Andreas Löcken

Andreas Löcken
Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt · CARISSMA Institute of Automated Driving (C-IAD)

Dr.

About

45
Publications
12,867
Reads
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731
Citations
Introduction
Andreas Löcken currently works at the Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt. Andreas does research in Human-computer Interaction in the Automotive Domain. His current project is 'SAVe:'.
Additional affiliations
July 2018 - present
Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt
Position
  • PostDoc Position
December 2014 - June 2018
Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Position
  • Research Assistant
June 2013 - November 2014
OFFIS - Institute for Information Technology
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (45)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Prosocial Behavior" means cooperating and acting in a way to benefit others. Since more and more diverse road users (such as electronic bicycles, scooters, etc.) but also vehicles at different levels of automation are sharing the safety-critical road environment, acting prosocial will become increasingly important in the future for both human and a...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Primary driving tasks are increasingly being handled by vehicle automation so that support for non-driving related tasks (NDRTs) is becoming more and more important. In SAE L3 automation, vehicles can require the driver-passenger to take over driving controls, though. Interfaces for NDRTs must therefore guarantee safe operation and...
Article
Full-text available
The inappropriate use of automation as a result of trust issues is a major barrier for a broad market penetration of automated vehicles. Studies so far have shown that providing information about the vehicle's actions and intentions can be used to calibrate trust and promote user acceptance. However, how such feedback could be designed optimally is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today's developments in the automotive industry are moving towards automated driving. At the highest levels, the driver becomes the passenger, which presents a new challenge for human-computer interaction. People not only have to trust in the automated system but are also confronted with increased complexity, as it is often not clear what the auto...
Conference Paper
Automated vehicles are expected to become a part of the road traffic in the near future. This upcoming change raises concerns on how human road users, e.g., cyclists or pedestrians, would interact with them to ensure safe communication on the road. Previous work focused primarily on the scenario in which a young adult without impairments crosses a...
Conference Paper
The introduction of micro-mobility, such as e-scooters, brings new challenges. Nevertheless, these trend devices are spreading rapidly without a comprehensive study of their interactions with other road users. For example, many countries currently require drivers of e-scooters to signal turns by hand. In this work, we investigate whether e-scoot...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of research in the field of interaction between automated vehicles and other road users in their vicinity. To facilitate such interactions, researchers and designers have explored designs, and this line of work has yielded several concepts of external Human-Machine Interfaces (eHMI) for vehicles. Literature and media review...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Exploiting the potential of automated vehicles and future traffic concepts like platooning or dynamic intersections requires the integration of human traffic participants. Recent research investigating how automated vehicles can communicate with other road users has focused mainly on pedestrians. We argue that cyclists are another important group o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Es wurden bereits einige Lösungen vorgestellt, um die Kommunikation zwischen automatisierten Fahrzeugen und ungeschützten Verkehrsteilnehmern (sog. „Vulnerable Road Users“, VRUs) zu unterstützen. Noch ist jedoch unklar, ob diese Systeme den Anforderungen zukünftiger Benutzer auch gerecht werden. Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, Benutzeranforderungen von...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As a third party to both automated and non-automated vehicles , pedestrians are among the most vulnerable participants in traffic. Currently, there is no way for them to communicate their intentions to an automated vehicle (AV). In this work, we explore the interactions between pedestrians and AVs at unmarked crossings. We propose a virtual reality...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Automated vehicles (AVs) introduce a new challenge to human-computer interaction (HCI): pedestrians are no longer able to communicate with human drivers. Hence, new HCI designs need to fill this gap. This work presents the implementation and comparison of different interaction concepts in virtual reality (VR). They were derived after an analysis of...
Conference Paper
As automated vehicles increase on public roads, research on communication with vulnerable road users (VRUs) becomes increasingly important. Recently, numerous solutions to tackle this problem have been presented. However, it is not clear whether such concepts fit the needs and requirements of future users. The aim of this work is to identify the re...
Article
Currently, lane change decision aid systems primarily address foveal vision and thus compete for drivers’ attention with interfaces of other assistant systems. Also, alternative modalities such as acoustic perception (Mahapatra et al., in: 2008 International conference on advanced computer theory and engineering, pp 992–995. https://doi.org/10.1109...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Knowing the locations of spatially distributed objects is important in many different scenarios (e.g., driving a car and being aware of other road users). In particular, it is critical for preventing accidents with objects that come too close (e.g., cyclists or pedestrians). In this paper, we explore how peripheral cues can shift a user's attention...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For decision making in monitoring and control rooms situation awareness is key. Given the often spacious and complex environments, simple alarms are not sufficient for attention guidance (e.g., on ship bridges). In our work, we explore shifting attention towards the location of relevant entities in large cyber-physical systems. Therefore, we used p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, researchers have created different systems aimed at supporting a drivers' decision-making process without creating additional distractions. Various approaches use in-car ambient light displays to convey information or offer suggestions about traffic situations. Developers of such systems often use lo-fi prototypes, such as paper sk...
Conference Paper
Negative affective states such as frustration may lead to aggressive behaviors and have negative consequences on the experienced comfort of drivers. Hence, an affect-aware system which can recognize the current affective state of a driver and react to it appropriately may be able to support the regulation of emotions and to prevent negative consequ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While performing multiple competing tasks at the same time, e.g., when driving, assistant systems can be used to create cues to direct attention towards required information. However, poorly designed cues will interrupt or annoy users and affect their performance. Therefore, we aim to identify cues that are not missed and trigger a quick reaction w...
Chapter
Informing a driver of a vehicle’s changing state and environment is a major challenge that grows with the introduction of in-vehicle assistant and infotainment systems. Even in the age of automation, the human will need to be in the loop for monitoring, taking over control, or making decisions. In these cases, poorly designed systems could lead to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the coming age of automation, drivers of automated vehicles will need to be assisted. First, because humans are bad at observing a system's state over long periods of time. But they will have to do so as long as they are expected to take over in certain situations (NHTSA Level 3). Second, because we assume that the operator's trust and overall c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Managing drivers' distraction and directing their attention has been a challenge for automotive UI researchers both in industry and academia. The objective of this half-day tutorial is to provide an overview of methodologies for design, development, and evaluation of in-vehicle attention-directing user interfaces. The tutorial will introduce specif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last decade, several in-vehicle light displays have been proposed. These displays inform drivers via light patterns that go beyond simple status indicators. In this literature survey, we present 21 works with their light displays and patterns. In addition, we summarize the common methods and results of these works. This work will help resear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Modern cars are developed to be more safe for occupants and consume less fuel. Hence, C-pillars became wider, resulting in a worse surround view in the back of the car. However, when reversing into a parking space, the rear of the car is important to the drivers: accident statistics show that accidents with personal damage occur most often when tur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Car navigation systems typically combine multiple output modalities; for example, GPS-based navigation aids show a real-time map, or feature spoken prompts indicating upcoming maneuvers. However, the drawback of graphical navigation displays is that drivers have to explicitly glance at them, which can distract from a situation on the road. To decre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent interest in the development of ambient light systems has initialized a new research area, where the number of am- bient light systems is expected to increase in the next years. To support the development of future ambient light systems, we need clear, explicit, and structured design guidelines. In this paper we present an evaluation of light...
Article
Full-text available
Ambient systems provide information in the periphery of a user's attention. Their aim is to present information as unobtrusively as possible to avoid interrupting primary tasks (e.g. writing or reading). In recent years, light has been used to create ambient systems to display information. Examples of ambient light systems range from simple notific...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current development of ambient light systems lacks an evaluation and guidelines in the design process. We present a study design with two complementary parts, which aims to fill the gaps in the understanding of information encoding via light. In the first part of our study we want to find out light patterns that represent different types of eve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While deciding if it is possible to overtake a slower car, drivers have to take several factors into account. Accident statistics show that many drivers make mistakes in this sit-uation. We want to assist drivers during lane change deci-sion without raising his or her mental workload. Since vision is already highly loaded to assess the situation, w...
Conference Paper
The number of assistance systems in cars has been increasing in recent years. While these systems are targeted at supporting the individual driver and his or her safety, they may though compete for the driver's attention, and may demand too much of the driver's cognitive resources. Based on the established multiple resource theory in recent years,...
Conference Paper
In the recent years, several automotive manufacturers started to integrate ambient light displays into cars to increase drivers' comfort. Expanding their possible application areas, we propose a display that continuously informs the driver of the vehicle's as well as the environment's state. We studied this display in a lane change maneuver, in whi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ambient lighting systems have been introduced by several manufacturers to increase the driver's comfort. Also, some works proposed warning systems based on light displays. Expanding on those works, we are searching for designs of Lumicons (i.e. light patterns) that can not only warn drivers in critical situations but also keep them informed in a no...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present "Sparkle", an ambient light display for dynamic off-screen points of interest (POIs) embedded with a tablet computer. We report on the design process using a virtual prototype to inform design decisions for the physical prototype used in the evaluation as well as on the results of our experiment. We show that Sparkle reduce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we report an initial exploratory study into displaying reminders for upcoming calendar events with ambient light displays. We asked ten participants to test four different ambient light displays in their offices for one day. Of the four systems used participants preferred a small form factor table lamp over all other systems.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Driving is a multi-tasking activity. High cognitive ability is needed to perform different tasks simultaneously. Once the number of tasks or their complexity is increased, multi-tasking is not possible due to the limited cognitive resources. In this case, instead of having multiple tasks proceeding in parallel, they interrupt each other which somet...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A major challenge in the future of tra�c is to understand how "socially-aware vehicles" could be making use of their social habitus, formed by any information that can be inferred from past and present social relations, social interactions, and a driver's social state when exposed to other participants in real, live traffic. The aim of this worksho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we present an approach to explore the design space for ambient light displays with the help of software simulation. This allows researchers and practi-tioners to collect valuable information on the design space before making implementation decisions. In our interactivity users will be able to compare both soft-ware simulation and har...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several systems using di�erent modalities have been introduced to assist drivers. We want to �nd out if peripheral vision is a less demanded cognitive resource while driving and therefore propose ambient light as an alternative modality for information presentation. In this paper, we propose different locations for an in-vehicle ambient light displ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Driving is a cognitively demanding task. Hence, it is necessary to keep the driver's cognitive load in mind while designing new assistant systems. In this paper, we will present first goals of the recently started project "The Car That Cares". One goal is to keep the driver's workload low by adapting the information display to the driver's abilitie...
Article
Full-text available
Music is a fundamental part of most cultures. Controlling music playback has commonly been used to demonstrate new interaction techniques and algorithms. In particular, controlling music playback has been used to demonstrate and evaluate gesture recognition algorithms. Previous work, however, used gestures that have been defined based on intuition...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Music is a fundamental part of most cultures. Controlling music playback has commonly been used to demonstrate new interaction techniques and algorithm. In particular, controlling music playback has been used to demonstrate and evaluate gesture recognition algorithms. Previous work, however, used gestures that have been defined based on intuition,...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
https://wecare-workshop.github.io/ Automated vehicles (AVs) are expected to become a part of the road traffic in the near future. This upcoming change raises concerns on how human vulnerable road users (VRUs), e.g., cyclists or pedestrians, would interact with them to ensure safe communication on the road. Previous work focused primarily on the scenario in which a young adult without impairments crosses a street in front of an automated vehicle. Several road user groups, such as children, seniors, or people with special needs, in roles of pedestrians and cyclists, are not considered in this scenario. On top of this, cultural differences are rarely considered. To ensure that future traffic is safe and accessible for all citizens, we aim to address inclusive communication between automated vehicles and vulnerable road users. In this workshop, we will discuss and exchange methods, tools, and scenarios applicable for inclusive communication, identify the most relevant research gaps, and connect people for future collaborations.
Project
In this project, we develop the methodology for a virtual test field with our partners from the region using the example of Ingolstadt. https://save-in.digital