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## Publications

Publications (131)

Modeling noisy oscillations of active systems is one of the current challenges in physics and biology. Because the physical mechanisms of such processes are often difficult to identify, we propose a linear stochastic model driven by a non-Markovian bistable noise that is capable of generating self-sustained periodic oscillation. We derive analytica...

The effective dynamics of a colloidal particle immersed in a complex medium is often described in terms of an overdamped linear Langevin equation for its velocity with a memory kernel which determines the effective (time-dependent) friction and the correlations of fluctuations. Recently, it has been shown in experiments and numerical simulations th...

Modelling noisy oscillations of active systems is one of the current challenges in physics and biology. Because the physical mechanisms of such processes are often difficult to identify, we propose a linear stochastic model driven by a non-Markovian bistable noise that is capable of generating self-sustained periodic oscillation. We derive analytic...

The critical properties characterizing the formation of the Floquet time crystal in the prethermal phase are investigated analytically in the periodically driven O(N) model. In particular, we focus on the critical line separating the trivial phase with period synchronized dynamics and the absence of long-range spatial order from the nontrivial phas...

The collective and purely relaxational dynamics of quantum many-body systems after a quench at temperature $T=0$, from a disordered state to various phases is studied through the exact solution of the quantum Langevin equation of the spherical and the $O(n)$-model in the limit $n\to\infty$. The stationary state of the quantum dynamics is shown to b...

The critical Casimir force (CCF) arises from confining fluctuations in a critical fluid and thus it is a fluctuating quantity itself. While the mean CCF is universal, its (static) variance has previously been found to depend on the microscopic details of the system which effectively set a large-momentum cutoff in the underlying field theory, render...

The critical properties characterizing the formation of the Floquet time crystal are investigated analytically in the periodically driven $O(N)$ model. In particular, we focus on the critical line separating the trivial phase with period synchronized dynamics and absence of long-range spatial order from the non-trivial phase where long-range spatia...

Critical Casimir forces emerge between objects, such as colloidal particles, whenever their surfaces spatially confine the fluctuations of the order parameter of a critical liquid used as a solvent. These forces act at short but microscopically large distances between these objects, reaching often hundreds of nanometers. Keeping colloids at such di...

A generically observed mechanism that drives the self-organization of living systems is interaction via chemical signals among the individual elements—which may represent cells, bacteria, or even enzymes. Here we propose an unconventional mechanism for such interactions, in the context of chemotaxis, which originates from the polarity of the partic...

The critical Casimir force (CCF) arises from confining fluctuations in a critical fluid and thus it is a fluctuating quantity itself. While the mean CCF is universal, its (static) variance has previously been found to depend on the microscopic details of the system which effectively set a large-momentum cutoff in the underlying field theory, render...

We investigate the Brownian diffusion of particles in one spatial dimension and in the presence of finite regions within which particles can either evaporate or be reset to a given location. For open boundary conditions, we highlight the appearance of a Brownian yet non-Gaussian diffusion: At long times, the particle distribution is non-Gaussian bu...

We study the dynamics of the statistics of the energy transferred across a point along a quantum chain which is prepared in the inhomogeneous initial state obtained by joining two identical semi-infinite parts thermalized at two different temperatures. In particular, we consider the transverse field Ising and harmonic chains as prototypical models...

The periodically driven O(N) model is studied near the critical line separating a disordered paramagnetic phase from a period doubled phase, the latter being an example of a Floquet time crystal. The time evolution of one-point and two-point correlation functions are obtained within the Gaussian approximation and perturbatively in the drive amplitu...

Critical Casimir forces emerge between objects, such as colloidal particles, whenever their surfaces spatially confine the fluctuations of the order parameter of a critical liquid used as a solvent. These forces act at short but microscopically large distances between these objects, reaching often hundreds of nanometers. Keeping colloids at such di...

We study the dynamics of the statistics of the energy transferred across a point along a quantum chain which is prepared in the inhomogeneous initial state obtained by joining two identical semi-infinite parts thermalized at two different temperatures. In particular, we consider the transverse field Ising and harmonic chains as prototypical models...

Confinement of excitations induces quasilocalized dynamics in disorder-free isolated quantum many-body systems in one spatial dimension. This occurrence is signaled by severe suppression of quantum correlation spreading and of entanglement growth, long-time persistence of spatial inhomogeneities, and long-lived coherent oscillations of local observ...

Correction for ‘Controlling the dynamics of colloidal particles by critical Casimir forces’ by Alessandro Magazzù et al. , Soft Matter , 2019, 15 , 2152–2162, DOI: 10.1039/C8SM01376D.

Gauge theories are the cornerstone of our understanding of fundamental interactions among elementary particles. Their properties are often probed in dynamical experiments, such as those performed at ion colliders and high-intensity laser facilities. Describing the evolution of these strongly coupled systems is a formidable challenge for classical c...

We investigate the Brownian diffusion of particles in one spatial dimension and in the presence of finite regions within which particles can either evaporate or be reset to a given location. For open boundary conditions, we highlight the appearance of a Brownian yet non-Gaussian diffusion: at long times, the particle distribution is non-Gaussian bu...

We study the dynamics of the fluctuations of the variance s of the order parameter of the Gaussian model, following a temperature quench of the thermal bath. At each time t , there is a critical value s c ( t ) of s such that fluctuations with s > s c (t) are realized by condensed configurations of the systems, i.e., a single degree of freedom cont...

We investigate the nonequilibrium dynamics of a class of isolated one-dimensional systems possessing two degenerate ground states, initialized in a low-energy symmetric phase. We report the emergence of a timescale separation between fast (radiation) and slow (kink or domain wall) degrees of freedom. We find a universal long-time dynamics, largely...

Understanding the hierarchical self-organization of living systems is one of the biggest conceptual challenges of the present century. A generically observed mechanism that drives such organization is interaction among the individual elements---which may represent cells, bacteria, or even enzymes---via chemical signals. We use dynamical renormaliza...

Confinement of excitations induces quasilocalized dynamics in disorder-free isolated quantum many-body systems in one spatial dimension. This occurrence is signalled by severe suppression of quantum correlation spreading and of entanglement growth, long-time persistence of spatial inhomogeneities, and long-lived coherent oscillations of local obser...

We investigate the non-equilibrium dynamics of a class of isolated one-dimensional systems possessing two degenerate ground states, initialized in a low-energy symmetric phase. We report the emergence of a time-scale separation between fast (radiation) and slow (kink or domain wall) degrees of freedom. We find a universal long-time dynamics, largel...

We study the statistics of large deviations of the intensive work done in an interaction quench of a one-dimensional Bose gas with a large number N of particles, system size L, and fixed density. We consider the case in which the system is initially prepared in the noninteracting ground state and a repulsive interaction is suddenly turned on. For l...

We study the dynamics of the fluctuations of the variance $s$ of the order parameter of the Gaussian model, following a temperature quench of the thermal bath. At each time $t$, there is a critical value $s_c(t)$ of $s$ such that fluctuations with $s>s_c(t)$ are realized by condensed configurations of the systems, i.e., a single degree of freedom c...

The laws of thermodynamics require any initial macroscopic inhomogeneity in extended many-body systems to be smoothed out by the time evolution through the activation of transport processes. In generic quantum systems, transport is expected to be governed by a diffusion law, whereas a sufficiently strong quenched disorder can suppress it completely...

We study the fluctuations of the Gaussian model, with conservation of the order parameter, evolving in contact with a thermal bath quenched from inverse temperature $\beta _i$ to a final one $\beta _f$. At every time there exists a critical value $s_c(t)$ of the variance $s$ of the order parameter per degree of freedom such that the fluctuations wi...

We study the statistics of large deviations of the intensive work done in an interaction quench of a one-dimensional Bose gas with a large number N of particles, system size L and fixed density. We consider the case in which the system is initially prepared in the non-interacting ground state and a repulsive interaction is suddenly turned on. For l...

We show that long-range ferromagnetic interactions in quantum spin chains can induce spatial quasilocalization of topological magnetic defects, i.e., domain walls, even in the absence of quenched disorder. Utilizing matrix-product-states numerical techniques, we study the nonequilibrium evolution of initial states with one or more domain walls unde...

Critical Casimir forces can play an important role for applications in nano-science and nano-technology, owing to their piconewton strength, nanometric action range, fine tunability as a function of temperature, and exquisite dependence on the surface properties of the involved objects. Here, we investigate the effects of critical Casimir forces on...

Gauge theories are the cornerstone of our understanding of fundamental interactions among particles. Their properties are often probed in dynamical experiments, such as those performed at ion colliders and high-intensity laser facilities. Describing the evolution of these strongly coupled systems is a formidable challenge for classical computers, a...

We study the nonequilibrium phase diagram and the dynamical phase transitions occurring during the prethermalization of nonintegrable quantum spin chains, subject to either quantum quenches or linear ramps of a relevant control parameter. We consider spin systems in which long-range ferromagnetic interactions compete with short-range, integrability...

We investigate the effects of critical Casimir forces and demixing, on the dynamics of a pair of optically trapped particles dispersed in the bulk of a critical binary mixure in proximity of its critical point.

We show that long-range ferromagnetic interactions in quantum spin chains can induce spatial quasi-localization of topological magnetic defects, i.e., domain-walls, even in the absence of quenched disorder. By means of matrix-product-states numerical techniques, we study the non-equilibrium evolution of initial states with one or more domain-walls...

Using analytic and numerical approaches, we study the spatiotemporal evolution of a conserved order parameter of a fluid in film geometry, following an instantaneous quench to the critical temperature Tc as well as to supercritical temperatures. The order parameter dynamics is chosen to be governed by model B within mean-field theory and is subject...

We study the non-equilibrium phase diagram and the dynamical phase transitions occurring during the pre-thermalization of non-integrable quantum spin chains, subject to either quantum quenches or linear ramps of a relevant control parameter. We consider spin systems in which long-range ferromagnetic interactions compete with short-range, integrabil...

Critical Casimir forces can play an important role for applications in nano-science and nanotechnology, owing to their piconewton strength, nanometric action range, fine tunability as a function of temperature, and exquisite dependence on the surface properties of the involved objects. Here, we investigate the effects of critical Casimir forces on...

The laws of thermodynamics require any initial macroscopic inhomogeneity in extended many-body systems to be smoothed out by the time evolution through the activation of transport processes. In generic, non-integrable quantum systems, transport is expected to be governed by a diffusion law, whereas a sufficiently strong quenched disorder can suppre...

Using analytic and numerical approaches, we study the spatio-temporal evolution of a conserved order parameter of a fluid in film geometry, following an instantaneous quench to the critical temperature $T_c$ as well as to supercritical temperatures. The order parameter dynamics is chosen to be governed by model B within mean field theory and is sub...

In this contribution, we aim to illustrate how quantum work statistics can be used as a tool in order to gain insight on the universal features of non-equilibrium many-body systems. Focusing on the two point measurement approach to work, we first outline the formalism and show how the related irreversible entropy production may be defined for a uni...

As realised by Kapitza long ago, a rigid pendulum can be stabilised upside down by periodically driving its suspension point with tuned amplitude and frequency. While this dynamical stabilisation is feasible in a variety of instances in systems with few degrees of freedom, it is natural to search for generalizations to multi-particle systems. In pa...

In this contribution, we aim to illustrate how quantum work statistics can be used as a tool in order to gain insight on the universal features of non-equilibrium many-body systems. Focusing on the two-point measurement approach to work, we first outline the formalism and show how the related irreversible entropy production may be defined for a uni...

The dynamic and static critical behaviors of driven and equilibrium lattice gas models are studied in two spatial dimensions. We show that in the short-time regime immediately following a critical quench, the dynamics of the transverse order parameters, auto-correlations, and Binder cumulant are consistent with the prediction of a Gaussian, $i.e.,$...

We investigate the robustness of a dynamical phase transition against quantum fluctuations by studying the impact of a ferromagnetic nearest-neighbour spin interaction in one spatial dimension on the non-equilibrium dynamical phase diagram of the fully-connected quantum Ising model. In particular, we focus on the transient dynamics after a quantum...

The effect of imposing a constraint on a fluctuating scalar order parameter field in a system of finite volume is studied within statistical field theory. The canonical ensemble, corresponding to a fixed total integrated order parameter, is obtained as a special case of the theory. A perturbative expansion is developed which allows one to systemati...

After reviewing the interpretation of laser operation as a nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein condensation phase transition, we illustrate the novel features arising from the nonequilibrium nature of photon and polariton Bose-Einstein condensates recently observed in experiments. We then propose a quantitative criterion to experimentally assess the equil...

Quantum integrable models display a rich variety of non-thermal excited
states with unusual properties. The most common way to probe them is by
performing a quantum quench, i.e., by letting a many-body initial state
unitarily evolve with an integrable Hamiltonian. At late times, these systems
are locally described by a generalized Gibbs ensemble wi...

We consider two semi-infinite quantum Ising chains initially at thermal equilibrium at two different temperatures and subsequently joined by an interaction between their end points. Transport properties such as the heat current are determined by the dynamics of the left- and right-moving fermionic quasi-particles which characterize the ensuing unit...

Second-order phase transitions are characterized by a divergence of the spatial correlation length of the order parameter fluctuations. For confined systems, this is known to lead to remarkable equilibrium physical phenomena, including finite-size effects and critical Casimir forces. We explore here some non-equilibrium aspects of these effects in...

The nonequilibrium short-time critical behaviors of driven and undriven lattice gases are investigated via Monte Carlo simulations in two spatial dimensions starting from a fully disordered initial configuration. In particular, we study the time evolution of suitably defined order parameters, which account for the strong anisotropy introduced by th...

We investigate, for the first time and by blinking optical tweezers, the effects of critical Casimir forces (CCFs) on the free dynamics of a pair of spherical colloidal particles, immersed in binary liquid mixtures approaching their critical points.

We study the prethermal dynamics of an interacting quantum field theory with a N-component order parameter and $O(N)$ symmetry, suddenly quenched in the vicinity of a dynamical critical point. Depending on the initial conditions, the evolution of the order parameter, and of the response and correlation functions, can exhibit a temporal crossover be...

The local physical properties of an isolated quantum statistical system in the stationary state reached long after a quench are generically described by the Gibbs ensemble, which involves only its Hamiltonian and the temperature as a parameter. If the system is instead integrable, additional quantities conserved by the dynamics intervene in the des...

We consider the non-equilibrium dynamics arising after a quench of the transverse magnetic field of a quantum Ising chain, together with the sudden switch-on of a long-range interaction term. The dynamics after the quantum quench is mapped onto a fully-connected model of hard-core bosons, after a suitable combination of a Holstein-Primakoff transfo...

The nonequilibrium short-time critical behaviours of driven and undriven lattice gases are investigated via Monte Carlo simulations in two spatial dimensions starting from a fully disordered initial configuration. In particular, we study the time evolution of suitably defined order parameters, which account for the strong anisotropy introduced by t...

We present a method to calculate short-time non-equilibrium universal exponents within the functional renormalization-group scheme. As an example, we consider the classical critical dynamics of the relaxional model A after a quench of the temperature and calculate the initial-slip exponent $\theta$ which characterizes the non-equilibrium universal...

Supplementary Figures 1-4

Results are presented for the dynamics of an isolated quantum system represented by a $\phi^4$ field theory with $O(N)$ symmetry after a quench in $d>2$ spatial dimensions. A perturbative renormalization-group approach involving a dimensional expansion in $\epsilon=4-d$ is employed to study the evolution within a prethermal regime controlled by ela...

Critical properties of a liquid film between two planar walls are investigated in the canonical ensemble, within which the total number of particles, rather than their chemical potential, is kept constant. The effect of this constraint is analyzed within mean field theory (MFT) based on a Ginzburg-Landau free energy functional as well as via Monte...

We revisit here the naturalness problem of Lorentz invariance violations on a simple toy model of a scalar field coupled to a fermion field via a Yukawa interaction. We first review some well-known results concerning the low-energy percolation of Lorentz violation from high energies, presenting some details of the analysis not explicitly discussed...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.219901

In soft and condensed matter physics, effective interactions often emerge as a result of the spatial confinement of a fluctuating field. For instance, microscopic particles in a binary liquid mixture are subject to critical Casimir forces whenever their surfaces confine the thermal fluctuations of the order parameter of this kind of solvent, the ra...

The nonequilibrium dynamics of an isolated quantum system after a sudden quench to a dynamical critical point is expected to be characterized by scaling and universal exponents due to the absence of time scales. We explore these features for a quench of the parameters of a Hamiltonian with O(N) symmetry, starting from a ground state in the disorder...

The non-equilibrium dynamics of an isolated quantum system after a sudden
quench to a dynamical critical point is expected to be characterized by scaling
and universal exponents due to the absence of time scales. We explore these
features for a quench of the parameters of a Hamiltonian with $O(N)$ symmetry,
starting from a ground state in the disor...

The time evolution of an extended quantum system can be theoretically
described in terms of the Schwinger-Keldysh functional integral formalism,
whose action conveniently encodes the information about the dynamics. We show
here that the action of quantum systems evolving in thermal equilibrium is
invariant under a symmetry transformation which dist...

After reviewing the interpretation of laser operation as a non-equilibrium
Bose-Einstein condensation phase transition, we illustrate the novel features
arising from the non-equilibrium nature of photon and polariton Bose-Einstein
condensates recently observed in experiments. We then proposea quantitative
criterion to experimentally assess the equi...

Renormalization-group methods provide a viable approach for investigating the
emergent collective behavior of classical and quantum statistical systems in
both equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions. Within this approach we
investigate here the dynamics of an isolated quantum system represented by a
scalar $\phi^4$ theory after a global quench o...

We revisit here the problem of the collective non-equilibrium dynamics of a
classical statistical system at a critical point and in the presence of
surfaces. The effects of breaking separately space- and time-translational
invariance are well understood, hence we focus here on the emergence of a
non-trivial interplay between them. For this purpose,...

In subdivided populations, migration acts together with selection and genetic
drift and determines their evolution. Building up on a recently proposed
method, which hinges on the emergence of a time scale separation between local
and global dynamics, we study the fixation properties of subdivided populations
in the presence of balancing selection....

The influence of migration on the stochastic dynamics of subdivided populations is still an open issue in various evolutionary models. Here, we develop a self-consistent mean-field-like method in order to determine the effects of migration on relevant nonequilibrium properties, such as the mean fixation time. If evolution strongly favors coexistenc...

We study the dynamics of a quantum Ising chain after the sudden introduction of a nonintegrable long-range interaction. Via an exact mapping onto a fully connected lattice of hard-core bosons, we show that a prethermal state emerges and we investigate its features by focusing on a class of physically relevant observables. In order to gain insight i...

Balancing selection is recognized as a prominent evolutionary force
responsible for the maintenance of genetic diversity in natural populations. We
quantify its influence on the evolution of a subdivided population,
investigating how the mean-fixation time (MFT) depends on the migration rate
among subpopulations. We identify a threshold in the stre...

The response of physical systems to external perturbations can be used to
probe both their equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics. While response and
correlation functions are related in equilibrium by fluctuation-dissipation
theorems, out of equilibrium they provide complementary information on the
dynamics. Here we consider an extended quantum...

Colloids immersed in a critical binary liquid mixture are subject to critical Casimir forces (CCFs) because they confine its concentration fluctuations and influence the latter via effective surface fields. To date, CCFs have been primarily studied in thermodynamic equilibrium. However, due to the critical slowing down, the order parameter around a...

Motivated by experiments on splitting one-dimensional quasicondensates, we study the statistics of the work done by a quantum quench in a bosonic system. We discuss the general features of the probability distribution of the work and focus on its behavior at the lowest energy threshold, which develops an edge singularity. A formal connection betwee...

We study the large deviation statistics of the intensive work done by globally changing a control parameter in a thermally isolated quantum many-body system. We show that, upon approaching a critical point, large deviations well below the mean work display universal features related to the critical Casimir effect in the corresponding classical syst...

Symmetries represent a fundamental constraint for physical systems and
relevant new phenomena often emerge as a consequence of their breaking. An
important example is provided by space- and time-translational invariance in
statistical systems, which hold at a coarse-grained scale in equilibrium and
are broken by spatial and temporal boundaries, the...