary costs between situations where an individual him/herself is participating in inbreeding and inbreeding among...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to the intense selection pressure against inbreeding, humans are expected to possess psychological adaptations that regulate mate choice and avoid inbreeding. From a gene’s-eye perspective, there is little difference in the evolutionary costs between situations where an individual him/herself is participating in inbreeding and inbreeding among...
Book
Full-text available
This book provides the first systematic overview of the theoretical, empirical, clinical, and police issues related to sexual murderers and murder. Bringing together leading researchers, theoreticians, and practitioners from across eight different countries, this is a truly international collaboration and an essential reference text for students, r...
Article
Psychiatric and psychological diagnoses are imperfect. Unlike somatic medicine, most psychological and psychiatric phenomena have no gold standard to establish their presence beyond reasonable doubt. Consequently, prevalence estimates are based on the average agreement of imperfect evaluators. Küchenhoff, Augustin, and Kunz (2012) provided a statis...
Preprint
Full-text available
This report in German language gives an overview of 10 years of distance education programs in psychology at the FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany's only public distance education university. It will be published in Psychologische Rundschau (2018), 69 (2), 1–5.
Chapter
Sexual offending represents the violation of social norms; brain architecture and functioning are biological entities; hence, there is no one-to-one correspondence of the two domains. This chapter provides an overview of extant findings on neuropsychological deficits in sexual offenders and gives a summary of structural and functional brain abnorma...
Article
Full-text available
Psychopathy is characteristically associated with deficits in emotion perception; however, findings surrounding this deficit are actually quite mixed. This is most likely due to limitations of study methodology, including the use of tasks with unknown or poor psychometric properties, underpowered samples, and a lack of control for third variables....
Article
Full-text available
Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotion...
Data
Results of structural equation modeling. (DOCX)
Data
Results of confirmatry group analysis. (DOCX)
Poster
Full-text available
Due to intense selection pressure, humans are thought to have psychological systems that regulate inbreeding. The difference between inbreeding situations where the self is participating and inbreeding among other relatives is only quantitative. Earlier research has not examined whether human inbreeding avoidance follows inclusivefitness theory. Us...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Psychologische Testverfahren sind in der Regel standardisiert. Das heißt, die Testverfahren sind nach Inhalt und Aufbau festgelegt, und auch Durchführung, Auswertung und Interpretation folgen bestimmten Regeln. Neben klassischen Methoden wie Eigen- und Fremdanamnese, Verhaltensbeobachtung sowie Aktenstudium haben standardisierte Ver...
Article
Full-text available
The sexual preference for prepubertal children (pedophilia) is generally assumed to be a lifelong condition. Müller et al. (2014) challenged the notion that pedophilia was stable. Using data from phallometric testing, they found that almost half of 40 adult pedophilic men did not show a corresponding arousal pattern at retest. Critics pointed out t...
Chapter
A brief description of the key developments of the concept of sexual sadism is followed by an introduction to the four main approaches to assessment: psychiatric diagnoses, phallometric evaluations of the offender's sexual interests, utilization of crime scene data, and a measure based on a variety of data. We point to serious problems with psychia...
Article
Introduction: The etiology of sexual preference disorders (paraphilias) in general and pedophilia in particular remains unknown. There are some indications of biological factors related to pedophilic interest and pedophilic disorder. Aim: To examine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) potentially associated with pedophilic sexual interest. M...
Article
Mit diesem Artikel geben die Autorinnen und der Autor einen Überblick über einige wichtige, im deutschsprachigen Raum häufig eingesetzte, kriminalprognostische Verfahren. Die Fragestellung ist deren Anwendbarkeit bei Frauen. Im Einzelnen geht es dabei um die revidierte Psychopathie-Checkliste, den Violence Risk Appraisal Guide, das Historical Clini...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the dual-target Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (dtRSVP) task as a measure of deviant sexual interest (i.e., a sexual interest in children), we administered a dtRSVP with gender and age-specific pictorial stimuli to child sex offenders (n = 69), other sex offenders (n = 43), non-sex offenders (n = 14), and community controls (n = 88...