Andréa Hemmerlin

Andréa Hemmerlin
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes (IBMP)

PhD

About

48
Publications
6,502
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1,975
Citations
Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
847 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Additional affiliations
October 2001 - December 2013
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • CNRS Researcher
February 1998 - December 1999
University of Utah
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Vismione H (VH) is a fluorescent prenylated anthranoid produced by plants from the Hypericaceae family, with antiprotozoal activities against malaria and leishmaniosis. Little is known about its biosynthesis and metabolism in plants or its mode of action against parasites. When VH is isolated from Psorospermum glaberrimum, it is rapidly converted i...
Article
In plants, geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP, C20) synthesized by GGPP synthase (GGPPS) serves as precursor for vital metabolic branches including secondary metabolites. Here, we report the characterization of a GGPPS (CrGGPPS2) from the Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) and demonstrate its role in monoterpenoid(C10)‐indole alkaloids (MIA)...
Article
Full-text available
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) lyase (HMGL) is involved in branched-chain amino-acid catabolism leading to acetyl-CoA production. Here, using bioinformatics analyses and protein sequence alignments, we found that in Arabidopsis thaliana a single gene encodes two HMGL isoforms differing in size (51 kDa = HMGL51 and 46 kDa = HMGL46). Simila...
Article
Hydroxamate analogs of fosfoxacin, the phosphate homolog of fosmidomycin, have been synthesized and their activity tested on Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium smegmatis DXRs. Except for compound 4b, the IC50 values of phosphate derivatives are approximately 10 fold higher than those of the corresponding phosphonates. Although their inhibitory acti...
Article
Little is known about how plant cells regulate the exchange of prenyl diphosphates between the two compartmentalized isoprenoid biosynthesis pathways. Prenylation of proteins is a suitable model to study such interactions between the plastidial methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) and the cytosolic mevalonate (MVA) pathways because prenyl moieties used...
Article
The cytosol-localised mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway delivers the basic isoprene unit isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP). In higher plants, this central metabolic intermediate is also synthesised by the plastid-localised methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway. Both MVA and MEP pathways conspire through exchange of intermediates and regulatory interactio...
Article
Full-text available
In a preceding study we have recently established an in vivo visualization system for the geranylgeranylation of proteins in a stably transformed tobacco BY-2 cell line, which involves expressing a dexamethasone-inducible GFP fused to the prenylable, carboxy-terminal basic domain of the rice calmodulin CaM61, which naturally bears a CaaL geranylger...
Article
Full-text available
We have recently established an in vivo visualization system for the geranylgeranylation of proteins in a stably transformed tobacco BY-2 cell line, which involves expressing a dexamethasone-inducible GFP fused to the prenylable, carboxy-terminal basic domain of the rice calmodulin CaM61, which naturally bears a CaaL geranylgeranylation motif (GFP-...
Article
The mevalonate-independent isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway has been recognized as a promising target for designing new antibiotics. But pathogens treated with compounds such as fosmidomycin, a slow binding inhibitor of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reducto-isomerase, the second enzyme in this pathway, develop rapid drug resistance. In E. coli, acq...
Article
Full-text available
Key message: HMGS functions in phytosterol biosynthesis, development and stress responses. F-244 could specifically-inhibit HMGS in tobacco BY-2 cells and Brassica seedlings. An update on HMGS from higher plants is presented. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase (HMGS) is the second enzyme in the mevalonate pathway of isoprenoid biosynth...
Article
Full-text available
S-Carvone had been described as a negative regulator of mevalonic acid (MVA) production by interfering with HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR) activity, a key player in isoprenoid biosynthesis. We investigated in Nicotiana tabacum the impact of this monoterpene on the production of capsidiol, an assumed MVA-derived sesquiterpenoid phytoalexin produced in res...
Article
Full-text available
We have established an in vivo visualization system for the geranylgeranylation of proteins in a stably transformed tobacco BY-2 cell line, based on the expression of a dexamethasone-inducible GFP fused to the carboxy-terminal basic domain of the rice calmodulin CaM61, which naturally bears a CaaL geranylgeranylation motif (GFP-BD-CVIL). By using p...
Article
Full-text available
We have established an in vivo visualization system for the geranylgeranylation of proteins in a stably transformed tobacco BY-2 cell line, based on the expression of a dexamethasone-inducible GFP fused to the carboxy-terminal basic domain of the rice calmodulin CaM61, which naturally bears a CaaL geranylgeranylation motif (GFP-BD-CVIL). By using p...
Article
Identification of regulatory enzymes is fundamental for engineering metabolic pathways such as the isoprenoid one. All too often, investigation of gene expression remains the major trend in unraveling regulation mechanisms of the isoprenoid cytosolic mevalonate and the plastid-localized methylerythritol phosphate metabolic pathways. But such metabo...
Article
When compared to other organisms, plants are atypical with respect to isoprenoid biosynthesis: they utilize two distinct and separately compartmentalized pathways to build up isoprene units. The co-existence of these pathways in the cytosol and in plastids might permit the synthesis of many vital compounds, being essential for a sessile organism. W...
Chapter
Isoprenylation of proteins, a fundamental process in eukaryotic cells, is characterized by the formation of a thioether bond between the cysteine residue of a carboxyterminal CaaX motif and a C15 (farnesyl) or a C20 (geranylgeranyl) isoprenyl group. Using a rice calmodulin (Oriza sativa CaM61) fragment with a motif for geranylgeranylation, we devel...
Article
Feeding tobacco BY-2 cells with [2-(13)C,4-(2)H]deoxyxylulose revealed from the (13)C labeling that the plastid isoprenoids, synthesized via the MEP pathway, are essentially derived from the labeled precursor. The ca. 15% (2)H retention observed in all isoprene units corresponds to the isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP)/dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP)...
Article
Full-text available
Protein isoprenylation refers to the attachment of a C15 farnesyl or C20 geranylgeranyl moiety to a carboxyl terminal cysteine residue. Because protein isoprenyltransferases are cytosolic enzymes, it has long been assumed that the isoprenyl diphosphates used for protein isoprenylation are synthesized in the cytosol. However, in the present work, we...
Article
Full-text available
Protein farnesylation and geranylgeranylation are important posttranslational modifications in eukaryotic cells. We visualized in transformed Nicotiana tabacum Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cells the geranylgeranylation and plasma membrane localization of GFP-BD-CVIL, which consists of green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to the C-terminal polybasic doma...
Article
Full-text available
Thiolases are ubiquitous enzymes involved in many essential biochemical processes. Biosynthetic thiolases, also known as acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (AACT), catalyse a reversible Claisen-type condensation of two acetyl-CoA molecules to form acetoacetyl-CoA. Here, we report the characterisation of two genes from Arabidopsis thaliana L., ACT1 and ACT2,...
Article
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) is unique in the first part of the cytoplasmic isoprenoid pathway, as it contains a membrane domain that includes ER-specific retention motifs. When fused to GFP, this domain targets two tobacco BY-2 HMGR isoforms differentially. While the first isoform is ER-localized, a second stress-induced one for...
Article
Full-text available
Plants are able to integrate exogenous 1-deoxy-D-xylulose (DX) into the 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate pathway, implicated in the biosynthesis of plastidial isoprenoids. Thus, the carbohydrate needs to be phosphorylated into 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate and translocated into plastids, or vice versa. An enzyme capable of phosphorylating DX was...
Article
In a previous study (A. Hemmerlin, T.J. Bach, Plant Physiol. 123 (2000) 1257-1268), we have demonstrated that above a critical concentration, treatment with all-trans-farnesol induces cell-death in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Bright Yellow-2 (TBY-2) cells. Now we used a fluorescent analog of farnesol (Fol(FLUO)), in which an isoprene unit is replaced b...
Article
Full-text available
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-A (HMG-CoA) synthase (HMGS; EC 2.3.3.10) synthesizes HMG-CoA, a substrate for mevalonate biosynthesis in the isoprenoid pathway. It catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA with acetoacetyl-CoA (AcAc-CoA) to yield S-HMG-CoA and HS-CoA. In Brassica juncea (Indian mustard), HMGS is encoded by four isogenes (BjHMGS1...
Article
Full-text available
Isoprenoid biosynthesis via the methylerythritol phosphate pathway is a target against pathogenic bacteria and the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. 4-(Hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutylphosphonic acid and 4-[hydroxy(methyl)amino]-4-oxobutyl phosphonic acid, two novel inhibitors of DXR (1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reducto-isomerase), the second enzy...
Article
In plants, two pathways are utilized for the synthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP), the universal precursor for isoprenoid biosynthesis. In this paper we review findings and observations made primarily with tobacco BY-2 cells (TBY-2), which have proven to be an excellent system in which to study the two biosynthetic pathways. A major advantage...
Article
A radiometric test system for D-xylulose kinase (XK) was developed for the measurement of enzyme activity in crude cell extracts and to minimize the volume of reaction mixtures besides increasing the sensitivity. [U-14C]xylulose 5-phosphate was produced from commercially available [U-14C]xylose in a coupled assay system containing D-xylose isomeras...
Article
Full-text available
Farnesyl diphosphate synthase catalyzes the sequential head-to-tail condensation of two molecules of isopentenyl diphosphate with dimethylallyl diphosphate. In plants the presence of farnesyl diphosphate synthase isozymes offers the possibility of differential regulation. Three full-length cDNAs encoding putative isoprenoid synthases, FDS-1, FDS-2,...
Article
Full-text available
In plants, two pathways are utilized for the synthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate, the universal precursor for isoprenoid biosynthesis. The key enzyme of the cytoplasmic mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway is 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR). Treatment of Tobacco Bright Yellow-2 (TBY-2) cells by the HMGR-specific inhibitor mevinolin...
Article
Full-text available
In the bacterium Escherichia coli, the mevalonic-acid (MVA)-independent 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway is characterized by two branches leading separately to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). The signature of this branching is the retention of deuterium in DMAPP and the deuterium loss in IPP aft...
Article
Feeding of [1-13C]glucose, [U-13C6]glucose, [3-13C]alanine and [1-13C]acetate to Sphingobacterium multivorum showed that this bacterium utilizes the methylerythritol phosphate pathway for the biosynthesis of menaquinone-7 and zeaxanthin, a carotenoid of industrial importance. Differential incorporation of the labeled precursors gave some insight in...
Article
Full-text available
Plant isoprenoids represent a large group of compounds with a wide range of physiological functions. In the cytosol, isoprenoids are synthesized via the classical acetate/mevalonate pathway. In this pathway, farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) occupies a central position, from which isoprene units are dispatched to the different classes of isoprenoids, with...
Article
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (HMGR), which catalyzes the formation of mevalonic acid (MVA), can be specifically blocked by mevinolin. Inhibition of HMGR in vivo leads to an arrest in cell cycle progression in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. Bright Yellow 2) cells. As MVA in plants is the common precursor of a myriad of is...
Article
Full-text available
Growth inhibition of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Bright Yellow-2) cells by mevinolin, a specific inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) could be partially overcome by the addition of farnesol. However, farnesol alone inhibited cell division and growth as measured by determination of fresh weight increase. When 7-d-...
Article
Full-text available
We have used mevinolin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl- CoA reductase, to study the importance of mevalonic acid (MVA) for cell cycle progression of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 (TBY-2) cells. Previously we have shown that in principal mevinolin blocks cells mainly at the end of G1 phase, but that cells are sensitive towards the...
Article
Mevinolin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, was used to study the importance of mevalonic acid (MVA) for cell cycle progression of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY-2 cells. After treatment with 5 microM mevinolin, the cell cycle progression was completely blocked and two cell populations accumulated (80% in phase G0/G1 and...
Article
Full-text available
Study of the incorporation of 13C-labelled glucose or pyruvate into the isoprenoids of tobacco BY-2 cells allowed the biosynthetic origin of isopentenyl diphosphate to be determined. Sterols synthesized in the cytoplasm and the prenyl chain of ubiquinone Q10 located in mitochondria were derived from the same isopentenyl diphosphate pool, synthesize...
Article
Full-text available
[14C]Geranylgeranyl diphosphate was produced in high yields by a prenyl transferase system extracted from the mutant strain SG4 of Gibberella fujikuroi. When the incubation mixture was subjected to dialysis or ultrafiltration, the radiolabelled product was retained with the high molecular weight fraction. A purification procedure was developed base...

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