Andreas K. Engel

Andreas K. Engel
University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf · Department of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology

Prof. Dr.

About

427
Publications
70,690
Reads
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37,942
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2002 - present
University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (427)
Article
Noxious stimuli in our environment are often accompanied by input from other sensory modalities that can affect the processing of these stimuli and the perception of pain. Stimuli from these other modalities may distract us from pain and reduce its perceived strength. Alternatively, they can enhance the saliency of the painful input, leading to an...
Article
Full-text available
Novel methods for neuronal entrainment [1-4] provide the unique opportunity to modulate perceptually relevant brain oscillations [5, 6] in a frequency-specific manner and to study their functional impact on distinct cognitive functions. Recently, evidence has emerged that tACS (transcranial alternating current stimulation) can modulate cortical osc...
Article
Intrinsic coupling constitutes a key feature of ongoing brain activity, which exhibits rich spatiotemporal patterning and contains information that influences cognitive processing. We discuss evidence for two distinct types of intrinsic coupling modes which seem to reflect the operation of different coupling mechanisms. One type arises from phase c...
Article
In cognitive science, we are currently witnessing a 'pragmatic turn', away from the traditional representation-centered framework towards a paradigm that focuses on understanding cognition as 'enactive', as skillful activity that involves ongoing interaction with the external world. The key premise of this view is that cognition should not be under...
Article
In this review, we consider the potential functional role of beta-band oscillations, which at present is not yet well understood. We discuss evidence from recent studies on top-down mechanisms involved in cognitive processing, on the motor system and on the pathophysiology of movement disorders that suggest a unifying hypothesis: beta-band activity...
Article
Background: The spatially-coded SSVEP BCI employs the retinotopic map in the human visual pathway to infer the gaze direction of the operator relative to a flicker stimulus inducing steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs) in the brain. It has been shown that with this method, up to 16 channels can be encoded using only a single flicker stim...
Article
Full-text available
The spatially-coded SSVEP BCI exploits changes in the topography of the steady-state visual evoked response to visual flicker stimulation in the extrafoveal field of view. In contrast to frequency-coded SSVEP BCIs, the operator does not gaze into any flickering lights; therefore, this paradigm can reduce visual fatigue. Other advantages include hig...
Article
Full-text available
While human speech comprehension is thought to be an active process that involves top-down predictions, it remains unclear how predictive information is used to prepare for the processing of upcoming speech information. We aimed to identify the neural signatures of the preparatory processing of upcoming speech. Participants selectively attended to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Freezing of gait (FoG) is a disabling burden for Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients with poor response to conventional therapies. Combined deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra (STN+SN DBS) moved into focus as a potential therapeutic option to treat the parkinsonian gait disorder and refractory FoG. The me...
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Full-text available
Background Visual phenomena like brightness illusions impressively demonstrate the highly constructive nature of perception. In addition to physical illumination, the subjective experience of brightness is related to temporal neural dynamics in visual cortex. Objective Here, we asked whether biasing the temporal pattern of neural excitability in v...
Book
The purpose of this Research Topic is to reflect and discuss links between neuroscience, psychology, computer science and robotics with regards to the topic of cross-modal learning which has, in recent years, emerged as a new area of interdisciplinary research. The term cross-modal learning refers to the synergistic synthesis of information from mu...
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Full-text available
Hyper-brain studies analyze the brain activity of two or more individuals during some form of interaction. Several studies found signs of inter-subject brain activity coordination, such as power and phase synchronization or information flow. This hyper-brain coordination is frequently studied in paradigms which induce rhythms or even synchronizatio...
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The aim of this review is to highlight the idea of grounding social cognition in sensorimotor interactions shared across agents. We discuss an action-oriented account that emerges from a broader interpretation of the concept of sensorimotor contingencies. We suggest that dynamic informational and sensorimotor coupling across agents can mediate the...
Article
While human speech comprehension is thought to be an active process that involves top-down predictions, it remains unclear how predictive information is used to prepare for the processing of upcoming speech information. We aimed to identify the neural signatures of the preparatory processing of upcoming speech. Participants selectively attended to...
Article
Full-text available
Optogenetic manipulation of neuronal activity through excitatory and inhibitory opsins has become an indispensable experimental strategy in neuroscience research. For many applications bidirectional control of neuronal activity allowing both excitation and inhibition of the same neurons in a single experiment is desired. This requires low spectral...
Preprint
Background Visual phenomena like brightness illusions impressively demonstrate the highly constructive nature of perception. In addition to physical illumination, the subjective experience of brightness is related to temporal neural dynamics in visual cortex. Objective Here, we asked whether biasing the temporal pattern of neural excitability in v...
Article
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), applied to two brain sites with different phase lags, has been shown to modulate stimulation-outlasting functional EEG connectivity between the targeted regions. Given the lack of knowledge on mechanisms of tACS aftereffects, it is difficult to further enhance effect sizes and reduce variability...
Article
Full-text available
Conventional visual BCIs, in which control channels are tagged with stimulation patterns to elicit distinguishable brain patterns, has made impressive progress in terms of the information transfer rates (ITRs). However, less development has been seen with respect to user experience and complexity of the technical setup. The requirement to tag each...
Article
Comprehending speech in noise is an essential cognitive skill for verbal communication. However, it remains unclear how our brain adapts to the noisy environment to achieve comprehension. The present study investigated the neural mechanisms of speech comprehension in noise using an functional near-infrared spectroscopy-based inter-brain approach. A...
Article
Full-text available
While there is evidence that sensory processing and multisensory integration change with age, links between these alterations and their relation to cognitive status remain unclear. In this study, we assessed sensory thresholds and performance of healthy younger and older adults in a visuotactile delayed match-to-sample task. Using Bayesian structur...
Article
Full-text available
Congenital blindness has been shown to result in behavioral adaptation and neuronal reorganization, but the underlying neuronal mechanisms are largely unknown. Brain rhythms are characteristic for anatomically defined brain regions and provide a putative mechanistic link to cognitive processes. In a novel approach, using magnetoencephalography rest...
Article
Full-text available
Abnormally sustained beta-frequency synchronisation between the motor cortex and subthalamic nucleus (STN) is associated with motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). It is currently unclear whether STN neurons have a preference for beta-frequency input (12-35 Hz), rather than cortical input at other frequencies, and how such a preference would...
Article
Full-text available
A large variety of methods exist to estimate brain coupling in the frequency domain from electrophysiological data measured, e.g., by EEG and MEG. Those data are to reasonable approximation, though certainly not perfectly, Gaussian distributed. This work is based on the well-known fact that for Gaussian distributed data, the cross-spectrum complete...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), applied to two brain sites with different phase lags, has been shown to modulate stimulation-outlasting functional connectivity between the targeted regions. Objective Here, we test if spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) can explain stimulation-outlasting connectivity modulation...
Article
Employing cyto-, myelo- and chemoarchitectural staining techniques, we analysed the structure of the hippocampal formation in the banded mongoose and domestic ferret, species belonging to the two carnivoran superfamilies, which have had independent evolutionary trajectories for the past 55 million years. Our observations indicate that, despite the...
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Full-text available
Sleep spindles are crucial to memory consolidation. Cortical gamma oscillations (30-100 Hz) are considered to reflect processing of memory in local cortical networks. The temporal and regulatory relationship between spindles and gamma activity might therefore provide clues into how sleep strengthens cortical memory representations. Here, combining...
Article
The current study provides an analysis of the cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture, and chemoarchitecture of the amygdaloid body of the banded mongoose (Mungos mungo) and domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Using architectural and immunohistochemical stains, we observe that the organization of the nuclear and cortical portions of the amygdaloid...
Article
This study provides an analysis of the cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture and chemoarchitecture of the diencephalon (dorsal thalamus, ventral thalamus and epithalamus) of the banded mongoose (Mungos mungo) and domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Using architectural and immunohistochemical stains, we observe that the nuclear organization of th...
Article
Full-text available
The phase of neural oscillatory signals aligns to the predicted onset of upcoming stimulation. Whether such phase alignments represent phase resets of underlying neural oscillations or just rhythmically evoked activity, and whether they can be observed in a rhythm-free visual context, however, remains unclear. Here, we recorded the magnetoencephalo...
Article
Full-text available
Whereas the fundamental role of the body in social cognition seems to be generally accepted, elucidating the bodily mechanisms associated with non-verbal communication and cooperation between two or more persons is still a challenging endeavor. In this article we propose a fresh approach for investigating the function of the autonomic nervous syste...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report BiPOLES, an optogenetic tool for balanced excitation and inhibition of neurons with light of two different colors. BiPOLES consists of the blue-light-sensitive anion-conducting channelrhodopsin GtACR2 fused to the red-light-sensitive cation-conducting channelrhodopsin Chrimson in a single, trafficking-optimized tandem protein. BiPOLES ena...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in personality are one of the main concerns Parkinson's disease (PD) patients raise when facing the decision to undergo neurosurgery for deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). While clinical instruments for monitoring functional changes following DBS surgery are well-established in the daily therapeutic routine, pers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Influential accounts postulate distinct roles of the catecholamine and acetylcholine neuromodulatory systems in cognition and behavior. But previous work found similar effects of these modulators on the response properties of individual cortical neurons. Here, we report a double dissociation between catecholamine and acetylcholine effects at the le...
Article
Full-text available
Background Deep brain stimulation (DBS) within the pallidum represents an effective and well-established treatment for isolated dystonia. However, clinical outcome after surgery may be variable with limited response in 10–25% of patients. The effect of lead location on clinical improvement is still under debate.Objective To identify stimulated brai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Oscillatory phase has been proposed as a key parameter defining the spatiotemporal structure of neural activity. To enhance our understanding of brain rhythms and improve clinical outcomes in pathological conditions, modulation of neural activity by transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) emerged as a promising approach. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory (WM) refers to the temporary retention and manipulation of information, and its capacity is highly susceptible to training. Yet, the neural mechanisms that allow for increased performance under demanding conditions are not fully understood. We expected that post-training efficiency in WM performance modulates neural processing during...
Article
Full-text available
One of the pivotal challenges of aging is to maintain independence in the activities of daily life. In order to adapt to changes in the environment, it is crucial to continuously process and accurately combine simultaneous input from different sensory systems, i.e., crossmodal or multisensory integration. With aging, performance decreases in multip...
Article
Full-text available
Loss-of-function mutations in the parkin-encoding PARK2 gene are a frequent cause of young-onset, autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). Parkin knockout mice have no nigro-striatal neuronal loss but exhibit abnormalities of striatal dopamine transmission and cortico-striatal synaptic function. How these predegenerative changes observed in vi...
Article
Full-text available
Transcranial electric stimulation (tES) induces electric fields that propagate in the brain and depend on individual anatomies. The interaction between the electric fields and individual anatomies may contribute to the heterogenous results that are commonly observed across tES studies in humans. Targeted tES is able to account for some of these ind...
Article
Full-text available
The feasibility of a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) brain-computer interface (BCI) with a single-flicker stimulus for multiple-target decoding has been demonstrated in a number of recent studies. The single-flicker BCIs have mainly employed the direction information for encoding the targets, i.e., different targets are placed at diffe...
Preprint
Full-text available
While human speech comprehension is thought to be an active process that involves top-down predictions, it remains unclear how predictive information is used to prepare for the processing of upcoming speech information. We aimed to identify the neural signatures of preparatory processing of upcoming speech. Participants selectively attended to one...
Preprint
Full-text available
The feasibility of a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) brain-computer interface (BCI) with a single flicker stimulus for multiple-target decoding has been demonstrated in a number of recent studies. The single-flicker BCIs have mainly employed the direction information for encoding the targets, i.e. different targets are placed at differ...
Article
Full-text available
Rhythmic neuronal activity in the gamma range is a signature of cortical processing and its synchronization across distant sites has been proposed as a fundamental mechanism of network interactions. While this has been shown within sensory streams, we tested whether cross talk between the senses relies on similar mechanisms. Direct sensory interact...
Preprint
Full-text available
The human brain exhibits rhythms that are characteristic for anatomical areas and presumably involved in diverse perceptual and cognitive processes. Visual depriva-tion results in behavioral adaptation and cortical reorganization, particularly affect-ing sensory cortices. Whether these plasticity-related changes are accompanied by altered spectral...
Preprint
Neural oscillations have been proposed to be involved in predictive processing by frequency-specific modulation of either power or phase. While this is supported by substantial evidence on unimodal processing, only few studies are currently available that have addressed the role of oscillatory activity in multisensory predictions. In the present st...
Preprint
Full-text available
Transcranial electric stimulation (tES) induces electric fields that are subject to a complex interaction with individual anatomical properties, such as the low-conducting human skull, the distribution of cerebrospinal fluid or the sulcal depth, as well as stimulation target location and orientation. This complex interaction might contribute to the...
Article
Full-text available
Learning and memorizing sequences of events is an important function of the human brain and the basis for forming expectations and making predictions. Learning is facilitated by repeating a sequence several times, causing rhythmic appearance of the individual sequence elements. This observation invites to consider the resulting multitude of rhythms...
Article
Full-text available
Beta frequency oscillations (15 to 35 Hz) in cortical and basal ganglia circuits become abnormally synchronized in Parkinson’s disease (PD). How excessive beta oscillations emerge in these circuits is unclear. We addressed this issue by defining the firing properties of basal ganglia neurons around the emergence of cortical beta bursts (β bursts),...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the function of oscillatory alpha-band activity in the neural coding of spatial information during tactile processing. Sighted humans concurrently encode tactile location in skin-based and, after integration with posture, external spatial reference frames, whereas congenitally blind humans preferably use skin-based coding. According...
Preprint
Full-text available
A large variety of methods exist to estimate brain coupling in the frequency domain from electrophysiological data measured e.g. by EEG and MEG. Those data are to reasonable approximation, though certainly not perfectly, Gaussian distributed. This work is based on the well-known fact that for Gaussian distributed data, the cross-spectrum completely...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning and memorizing sequences of events is an important function of the human brain and the basis for forming expectations and making predictions. Learning is facilitated by repeating a sequence several times, causing rhythmic appearance of the individual sequence elements. This observation invites to consider the resulting multitude of rhythms...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neural oscillations adjust their phase towards the predicted onset of rhythmic stimulation to optimize the processing of relevant information. Whether such phase alignments can be observed in non-rhythmic contexts, however, remains unclear. Here, we recorded the magnetoencephalogram while healthy participants were engaged in a temporal prediction t...
Preprint
Loss-of-function mutations in the parkin-encoding PARK2 gene cause young-onset, autosomal recessive Parkinson’s disease (PD). Here, we investigated how parkin mutations affect cortico-basal ganglia circuit dynamics and cell-type-specific functional connectivity by recording simultaneously from motor cortex, striatum and globus pallidus (GP) in anes...
Article
Background Long-range functional connectivity in the brain is considered fundamental for cognition and is known to be altered in many neuropsychiatric disorders. To modify such coupling independent of sensory input, noninvasive brain stimulation could be of utmost value. Objective First, we tested if transcranial alternating current stimulation (t...
Article
Full-text available
Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is a popular method to analyze long-range temporal correlations in time series of many different research areas but in particular also for electrophysiological recordings. Using the classical DFA method, the cumulative sum of data are divided into segments, and the variance of these sums is studied as a function...