Andrea de cesarei

Andrea de cesarei
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Psychology PSI

PhD

About

38
Publications
8,955
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1,170
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2012 - present
University of Bologna
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
The interference produced by the viewing of emotional distractors has been interpreted as evidence that emotional cues are processed in a fairly mandatory fashion, and that they divert attention from the primary ongoing task. However, few studies have examined how behavioral emotional interference varies with repeated presentation of the same emoti...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional responses are regulated by basic motivational systems (appetitive and defensive), which allow for adaptive behavior when opportunities and threats are detected. It has been suggested that specific ranges of spatial frequencies of the visual input may contain information that is diagnostic for discriminating emotionally relevant from less...
Article
Brain responses to engaging stimuli may be reflected both in event-related potentials (ERPs) and in electroencephalogram (EEG) oscillations. Previous studies investigating the effects of top-down factors on stimulus encoding revealed similar modulation of late ERPs and alpha-band desynchronization (α-ERD) by relevant target stimuli. Focusing on the...
Preprint
While information that is associated with inappropriate responses can interfere with an ongoing task and be detrimental to performance, cognitive control mechanisms and specific contextual conditions can alleviate interference from unwanted information. In the spatial correspondence (Simon) task, interference has been consistently shown to be reduc...
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.mex.2021.101427.].
Article
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The study of higher cognitive processes often relies on the manipulation of bottom-up stimulus characteristics such as exposure time. While several software exist that can schedule the onset and offset time of a visual stimulus, the actual exposure time depends on several factors that are not easy to control, resulting in undesired variability with...
Article
Full-text available
The investigation of visual categorization has recently been aided by the introduction of deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs), which achieve unprecedented accuracy in picture classification after extensive training. Even if the architecture of CNNs is inspired by the organization of the visual brain, the similarity between CNN and human visua...
Article
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between object categorization in natural scenes and the engagement of cortico-limbic appetitive and defensive systems (emotional engagement) by manipulating both the bottom-up information and the top-down context. Concerning the bottom-up information, we manipulated the computational load...
Article
Emotional stimuli engage corticolimbic circuits and capture attention even when they are task-irrelevant distractors. Whether top-down or contextual factors can modulate the filtering of emotional distractors is a matter of debate. Recent studies have indicated that behavioral interference by emotional distrac-tors habituates rapidly when the same...
Article
Understanding natural scenes involves the contribution of bottom-up analysis and top-down modulatory processes. However, the interaction of these processes during the categorization of natural scenes is not well understood. In the current study, we approached this issue using ERPs and behavioral and computational data. We presented pictures of natu...
Article
The present study investigated the presence of an implicit negative attitude towards individuals with prostheses in a sample of participants without any amputation, and whether this attitude could be modulated by the specific type of prosthesis (generic vs. athletic). Forty participants were administered an Implicit Association Test (IAT): half of...
Article
Abstract Changes in how disability is understood have determined an increase in the number of people with disabilities who study at university. Several studies have aimed to investigate the experiences of students with disabilities. However, one difficulty in these studies is that very different types of disability (e.g., reading disabilities as co...
Article
Full-text available
It has been suggested that emotional visual input is processed along both a slower cortical pathway and a faster subcortical pathway which comprises the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), the superior colliculus, the pulvinar, and finally the amygdala. However, anatomical as well as functional evidence concerning the subcortical route is lacking. He...
Article
Full-text available
The categorization of objects within natural scenes is carried out in a sequence of stages, which may build on the detection of perceptual regularities in the visual appearance of objects or may represent a more semantic level of categorization. Here, we examined the neural correlates of correct categorization of objects in scenes, using natural sc...
Article
-Despite the increased number of students with disabilities attending university compared to a few decades ago, many students do not declare that they have a disability, reducing their chances to receive support when it is needed. Here, some of the studies investigating the factors that influence disclosure of disability are reviewed. Psychological...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the role of spatial stimulus frequencies in the early visual processing of natural scenes. The content of initially degraded (low- or high-pass filtered) pictures was progressively revealed in a sequence of steps by adding high or low spatial frequencies. Event Related Potentials (ERPs) were used to track the early stages...
Data
Sensor groups used for analysis. Configuration of the 257 sensors of the EEG cap. Sensors used for the ERP analysis are colored in gray. (TIFF)
Article
Full-text available
Abstract It has been suggested that, during evolution, specific mechanisms developed in order to optimize the detection of threats and opportunities even in perceptually degraded conditions. A naturalistic example of perceptual degradation can be found in blurry images, which contain the coarsest elements of a scene (low spatial frequencies) but la...
Article
Is color a critical factor when processing the emotional content of natural scenes? Under challenging perceptual conditions, such as when pictures are briefly presented, color might facilitate scene segmentation and/or function as a semantic cue via association with scene-relevant concepts (e.g., red and blood/injury). To clarify the influence of c...
Article
Full-text available
The results of previous studies have suggested that to optimize the decoding of visual information, global contents of a scene are analyzed before local features (global precedence hypothesis). Evidence supporting this hypothesis has been provided for identification of characters, faces, hybrid stimuli, and simple objects. In the present study, we...
Article
Full-text available
EMEGS (electromagnetic encephalography software) is a MATLAB toolbox designed to provide novice as well as expert users in the field of neuroscience with a variety of functions to perform analysis of EEG and MEG data. The software consists of a set of graphical interfaces devoted to preprocessing, analysis, and visualization of electromagnetic data...
Article
Full-text available
The activity of basic motivational systems is reflected in emotional responses to arousing stimuli, such as natural pictures. The manipulation of picture properties such as size or detail allows for investigation into the extent to which separate emotional reactions are similarly modulated by perceptual changes, or, rather, may subserve different f...
Article
This study investigated the preferential processing of emotional scenes, which were presented in the periphery of the visual field. Building on well-established affective modulations of event-related potentials, which were observed for foveal stimuli, emotional and neutral images were presented at several locations in the visual field, while partic...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have suggested that picture size reduction affects emotional reactions, possibly because scenes subtending a small visual angle are perceived as being more distant and less relevant compared to larger stimuli. However, pictures that subtend a small visual angle also contain few fine-grained details, which may determine less vivid r...
Article
Building on the assumption that the motivational relevance of an emotional scene depends on contextual factors such as proximity or stimulus size, the present study examined the effects of picture size on emotional perception using autonomic, facial, and subjective reactions. Affective changes were measured while participants viewed pictures presen...
Article
Alcohol effects on cognitive, emotional and behavioral processes have been linked to an impairment of attention. Because attention operates at the level of specific cognitive subsystems, recent studies demonstrated alcohol effects in specific post-perceptual processes such as response selection and working memory. Measuring event-related potentials...
Article
Motivationally relevant stimuli have been shown to receive prioritized processing compared to neutral stimuli at distinct processing stages. This effect has been related to the evolutionary importance of rapidly detecting dangers and potential rewards and has been shown to be modulated by the distance between an organism and a faced stimulus. Simil...
Article
Event-related potential (ERP) studies have consistently found that emotionally arousing (pleasant and unpleasant) pictures elicit a larger late positive potential (LPP) than neutral pictures in a window from 400 to 800 ms after picture onset. In addition, an early ERP component has been reported to vary with emotional arousal in a window from about...
Article
For their survival, humans and animals can rely on motivational systems which are specialized in assessing the valence and imminence of dangers and appetitive cues. The Orienting Response (OR) is a fundamental response pattern that an organism executes whenever a novel or significant stimulus is detected, and has been shown to be consistently modul...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
EMEGS (ElectroMagnetic EncaphaloGraphy Software) is an open source software for psychophysiological data analysis. Visit the project website at http://www.emegs.org ! There are two versions available: the original MATLAB based package which requires the MATLAB environment and a stand-alone Qt based version.