Andreas Hepp

Andreas Hepp
Universität Bremen | Uni Bremen · ZeMKI, Centre for Media, Communication and Information Research

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419
Publications
151,031
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Introduction
Andreas Hepp is Professor of Media and Communication Studies with the Special Areas Media Culture and Communication Theory at the ZeMKI (Centre for Media, Communication and Information Research), Universität Bremen, Germany. His main research areas are media and communication theory, media sociology, mediatization research, communicative AI/automation of communication, datafication of social practices, transnational and transcultural communication, and cross-media research.
Additional affiliations
October 2004 - present
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Professor (Full) of Media and Communication Studies
January 2004 - December 2016
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Professor (Full) of Media and Communication Studies

Publications

Publications (419)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to draw attention to the phenomenon of media-related pioneer communities. The maker, quantified-self and open data movements have made clear how much an analysis of such pioneer communities can contribute to our understanding of changes in media and communication, together with related social and cultural changes. Pioneer...
Book
Social theory needs to be radically rethought for a world of digital media and social media platforms driven by data processes. Fifty years after Berger and Luckmann published their classic text The Social Construction of Reality , two leading sociologists of media, Nick Couldry and Andreas Hepp, revisit the question of how the social world, and ou...
Article
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Recent journalism research often argues that it is high time that we moved beyond the newsroom and begin asking who it is that is stimulating transformation and not what it is, as individual journalists, entrepreneurs, technology firms, and startups assume an increasingly critical role in the development of the field. This article introduces the co...
Book
Full-text available
Andreas Hepp takes an integrative look at one of the biggest questions in media and communications research: how digital media is changing society. Often, such questions are discussed in isolation, losing sight of the overarching context in which they are situated. Hepp has developed a theory of the re-figuration of society by digital media and th...
Article
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Ziel dieses Artikels ist es, die Diskussion um Forschungssoftware in der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft methodisch zu kontextualisieren. Das Kernargument dabei ist, dass wir uns „jenseits“ des Computational Turns der Kommunikations- und Medienwis- senschaft befinden, sowohl im Hinblick auf ihren Gegenstand (die meisten Medien sind zu digita...
Chapter
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This chapter describes the study of human-machine-communication (HMC) as inherently interdisciplinary. This interdisciplinarity is significant in several ways: When considering interdisciplinarity's scope, there exist narrow forms of correspondence with neighboring disciplines in media and communication studies as do broader connections with more d...
Book
This Open Access book examines the ambivalences of data power. Firstly, the ambivalences between global infrastructures and local invisibilities challenge the grand narrative of the ephemeral nature of a global data infrastructure. They make visible local working and living conditions, and the resources and arrangements required to operate and run...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Im journalistischen Diskurs wird der Wandel von Gesellschaft hin zu einer „digitalen Gesellschaft“ immer wieder mit Konzepten der disruptiven Veränderung und der Rolle von Start-ups bei dieser gefasst. In Abgrenzung zu solchen verkürzenden Vorstellungen diskutiert der Beitrag die Rolle von Pioniergemeinschaften in Transformationspro...
Chapter
Data power is a highly ambivalent phenomenon and it is precisely these ambivalences that open up important perspectives for the burgeoning field of critical data studies: First, the ambivalences between global infrastructures and local invisibilities. These challenge the grand narrative of the ephemeral nature of a global data infrastructure and in...
Chapter
This chapter examines the transnational Twitter followee-network of the Quantified Self (QS) and Maker movements. Based on a media ethnography as a pre-study, the following questions are addressed: How is the organisational elite of both pioneer communities connected? What patterns and peculiarities can be identified in terms of account types and t...
Article
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Until the end of the last century, media sociology was synonymous with the investigation of mass media as a social domain. Today, media sociology needs to address a much higher level of complexity, that is, a deeply mediatized world in which all human practices, social relations, and social order are entangled with digital media and their infrastru...
Chapter
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One of the most challenging questions regarding the transformation of space refers to media and communications: How do digital media change space and our experience of space? This question is often discussed in isolation, losing sight of its overarching context. This chapter develops a theory of the refiguration of society by digital media and thei...
Article
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Using ethnographic methods to investigate the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic affected two Makerspaces, we discuss the limits of the of Maker movement’s ideological foundations. Both spaces moved their activities online but differ in their engagement with Corona-specific projects: While the eLab Berlin decided to avoid any involvement due to le...
Book
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Wir sind auf dem Weg zur digitalen Gesellschaft, aber wir sind noch lange nicht angekommen. Andreas Hepp beleuchtet in seinem Buch die tiefgreifende Mediatisierung der Gesellschaft. Er fokussiert den Umgang mit digitalen Medien, ihre Infrastrukturen und die automatisierte Verarbeitung der Daten, die wir alle online hinterlassen. Hepp diskutiert die...
Preprint
Full-text available
An Interview with Professor Andreas Hepp, University of Bremen
Article
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This article presents the results of a comparative discourse analysis of coverage of the Maker and Quantified Self movements in the German and British (online) press over the period 2007 to 2019. The analysis is based on three research questions: To what extent are these two pioneer communities the subject of public discourse? Which patterns struct...
Chapter
Wir leben in Zeiten tiefgreifender Mediatisierung. Damit ist gemeint, dass unsere heutigen Gesellschaften mit digitalen Medien und Infrastrukturen so durchdrungen sind, dass diese konstitutiv geworden sind für die soziale Welt. Indem digitale Medien auf Software basieren, sind sie nicht nur Mittel der Kommunikation, sondern auch der fortlaufenden D...
Chapter
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German media sociology is in the process of developing from a sociology of mass communication to a sociology of a deeply mediatized world. This corresponds with three more general themes of international media sociology: a rethinking of agency, a redefinition of social relations, and a rediscovery of order in light of the digital. The specificity o...
Book
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Es ist gerade einmal dreißig Jahre her, dass der britische Informatiker Timothy Berners-Lee und sein belgischer Kollege Robert Cailliau die technischen Grundlagen des World Wide Web entwickelten. Die von ihnen eingeläutete Digitale Revolution hat unsere Gesellschaften seither ebenso radikal wie nachhaltig verändert – und ein Ende ist nicht abzusehe...
Article
Ziel dieses Artikels ist es, die Diskussion um Forschungssoftware in der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft methodisch zu kontextualisieren. Das Kernargument dabei ist, dass wir uns „jenseits“ des Computational Turns der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft befinden, sowohl im Hinblick auf ihren Gegenstand (die meisten Medien sind zu digitale...
Article
Full-text available
Gegenstand des Beitrags ist ein Mapping der Figuration des deutschen Pionierjournalismus. Als Pionierjournalismus bezeichnen wir solche Formen des Journalismus, die durch experimentelle Praktiken und Imaginationen einer zukünftigen Entwicklung des Journalismus auf eine Neudefinition des Feldes abzielen. Dies schließt Journalismus in etablierten Med...
Article
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Der Journalismus ist ebenso wie die Journalismusforschung mit den Trends einer tiefgreifenden Mediatisierung konfrontiert: die fortschreitende Differenzierung, Konnektivität und Omnipräsenz digitaler Medien sowie die Beschleunigung der Innovationszyklen bei der Technologieentwicklung und die mit digitalen Medien verbundene Datafizierung aller Leben...
Article
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This article presents the results of a discourse analysis of press coverage on the Quantified Self (QS) movement in the German and British (online) press between 2007 and 2018. The analysis is driven by two questions: What discursive patterns can be discerned within this coverage? And, what characterizes the translation of the experimental practice...
Article
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The aim of this article is to reconstruct the ways in which the organizational elites of the Quantified Self and Maker movements curate their respective pioneer communities. Based on a media ethnography carried out in Germany, the UK, and the USA it is demonstrated that the two movements adopt different curatorial models: curation through the use o...
Article
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The aim of this article is to outline ‘communicative robots’ as an increasingly relevant field of media and communication research. Communicative robots are defined as autonomously operating systems designed for the purpose of quasi-communication with human beings to enable further algorithmic-based functionalities – often but not always on the bas...
Article
The purpose of MeTag Analyze and the accompanying MeTag smartphone app is to provide researchers with a tool to collect and analyse media diaries. The data collection takes place via the above mentioned MeTag app on the participants’ smartphones. The data analysis is done via a web-based back-end app called MeTag Analyze which at the same time func...
Article
The purpose of MeSort is to provide researchers with a versatile digital tool to conduct various kinds of sorting methods. At the current state of development, it supports a highly editable sorting scheme we call circle sort, which is often used for researching media repertoires. This sorting is usually done as a part of qualitative interviews, but...
Article
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In this article we present a research project that experimentally develops a local news platform based on empirical research (interviews, group discussions, a survey) and a co-creation approach. What is presented here is not a typical empirical social science research study but the culmination of an entire approach that is oriented toward software...
Presentation
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Vielerorts ist die lokale Öffentlichkeit in eine (wenn auch ambivalente) Krise geraten: Ihre integrative Funktion schwindet angesichts des Relevanzverlusts klassischer Lokalmedien, individualisierter Mediennutzung und städtischer Segmentierungsprozesse. Digitale Medien werden in diesem Kontext häufig als Teil des Problems benannt; ihre Potenziale f...
Chapter
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Das Buch » Personal Influence « ist eine der meist zitierten und einflussreichsten Veröffentlichungen der amerikanischen Massenkommunikationsforschung aus der Nachkriegszeit. Es steht in der Folge der von Paul Lazarsfeld et al. (1944) realisierten Studien zum Einfluss der Medienberichterstattung auf die Präsidentschaftswahlen von 1940 (zum weiteren...
Article
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Academic research typically portrays the Maker Movement as a bottom-up emancipatory movement that emerged out of localised, grassroots initiatives. On the basis of a broad media ethnography that gathered data in Germany, Great Britain, and the USA, this article demonstrates the myopia of this assessment. Rather than being a bottom-up movement, the...
Conference Paper
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In diesem Working Paper wird für die Jahre 2007 bis 2017 vergleichend für Deutschland und Großbritannien der öffentliche Diskurs um Quantified Self und Maker Bewegung jenseits von Fachmagazinen und thematisch einschlägigen Webseiten bzw. Blogs untersucht. Hierbei haben wir eine dreifache Fragestellung: In welchem Umfang sind diese beiden Pioniergem...
Presentation
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"Co-Creating a New Local Public Sphere: On the Potential of Action Research for Re-Vitalizing Public Communication in a City’s Centre and Its Peripheries", presentation at the European Communication Research and Education Association's (ECREA) "7th European Communication Conference" (ECC) on November 3rd, 2018 in Lugano, Switzerland (together with...
Chapter
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Network is a concept that in essence describes the linkages between different entities.In media and com- munication research, these entities typically are human beings. The analysis of human social networks and the role of media for building up the social relations of these networks has a long tradition, which goes back to the origins of empirical...
Chapter
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Ziel des Kapitels ist es zu diskutieren, wie sich online hinterlassene digitale Spuren in ihrer Komplexität auf eine Weise kontextualisieren lassen, dass man sie in ihrem sozialen Bedeutungsgehalt analysieren kann. Hierzu werden nach einer allgemeinen Diskussion der dabei bestehenden Herausforderungen am Beispiel von Schulinformationssystemen mögli...
Chapter
Das Kapitel befasst sich mit der urbanen Vergemeinschaftung junger Menschen in Bremen und Leipzig. Anhand qualitativer empirischer Daten wird gezeigt, inwieweit – neben der Familie, Bekannten und Kollegen – für junge Menschen der Freundeskreis der primäre Figuration des Erlebens von Vergemeinschaftung in der Stadt ist. Dieser ist gleichwohl in erhe...
Chapter
Während das Phänomen der mediatisierten Stadt aus einer Alltagsperspektive augenfällig ist, findet die wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung damit im deutschsprachigen Raum sehr separiert statt: Die Geschichtswissenschaft nähert sich der historischen Dimension des Phänomens an. Die Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft befasst sich mit Einzelfragen...
Article
Full-text available
Digitale Medien spielen für die Verfasstheit von Gesellschaften eine zentrale Rolle. Die Forschung spricht von einer (tiefgreifenden) Mediatisierung der Gesellschaft. Gemeint ist damit die zunehmende Durchdringung von Gesellschaften mit digitalen Medien und den ihnen zugrundeliegenden Infrastrukturen, womit ein „entanglement“ von sozialen Konstrukt...
Chapter
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Kernüberlegung des Artikels ist es, dass sowohl Mediatisierungsforschung als auch kommunikativer Konstruktivismus damit konfrontiert sind, sich so weiterzuentwickeln, dass sie in ihrer empirischen Forschung der sich aktuell grundlegend verändernden Medienumgebung gerecht werden. Um dieses Argument zu entwickeln, werden zuerst einige allgemeinere An...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we want to discuss the role pioneer journalists and the pioneer communities that they are part of may play in journalism’s trajectory going forward. Journalism serves as an ideal case study for such an undertaking. This is because the transformation of journalism is entangled with the development of media technologies and is increasi...
Article
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On the basis of a media ethnography of self-trackers and their self-quantification, we argue in this article that the ways related media technologies and digital traces are appropriated depends on the overall contexts of these self-trackers. There are at least three kinds of contexts that matter: first, the context of further practices, of which se...
Article
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A consequence of living in a media-saturated world is that we inevitably leave behind digital traces of our media use. In this introduction to the International Journal of Communication's thematic section, we argue for a need to put those digital traces in context. As a starting point, we outline our basic understanding of digital traces, generally...
Chapter
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What does deep mediatization mean to young people in their daily urban sense of community? Posing this question, the chapter analyzes the mediatization of young people’s urban community building in two German cities: Bremen and Leipzig. In doing so, ‘urban sense of community’ is not treated as a given, but as communicatively constructed in an open...
Chapter
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The purpose of this chapter is to outline the concept ‘figurational approach’ as one possible way of researching transforming communications. To do this, the authors reflect on our changing media environment, which is understood as being marked by deep mediatization. Second, they develop the argument that mediatization research is right to emphasiz...
Chapter
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This chapter deepens the discussion on the problem of contextualizing digital traces. First, digital traces are reflected as a phenomenon of media-related complexity more generally. Secondly, the example of data from learning management systems is taken to discuss possible strategies of how to put such automatically generated data into context by t...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces the contributions to this volume in three stages. First, it is argued that when considering the present stage of deep mediatization, it is insufficient to concentrate solely on the media as such: one also has to consider how communication transforms with changing media. It is by virtue of the change in human communicative pr...
Book
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This open access volume is about how to research the influence of our changing media environment. Today, there is not one single medium that is the driving force of change. With the spreading of various technical communication media such as mobile phone and internet platforms, we are confronted with a media manifold of deep mediatization. But how c...
Book
Die Beiträge in diesem Buch untersuchen das Wechselverhältnis von Medien, urbanen Räumen und Kollektivität durch eine Analyse der vielfältigen kommunikativen Figurationen des städtischen Lebens. Der interdisziplinäre Sammelband bringt Forscherinnen und Forscher aus der Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft mit den Sozial- und Geschichtswissenschaf...
Chapter
This chapter discusses some of the complexities of mediatization that have appeared in the volume. Firstly, we reflect on the complexities related to the institutional, cultural and social dimensions of mediatization as well as the various levels of mediatization (e.g., with reference to a macro-micro scale). Secondly, on this basis, we systematize...
Article
Dayan and Katz’s book “Media Events” was so crucial because it challenged the dominance of quantitative communications research focussed on measurable discrete ‘media effects’. But meanwhile new challenges have emerged which we called ‘deep mediatization’ – datafication, deeper fragmentation of the audience, and over the longerterm threats to the u...
Chapter
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In Zeiten tiefgreifender Mediatisierung gewinnen Ansätze medienübergreifender Forschung zur Mediennutzung und -aneignung an Bedeutung. Dabei ist es notwendig, "medienübergreifend" zumindest in zweifacher Perspektive im Blick zu haben. Die erste Perspektive betrifft das "Individuum", dessen medienübergreifende Praktiken im Hinblick auf ein bestimmte...
Chapter
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Theory, as defined in this article, is understood as based on empirical (media and communication) research in a dual way: on the one hand, as guiding this research, on the other hand, as result of this research. Due to recent developments in the field of media and communications, many established theories – which mainly were rooted in ideas and mod...
Chapter
Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der kommunikativen Vernetzung und Gemeinschaftsbildung im Generationenvergleich. In einer qualitativen Studie wurden mittels einer kontextualisierten Kommunikationsnetzwerkanalyse junge, mittelalte und ältere Menschen hinsichtlich ihrer Medienaneignung, Vergemeinschaftung und generationellen Verortung untersucht....
Article
In a time of deep mediatization, cross-media approaches to investigating media practices are becoming increasingly relevant. In this respect, we have to consider cross-media from at least two different perspectives. The first perspective considers the ‘individual’ whose cross-media use can be characterized as a particular ‘media repertoire’. The se...
Article
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As part of its work over the last five years, the Communicative Figurations research network developed a research programme on investigating Transforming Communications; that is, how our present social world changes with deep mediatization and the related transformation of communication. In 2016, this research programme was submitted as a proposal...
Article
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With a focus on elderly people this article puts forward a concept of media generation as a thickening of one or more age groups of people who in their media appropriation share a specific experience space of mediatization and subsequently, based on their personal media biographies, develop a shared self-image as a media generation. Such a conceptu...
Article
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Betrachtet man die aktuelle Debatte um den Konstruktivismus in der Kommunikationswissenschaft, stehen immer wieder drei Fragen im Vordergrund: Wie genau konkretisiert sich konstruktivistisches Denken in der Kommunikations- und Medienforschung? Welche Grundlagen liefert es für eine empirische Forschung? Und inwieweit verschieben sich hierbei bisheri...
Book
This volume sheds light on the underlying dynamics of mediatization, disentangling the actual unfolding of mediatization processes. The wide adoption and deep embedding of digital media and technology brings new questions to mediatization studies: how can we grasp this ‘deep mediatization’? In which way should we develop existing approaches of medi...
Book
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The topic “Politics, Civil Society and Participation” is dedicated to the fundamental question: How do media and communications practices within European cultures change with their environment? This volume consists of the intellectual work of the 2015 European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School, organized in cooperation with the Europea...
Chapter
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How do societies and cultures change with the media that are used broadly and intensely by their members? How do individuals, collectivies and organisations address, meet or cope with challenges that emerge from these transformations? How do politicians and policies regulate, react to or shape media communica - tions? And how do media, their con...
Chapter
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There is an ongoing discussion in media and communication research about the extent to which mediatization involves shifts in collectivities and community building. However, if mediatization is taken to refer to the changing relationship between media and communication, and to the shifts of culture and society linked to the diffusion of technical m...
Article
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This article introduces the approach of contextualised communication network analysis as a qualitative procedure for researching communicative relationships realised through the media. It combines qualitative interviews on media appropriation, egocentric network maps, and media diaries. Through the triangulation of these methods of data collection,...
Chapter
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Walter J. Ongs Standardwerk erweist sich vor dem Hintergrund des heutigen Wandels von Medien, Kultur und Gesellschaft als relevanter denn je: Es bietet in anschaulicher Weise Einblicke in den Charakter mündlicher und schriftlicher Gesellschaften und führt damit vor Augen, welche zentrale Bedeutung der Transformation von Kommunikation für die gesell...
Chapter
In this chapter, we focus on a specific mode of communicative construction: the European public sphere as constructed in newspaper coverage. Like in other mass media, public communication in and through the press is considered to be a sine qua non of a European public sphere, given the ongoing political integration of Europe and early discussion of...
Chapter
Having in the previous chapter explored how citizens in Europe are connected to the European public sphere and how they are involved in the process of the communicative construction of Europe, we now focus on the euro crisis as a specific moment of activation. We ask how a legitimate Europe is constructed in the citizens’ perspective on the euro cr...
Chapter
As we have argued in the previous chapter, we consider the concept of cultures of political discourse helpful to understand the multi-segmentation of the European public sphere. By applying this concept to our analysis of the communicative construction of Europe and the emergence of a European public sphere, we assume that the multi-segmented Europ...
Chapter
In this chapter, we outline a communicative constructivist perspective on the European public sphere, Europe and the EU. As already emphasised in the introduction, this perspective does not mean that we reduce Europe and the EU to a semiotic phenomenon. Other processes of social construction are also taking place and are of great importance. Beyond...
Chapter
As we have seen, the euro crisis did not lead to a collapse of the European public sphere in our six research countries, at least not in the sense of either an increase or a decrease in reporting on European issues. However, as we will show in this and the following chapters, people across Europe do perceive the euro crisis as a major issue in thei...
Chapter
In the previous chapters, we have discussed processes of communicatively constructing Europe with regard to journalistic production, media coverage and the interaction in online forums. We demonstrated that the multi-segmented European public sphere is rooted in different cultures of political discourse and that the related public sphere is charact...
Chapter
In this conclusion, we will now tie the overall argumentation together. We present some general reflections on the present status of what we have called the communicative construction of Europe. Europe signifies the emergent European society with the EU as its political institution. As shown in chapter 2, we do not want to reduce Europe and the EU...
Article
Based on a 12-year long project, this book demonstrates the contested character of the communicative construction of Europe. It does so by combining an investigation of journalistic practices with content analysis of print media, an examination of citizens' online interactions and audience studies with European citizens.
Book
With the Eurocrisis, the European public sphere did not collapse but remained multi-segmented in nature, its legitimacy still the subject of fierce debate. Based on a 12-year long project – comparing Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Poland and the United Kingdom – this book empirically demonstrates the contested character of the communicative con...
Article
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A cultura das mídias tem sido, por muito tempo, um tema para a investigação no estudo da comunicação e dos meios. Isso não tem, no entanto, impedido o desenvolvimento de muitos equívocos sobre o que exatamente a cultura das mídias é, equívocos estes que têm sido formados com base em diferentes abordagens e linhas de pensamento. Neste capítulo procu...
Book
Cep telefonlarımız sayesinde her zaman ve her yerde ulaşılabiliyor olmamız ne anlama geliyor? Önemli olayları televizyon ya da internetten öğreniyor olmamızın kültürel sonuçları nelerdir? Siyasi, dini ve etnik aidiyetlerimiz, dijital medyaya giderek daha fazla bağımlı hale gelmemizden nasıl etkilenmektedir? Bütün bunların gündelik hayatlarımız açıs...
Article
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Este artigo introduz o conceito de “configurações comunicativas” como uma ferramenta analítica para investigar a mi- diatização, com foco especial nas mudanças das interações humanas. O conceito de “configurações comunicativas” é usado para desenvolver uma análise transmidial das mudanças nas construções comunicativas das culturas e sociedades midi...
Book
Full-text available
The topic “Journalism, Representation and the Public Sphere” is dedicated to the fundamental question: How do journalism, the various representations and public spheres of European cultures and societies change? This volume consists of the intellectual work of the 2014 European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School, organized in cooperatio...
Book
Full-text available
Transcultural Communication provides an accessible and engaging introduction to the exciting possibilities and inevitable challenges presented by the proliferation of transcultural communication in our mediatized world. Includes examples of mediatization and transcultural communication from a variety of cultural contexts Covers an array of differen...