Andrea Pisanelli

Andrea Pisanelli
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Research on Terrestrial Ecosystems

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61
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
CONTEXT: Agroforestry is gaining interest in in Europe however the trade-offs associated with its uptake are still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the sustainability trade-offs and synergies associated with a range of agroforestry systems in Europe and assess the underlying reasons for different performance regardin...
Article
Full-text available
The atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased to unprecedented levels during last decades, raising concerns about their effect on climate change. Agriculture and land use change play an important role in atmospheric CO2 emission and fixation, especially by affecting the soil carbon (C) storage. In this context, agroforestry syst...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfires have always been an integral part of the ecology of many terrestrial ecosystems, but their frequency is increasing in many parts of the world. Wildfires were once a natural phenomenon, but after humans learned to control fire, it has been used as a management tool to increase soil fertility, to regenerate natural vegetation for grazing an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Theme: Agroforestry systems and innovations Abstract Innovation is one of the key aspects to favour transition from conventional to more sustainable agricultural practices in developed countries. Europe is leading nowadays the development of a good knowledge infrastructure to move on this transition mainly related with the Thematic Networks. The Ag...
Chapter
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The present paper provides a process description of the separation and exploitation of a high-value by-product from the extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) mill waste. The olive pomace is a by-product that can potentially improve the EVOO value chain by providing a natural primary matter for the agro-food industry. Furthermore, such exploitation of pomac...
Article
Full-text available
Silvopasture is the deliberate integration of a woody component with grazed pastures as understorey. It is one of the most extended agroforestry practices all over the world. Silvo-pasture use is key to increase the sustainability of livestock farming systems as silvopasture reduces the use of concentrates since the woody component provides feed fo...
Article
Sustainability assessment is a complex field and its uptake amongst agricultural producers limited. Furthermore, the scope of current sustainability assessment tools does not extend to systems in which food production is integrated with production of non-food biomass (e.g. agroforestry). Participatory approaches to tool development offer a means to...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems have multifunctional roles in enhancing agronomic productivity, co-production of diversity of food and non-food products and provision of ecosystem services. The knowledge of the performance of agroforestry systems compared with monoculture is scarce and scattered. Hence, the objective of the study was to analyze the agronomic...
Article
Wildfires have always been an integral part of the ecology of many terrestrial ecosystems, but their frequency is increasing in many parts of the world. Wildfires were once a natural phenomenon, but after humans learned to control fire, it has been used as a management tool to increase soil fertility, to regenerate natural vegetation for grazing an...
Article
Full-text available
Olive tree is a vector of cultural heritage in Mediterranean. This study explored the biocultural geography of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) from the cultivar Ogliarola campana in Campania region, Italy. Here, the rich cultural elements related to olive tree and oil represent a suitable case study for a biocultural analysis. We joined analytical te...
Article
Full-text available
Given the environmental footprints of the conventional agriculture, it is imperative to test and validate alternative production systems, with lower environmental impacts to mitigate and adapt our production systems. In this study, we identified six production systems, four in Italy and two in Denmark, to assess the environmental footprint for comp...
Article
Full-text available
The successful promotion of agroforestry in Italy depends on both a recognition of tradition and the opportunities for innovation. In Italy, agroforestry has traditionally been a key component of landscape management. Complex systems, based on the integration among crops–livestock–fruit/forest trees, provided a wide variety of products (e.g. food,...
Poster
Full-text available
The perspectives of local stakeholders (SHs) are critical in any research and policy making process (Sereke 2016). In order to know the opinions of Italian SHs on how agroforestry systems (AFS) affect production (P), environmental (E), management (M) and socioeconomic (SE) aspects (categories), an online survey was performed in Apr-Jun 2016. A ques...
Poster
Full-text available
Agroforestry is considered a sustainable form of land management that optimizes the use of natural resources (nutrients, radiation, water). Agroforestry was a traditional land use system in Europe before modern times. However, before the sixties land intensification and conso- lidation destroyed millions of trees all over Europe. On the contrary, s...
Poster
Full-text available
Agroforestry is one of the most prominent tools to make easy the transition of European agricultural and forestry farms to more sustainable land use systems such as agroforestry. The extent of agroforestry in Europe is 19.5 million of hectares, of which 85% is allocated to silvopastoralism mainly associated to European Southern countries but also p...
Chapter
Agroforestry is a land use practice in which woody perennials (trees or shrubs) are integrated with crops and/or livestock on the same land unit. Such practices have shaped key features of the rural landscape in Mediterranean countries, where trees have been traditionally and deliberately retained by farmers or included in cultivated or grazed land...
Article
Agroforestry is an integrated land use management that combines a woody component with a lower story agricultural production recognized as one of the most important tools to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The objective of this paper is to provide a categorization and extent of agroforestry practices linked to agricultural and forest lands at...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of a study conducted in Italy, within the AGFORWARD (2014–2017) project, aimed at promoting innovative agroforestry practices in Europe. Agroforestry offers a means for maintaining food production whilst addressing some of the negative environmental effects of intensive agriculture. This study aims to elicit the posit...
Article
Full-text available
Potential benefits and costs of agroforestry practices have been analysed by experts, but few studies have captured farmers’ perspectives on why agroforestry might be adopted on a European scale. This study provides answers to this question, through an analysis of 183 farmer interviews in 14 case study systems in eight European countries. The study...
Article
Full-text available
The factors that determine the implementation of four alternative agroforestry practices or no agroforestry on a theoretical 200 ha farm in Mediterranean Europe were examined using an analytic network process (ANP) model. The four agroforestry practices considered were implementation of a form of (i) high natural and cultural value agroforestry, (i...
Article
Agroforestry is considered a sustainable form of land management that optimizes the use of natural resources (nutrients, radiation, water). Agroforestry is defined as the deliberate integration of woody vegetation with agricultural activities in the lower story. It provides a higher biomass production per unit of land, while providing more ecosyste...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry is a sustainable land management system that should be more strongly promoted in Europe to ensure adequate ecosystem service provision in the old continent (Decision 529/2013) through the common agricultural policy (CAP). The promotion of the woody component in Europe can be appreciated in different sections of the CAP linked to Pillar...
Book
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Foreword. It is a great pleasure to share with you the excellent book of abstracts of the 4th European Agroforestry Conference carried out in the beautiful city of Nijmejen (The Netherlands) during the European Green Capital 2018. The book is plenty of extraordinary information and experiences about agroforestry practices and systems around the wo...
Poster
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The Public Goods Tool (PGT) assesses the agriculture related public goods” provided by a farm. The assessment was trialled on an initial pilot of seven agroforestry farms from five countries (UK, Italy, Poland, Romania, Denmark).
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry, as mixed land use systems incorporating trees, crops and husbandry, has been a key elements of the European landscapes throughout historical times. In many cases, agroforestry systems represent formerly widespread traditional systems that are currently declining; Agroforestry was in the past a key element of agroecosystems sustainabil...
Technical Report
Full-text available
After an introduction, the second section provides a definition of agroforestry for policy as ""the integration of woody vegetation (first component) in at least two vertical layers on land, with the bottom layer providing an agricultural product such crops or forage/pasture (second component) which may be consumed by animals (third component)”. It...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is Milestone 36 (8.1) from the policy work-package in AGFORWARD and it comprises a series of maps of rural development measures implemented across the EU from 2007 to 2013, which could potentially be related to agroforestry. The data for the report were obtained from the national data sheets reported by the European Commission. The repo...
Conference Paper
AGFORWARD 2014-2017 è un progetto di ricerca europeo volto alla promozione di pratiche agroforestali (AF) coerenti con lo sviluppo rurale sostenibile. Nella fase iniziale del progetto è stata adottata la metodologia basata sulla ricerca partecipativa e le reti di sviluppo (PRDN) per identificare tematiche di ricerca rispondenti alle esigenze degli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agriculture is currently facing a dramatic trilemma of producing food, energy and wood for a growing world population, while preserving the environment as well. Agroforestry systems can be able to address those issues integrating on the same land unit crops and/or husbandry with trees, throughout an ecological intensification of productivity and an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The EU AGFORWARD 2014-2017 project involves 25 partner from 15 EU countries to promote agroforestry practices for rural development. The project adopts participatory research (PR) in order to identify research themes that respond to stakeholder needs concerning different typologies of agroforestry systems: “High Natural and Cultural Value Agrofores...
Article
Full-text available
Rural communities are facing increasing social heterogeneity and organization complexity consequently to land use changes, demographic dynamics and globalization processes. Members of the communities should have a direct perception of their own territories, recognizing any positive or negative change that may occur. A better knowledge of these proc...
Article
Rural communities are facing increasing social heterogeneity and organization complexity consequently to land use changes, demographic dynamics and glo­balization processes. Members of the communities should have a direct perception of their own territories, recognizing any positive or negative change that may occur. A better knowledge of these pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agroforestry systems are traditional land use practices widely evident in different agro-ecological environments. In Mediterranean areas they comprised the most important cultural models until the introduction of modern industrialised agriculture. Further, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the EU has dramatically promoted agricultural monocul...
Article
Full-text available
Short rotation forest (SRF) plantations of hybrid poplars are attractive for Italian farmers due to the availability of public grants and the potential for producing wood chips for energy production. Growth and dendromass yield of new clones for SRF were evaluated after two biennial rotations within a network of experimental fields established in 2...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper is the report of a study travel carried out in Albania in May 2009, which was financed by a Short Term Mobility Program of the Italian National Council of Research (CNR). During the stay, a scientific collaboration was established between the Institute of Agro-environmental and Forest Biology - CNR and the Agricultural University...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AGROFORESTRY AND CONTRADICTION OF THE EUROPEAN AGRICULTURAL POLICY REGARDING AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS In Italy as well in Europe, the rapid decline of traditional agroforestry systems has strongly contributed to agroecosystems simplification and ignited global problems such as good quality timber shortage, soil erosion, biodiversity decline, water con...
Book
Between 2003 and 2004, 264 face-to-face interviews were undertaken to determine farmers’ perceptions of silvoarable agroforestry across 14 sample areas in seven European countries. Across the 14 sample areas, 40% of respondents had heard the term “agroforestry” and 33% then defined it as an association of trees with crops or livestock. By contrast...
Chapter
Full-text available
Between 2003 and 2004, 264 face-to-face interviews were undertaken to determine farmers' perceptions of silvoarable agroforestry across 14 sample areas in seven European countries. Across the 14 sample areas, 40% of respondents had heard the term “agroforestry” and 33% then defined it as an association of trees with crops or livestock. By contrast...
Article
Improved tree fallows to improve soil fertility have considerable potential in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa. This paper assesses the experiences of 99 farmers in western Kenya, following initial testing of improved fallows during 1997. Over the following three seasons, 53% of the farmers could be considered as medium adopters (planting improved...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed systems of agriculture incorporating combinations of trees and crops have formed key elements of the landscape of Europe throughout historical times, and many such systems continue to function in the present day. In many cases they represent formerly widespread traditional systems in decline and a number have already become extinct or exist o...
Article
Full-text available
The establishment of trees and associated herbaceous understorey vegetation during the afforestation of former arable lands can decrease soil erosion, increase soil fertility and diversify plantation income. This study reports on the five-year results from experimental plots of common walnut (Juglans regia L.) established in association with two di...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptive and wood quality trait data were collected and analyzed on commercially available Juglans regia and J. regiaJ. nigra provenances and progenies planted across Europe in a multi-site network. A total of 19 seed sources, replicated 35 times per site, were planted at 13 sites from 5 European countries, encompassing the potential distribution a...
Article
Full-text available
Early and significant influences on soil physical properties are expected in temperate agroforests as a consequence of various soil and/or understory management practises. Soil physical characteristics were studied in an agroforestry trial of common walnut (Juglans regia L.) set up on a volcanic soil in central Italy, where clean cultivation, polye...
Article
Full-text available
In Italy, new agroforestry cultural models could play an important role in the diffusion of plantation forestry timber species. We studied the stem growth rates and leaf water potentials () of common walnut (Juglans regia L.), and gravimetric soil moisture (DW) depletion during the third and fourth growing seasons in an agroforestry trial in centra...

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Projects (6)