Andreas Haller

Andreas Haller
Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW) | ÖAW · Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research

PhD in Geography
Urban Mountain Geography

About

54
Publications
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303
Citations
Introduction
Trained as an environmental and regional geographer, I am working in the broad field of mountain research, with a special focus on rural–urban interaction, urbanization, and land use change. I develop and pursue the approach of urban montology, a transdisciplinary field of research committed to the sustainable development of urbanizing mountain environments. https://mountaingeography.org
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - August 2015
University of Innsbruck
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
Policy makers concerned with the peri-urban interface find their greatest challenges in the rapid urban growth of developing mountain regions, since limitations caused by relief and altitude often lead to an increased competition between rural and urban land use at the valley floors. In this context, little attention has been paid to the affected a...
Article
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Due to agricultural abandonment and the urban preference for ‘wilderness’ over ‘rural’ areas, abandoned settlements and rewilding grasslands are often the last traces of agriculture in today’s protected areas of the Northern Apennines. However, since the late 1990s, an increasing number of policy makers have appreciated these spatial manifestations...
Article
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Located amidst the European Alps, the Austrian city of Innsbruck has developed from a small Roman settlement into a centre for the House of Habsburg. Today the self-styled “Capital of the Alps”—host to the Winter Olympics in 1964 and 1976—is a vibrant urban region that aims to valorize the mountains to face the post-Fordist competition between urba...
Article
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Las regiones de montaña se enfrentan con retos decisivos, no solamente para su desarrollo sustentable sino para su misma reproducción. Estos retos tienen que ver con el impacto cada vez más serio del cambio climático y ambiental, la incidencia que la globalización socio-económica y cultural tiene en las poblaciones de montaña y en los ecosistemas q...
Article
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La montología es un campo de investigación transdisciplinario que se compromete con el desarrollo sostenible de las regiones montañosas en el mundo. Sin embargo, las ciudades de montaña han sido, en ese contexto, escasamente estudiadas. Por este motivo, el objetivo de este capítulo es desarrollar una perspectiva montológica para el estudio de las c...
Article
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Fausto O. Sarmiento y Elena V. Sarmiento. Flancos andinos. Paleoecología, biogeografía crítica y ecología política en los climas cambiantes de los bosques neotropicales de montaña. Chachapoyas: Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza de Amazonas, 2021, 202 pages
Article
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Perlik Manfred (2019): The Spatial and Economic Transformation of Mountain Regions. Landscapes as Commodities (Serie: Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy). London – New York: Routledge. 1. Aufl., 278 S., 17 Abb., 11 Tab., 9 Karten, ISBN: 978-1-138-78408-6 (Printbuch), 978-1-315-76836-6 (e-book).
Article
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The sustainable development of mountain regions requires inter- and transdisciplinary knowledge. The Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research contributes to this global endeavor as part of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and as a member of international scientific networks, together with local partners and stakeholders. As a joint effort...
Article
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Las ciudades de montaña especializadas en turismo intentan, cada vez más, destacar la importancia de su patrimonio cultural y natural. Esto para poder subsistir en la competencia por la atención mundial. En este contexto, la urbanización posmoderna de las montañas desempeña un papel crucial: es así que, al ser impulsada por procesos turísticos, est...
Article
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Reviewed: Theory of Mountainurbanology. By Guangyu Huang. Singapore: Springer, 2021. xxxiii + 269 pp. Hardcover: US$ 199.99, ISBN 978-981-16-0818-6. E-book: US$ 149.00, ISBN 978-981-16-0819-3.
Article
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The creation of protected mountain areas is often preceded by conflicts over access and use of natural resources. The case of the Cerro Khapía in the Peruvian Andes, however, points to mountains as not just nature but also culture. More than a decade ago, different ontologies and opposing views on mountains led to protests of the Aymara people agai...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of protected mountain areas is often preceded by conflicts over access and use of natural resources. The case of the Cerro Khapía in the Peruvian Andes, however, points to mountains as not just nature but also culture. More than a decade ago, different ontologies and opposing views on mountains led to protests of the Aymara people agai...
Article
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Mountain cities specializing in tourism increasingly aim at valorizing cultural and natural heritage to compete for global attention. In this context, the postmodern urbanization of mountains plays a decisive role: driven by touristification processes, it alters the sociospatial and economic configuration of mountain cities and their hinterlands, w...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This final report summarizes the outcomes of the Smart Altitude project. The Smart Altitude project ran from June 2018 to April 2021 and was carried out by ten partners from six different countries in the Alpine Space (Austria, France, Italy, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland). The project was co-financed by the European Union via Interreg Alpine...
Article
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Nestling in the South American Andes, the Peruvian city of Cusco is one of the most emblematic metropolises of the continent. An impressive example of pre-Columbian urbanism, the capital of the former Inca empire developed into one of the most representative cities of the Spanish colonial realm—today a UNESCO World Heritage Site—and, since the 1920...
Article
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Mountain landscapes provide a variety of cultural ecosystem services (CES), but recent developments such as land-use and climate changes, population growth or urbanization seem to lead more frequently to conflicts among users or restrict the use of natural resources. An enhanced understanding of such conflicts and limitations may improve decision-m...
Article
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Para asegurar el desarrollo endógeno sostenible de la región andina, la investigación sobre y para la cadena montañosa dominante de América del Sur tiene una importancia crucial. A partir de 2021, la Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research adopta una política editorial reformada y presenta un relanzamiento de su por...
Article
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Climate change and the call for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the efficient use of (renewable) energy, and more resilient winter tourism regions, forces ski resorts across the European Alps to look for “smart” approaches to transition towards a sustainable, low-carbon economy. Drawing on the smart-city concept and considering the different...
Chapter
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Die Alpen sind ein überwiegend ländlicher Raum, der in weiten Gebieten durch eine kleinteilige, großteils auf Subsistenz ausgerichtete Berglandwirtschaft geprägt war, trotz verbreiteter Rohstoffvorkommen zunächst nur kleinräumig industrialisiert wurde, aber im Verlauf des 20. Jahrhunderts weitgehend touristisch überprägt worden ist. Der spezielle V...
Chapter
Montology is a transdisciplinary field of research committed to the sustainable development of the world’s mountain regions. In this context, cities in mountains have been little investigated. The aim of this chapter is to advance a montological perspective on the study of cities in mountains. One key to understanding mountain cities is their speci...
Article
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The Alpine Space project AlpES used a web-based Geographic Information System (WebGIS) to communicate knowledge on Alpine ecosystem services to stakeholders from three protected areas in Slovenia to support more sustainable decision-making. This has been a positive experience, yet some shortcomings became evident. In this report we focus on using s...
Chapter
Bei der Vererbung landwirtschaftlichen Besitzes haben sich im Laufe der Jahrhunderte zwei verschiedene Grundformen herausgebildet, die Realteilung unter allen Erbberechtigten beziehungsweise die ungeteilte Vererbung an einen Anerben. Beide Formen fußen in unterschiedlichen Sitten und Rechtstraditionen und besitzen ihre speziellen Verbreitungsgebiet...
Chapter
Seit Beginn der Industrialisierung und der Verbesserung der Verkehrsinfrastrukturen ist der ländliche Raum – insbesondere in Stadt- oder Agglomerationsnähe – einem dynamischen Wandel unterlegen. Zunächst wurden umliegende Dörfer in den Suburbanisierungsprozess einbezogen und in der Folge den Städten eingemeindet (vgl. Bender 1999). Dann kamen aber...
Article
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The establishment of protected areas is often preceded by tensions and intense discussions between stakeholders of differing interests. Governmental bodies, environmental conservation groups and local actors, such as farmers or locals involved in tourism, are either in favour of or in opposition to the designation of protected areas in their home r...
Article
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Der Schaffung von Schutzgebieten gehen oft Spannungen und intensive Diskussionen zwischen Vertretern und Vertreterinnen unterschiedlicher Interessen voraus. Öffentliche Körperschaften, Umweltschutzgruppen und lokale Beteiligte aus Landwirtschaft und Tourismus sind entweder für oder gegen die Ausweisung eines Schutzgebiets in ihrer Heimatregion. Am...
Article
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Los ecosistemas de montaña, como los Andes centrales, son fuente de vida. Proveen servicios ecosistémicos hidrológicos - SEH para la población. Estos ecosistemas, como es el caso de la subcuenca del río Shullcas —ubicada entre el nevado Huaytapallana y la ciudad de Huancayo en el Perú— sufren los efectos del retroceso glaciar y las variaciones de p...
Article
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Since the turn of the millennium, the Peruvian protected-area system has provided regional governments with the possibility of initiating and managing Regional Conservation Areas, a category that complements the system of national protected areas. Regional capitals and other Andean cities welcome this opportunity, and increasingly use this instrume...
Article
Wie die Meeresküsten bilden die Alpen innerhalb Deutschlands eine Grenzlandschaft. Sie blieben mit ihrem Vorland lange Zeit eine rückständige Agrarlandschaft, "urwüchsig", naturnah, in der das materielle und immaterielle Kulturerbe relativ gut bewahrt worden ist und die nicht zuletzt deshalb einen Mythos darstellt. Das romantische Bild der drei Nat...
Article
The present review of the genesis of the cultural landscape in the Bavarian Alps – including the pre-alpine hills and moors – analyses settlement and territorial development, forms of and changes in land use, and the resulting elements of the cultural landscape. The authors conclude that the Bavarian Alps can be divided into three cultural morphoge...
Article
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Given the regional geographic specificities of Central Andean valleys, the social and environmental impact of dispersed urbanization on smallholder farmers is particularly high in the new urban peripheries of Peruvian mountain cities. Collaborative planning is seen as promising approach to achieve sustainable use of the remaining agricultural areas...
Article
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This article investigates the impact of culture on population mobility, settled landscapes, and regional sustainability in the European Alps over the past c.1500 years. For older developments, the authors analysed existing research on specific areas in the Alps, and for developments that are more recent they analysed census, agricultural, and touri...
Article
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En los Andes centrales, los procesos de la urbanización física, demográfica y sociocultural tienen múltiples impactos en los campesinos que viven en la interfaz periurbana que se encuentra entre la ciudad y el campo. ¿Cómo es visto el crecimiento urbano por parte de campesinos que viven en las afueras de las ciudades de montaña? ¿Qué percepción tie...
Article
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In recent decades, the expansion of the metropolitan areas in Central Chile has produced numerous forms, structures and functions. The amenities of the local environment and culture have been used to promote a utopia for future residents, including people interested in second homes. However, in many cases the migrants have suffered frustrations. Th...
Article
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Después de casi un cuarto siglo de trabajo, el geógrafo Axel Borsdorf de la Universidad de Innsbruck, Austria, se jubiló a fines del año 2014. En diciembre del año 2016 también se retiró como director del Instituto de Investigación Interdisciplinaria de la Montaña (IGF) de la Academia de Ciencias de Austria, instituto que fundó en 2006. Por eso sus...
Chapter
Settlement patterns around Alpine centers have radically changed during the last 150 years, mainly due to the construction of transport infrastructure and socioeconomic transformations. Using the example of the urban region of Innsbruck, Austria, this article illustrates these developments and shows that "urbanization" is no Ionger limited to the v...
Chapter
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Embedded in processes of cultural and economic globalization, several Andean intermediate cities follow the development patterns of large Latin American metropolises. Using the Colombian example of Popayán it can be shown that the construction of gated residential projects for emerging middle and upper class people even shapes recent settlement exp...
Chapter
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In the Peruvian Andes, the Salesian voluntary organization Operazione Mato Grosso founded a school of arts and crafts in the remote mountain town of Chacas, to skill the poorest and to set the stage for sustainable small enterprises. Today, many of these artisans form a cooperative that produces furniture and wood art that are even sold in Italy an...
Article
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El principal objetivo de la investigación consiste en determinar la estructura espacial educativa de la región de Tirol a través de la aplicación de técnicas geográficas cuantitativas mediante el uso de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG) y Sistemas de Ayuda a la Decisión Espacial (SADE). El mosaico formado por 395 municipios en el área de est...
Article
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Web-based information and communication technologies enable the inclusion of all stakeholders in sustainable regional development and raise hopes that these processes will be accomplished from the bottom up and with broad public participation. This article synthesizes, presents, and critically discusses solutions for the Alps that use web 2.0 techn...
Article
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In the tropical Andes, uncontrolled urban growth and the loss of agricultural land severely affect periurban smallholders who depend on the lease of farmland. In this context, the hinterland of Huancayo, Peru, represents a case in point, given that the urbanization of irrigated land resources on the valley floor endangers agricultural production du...
Article
Due to their ecological disadvantages, many mountain regions have experienced land-use abandonment and shrub encroachment on former grassland at higher altitudinal zones—especially during recent decades of urbanization. But does this trend also apply to the hinterland of urban settlements? By using the Southern Colombian example of Popayán, a mediu...
Chapter
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The Central Andes are one of the world’s most populated mountain regions. Their Quechua altitudinal belt, which runs between 2,300 and 3,500 m, was once dominated by farming hamlets, rural villages and small commercial towns. However, in recent decades, this region has undergone rapid urban growth that has profoundly altered land use and the liveli...
Article
Huancayo Metropolitano, the Central Peruvian social and economic urban center, changed from a small village of indigenous communities to a vibrant agglomeration of 424,000 inhabitants—within a period of just over 100 years. The major growth occurred since the 1980s, as the city benefited from its socio-economic strategic location as well as from th...
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What happens to the land cover within the hinterland's altitudinal belts while Central Andean cities are undergoing globalization and urban restructuring? What conclusions can be drawn about changes in human land use? By incorporating a regional altitudinal zonation model, direct field observations and GIS analyses of remotely sensed long term data...
Article
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Las áreas de montaña representan sistemas socioambientales altamente sensibles. Como consecuencia reaccionan rápidamente a los efectos de la globalización y del calentamiento global. Las actividades sociales y económicas, sin duda, no están diseminadas homogéneamente. Se concentran cada vez más alrededor de los centros urbanos de los valles princip...
Article
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»Kein anderer Gipfel steht so beherrschend über einem Orte wie der Nevado Huascarán über dem freundlichen Yungay.« (Hans Kinzl, 1935). Die Bedeutung inter- und transdisziplinärer Ansätze in der Stadtforschung offenbart sich besonders dann, wenn die Überwindung von Natur-Kultur-Dichotomien notwendig wird; so etwa 35 Jahre nach dem Zitat Hans Kinzl...
Article
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The following paper focuses on the question, how Andean urban risk zones are urbanized and perceived various years after a disaster. The mortal 1970 debris avalanche from Mount Huascarán buried 5,000 inhabitants in the Peruvian town of Yungay. Four decades later, 9,500 people are living again in the risk zone beside the Yungay memorial. It is shown...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
www.smartaltitude.eu | Smart Altitude will demonstrate the efficiency of a decision support tool integrating all challenges into a step-by-step approach to energy transition. The project clearly innovates by deploying a comprehensive approach of low-carbon policy implementation based on impact maximization accounting for technical, economic, and governance factors. It is based on common performance indicators, monitoring systems (snow processes, municipal infrastructure, renewables, buildings etc.) and Energy Management Systems (EMS) in mountain territories, so as to build a shared situational awareness and take impactful decisions. The approach is implemented in four living labs and prepares for replication in 20 other Alpine Space destinations. | This project is co-financed by the European Union via Interreg Alpine Space
Project
This project aims to investigate the social and environmental impact of collective ownerships in the Alpine areas of the EGTC (European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation) of Trentino, South Tyrol and Tyrol.
Project
The objective of the Landscape Planning working group is to provide a forum for a continuous debate and exchange of landscape planning scientists and practitioners concerning emerging challenges, topical issues as well as the further development of landscape planning theory and methods. The members of the working group meet regularly, share experiences, and jointly advance landscape planning for the benefit of people and nature. To achieve its objective, the working group undertakes the following activities: - Regularly organizes symposia and workshops at IALE’s world or regional conferences, - Identifies topical challenges, trends and current developments of landscape planning, - Engages in joint publications, and - Explores options for further collaboration in joint research projects.