Andrea Surovek

Andrea Surovek
South Dakota School of Mines and Technology | SDSM&T · Department of Mechanical Engineering

PhD

About

73
Publications
59,473
Reads
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409
Citations
Introduction
Research Interests: Biomimicry of Natural Habitats for Sustainability and Resiliency in Structural Engineering Stability of Metal Framing Systems Design methods in Structural Engineering Engineering Education: Problem Solving, Creativity and Mentoring
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - present
South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Position
  • Research Scientist IV
August 2003 - May 2014
South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Position
  • Associate Professor of Civil Engineering
May 1997 - May 2001
Georgia Institute of Technology
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (73)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While creativity has been specifically identified as a desired quality in the Engineer of 2020, creativity in and of itself is often “factored out” of most course activities since it is often perceived to run counter to traditional engineering pedagogy. Step-by-step methods that converge on a “right answer”, highly constrained class problems, and a...
Book
Practical guide to structural stability theory for the design of safe steel structures Not only does this book provide readers with a solid foundation in structural stability theory, it also offers them a practical, working knowledge of how this theory translates into design specifications for safe steel structures. Structural Stability of Steel fe...
Article
Full-text available
Working from the SWOT analysis of the AISC workshop, the ASCE/SEI Metals Technical Activities Committee (TAC) developed the plans for the Innovations in Steel Design: Research Needs for Global Competitiveness Workshop sponsored in part by both the AISC and National Science Foundation (NSF). The workshop was specifically designed not to discuss spec...
Research
Full-text available
This study was guided by the following research question: What specifically are the problem-solving processes of (1) students, (2) faculty, and (3) practicing engineers, and what are the similarities and differences between them when solving an ill-structured problem? In order to answer this research question, verbal protocol analysis was used. Par...
Conference Paper
Solving open-ended complex problems is an essential part of being an engineer and one of the qualities needed in an engineering workplace. In order to help undergraduate engineering students develop such qualities and better prepare them for their future careers, this study is a preliminary effort to explore the problem solving approaches adopted b...
Article
Full-text available
Analogies between structural design and termite construction are formed from a meta-analysis of published research on various mounds. Evaluation of impacts of species, climate and local soils suggest that available materials are the most important factor in the resulting shape class (mound shape)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The built environment for human habitation is predominated by rectangular-framed structural systems; these systems support, but are rarely integrated with additional systems that provide function to support comfortable occupancy by the inhabitants. However, in many naturally-built habitats, the structure is highly integrated with other functions. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It can also be argued that structural engineering pedagogy and curriculum have not changed significantly in the past 50 years. Traditional structural engineering curricula pay particular focus to prescriptive methods for design focusing on lowest weight designs. Additionally, engineering core courses are focused on lessons in which a " correct " so...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Structural sustainability is examined from a new perspective in this research employing biomimicry of termite mounds. The overall goal of the work is to developed structural topologies for use in low-rise buildings that that can significantly reduce energy consumption. These topologies would be organically developed for local conditions and integra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The complex history between the United States and Native American communities has created economic and health disparities in Native communities, which is exemplified on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. Home to the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) Tribe, Pine Ridge suffers from a high unemployment rate, substandard housing, poverty level wages, and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2012, the authors developed a competition called "Design Wars," an all-day team design competition modeled on reality television competitions such as Project Runway or Junkyard Wars. The purpose of the competition was to test the student teams' abilities to develop creative solutions to an open ended problem given limited time and unconventional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2012, the authors developed a competition called "Design Wars," an all-day team design competition modeled on reality television competitions such as Project Runway or Junkyard Wars. The purpose of the competition was to test the student teams' abilities to develop creative solutions to an open ended problem given limited time and unconventional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the process of designing engineered systems, it is not uncommon for engineers to underestimate or altogether ignore the societal and cultural context of the problem. This is particularly true when designs are developed to solve world problems; a lack of societal consideration leads to implementation failures when engineers from developed countri...
Article
The NIST Building and Fire Research Laboratory developed 29 recommendations for research based on the findings from the investigation of the World Trade Center (WTC). This paper discusses the results of a collaborative research effort conducted to address recommendation R9.1 from that report, namely to “Develop and validate analytical tools, guidel...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design Wars was developed as a multi-disciplinary design competition in which teams of students receive the same assignment, materials, technology tools for communication and time to complete the project. The student teams were separated into two groups - the documentation team (in the “design office”) and the actualization team (on the “build floo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using custom tables for joist members with the application of equivalent beam theory (EBT) allows joist member limit states to be analyzed by strength checks built into the design software. The custom tables for joist members are developed to represent approximate prismatic members based on the properties of typical chord sizes readily used in indu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When selecting steel joists for a structure, design engineers have traditionally relied on standard load tables, but this is limiting when commercial software is used. Additionally, because joists and joist girders are proprietary members, design engineers can benefit from an automated approach to obtain accurate estimates of member weights and sec...
Book
Full-text available
Prepared by the Special Project Committee on Advanced Analysis of the Technical Committee on Structural Members of the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. This report presents formal guidelines for the use of second-order inelastic analysis in the design and assessment of steel framing systems. This advanced analysis methodology focuses on th...
Article
Full-text available
The design of building structures has become a highly automated, computer-based process in which designers depend on the capabilities of commercial software for member strength checks and determination of deflections, drifts and member weights. Most commercial structural design software packages allow the user to build custom beam tables. The use o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a relatively recent addition to joining technology, having been developed in the early 1990’s by The Welding Institute (TWI) in the UK. FSW is a solid state process that has been shown to have many benefits over traditional arc welding, particularly in the areas of joint quality and environmental impacts. While the te...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of experimental investigations conducted to determine the fundamental behavior of steel members under fire loading. A total of eleven full-scale steel members were tested under combined thermal and structural loading. First, five A992 steel beam-columns (W10x68) were tested to determine their fundamental moment-curva...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the behavior of A992 wide flange steel columns under fire loading. Experimental tests were conducted to investigate the structural-thermal response of steel columns subjected to axial loads and elevated temperatures. Two identical W14X53 specimens were tested under (i) non-standard fire loading to determine the axial load capaci...
Article
Full-text available
Current prescriptive design approaches for structures subjected to extreme temperatures (i.e. IBC 2006 and NFPA 5000) are limited in the evaluation of the overall behavior and stability of building structures under realistic fire loading. First, the Fire Resistance Rating (FRR) values of individual structural members do not provide sufficient infor...
Article
Full-text available
In Greek Mythology, Mentor was Odysseus's trusted counselor and served as a guardian and teacher to Telemachos. It is from this story that the term Mentoring originated. Mentoring is often defined as a way to coach and guide individuals to a successful career path and is used as a positive organizational tool. The organizations usually implement me...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the experimental investigation of steel beam-columns under fire loading. Experimental tests have been planned to examine the fundamental behavior of steel beam-columns. Test specimens were sequentially subjected to: (i) constant axial loading, (ii) thermal loading on the plastic hinge region followed by ASTM E119 time-temperatur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Injecting a sense of play into the classroom carries many positive benefits. While game show formats in the classroom are neither new nor restricted to engineering and computer science, they are a powerful tool for bringing in that sense of play into the learning environment. Game show formats can be used to deliver new content, more deeply explore...
Conference Paper
With the publication of the 2005 AISC Specification [AISC 2005a], US designers were provided with a methodology that eliminated the need to calculate effective length factors when assessing the stability of framing systems. The approach, labeled the Direct Analysis Method [DAM], was initially developed to answer a simple question: if we better mode...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work discusses the results of the first part of a National Science Foundation funded study to consider the question: How are the needs, strategies, and tactics of smaller and geographically isolated universities trying to diversify their faculty similar and dissimilar to their counterparts? How can this knowledge be used to create positive gai...
Chapter
Introduction Basics of Stability Behavior: The Spring-Bar System Fundamentals of Post-Buckling Behavior Snap-Through Buckling Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Systems Summary Problems
Chapter
Introduction Basic Case: Beams Subjected to Uniform Moment The Effect of Boundary Conditions The Effect of Loading Conditions Lateral-Torsional Buckling of Singly-Symmetric Cross-Sections Beam-Columns and Columns Inelastic Lateral-Torsional Buckling Summary Problems
Chapter
Introduction General Discussion of the Behavior of Beam-Columns Elastic In-Plane Behavior of Beam-Columns Elastic Limit Interaction Relationships Example Problems of Beam-Column Strength Systematic Methods of Analysis: Flexibility Method Systematic Methods of Analysis: The Stiffness Method Inelastic Strength of Beam-Columns Design of Beam-Columns P...
Chapter
Introduction Development of the Beam-Column Interaction Equations Assessment of Column Strength Assessment of Beam Strength Specification-Based Approaches for Stability Assessment Effective Length Factors, K-factors Design Assessment by Two Approaches Frame Design Requirements in Canada and Europe Summary Problems
Chapter
Introduction Discrete Bracing Relative Bracing Lean-on Bracing Effects of Imperfections Column Bracing Provisions Beam Bracing AISC Design Provisions for Beam Bracing Summary Suggested Reading Problems
Chapter
Tangent and Reduced Modulus Concepts Shanley's Contribution Example Illustrating the Tangent Modulus and the Reduced Modulus Concepts Buckling Strength of Steel Columns Illustration of the Effect of Residual Stresses on the Buckling Strength of Steel Columns Effect of Initial Out-of-Straightness and Load Eccentricity Design Formulas For Metal Colum...
Chapter
Introduction Large-Deflection Solution of an Elastic Column Differential Equation of Planar Flexure The Basic Case: Pin-Ended Column Five Fundamental Cases The Effect of Imperfections Stability of a Rigid Frame End-Restrained Columns Restrained Column Examples Continuously Restrained Columns Summary Problems Appendix
Chapter
Half Title Title Copyright Contents Preface
Article
Full-text available
The 2005 AISC Specification (AISC, 2005a) describes the effects of geometrical imperfections, such as nonverticality on steel framing systems and their implications for design. The main objective of the specification is to describe the way initial imperfections affect the strength of structural members and steel framing systems and discuss the way...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an analysis-design approach based on a combination of the AISC (2005a) Direct Analysis Method (DM) with a form of LeMessurier's (1976) simplified second-order analysis equations. The results from several DM analysis solutions are compared and contrasted with the results from other analysis solutions including second-order servic...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an application of the AISC (2005a) Direct Analysis Method (DM) for moment and general combined framing systems. The DM accounts explicitly for nominal initial out-of-plumbness of the framing as well as the reduction in the stiffness of the structure at the maximum strength limit of its most critical member or members. As a resul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the greatest challenges in teaching fundamental engineering courses is getting students engaged in the material by making them feel it is relevant and has context in the “real world”. This is clearly important considering that providing context for abstract engineering concepts as well as “learn-by-doing” experiences can increase student com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An overall understanding of durability and service life (design life) of both structural and non-structural materials can assist the engineer in making informed, economical decisions on whether undesirable existing conditions are still acceptable or whether rehabilitation is required. Durability is defined here as the relationship between the expec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Basic guidelines are needed to aid engineers and structural analysis software developers in understanding the requirements for capturing member and system strength limit states within advanced analysis models. This paper discusses a current to develop proposed guidelines for the use of direct second-order inelastic analysis for the design of planar...
Article
Full-text available
The 2005 AISC Specification reflects the latest advances in the stability analysis and design of structural steel buildings. The new Specification defines the general requirements for stability analysis and design and gives engineers the freedom to select or devise their own methods within these constraints. It also provides several specific proced...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABET 20001 recognized that, in order to be successful, engineers require skills above and beyond a technical knowledge base. Among the ABET criteria that address nontechnical skills is outcome h which states that students must be able to demonstrate, “the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and so...
Article
The 2005 AISC Specification reflects the latest advances in the stability analysis and design of structural steel buildings. The new Specification defines the general requirements for stability analysis and design and gives engineers the freedom to select or devise their own methods within these constraints. It also provides several specific proced...
Article
Full-text available
The commentary to the AISC-LRFD Specification addresses the design of framing systems containing partially restricted (PR) connections, but it does not provide specific guidance on how to analyze these type of system to determine appropriate internal forces for design. In addition, it provide little information on how to select an appropriate conne...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Developments in analytical software and computer hardware over the past few decades provide engineers with powerful tools for more realistically considering the behavior of steel structures. More sophisticated methods of analysis offer significant advantages in steel frame design by eliminating the need to calculate effective length factors and mor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While providing a global perspective on the impact of Engineering is always a challenge in a traditional engineering curriculum, it becomes an even greater challenge at a engineering and science specialty institution with a predominantly regional student body. At South Dakota Tech, awareness of global issues and options is complicated by the facts...
Article
Full-text available
Two methods for analysis and design of steel framing systems are outlined and compared to the current American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) load and resistance factor design (LRFD) buckling solution or effective length based procedure: an AISC LRFD based notional load approach and a modified elastic approach. Both methods provide a ration...
Article
Full-text available
Two methods for elastic analysis and design of steel framing systems, an American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) load and resistance factor design (LRFD) based notional load approach and a modified elastic approach, are outlined in Part I. These approaches capture the physical behavior of sway frames more faithfully than present AISC method...
Article
Full-text available
The use of the direct analysis approach in the context of an alternative first-order elastic analysis method for the calculation of second-order forces and moments in rectangular framing systems is investigated. The direct analysis method gives accurate estimates of the internal forces and moments, eliminating the need for calculation of column eff...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper summarizes the results of factored benchmark studies designed to study the validity and accuracy of a variation on the Modified Elastic method proposed by (Maleck and White 2002a), termed the Direct Analysis approach The Direct Analysis approach is generally more accurate than the current AISC-LRFD (1999) method in predicting allowable a...

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