Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
Central Institute of Mental Health | CIMH · Clinical Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

Prof. Dr. med. Dipl. math., MBA

About

773
Publications
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Introduction
We characterize risk mechanisms for severe mental illness (such as schizophrenia, depression or autism) using a combination of neurobiological tools (such as neuroimaging and genetics) with clincial and epidemiological assessment. We use these risk mechanisms to discover and personalize new treatments.

Publications

Publications (773)
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive impairment is a common feature in schizophrenia and the strongest prognostic factor for long-term outcome. Identifying a trait associated with the genetic background for cognitive outcome in schizophrenia may aid in a deeper understanding of clinical disease subtypes. Fast sleep spindles may represent such a biomarker as they are strongly...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying the circuits responsible for cognition and understanding their embedded computations is a challenge for neuroscience. We establish here a hierarchical cross-scale approach, from behavioral modeling and fMRI in task-performing mice to cellular recordings, in order to disentangle local network contributions to olfactory reinforcement lear...
Article
Full-text available
Background Current evidence points towards a high prevalence of psychological distress in refugee populations, contrasting with a scarcity of resources and amplified by linguistic, institutional, financial, and cultural barriers. The objective of the study is to investigate the overall effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a Stepped Care and Coll...
Article
Psychological stress and physical activity are interrelated, constituting a relevant association to human health, especially in children. However, the association’s nature remains elusive, i.e., why psychological stress predicts both decreased and increased physical activity. To test whether effects vary as a function of the level of analyses, we d...
Article
At present, current diagnostic criteria and systems neglect affective symptom expression in catatonia. This potentially serious omission could explain why putative contributions of limbic system structures, such as amygdala, hippocampus or hypothalamus, to catatonia in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) have been scarcely investigated so far. T...
Article
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Background: Understanding the development of the neuronal circuitry underlying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is critical to shed light into its etiology and for the development of treatment options. Resting state EEG provides a window into spontaneous local and long-range neuronal synchronization and has been investigated in many ASD studies, but...
Article
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Background Schizophrenia is accompanied by widespread alterations in static functional connectivity associated with symptom severity and cognitive deficits. Improvements in aerobic fitness have been demonstrated to ameliorate symptomatology and cognition in people with schizophrenia, but the intermediary role of macroscale connectivity patterns rem...
Article
Background Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) are heterogeneous at the clinical and the biological level. Therefore, the aims were to dissect the heterogeneous neurodevelopmental deviations of the affective brain circuitry and provide an integration of these differences across modalities. Methods We combined two novel approaches. First, normative...
Preprint
Applications of machine learning (ML) in biomedical science are growing rapidly, spurred by interdisciplinary collaborations, aggregation of large datasets, accessibility of analytic routines, and availability of powerful computers. With this increased usage comes a responsibility for education, borne equally by data scientists plying their wares i...
Article
Background Aberrant brain connectivity during emotional processing, especially within the fronto-limbic pathway, is one of the hallmarks of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the methodological heterogeneity of previous studies made it difficult to determine the functional and etiological implications of specific alterations in brain connect...
Article
Full-text available
Silencing of dopamine transporter (DAT), a main controlling factor of dopaminergic signaling, results in biochemical and behavioral features characteristic for neuropsychiatric diseases with presumed hyperdopaminergia including schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)....
Article
This commentary suggests that neuroscience research on young healthy heavy cannabis users and patients with cannabis-induced psychosis using multimodal assessment of sensorimotor dysfunction (e.g. neuroimaging, clinical rating scales, and instrumental assessments) may help to identify both biological resistance and vulnerability without constraints...
Article
Background The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has confronted millions of people around the world with an unprecedented stressor, affecting physical and mental health. Accumulating evidence suggests that emotional and cognitive self-regulation is particularly needed to effectively cope with stress. Therefore, we investigated the predictive value of...
Article
Background: . High-quality comprehensive data on short-/long-term physical/mental health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are needed. Methods: . The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT) is an international, multi-language (n=30) project involving >230 investigators from 49 countries/territories/re...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in social neuroscience have made neural signatures of social exchange measurable simultaneously across people. This has identified brain regions differentially active during social interaction between human dyads, but the underlying systems-level mechanisms are incompletely understood. This paper introduces dynamic causal modelling and Bay...
Article
The relationship between transdiagnostic, dimensional and categorical approaches to schizophrenia is under debate. We propose that if a categorical diagnosis of schizophrenia makes sense, points of rarity should be observable in causal risk factors, genetic or environmental, and/or the neural systems on which they impact. In our reading, the prepon...
Article
Full-text available
Background:Social integration is a major resilience factor for staying healthy. However, the COVID-19-pandemic led to unprecedented restrictions in social life. The consequences of these social lockdowns on momentary well-being are yet not fully understood.Method:We investigated the individual affective benefit from social interactions in a longitu...
Article
Full-text available
Background The neurocognitive mechanisms underlying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remain unclear. Progress has been largely hampered by small sample sizes, variable age ranges and resulting inconsistent findings. There is a pressing need for large definitive studies to delineate the nature and extent of key case/control differences to direct resea...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most mental disorders first emerge in youth and, in their early stages, surface as subthreshold expressions of symptoms comprising a transdiagnostic phenotype of psychosis, mania, depression, and anxiety. Elevated stress reactivity is one of the most widely studied mechanisms underlying psychotic and affective mental health problems. Thu...
Article
Full-text available
The relative roles of brainstem, thalamus and striatum in parkinsonism in schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) patients are largely unknown. To determine whether topographical alterations of the brainstem, thalamus and striatum contribute to parkinsonism in SSD patients, we conducted structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of SSD patients with...
Article
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The rapidly evolving field of sensorimotor neuroscience reflects the scientific and clinical relevance of sensorimotor abnormalities as an intrinsic component of the disease process, e.g., in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). Despite previous efforts, however, prevalence rates and relationships between different categories of se...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Das DiGeorge-Syndrom ist eines der häufigsten Mikrodeletionssyndrome und bedingt ein erhöhtes Risiko für neuropsychiatrische Störungen der Intelligenz, der sozialen Kommunikation und der Exekutivfunktionen sowie psychotische Störungen. Im Falle des vorgestellten männlichen Patienten handelt es sich um die seltene Beschreibung eines...
Article
Full-text available
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has confronted millions of people around the world with an unprecedented stressor, affecting physical and mental health. Accumulating evidence suggests that emotional and cognitive self-regulation is particularly needed to effectively cope with stress. Therefore, we investigated the predictive value of affective...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has altered daily routines and family functioning, led to closing schools, and dramatically limited social interactions worldwide. Measuring its impact on mental health of vulnerable children and adolescents is crucial. Methods: The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (C...
Article
Full-text available
Catatonia is a transnosologic psychomotor syndrome with high prevalence in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). There is mounting neuroimaging evidence that catatonia is associated with aberrant frontoparietal, thalamic and cerebellar regions. Large-scale brain network dynamics in catatonia have not been investigated so far. In this study, resti...
Article
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Insight into illness in schizophrenia (SZ) patients has a major impact on treatment adherence and outcome. Previous studies have linked distinct deviations of brain structure to illness insight, specifically in frontoparietal and subcortical regions. Some of these abnormalities are thought to reflect aberrant cortical development. In this study, we...
Article
Objective: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is accompanied by highly individualized neuroanatomical deviations that potentially map onto distinct genotypes and clinical phenotypes. This study aimed to link differences in brain anatomy to specific biological pathways to pave the way toward targeted therapeutic interventions. Methods: The authors ex...
Article
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Purpose Perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) is a neural convergence site for social stress-related risk factors for mental health, including ethnic minority status. Current social status, a strong predictor of mental and somatic health, has been related to gray matter volume in this region, but the effects of social mobility over the lifesp...
Article
The research domain criteria (RDoC) initiative of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) was presented 12 years ago. The RDoC provides a matrix for the systematic, dimensional and domain-based study of mental disorders that is not based on established disease entities as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (...
Article
Copy number variations (CNV) involving multiple genes are ideal models to study polygenic neuropsychiatric disorders. Since 22q11.2 deletion is regarded as the most important single genetic risk factor for developing schizophrenia, characterizing the effects of this CNV on neural networks offers a unique avenue towards delineating polygenic interac...
Article
Full-text available
DNA methylation is an epigenetic biological process that is emerging as an important mediator of environmental risk effects on the susceptibility of severe illness, such as schizophrenia. DNA methylation shows coordination across biologically-related genes, but it is not known whether the resulting network structure has a mediating effect on illnes...
Article
Background: . High-quality comprehensive data on short-/long-term physical/mental health effects of the COVID�19 pandemic are needed. Methods: . The Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times (COH-FIT) is an international, multi-language (n=30) project involving >230 investigators from 49 countries/territories/r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has confronted millions of people around the world with an unprecedented stressor, affecting physical and mental health. Accumulating evidence suggests that emotional and cognitive self-regulation is particularly needed to effectively cope with stress. Therefore, we investigated the predictive value of...
Article
Precision psychiatry stands to benefit from the latest digital technologies for assessment and analyses to tailor treatment towards individuals. Insights into dynamic psychological processes as they unfold in humans' everyday life can critically add value in understanding symptomatology and environmental stressors to provide individualized treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
Background Altered ventral striatal (vST) activation to reward expectancy is a well-established intermediate phenotype for psychiatric disorders, specifically schizophrenia. Preclinical research suggests that striatal alterations are related to a reduced inhibition by the hippocampal formation but its role in human transdiagnostic reward-network dy...
Article
Full-text available
Dynamical brain state transitions are critical for flexible working memory but the network mechanisms are incompletely understood. Here, we show that working memory performance entails brain-wide switching between activity states using a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging in healthy controls and individuals with schizophrenia, pha...
Preprint
Background: Social integration is a major resilience factor for staying healthy. However, the COVID-19-pandemic led to unprecedented restrictions in social life. The consequences of these social lockdowns on momentary well-being are yet not fully understood. Method: We investigated the individual affective benefit from social interactions in a long...
Article
The number of neuroimaging studies on movement disorders, sensorimotor, and psychomotor functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) has steadily increased over the last two decades. Accelerated by the addition of the “sensorimotor domain” to the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework in January 2019, neuroscience research on the role o...
Article
Full-text available
Social-communication (SC) and restricted repetitive behaviors (RRB) are autism diagnostic symptom domains. SC and RRB severity can markedly differ within and between individuals and may be underpinned by different neural circuitry and genetic mechanisms. Modeling SC-RRB balance could help identify how neural circuitry and genetic mechanisms map ont...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that maternal care constitutes a protective factor for psychopathology which may be conditional on the level of family adversity. Given that psychopathology is frequently linked with social deficits, and the amygdala with social functioning, we investigated the impact of early maternal care on amygdala function under high versus l...
Article
Social embedding and social support are critical for mental health protection. Here, we study increases in affective well-being in naturalistic social contexts,¹ a concept that we call social affective benefit (SAB). Unlike traditional inventory-based measures, which quantify differences between study participants, SAB reflects within-person social...
Article
Background: Copy number variations (CNV) involving multiple genes are ideal models to study polygenic neuropsychiatric disorders. Since 22q11.2 deletion is regarded as the most important single genetic risk factor for developing schizophrenia, characterizing the effects of this CNV on neural networks offers a unique avenue towards delineating polyg...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Aberrant brain connectivity during emotional processing, especially within the fronto-limbic pathway, is one of the hallmarks of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, a lack of systematic approaches in previous studies made it difficult to determine whether a specific alteration in brain connectivity reflects a cause, correlate, or...
Article
Full-text available
Low-frequency 1q21.1 distal deletion and duplication copy number variant (CNV) carriers are predisposed to multiple neurodevelopmental disorders, including schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability. Human carriers display a high prevalence of micro- and macrocephaly in deletion and duplication carriers, respectively. The underlying brain st...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ward-equivalent treatment (StäB), a form of crisis resolution and home treatment in Germany, has been introduced in 2018 as a new model of mental health service delivery for people with an indication for inpatient care. The rapid progress in the field of information and communication technology offers entirely new opportunities for inn...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Substanzinduzierte psychotische Störungen (SIPS) sind häufig und für ca. 25 % der ersten Einweisungen in eine psychiatrische Klinik verantwortlich. Aus klinischer Sicht ist aufgrund ähnlicher psychopathologischer Phänomene die diagnostische Unterscheidung zwischen SIPS und primären (genuinen oder kryptogenen) psychotischen Störungen...
Article
Full-text available
Even today, patients with schizophrenia often have an unfavorable outcome. Negative symptoms and cognitive deficits are common features in many patients and prevent recovery. In recent years, aerobic endurance training has emerged as a therapeutic approach with positive effects on several domains of patients’ health. However, appropriately sized, m...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Psychische Erkrankungen sind weit verbreitet und ein bedeutendes Problem des allgemeinen Gesundheitswesens. Das Risiko, irgendwann im Laufe des Lebens eine psychische Erkrankung zu entwickeln, liegt bei rund 40 %. Psychische Erkrankungen zählen damit zu den epidemiologisch bedeutsamsten Erkrankungen. Trotz der Einführung neuerer Psy...
Preprint
Full-text available
The unbiased identification of brain circuits responsible for behavior and their local cellular computations is a challenge for neuroscience. We establish here a hierarchical cross-scale approach from behavioral modeling and fMRI in task-performing mice to cellular network dynamics to identify how reward predictions are represented in the forebrain...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Most mental disorders first emerge in youth and, in their early stages, surface as subthreshold expressions of symptoms comprising a transdiagnostic phenotype of psychosis, mania, depression, and anxiety. Elevated stress reactivity is one of the most widely studied mechanisms underlying psychotic and affective mental health problems. Thu...
Article
Background: Drugs, psychotherapy, and other treatment modalities are effective for many patients with mental illness. Nonetheless, many patients do not achieve a total remission with the currently available interventions, and the recurrence rates are high. As part of the ongoing search for further treatment options for refractory disorders, there...
Preprint
Low-frequency 1q21.1 distal deletion and duplication copy number variant (CNV) carriers are predisposed to multiple neurodevelopmental disorders including schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability. Human carriers display a high prevalence of micro- and macrocephaly in deletion and duplication carriers, respectively. The underlying brain str...
Chapter
Among research disciplines, neuroscience has introduced the most fundamental changes in the way in which mental disease states are conceptualized and pursued. Nowhere is this more obvious than in translational medicine. The slow, arduous empirical process of finding new treatments must be properly incentivized for this work to be done by the curren...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity substantially improves well-being and mental health, but the underlying brain processes remain unclear. Most research concerns exercise, although the majority of everyday human behaviors, such as walking or stair climbing, are nonexercise activities. Combining neuroimaging with ecological assessment of activity and GPS-triggered s...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity is beneficial for human physical health and well‐being. Accordingly, the association between physical activity and mood in everyday life has been a subject of several Ambulatory Assessment studies. This mechanism has been studied in children, adults and the elderly, but neglected in adolescents. It is critical to examine this mech...
Chapter
It is likely that the chronic stress of social defeat or exclusion contributes to the increased psychosis risk among members of ethnic minorities. Is this idea compatible with the dopamine or neurodevelopmental hypothesis, two dominant hypotheses with regard to pathogenesis? Defeated animals show clear evidence of dopamine sensitization. As for hum...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Most mental disorders first emerge in youth and, in their early stages, surface as subthreshold expressions of symptoms comprising a transdiagnostic phenotype. Elevated stress reactivity is one of the most widely studied psychological mechanisms underlying psychotic and affective mental health problems. Thus, targeting stress reactivity...
Article
Background Longitudinal cohort studies with early start and life span perspectives are increasingly recognized as being crucial to uncover developmental trajectories as well as risk and resilience factors of psychiatric disorders.Objective The importance of longitudinal studies is presented and the main findings of the Mannheim study of children at...
Article
Full-text available
First‐degree relatives of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (SZ‐FDRs) show similar patterns of brain abnormalities and cognitive alterations to patients, albeit with smaller effect sizes. First‐degree relatives of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD‐FDRs) show divergent patterns; on average, intracranial volume is larger compared to co...
Article
Full-text available
First-degree relatives of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (SZ-FDRs) show similar patterns of brain abnormalities and cognitive alterations to patients, albeit with smaller effect sizes. First-degree relatives of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD-FDRs) show divergent patterns; on average, intracranial volume is larger compared to co...