Andrea Astolfi

Andrea Astolfi
Università degli Studi di Perugia | UNIPG · Departement of Pharmaceutical Science

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20
Publications
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195
Citations

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global health issue threatening our social lifestyle and the world economy. Efflux pumps are widely involved in AMR by playing a primary role in the development of specific mechanisms of resistance. In addition, they seem to be involved in the process of biofilm formation and maintenance, contributing to...
Article
Full-text available
Antibiotic resistance breakers, such as efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs), represent a powerful alternative to the development of new antimicrobials. Recently, by using previously described EPIs, we developed pharmacophore models able to identify inhibitors of NorA, the most studied efflux pump of the Staphylococcus aureus. Herein, we reported a pharma...
Article
Full-text available
Recent computational advancements in the simulation of biochemical processes allow investigating the mechanisms involved in protein regulation with realistic physics-based models, at an atomistic level of resolution. These techniques allowed us to design a drug discovery approach, named Pharmacological Protein Inactivation by Folding Intermediate T...
Article
Full-text available
NorA is the most studied efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus and is responsible for high level resistance towards fluoroquinolone drugs. Although along the years many NorA efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) have been reported, poor information is available about structure-activity relationship (SAR) around their nuclei and reliability of data supported...
Article
Full-text available
Tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a social responsibility aimed at renewing the antimicrobial armamentarium and identifying novel therapeutical approaches. Among the possible strategies, efflux pumps inhibition offers the advantage to contrast the resistance against all drugs which can be extruded. Efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) are...
Preprint
The steep climbing of victims caused by the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) throughout the planet is sparking an unprecedented effort to identify effective therapeutic regimens to tackle the pandemic. The SARS-CoV-2 virus is known to gain entry into various cell types through the binding of one of its surface proteins (spike) to the host An...
Preprint
Recent computational advancements in the simulation of biochemical processes allow investigating the mechanisms involved in protein regulation with realistic physics-based models, at an atomistic level of resolution. Using these techniques to study the negative regulation of the androgen receptor (AR), we discovered a key functional role played by...
Article
The human intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel, KCa3.1, is involved in several pathophysiological conditions playing a critical role in cell secretory machinery and calcium signalling. The recent cryo-EM analysis provides new insights for understanding the modulation by both endogenous and pharmacological agents. A typical f...
Article
Full-text available
Despite great efforts have been made in the prevention and therapy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection, however the difficulty to eradicate latent viral reservoirs together with the emergence of multi-drug-resistant strains require the search for innovative agents, possibly exploiting novel mechanisms of action. In this context, the H...
Article
Full-text available
The use and misuse of antibiotics has resulted in critical conditions for drug-resistant bacteria emergency, accelerating the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In this context, the co-administration of an antibiotic with a compound able to restore sufficient antibacterial activity may be a successful strategy. In particular, the identi...
Article
This work describes the rational discovery of novel chemotypes of p38α MAPK inhibitors using a funnel approach consisting of several computer-aided drug discovery methods and biological experiments. Among the identified hits, four compounds belonging to different chemical families showed IC50 values lower than 10 μM. In particular, the 1,4-benzodio...
Article
The vast majority of therapeutic approaches tested so far for prion diseases, transmissible neurodegenerative disorders of human and animals, tackled PrPSc, the aggregated and infectious isoform of the cellular prion protein (PrPC), with largely unsuccessful results. Conversely, targeting PrPC expression, stability or cell surface localization are...
Article
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous microbes belonging to Mycobacterium genus. Among all NTM pathogens, M. avium is one of the most frequent agents causing pulmonary disease, especially in immunocompromised individuals and cystic fibrosis patients. Recently, we reported the first ad hoc designed M. avium efflux pump inhibitor (EPI) (1b...
Article
We herein review all the currently available PDB ATP-site and non-ATP-site ligands bound to p38α MAPK. The co-crystallized inhibitors have been classified into different families according to their experimental binding mode and chemical structure, and the ligand-protein interactions discussed using the most representative compounds. This systematic...
Article
An intriguing opportunity to address antimicrobial resistance is represented by the inhibition of efflux pumps. Focusing on NorA, the most important efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus, an efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) library was used for ligand-based pharmacophore modeling studies. Exploiting the obtained models, an in silico drug repositioning...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase p38α plays an essential role in the regulation of pro-inflammatory signaling, and selective blockade of this kinase could be efficacious in many pathological processes. Despite considerable research efforts focused on the discovery and development of p38α MAPK inhibitors, no drug targeting this protein has been appr...
Article
p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is a well-recognized therapeutic target for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Over the past two decades, tremendous efforts have been focused on the discovery and development of small-molecule p38α MAPK inhibitors, although currently no drugs targeting this protein are clinically ava...
Article
The identification, synthesis, biological activity and binding mode prediction of a series of pyrazolobenzothiazines as novel p38α MAPK inhibitors are reported. Some of these compounds showed interesting activity in both p38α MAPK and TNF-α release assays. Derivative 6 emerged as the most interesting compound with IC50 (p38α) = 0.457 μM, IC50 (TNF-...

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Project (1)
Project
I am working on the design, synthesis and chemical optimization of heterocyclic compounds active against Dengue, West Nile and Zika virus.