Andreas Hadjar

Andreas Hadjar
Université de Fribourg · Département de travail social, politiques sociales et développement global

Dr. phil. habil.

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159
Publications
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Publications

Publications (159)
Chapter
Subjektives Wohlbefinden und Gesundheit sind grundlegende Voraussetzungen für erfolgreiche Bildungsprozesse in der Schule. Inwieweit gesundheitliche Probleme und mangelndes Wohlbefinden im Zuge der Schullaufbahn bei bestimmten Risikogruppen wie Schülerinnen und Schülern aus benachteiligten Schichten und Einwanderungsgruppen gehäuft auftreten, ist s...
Article
This is the second special issue of the International Journal of Comparative Sociology on the role of education systems as institutional settings on the reproduction of inequalities. The first was published in January 2021 and included papers that explored the role of shadow education and country characteristics during early childhood on educationa...
Article
This mixed-method research study aims at an analysis of the role of teaching styles in the development of school alienation and behavioral consequences. Applying an in-depth design, this study combines a quantitative panel study, a student survey (grades 5–6), and qualitative focus groups with Luxembourgish primary school students (grade 6). Method...
Chapter
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Luxemburg hat im Mai 2019 erstmals am internationalen Projekt ,Eurostudent‘, das Studien- und Lebensbedingungen der Studierenden in Europa untersucht, teilgenommen. Hierzu wurden flächendeckend Befragungen von Studierenden an luxemburgischen Hochschuleinrichtungen durchgeführt.
Article
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The second special issue of International Journal of Comparative Sociology (IJCS) on the role of education systems as institutional settings on the reproduction of inequalities includes three papers that focus on stratification of the education system as key driver of educational inequalities, the role of digital inequalities in the school and beyo...
Article
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This paper focuses on disability, an under-researched area of inequality, and subjective well-being. According to social production function theory, people with a disability do not have the same opportunities as people without disabilities to obtain resources, instrumental goals, and ultimately subjective well-being. Social participation and employ...
Article
Prior research has shown that socialization agents such as parents, peers, and teachers can play a significant role in adolescents’ educational outcomes, both through direct support or indirectly via supportive attitudes that foster students’ bonding to school and academic motivation. However, less is known about the effects of parent and peer supp...
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A core debate in authoritarianism research relates to the stability of authoritarianism, i.e., whether it is a dispositional phenomenon socialized in early childhood or even genetically predisposed, or whether it is impacted by time-sensitive, exterior conditions. Whereas certain individual authoritarian tendencies emerge as a rather stable persona...
Preprint
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The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
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Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Article
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Online or internet gaming disorder (IGD) is currently not recognized as a mental disorder in the actual Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), although it is an emerging disease. Non-substance-related addictions often have similarities with substance addictions. It is therefore important to have a good understanding of the c...
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This is the introduction into the first of multiple themed issues of International Journal of Comparative Sociology (IJCS) that are dedicated to the role of education systems as institutional settings on the reproduction of inequalities. While Introduction I presents the research program, outlines a conceptual background and discusses methodologica...
Article
This article reports a study that investigated secondary school students’ higher education aspirations (towards university studies, ISCED 6 and above) and how these differ between student groups as well as how these are impacted by values of education. Panel data of more than 300 secondary school students in two countries, Luxembourg and Switzerlan...
Article
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What students think about school has a major impact on learning and academic achievement. The multi-domain concept of school alienation distinguishes between alienation from learning, from teachers and from classmates. We aim to study a) alienation patterns among secondary school students, b) how school alienation profiles change from year 7 to yea...
Chapter
Die Bedeutung der Schule als Bildungsinstitution nahm mit der Einführung der Schulpflicht im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert in vielen Regionen Europas zu. Aus der Industrialisierung in den europäischen Ländern ergab sich einerseits die Notwendigkeit der Alphabetisierung der breiten Bevölkerung und andererseits – im Zuge der zunehmenden Arbeitsteilung sowi...
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This article presents empirical results from a study (2015–2018) on young people leaving care in Luxembourg. A special focus deals with the processes of transitioning from care to work. Education appears to be crucial for a successful transition, as it determines life chances, such as labour market chances, but so far inequality studies have neithe...
Article
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Because not much is known about children’s subjective well-being (SWB) in educational spaces, our objective was to analyze children’s drawings of their ideal school environment, emphasizing the importance of obtaining the children’s perspective. To do so, we analyzed Luxembourgish primary school children’s drawings (n = 150; age 10) using visual gr...
Preprint
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Concerted cultivation practices are not only explained by parents’ objective resources, but also by parents’ cultural orientations, which are associated with social class. While cultural orientations of parenting styles in Western societies have been studied, the role of beliefs in social reproduction in other parts of the world is still under-rese...
Preprint
Concerted cultivation practices are not only explained by parents’ objective resources, but also by parents’ cultural orientations, which are associated with social class. While cultural orientations of parenting styles in Western societies have been studied, the role of beliefs in social reproduction in other parts of the world is still under-rese...
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With the increasing availability of high-quality longitudinal data on students in higher education, scholars’ interest in how students proceed through higher education has risen. So far, the research field is diverse in theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. Thus, based on 27 studies published in (higher) education research journal...
Article
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Early adolescence represents a particularly sensitive period in the life of young learners, which is accompanied by an increase in school alienation. Due to its harmful nature (Hascher and Hadjar in Educ Res 60:171–188, 2018. 10.1080/00131881.2018.1443021), school alienation may lead to unfavorable consequences such as low academic achievement (Joh...
Article
In this article, we discuss the question of why only a few men decide to study social science courses such as social work. While the conceptual base of our analysis includes the theory of planned behaviour and theories centring on gender role orientations, the empirical base is a random cluster sample of high-school graduates in Switzerland. The re...
Article
Many approaches to explaining educational inequalities relate explicitly and implicitly to benefits of education, and rational choice theories in particular consider monetary benefits. We specify a concept of the value of education that allows for an empirical analysis of educational benefits, considering both monetary and non-monetary dimensions (...
Article
What is the role of students’ language background in school success within the multilingual and highly stratified education system in Luxembourg? Considering achievement differences in terms of the primary effects of social and ethnic origin, we assume that students of a disadvantaged social origin (e.g. working class), with an immigrant background...
Preprint
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In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Article
Focusing on the agency feature of considering the future, we study the role of general future orientations and specific future life goals in educational achievement (Grade Point Average) and related educational inequalities. These factors are more remote from the outcome of educational attainment than are such frequently studied predictors as educa...
Chapter
Im Rahmen einer theoretisch-fundierten Betrachtung von empirischen Befunden wird der Zusammenhang zwischen Schulmerkmalen, insbesondere der Schul- bzw. Klassenkomposition, individuellen Haltungen der Schüler/innen gegenüber Schule und Lernen, und dem frühen Verlassen des Bildungssystems in den Blick genommen. Ein besonderer Fokus wird dabei auf Sch...
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This article investigates the links between religious beliefs and capitalist mentalities—namely devoutness to Islam and hierarchic self‐interest (HSI)—and violence‐accepting attitudes among the young Muslim migrant population in Germany. Following a situational perspective, these links are analyzed under different individual conditions structured b...
Conference Paper
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This inaugural conference of the Luxembourg Educational Research Association (LuxERA) invites all people active and interested in educational research in and on Luxembourg to join the dialogue and provide their perspective on education (research). We seek to provide an open space for a wide range of disciplinary, theoretical, methodological, and th...
Article
Background Many primary school students encounter the educational system positively from the outset. However, over the school years, students develop negative attitudes towards school, which peaks during secondary education. According to the literature, we conceptualise this process as school alienation: a decreasing sense of belonging in terms of...
Article
Starting out from the frequent empirical finding that immigrants exhibit higher educational aspirations than non-immigrants, we analyse the role of immigrants’ value of education, i.e. the subjective belief that education is beneficial for one’s life, in idealistic and realistic educational aspirations in four distinct institutional settings, compa...
Chapter
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Authoritarianism refers to a general orientation of individuals toward being antidemocratic, prejudiced, and fascist. The concept originating from psychological thought has an impact on other disciplines like sociology and political sciences. At the core of authoritarianism are two ambivalent tendencies: the desire of people to, on the one hand, su...
Article
The link between stratification and educational inequality in empirical research is well documented. Some countries – particularly those that do not follow the model of comprehensive schools – discuss the possibility of increasing permeability between school tracks to reduce inequalities. This paper focuses on the occurrence of permeability in the...
Chapter
Der Terminus „Bildungsexpansion“ bezieht sich zunächst auf den Ausbau des Bildungssystems, die Ausweitung von Bildungsgelegenheiten und eine erhöhte Nachfrage nach Bildung. Im deutschsprachigen sozialwissenschaftlichen und historischen Diskurs bezieht sich der Begriff der Bildungsexpansion vornehmlich auf die „gestiegene Bildungsbeteiligung, länger...
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In modernen Gesellschaften mit einer marktwirtschaftlichen Ordnung erfolgt die Verteilung von Lebenschancen (Einkommen, wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Anrechten etc.) vornehmlich über den Arbeitsmarkt und die berufsmäßige Erwerbstätigkeit im Lebenslauf. Der Erwerb von Bildung und Qualifikationen ist eine essenzielle Voraussetzung für den Zugang zum Arbeitsm...
Article
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Early identification of school alienation is of great importance for students' educational outcomes and successful participation in society. This study examined the psychometric characteristics of a newly developed assessment instrument, the School Alienation Scale (SALS), to measure school alienation among primary and secondary school students. Th...
Article
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Welfare-state regimes achieve different outcomes in dealing with social inequalities. For example, the social democratic or Scandinavian welfare-state regime is often considered as the most egalitarian with a high social transfer rate and a comparably low level of income inequality. While most research on welfare-state regimes focuses on objective...
Book
How do education systems shape educational inequalities and differences in educational outcomes? And how do advantages and disadvantages in educational attainment translate into privileges and shortcomings in labour market and general life chances? Education systems and inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating...
Chapter
The main objective of this chapter is to theorise how education systems shape inequalities. In the first part of the chapter, we outline an institutionalist theoretical approach and offer an illustrative case comparison regarding the institutionalisation of educational inequalities in Germany and the United States. Although the principle of equal e...
Chapter
The conclusion presents an overview of the text, summarising the contents of each section. It then goes on to state that, through the findings of the previous chapters, the authors have come to the conclusion that producing equal opportunities for students should be one of the main functions of any education system. However, it is not simple to exp...
Chapter
Gender inequalities in education changed profoundly in the course of contemporary educational expansion. While public and scientific discourses have long focused on the disadvantages of girls and women in education, in recent decades the ‘failing boys’ debate and, thus the disadvantaged situation of boys and men, has become an issue of concern. Thi...
Chapter
According to the meritocratic principle, the ideological legitimation of social inequalities, educational and status attainment should only depend on achievement and ability rather than on ascriptive factors such as social origin. There is a long-standing tradition of educational policies and reforms which attempted to weaken the influence of socia...
Conference Paper
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Horizontal gender inequalities appear to be rather stable, with girls more often choosing ‘female’ service professions, and boys choosing career paths related to STEM fields. Gender stereotypes, namely non-egalitarian patriarchal gender-role orientations and gender associations of the school subjects German and mathematics, will be theorised and em...
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i>Education Systems and Inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.
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i>Education Systems and Inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.
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i>Education Systems and Inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.
Chapter
i>Education Systems and Inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.
Chapter
i>Education Systems and Inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.
Article
For decades, reforms aiming at educational expansion attempted to boost economic growth and to reduce inequalities. This study sheds light on the link between institutional settings of the education system and educational inequalities in the course of educational expansion along two axes of inequality: social origin and gender. Looking at the educa...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Chancengleichheit und Meritokratie sind in der Bildungspolitik häufig gebrauchte Schlagworte der Legitimation von Refor-men. Ein wesentliches Reformelement zur Verringerung von Bildungsungleichheiten stellt seit Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts die Gesamtschule dar. Das Gleichheits-und Leistungsverständnis hinter dieser heftig diskutiert...
Article
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In 1799, the Ministry of Education led by Philipp Albert Stapfer gathered data on a large variety of issues concerning the education system in the Helvetic Repulic. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate how the Stapfer inquiry as a historical data source can be analyzed employing techniques of quantitative data analysis. Two research q...
Article
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A main assumption of social production function theory is that status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). From the perspective of the dissociative hypothesis, however, upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, distress, and reduced levels of SWB because upwardly mobile people lose their ties to their class of ori...
Article
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This paper attempts to be an empirically backed contribution to the current ‘failing boys’ debate in regard to their lower educational success. The cross-sectional analysis focuses on two possible factors behind the lower educational success of boys in secondary school: school alienation and patriarchal gender-role orientations (as an expression of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Horizontal gender inequalities appear to be rather stable, with girls more often choosing ‘female’ service professions, and boys choosing career paths related to science, technology, engineering or Mathematics.Purpose: Non-egalitarian patriarchal gender-role orientations and gender associations (perceived femininity) of the school subje...
Conference Paper
Status is a major determinant of subjective well-being (SWB). This is one of the primary assumptions of social production function theory. In contrast, the dissociative hypothesis holds that upward social mobility may be linked to identity problems, cognitive distress, and reduced levels of SWB because of lost ties to one’s class of origin. In our...
Chapter
Intergenerationale Wertetransmissionsprozesse – und damit auch die Ähnlichkeit zwischen den Werteprioritäten der Eltern und denen der Kinder als Produkt dieser Prozesse – sind essentiell für die Reproduktion der Kultur einer Gesellschaft. Ein wesentliches Motiv, die Werthaltungen der Eltern bzw. der Gesellschaft zu übernehmen, kann aus der rational...
Article
This multinational study simultaneously tested three prominent hypotheses—universal disposition, cultural relativity, and livability—that explained differences in subjective well-being across nations. We performed multilevel structural equation modeling to examine the hypothesized relationships at both individual and cultural levels in 33 nations....
Conference Paper
This paper attempts to be an empirically backed contribution to the current debate on gender differences in educational success in favour of girls. As explanatory factors, school alienation and gender-role patterns – together with other crucial factors – are analysed (controlling for social origin). School alienation is characterised by a low attac...
Article
Abstract: This article aims at an analysis to what extent class-differences in non-voting—more precisely: non-voting intention—can be explained referring to the factors of trust in institutions. What is the link between a lack of trust in state institutions and the intention to abstain from voting? Are there parallel class differences in all of the...
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Contributing to the debate on the integration of migrants in Europe, this study focuses on Subjective Well-Being (SWB) of people with migration backgrounds compared to people without a migration background-specifying SWB in terms of successful integration. The analyses employ a multilevel perspective (data base: European Social Survey). On the macr...
Chapter
Im Beitrag soll für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland der Frage nachgegangen werden, ob die gesamtgesellschaftliche Modernisierung, die Entwicklung von Bildungsgelegenheiten und verbesserte Lebensqualität in der Abfolge von Geburtskohorten zu einem Wandel in der Bildungsbeteiligung und von Bildungsverläufen und somit zur Bildungsexpansion beigetragen...
Article
The main aim of this article is to shed light on the extent to which differences in higher education participation between people with and without a migrant background of low/higher social origin can be explained by two macro-level characteristics of national educational institutions: stratification of the secondary school system and provision of a...
Article
Full-text available
Intergenerational value similarity has a different meaning for migrants and minorities compared to the majority society. Whereas high parent-child value similarity among majority families more likely indicates successful internalization of societal values, high intergenerational similarity among migrants may indicate a lack of social integration in...
Article
Wenngleich die Bildungsexpansion in Europa nicht zu einem radikalen Abbau schichtspezifischer Bildungsungleichheiten geführt hat, ist doch ein Ergebnis der Entwicklungen der letzten Jahrzehnte unzweifelhaft: Frauen gehören zu den Gewinnerinnen der Bildungsexpansion, denn ihre Bildungsbeteiligung und ihr Bildungsniveau haben stetig zugenommen (Hadja...
Article
Oft kann man in den letzten Jahren in den Zeitungen vom Bildungsmisserfolg der Jungen lesen. Dabei werden sie z.B. als „angeknackste Helden“ (Der Spiegel) oder „schwächelnder männlicher Nachwuchs“ (Facts) bezeichnet. Unklar bleibt jedoch häufig, wie genau sich dieser geringere Schulerfolg äußert und welche Ursachen sich dahinter verbergen. Ursachen...
Article
Eine Kernfrage bildungssoziologischer Debatten ist, inwieweit über die Bildungsexpansion herkunfts- und geschlechtsspezifische Bildungsungleichheiten abgebaut werden konnten. Mit neueren Daten und im Rahmen eines Vergleichs der Entwicklungen in drei verschiedenen Untersuchungsgebieten – in Westdeutschland, Ostdeutschland und der Schweiz – wird unse...
Chapter
Der wissenschaftliche Diskurs um geschlechtsspezifische Bildungsungleichheiten hat sich – parallel zu strukturellen Entwicklungen, die zu einem Abbau geschlechtsspezifischer Ungleichheiten beigetragen haben – in den letzten Jahren stark gewandelt: weg von einer geringeren Bildungs-und Erwerbsbeteiligung der Frauen, hin zur Benachteiligung der Männe...
Article
The article deals with the questions, what influence the teacher has on the lower educational success of boys and if the teacher's gender matters. Analyses are based on a new Swiss study, a quantitative survey of 872 male and female school students in grade 8. Results show that teachers are crucial for the educational success of boys and girls. How...
Book
Die öffentliche Diskussion um geschlechtsspezifische Ungleichheiten hat sich – parallel zur Reduktion struktureller Benachteiligungen von Frauen – in den letzten Jahren stark gewandelt. Während traditionell die geringere Bildungs- und Erwerbsbeteiligung von Frauen in den Blick genommen wurde, ist nun der geringere Bildungserfolg von Jungen – im Hin...
Article
This paper combines different approaches to explain the gender gap in educational success. Under control of the impacts of social origin and teacher’ support, peer group as resource, school alienation as well as gender role patterns are analysed. Basis of the analyses is a standardised paper-pencil survey among 872 school students in grade 8 in the...
Article
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This paper focuses on the research question ‘Who does not vote and why?’ regarding national elections in 24 European countries. We analyse determinants of non-voting both on the individual and the societal level employing a multilevel design. On the micro level, the sociological determinants under consideration are education, cohort and gender. Reg...