Andrea C Villanti

Andrea C Villanti
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey | Rutgers · Department of Health Behavior Society and Policy

PhD MPH

About

218
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (218)
Article
Prior research suggests that flavors can influence the pharmacological effects of nicotine. We used commercially available JUUL pods to examine whether preferred menthol versus tobacco flavor increased the addictive potential of nicotine per se. This study recruited 15 regular JUUL e-cigarette users to complete a 2 × 2 factorial crossover trial usi...
Article
Implications: Deception in online nicotine and tobacco research is pervasive, difficult to detect with any single method, and not adequately captured by automated processes built into survey platforms. Manual screening of data at recruitment and throughout data collection, continual evolution of data quality checks, and attention to patterns of re...
Article
For the first time since Congress authorized the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate tobacco in 2009, FDA proposed two tobacco product standards on May 4, 2022. After a period of public comment and agency review, if the product standards are finalized in their current form, they will ban menthol cigarettes (U.S. Food and Drug Admini...
Article
The prevalence of cigarette smoking in young adults is higher among those with socioeconomic disadvantage than those without. Low treatment-seeking among young adult smokers is compounded by few efficacious smoking cessation interventions for this group, particularly socioeconomically-disadvantaged young adults (SDYA) who smoke cigarettes. The goal...
Article
Introduction Flavored electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and tobacco products are associated with initiation and progression of tobacco use. With recent restrictions around flavored products, it is critical to measure both the product and the flavor being used. The Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science (TCORS) Flavored Tobacco Products Mea...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Young people engage in addictive behaviors, but little is known about how they understand addiction. The present study examined how young people describe addiction in their own words and correlations between their definitions and substance use behaviors. (2) Methods: Young adults (n = 1146) in the PACE Vermont Study responded to an...
Preprint
Introduction The FDA announced its intention to issue proposed product standards banning menthol as a characterizing flavor in cigarettes and cigars. The public health benefits of these product standards may be attenuated by the role of plausible substitutes in the marketplace. Therefore, the present study examined the addiction potential of plausi...
Article
Introduction While risk factors for cigarette smoking among youth and young adults are well-documented, less is known about the correlates of initiation of other tobacco products. This study aims to provide estimates and correlates of initiation among U.S. youth and young adults. Methods Data on youth aged 12-17 (n=10,072) and young adults aged 18...
Article
Introduction People with disabilities report a higher prevalence of cigarette use than people without disabilities. However, evidence is limited on the relationships between disability type, degree of functional difficulty, and other tobacco product use. Methods Data from the 2019 U.S. National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate the pre...
Article
Aim While accumulating evidence suggests that people modified their smoking during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it remains unclear whether those most at risk for tobacco-related health disparities did so. The current study examined changes in smoking among several vulnerable smoker populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A web-based su...
Preprint
Objective To explore the feasibility and utility of a tolerance break (T-Break) guide on young adults’ cannabis use. Participants Young adults aged 18-29 (n=125) who were current cannabis users. Methods Participants recruited through posters and listservs at various universities were offered the T-Break Guide—daily activities, advice, and encoura...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Although the Food and Drug Administration banned other characterising flavours in cigarettes, menthol cigarettes are still available to consumers. Young adult new smokers are initiating with menthol cigarettes, such that the prevalence of young adults menthol versus non-menthol smokers is increasing. Experimentation with menthol ciga...
Article
Background: This study examined the impact of COVID-related disruptions on mental health and substance use in young people residing in a state with an initially lower COVID burden and earlier reopening of in-person learning than other states. Methods: Data come from Waves 3 (Fall 2019) and 4 (Fall 2020) of the Policy and Communication Evaluation...
Article
Background Subjective ratings are inconsistently associated with behavioral outcomes such as tobacco use and there is no current standard. The Cigarette Ratings Scale is an ideal measure for further evaluation because it has been widely used in tobacco regulatory science and tobacco industry research. Purpose This study investigated the construct...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Flavored non-cigarette tobacco product use is widespread in the U.S. The availability of flavor options could be playing a role in recent increases in use, especially for non-cigarette tobacco products, among youth and young adults. Little is known about specific flavor preferences of youth and adult flavored tobacco product users, as...
Conference Paper
Objective: To explore the feasibility and utility of a tolerance break (T-break) guide on young adults' cannabis use. Participants: Young adults aged 18-29 (n=125) who were current cannabis users. Methods: Participants recruited through posters and listservs at various universities were offered the T-Break Guide to help complete a 21-day cannabis b...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Given the prevalence of electronic vapor product (EVP) use among young people in the US, there is a need for effective vaping education campaigns. This study tested 32 images for liking and perceived effectiveness (PE) to identify optimal images for a messaging campaign. Method: Images were selected from current campaigns, warning...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Persons who use opioids may be at elevated risk of harm from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, yet few data currently exist that can be used to examine this risk. As part of a rapid response survey, this study measured opioid users’ perceptions of risk or harm from COVID-19, as well as potential changes in motivation to qu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Waterpipe (i.e., hookah) tobacco smoking (WTS) is one of the most prevalent types of smoking among young people, yet there is little public education communicating the risks of WTS to the population. Using self-report and psychophysiological measures, this study proposes an innovative message testing and data integration approach to ch...
Article
Background United States (US) policies to mitigate the opioid epidemic focus on reducing access to prescription opioids to prevent overdoses. We examined the impact of state policies in Vermont (July 2017) and Maine (July 2016) on opioid overdoses and opioid-related adverse effects. Methods Study population included patients 15 years and older in...
Article
Full-text available
Menthol cigarette use has been shown to be a contributing factor in the changes in smoking over time among youth. The current study aim was to use prospective survey data to identify if menthol cigarette use was associated with changes in smoking among adults. A representative cohort from the 2010 U.S. Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Populati...
Article
Objective: Hookah tobacco use among young adults may be driven by misperceptions of health harms and addictiveness, appealing flavors, and social use. This study examined the effects of hookah prevention messages on participants' cognitive and emotional processing in a lab setting. Method: One hundred twenty participants (61 susceptible never-us...
Article
County-level analyses demonstrate that overall cancer incidence is generally lower in rural areas, though incidence and mortality from tobacco-associated cancers are higher than in non-rural areas and have experienced slower declines over time. The goal of our study was to examine state-level rurality and smoking-related cancer outcomes. We used pu...
Article
Despite the efficacy of medications for treating opioid use disorder (OUD), they are underutilized, especially in rural areas. Our objectives were to determine the association between primary care practitioners (PCPs) rurality and concerns for patient substance use, and to identify factors associated with PCP comfort treating OUD, focusing on barri...
Article
This pilot study tested the effect of a brief nicotine education messaging exposure on beliefs about nicotine, nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), and e-cigarettes. Participants ages 18 and older were recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete a 20-min online survey in April/May 2020 to assess relationships between opioid use, smoking, and ot...
Article
Background: In response to the opioid epidemic, many states have enacted policies limiting opioid prescriptions. There is a paucity of evidence of the impact of opioid prescribing interventions in primary care populations, including whether unintended consequences arise from limiting the availability of prescribed opioids. Objective: Our aim was...
Article
Background Perceptions of risk of using marijuana have decreased significantly in the US over the last decade, while marijuana use has increased. In order to educate people on the risks associated with marijuana use, large-scale health messaging campaigns have been deployed to educate the public about the risks associated with marijuana use, partic...
Article
Background: Determine the overall, sex-, and racially/ethnically-appropriate population-level cotinine and total nicotine equivalents (TNE-2, the molar sum of the two major nicotine metabolites) cut-points to distinguish tobacco users from non-users across multiple definitions of use (e.g., exclusive vs. polytobacco, and daily vs. non-daily). Met...
Article
Introduction Young adults’ e-cigarette use is associated with perceptions that e-cigarettes are less harmful or addictive than cigarettes, socially acceptable, and appealing. This study developed and tested vaping educational messages addressing these factors: 1) Harm Perceptions, 2) Addictiveness, 3) Social Use, and 4) Flavors. Methods Two messag...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Most adults who use electronic cigarettes (ECs) also smoke combustible cigarettes (CCs). Quitting ECs appears common among dual users but little is known regarding adult dual users' motivations and methods to quit ECs or how this relates to quitting CCs. Methods: We used Amazon Mechanical Turk, a web-based crowd-sourcing service, t...
Article
Introduction: A common criterion for being labeled a "never smoker" is having smoked <100 lifetime cigarettes. This category is often used as an unexposed reference group to estimate the relative harm from cigarettes. We examined the amount of current and past cigarette and non-cigarette tobacco/nicotine use among adults who met this "never smoker...
Article
Full-text available
Young adults’ hookah tobacco use is fueled by misperceptions about risks, appealing flavors, and social use. We developed and pretested public education messages to prevent and reduce hookah tobacco smoking among young adults. We used a two (user status: current hookah user, susceptible never user) by two (risk content: health harms or addiction) b...
Article
Introduction This study examined in youth (12-17 years), young adults (18-24 years), and adults (25+ years) the: 1) prevalence of first menthol cigarette and menthol/mint cigar use among new tobacco users; 2) association between first menthol/mint use, subsequent tobacco use, and nicotine dependence approximately one year later compared to first no...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to identify subgroups of adults based on comorbid psychiatric disorders and to examine the relationship with current smoking. Method: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III, 2012-2013, sampled, recruited, and assessed 36,309 adults, with interviews on drug use and other characteristics....
Article
Low harm perceptions of tobacco products have been associated with use of those products in youth and adults, but this relationship has not been assessed for nicotine beliefs. This study used data from a national sample of adults aged 18–40 in Wave 9 (Spring 2016) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort Study to examine correlations and prospect...
Article
Full-text available
Importance This study is part of a programmatic effort evaluating the effects of reducing nicotine content of cigarettes to minimally addictive levels. Objective To examine whether very low-nicotine-content (VLNC) cigarettes decrease smoking rates and dependence severity among smokers with psychiatric disorders or socioeconomic disadvantage. Desi...
Article
Full-text available
Background The standard approach for evaluating the effects of population-level substance use prevention efforts on youth and young adult perceptions and behaviors has been to compare outcomes across states using national surveillance data. Novel surveillance methods that follow individuals over shorter time intervals and capture awareness of subst...
Article
Background The prevalence of cigarette smoking is more than two times higher among individuals with versus without opioid misuse and/or opioid use disorders (OUD). Overall, smoking cessation has increased over time although it is unknown whether it has similarly increased for those with opioid misuse or OUD. The current study examined cigarette qui...
Article
We examined whether elucidating underpinning smoking motivation and related pharmacological processes enhances understanding of nicotine dependence among smokers from vulnerable populations. Data were obtained between Oct, 2016 and Sept, 2019 from 745 adult smokers with co-morbid psychiatric conditions or socioeconomic disadvantage at University of...
Article
Context Recent data suggest that the onset of cigarette smoking is now more likely during young adulthood than adolescence. Additionally, the landscape of delivering smoking-cessation interventions has changed in the past decade, with the emergence of mobile phone and web-based approaches. The objective of this study is to update a 2010 systematic...
Article
Introduction Population studies highlight that alcohol and marijuana use are correlated with cigarette smoking and other tobacco use. The aim of our study was to describe the ways in which alcohol and drug use may affect cigarette smoking and cessation in socioeconomically-disadvantaged young adult (SDYA) smokers. Methods Thirty-six SDYA smokers a...
Article
Objectives: Philip Morris International's heated tobacco product, Marlboro IQOS, is available internationally and will soon be marketed in the U.S. We examined correlates of curiosity, interest, and likelihood to use IQOS among U.S. young adults. Methods: Young adults ages 18 - 30 years (N = 346) were recruited online, viewed a description of IQ...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The standard approach for evaluating the effects of population-level substance use prevention efforts on youth and young adult perceptions and behaviors has been to compare outcomes across states using national surveillance data. Novel surveillance methods that follow individuals over shorter time intervals and capture awareness of subst...
Article
Individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) have high prevalence of smoking and poor cessation outcomes. Data suggest that smokers with OUD may experience heightened nicotine reinforcement and more severe tobacco withdrawal compared to smokers without OUD. The Food and Drug Administration is currently considering reducing the nicotine content of cig...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Young adults (aged 18-24 years) have a higher smoking prevalence than younger and older age groups and young adulthood is an important developmental period during which long-term behavior patterns like cigarette smoking are established. The aim of the current study was to examine how young adult smokers with additional vulnerabilitie...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pervasive misperceptions about nicotine may influence uptake of quit smoking aids and the impact of policies addressing nicotine as a tobacco product constituent. Methods: Latent class analyses were conducted using four items on nicotine beliefs asked of 4037 adults aged 18-40 in wave 9 (February-March 2016) of the Truth Initiative Y...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The Food and Drug Administration announced intent to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes. There is limited evidence on how reduced nicotine content cigarette (RNC) marketing affects product beliefs and use, and research on this is needed to inform regulations. Methods: In an online experiment, 426 young adult cigarette smoker...
Article
Full-text available
The public health impact of FDA's recently proposed nicotine reduction standard may be impacted by the extent to which tobacco users and non-users understand the harms of nicotine in relation to specific products (eg, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy [NRT], reduced nicotine content cigarettes), and how this influences decisions made by us...
Article
The patterns of tobacco product use in the United States (U.S.) have changed during the past several decades. Currently, a large proportion of tobacco users report using multiple tobacco products (MTP). The prevalence of MTP use varies significantly by cigarette smoking frequency, as well: nearly half (46.9%) of all non-daily smokers report using o...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Flavors in tobacco products may appeal to young and inexperienced users. Objective To examine among youth (aged 12-17 years), young adults (aged 18-24 years), and adults (aged ≥25 years) the prevalence of first use of flavored tobacco products among new tobacco users and the association between first flavored use of a given tobacco prod...
Article
Introduction: The current study pilot tested the effect of a single, brief exposure to nicotine education messages on beliefs about nicotine, nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), E-cigarettes, and cigarettes with reduced nicotine content (RNC). Methods: Five hundred and twenty-one U.S. adults (aged ≥18 years) completed a 15-minute survey on Amazo...
Article
Background: Cigarette smoking is disproportionately high among adults with two or more psychiatric disorders (psychiatric comorbidities), yet research on non-cigarette tobacco use among this population is scant. Additionally, most studies on tobacco use this among this population rely on psychiatric diagnoses rather than individual symptoms, poten...
Article
Background Most youth and young adult (YA) tobacco users use flavoured products; however, little is known about specific flavours used. Methods We report flavour types among US tobacco users from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, wave 2, 2014–2015. At wave 2, we examined (1) flavour use and type at past 30-day use; (2) new fla...
Article
Objectives. To examine responses to hypothetical restrictions on menthol cigarettes among young adult menthol smokers in the United States.Methods. We surveyed Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort respondents 18 to 34 years of age every 6 months from December 2011 through October 2016. Menthol cigarette smokers (n = 806, n = 1963 observations) indic...
Article
Introduction: Individuals with drug use disorders or affective disorders have higher cigarette smoking prevalence and smoking intensity and are less likely to quit than the general population. We sought to estimate the prevalence of cigarette smoking by drug use and psychiatric diagnoses and to explore to what extent a co-occurring diagnosis was a...
Article
Objective: Marijuana use is associated with negative cognitive and health outcomes and risky driving. Given the rapidly changing policies regarding legal recreational and medicinal marijuana use, it is important to examine what types of marijuana prevention messages may be effective in minimizing such outcomes. This study examined cognitive and af...
Article
Background: In the United States (US), electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use prevalence has increased since 2010. Few studies, however, have addressed frequency of use at the population-level. This study examines patterns and correlates of e-cigarette use frequency in a novel national sample. Methods: Data were from 36,277 US adults interviewed be...
Article
Introduction: The association between peer crowd identification and substance use is well documented among adolescents, but less is known about substance use among young adult peer crowds. Methods: This study leverages data from the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort Study (Wave 8, June-July 2015), a nationally representative cohort sample of y...
Article
Introduction: Nicotine is not a human carcinogen and combustion compounds in tobacco smoke, rather than nicotine, cause tobacco-related cardiovascular disease. Few recent studies examine the public's beliefs about nicotine in relation to smoking. Methods: Participants aged 18-40 (n = 4,091) in Wave 10 (Fall 2016) of the Truth Initiative Young Ad...
Article
Introduction: To implement and evaluate a blended online and in-person training to help mentors of early-career researchers appreciate the complexities of Tobacco Regulatory Science (TRS), refine TRS mentoring skills, and become acquainted with resources for providing effective guidance to TRS mentees. Methods: TRS mentors engaged in a two-part...
Article
Introduction: The heterogeneity of e-cigarette products and e-liquids pose challenges to surveillance of e-cigarette exposure. The goal of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency of e-cigarette use frequency, quantity, and duration measures in a national population-based survey. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2012-2013 for the Nat...
Article
Introduction: Youth may be attracted to menthol cigarettes because they are perceived as less harmful and harsh to smoke relative to non-menthol cigarettes. This study examined demographic factors and menthol cigarette smoking patterns as correlates of youth harm perceptions of cigarette smoking and ease of smoking menthol versus non-menthol cigar...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The use of flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is common among e-cigarette users, but little is known about the potential harms of flavorings, the extent to which the concurrent use of multiple flavor types occurs, and the correlates of flavor type use. The objective of this study was to assess the types of e-cigarette flavor...
Article
This Letter to the Editor is in response to a letter from Ms. Flannery, titled, “Disregarding the impact of nicotine on the developing brain when evaluating costs and benefits of noncombustible nicotine products”. In our response, we address some concerns raised by Ms. Flannery, and reiterate our position in our original article. In particular, we...
Article
Objectives: In this study, we investigated potential effects of being a menthol smoker on response to reduced nicotine content (RNC) cigarettes in smokers especially vulnerable to smoking. Method: Participants were 169 smokers (61 menthol and 108 non-menthol smokers) with comorbid mental illness, substance use disorder, or socioeconomic disadvan...
Article
Introduction: The objective of this study is to describe tobacco and nicotine product use state transition probabilities among youth and young adults over time. Methods: A national sample of young adult tobacco product users and nonusers between the ages of 18-34 years at baseline was surveyed at six-month intervals for three years. Use and non-...