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Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
Symbolic representations of the scorpion are attested in Mesopotamia since the Neolithic Period on several artifacts, such as pottery, cylinder seals and stele. From the 6th to the 1st millennium BC a constant connection of this symbol with the fertility and its related goddesses - such as Ishkhara and Ishtar -, all identified with Venus, is attest...
Portable Near Infrared Micro-Raman (NIR μ-Raman) spectroscopy was used, as a preliminary and non-destructive technique, in order to investigate the mineralogical composition of a group of pottery sherds from Khirbat Iskandar, Jordan. Preliminary results show that the ceramic body is composed mainly of quartz, calcite, and minor amounts of feldspars...
Cuneiform tablets tell the life and culture of Sumerian people in a sort of black and white tale because of the binary engraving technique. A leading question arises: did Mesopotamian people apply some kind of colour to decorate their tablets or to put emphasis on selected words? Some administrative and literary Sumerian cuneiform tablets of mid-th...
Polcaro, A., Muniz, J., Jebel al Mutawwaq, the Mountain Surrounded by Water. The Importance of Water Resources During the 4th Millennium BC in the Transjordanian Highlands, in L. Nigro, M. Nucciotti, E. Gallo (eds.), Precious Water. Paths of Jordanian civilizations as seen in the Italian archaeological excavations. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Amman, October 18th 2016 (ROSAPAT 12), Rome 2017: 15-27.
In 2015 the Italian Archaeological Expedition to Niĝin (Southern Iraq) started the exploration of the site of Tell Surghul (Dhi Qar province). Excavations concentrated on two main operations (Areas A and B), while a survey was conducted along the western border of the site (Area C). In the present article, the epigraphic findings (inscribed cones a...
Polcaro, A., Muniz, J., Alvarez, V., The New Spanish-Italian Expedition to the EB I site of Jebel al-Mutawwaq, Middle Wadi az- Zarqa, Jordan: Preliminary Results of the 2012–2013 Campaigns, in Rolf A. Stucky et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 9-13 June 2014, Basel, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2016: 1633–1645.
The ziqqurat is the symbol of the Mesopotamian sacred architecture in the western thought. This monument, standardized at the end of the III millennium BC by the kings of the Third Dynasty of Ur, has changed during the history of Mesopotamia its shape and architecture, but remained till the end of the Neo-Babylonian Period in the I millennium BC th...
This chapter concerns the actual knowledge about astronomy in the Levant between the Early Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Most of the data comes from archaeoastronomical studies of tomb and temple orientations; for some periods the study of cuneiform texts provides information on the cultic calendars.
Pottery samples from the Pompeii archaeological site were investigated by IR Raman spectroscopy and EDAX measurements. The analysis of the Raman spectra of the surfaces reveals the presence calcium hydroxide (peak at about 780 cm−1) while the calcium carbonate is totally absent. The comparative studies on the carbonation effect of the surfaces were...
The article presents the results of the 2013 Spanish-Italian Archaeological Expedition to Jebel al-Mutawwaq, an Early Bronze Age I village and dolmen field along the Middle Wadi az-Zarqa Valley (Jordan). In particular, this article focuses on the discovery of a burial hidden inside a well-preserved dolmen comprising an entire adult skeleton. The po...
The Nabateans built several monuments in Petra and elsewhere displaying a decoration with a preference for astronomical motifs, possibly as a reflection of their religion. However, due to the lack of direct written accounts and the scarcity of inscriptions we do not have a clear knowledge on the precise nature of such believes and how these reflect...
This work presents the results of a survey of dolmen fields of the Early Bronze I in Jordan, in the Wadi Zarqa Valley, started in October 2004 and still in progress. Our data show, with a very high statistical significance, that in many sites of the Early Bronze IA a large majority of dolmens were built oriented along the N-S direction. A first int...