Andre Nel

Andre Nel
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle · Department of Systematics and Evolution

PhD

About

985
Publications
177,203
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
13,370
Citations

Publications

Publications (985)
Article
A new species, Eltxo grimaldii sp. nov., is described from Spanish Lower Cretaceous (middle Albian) amber from El Soplao, based on a single female. The new species is compared with the other only known species of the genus, Eltxo cretaceus Arillo & Nel, 2000, based on a single male specimen also found in Spanish amber, but slightly younger (Peñacer...
Article
Full-text available
In the current era of data explosion, the use of genetic information is increasingly being applied across numerous biological questions. One application has been to develop more robust evolutionary frameworks. Such well-resolved phylogenetic relationships are currently lacking from many of the basal branches of diversity-rich taxa. This is most pro...
Article
Full-text available
Sysciophlebia ‘sp. form Villablino’, the first Iberian representative of the Palaeozoic–Early Mesozoic family Spiloblattinidae, is described and illustrated. Its forewing colour pattern is strongly similar to those of the Gzhelian–early-middle Asselian species Sysciophlebia euglyptica, Sysciophlebia ilfeldensis, Sysciophlebia rubida, and ‘Sysciophl...
Article
Full-text available
Wing coloration is a very ancient feature among insects. Even the wings of the oldest known Pterygota showed transverse colored bands involved in a putative disruptive function. However, no evidence of wing coloration in the representatives of the superorder Odonatoptera is recorded before the latest Triassic. These were the only insect flying- pre...
Article
Chrysopidae (green lacewings) is one of the species-rich families of Neuroptera. The Cretaceous fossils of green lacewing currently comprise 11 genera and 26 species. Here we describe a new green lacewing species, Mesypochrysa coadnata sp. nov., from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. The new species belongs to the extinct subfamily Limaiinae and is cha...
Article
Deciphering the timing of lineage diversification and extinction has greatly benefited in the last decade from methodological developments in fossil-based analyses. If these advances are increasingly used to study the past dynamics of vertebrates, other taxa such as insects remain relatively neglected. Our understanding of how insect clades waxed a...
Article
Aeshnoptera greatly diversified with a wide distribution during the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous. This clade is extraordinarily common in the lacustrine basins of northern China and mainly recovered from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning and southeastern Inner Mongolia, which is one of the fossiliferous units yielding the famous Jehol B...
Article
A new genus and species of Odonatoptera is described and figured from the Amisan Formation as Koreaphlebia iussradiae gen. et sp. nov. This new genus and species is placed in the Zygophlebiidae and differs from all other zygophlebid, inter alia, owing to the forewing with a distinct bridge IR2-RP2-IR1 perfectly straight, crossvein between MP and Cu...
Article
Full-text available
Endopterygote insects are very scarcely found in the Carboniferous strata while their occurrence during the Permian becomes more common. Here, we present the earliest evidence of the stem group Amphiesmenoptera (clade Mecopterida) from the Pennsylvanian (Moscovian) of the Piesberg quarry near Osnabrück (Lower Saxony, Germany), which shares a number...
Article
Anewfossil kalotermitid species of the genus Cryptotermes is described and illustrated as Cryptotermes pouilloni n. sp. from the Miocene Dominican amber (Dominican Republic). This new species can be differentiated from the other Cryptotermes species, inter alia, by its small size (one of the smallest Cryptotermes species), anterior margin of antecl...
Article
Glosselytrodeans are enigmatic extinct (Permian‒Jurassic) insects classified in their own order. Glosselytrodea monophyly is not universally accepted and its large-scale relationships remain problematic, namely because its diversity is largely known from hardened (i.e. tegmenized/‘elytrized’) forewings of allegedly derived forms. Thus, new data on...
Article
Full-text available
Pristaulacus jarzembowskii sp. nov., oldest fossil of the crown group Aulacidae, is described from the Paleocene of Menat (France). The previously oldest fossil crown-aulacid was known from the Lowermost Eocene amber of Oise (France). The inferences of parasitoidism on Cerambycidae or Buprestidae together with the preferences of warm evergreen fore...
Article
The Late Paleozoic acquisition of wings in insects represents one of the key steps in arthropod evolution. While the origin of wings has been a contentious matter for nearly two centuries, recent evolutionary developmental studies suggest either the participation of both tergal and pleural tissues in the formation of wings1 or wings originated from...
Article
Here we describe a new genus and four new species of the extinct ‘Grylloblattida’: Liomopteridae Sellards, 1909: Liomopterum connexus Cawood & Nel, n. sp., Liomopterum daenerys Cawood & Nel, n. sp., Colubrosopterum karooensis Cawood & Nel, n. gen., n. sp., and Paraliomopterum sp. The fossil wings were collected from a new Middle Permian locality ne...
Article
Full-text available
Triassopsyllidiida pectinata gen. et sp. nov. is described from the latest Middle Triassic Tongchuan biota of China and tentatively attributed to the superfamily Protopsyllidioidea. Its forewing venation is unique among this superfamily in the anteriorly pectinate vein ScP + RA and the presence of a veinlet between R and M + CuA. Its exact position...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Permian outcrops of Provence yield one of the most extensive records of continental ichnofossils, reaching from the Kungurian through the Capitanian (early-middle Permian). The Pélitique Formation of the Gonfaron site (Provence, France) has recently been revised and is marked by a diverse vertebrate ichnofauna: Batrachichnus salamandroides (tem...
Article
Full-text available
Rudiaeschna jarzembowskii sp. nov., the second species of the small aeshnopteran family Rudiaeschnidae, is described from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at the Liutiaogou locality, Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia, NE China. The new species differs from the type species of the family, namely Rudiaeschna limnobia, in possessing less cells and...
Article
The members of the family Lepidopsocidae (Psocodea: Trogiomorpha) are commonly known as scaly-winged barklice based on the presence of scales on body and wings. Interestingly, the members of the subfamily Thylacellinae, which is the sister group to the remaining members of the family, lack scales and are characterised by densely setose body and win...
Article
Full-text available
The current knowledge on the Paleocene Odonata is rather limited despite the fact that it is a crucial period for the history of this order. An overview of the fossil odonatans from the Paleocene of Menat (France) is provided. We describe the anisopteran Macrogomphus menatensis sp. nov., first fossil representative of the family Epigomphidae, toget...
Article
Full-text available
In several insect eusocial lineages, e.g., some aphids, thrips, ants, some stingless bees, and termites, task specialization is brought to its climax with a sterile soldier caste solely devoted to colony defense. In Isoptera, while the reproductives are defenseless, the soldiers have unique morpho-physiological specializations whose origin and evol...
Article
Full-text available
Organisms that colonize wood are subject to a taphonomic tragedy-the richer and more diverse they become, the greater the deterioration of the host wood and the less likely such communities are to be fossilized. Moreover, palaeobotanical studies of fossil wood usually focus on the plant tissue, neglecting the evidence of parasitic, saproxylic, and...
Article
Full-text available
The Cretaceous family Spathiopterygidae (Hymenoptera: Diaprioidea), containing five species in four genera, showed a wide distribution from the upper Barremian to the Turonian. We describe two new representatives of the family from the upper Albian San Just outcrop in the eastern Iberian Peninsula that correspond to Diameneura marveni gen. et sp. n...
Article
The Guadalupian was a key epoch for the evolution of tetrapod faunas. It includes the earliest unambiguous occurrences of therapsids and stereospondyls (groups that later became dominant groups in terrestrial and freshwater environments, respectively) and the late Capitanian mass extinction event. The low-latitude faunas from this time interval, wh...
Article
Full-text available
Barklice are insects belonging to the order Psocodea. They are herbivorous or detritivorous, and inhabit a wide range of environments. Their oldest fossil record dates back to the late Carboniferous, but it was not until the Cretaceous that they became much more diverse. However, their fossil record could be affected by taphonomic processes due to...
Article
Full-text available
The extant representatives of the order Mecoptera (except Siphonaptera now considered to belong to the Mecoptera: Tihelka et al., 2020) are famous among insects because of their long beaklike rostrum but also, because the males of the family Panorpidae have enlarged genitals raised over the body, and are called scorpionflies. The order Mecoptera is...
Article
Full-text available
The position of the enigmatic Oligocene pamphiliid genus and species Tapholyda caplani (Cockerell, 1933) is revised based on new specimens from the late Oligocene of the Creede Formation (Colorado, USA). The study of the wing venation and body characters indicate affinities with the fossil subfamily Juralydinae. The species is transferred to the la...
Article
Early Jurassic insects have been described from the Badaowan and the Sangonghe formations in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China. Among them, the insect fossils from the Sangonghe Formation remain poorly explored. Here we report for the first time a diverse assemblage of fossil insects from the Sangonghe Formation near the Daheyan Townsh...
Article
Lusitadischia sai gen. et sp. nov., an orthopteran Oedischiidae from the lower Gzhelian (Pennsylvanian, Carboniferous) of Portugal is described and figured based on an incomplete forewing. This is the second representative of Oedischiidae so far known from the Iberian Peninsula. Following several recent discoveries, Lusitadischia sai supports that...
Article
Cratoaeschnidium martinsnetoi gen. et sp. nov., third genus and species of the family Aeschnidiidae from the Crato Formation (Brazil), is described and illustrated based on one well-preserved forewing. It can be differentiated from the other genera in the family, inter alia, because its discoidal triangle is very narrow with only one row of cells;...
Article
Afrozygopteron inexpectatus gen. et sp. nov., the oldest known representative of the protozygopteran grade from Gondwana, is described from the Guadalupian of Southern Africa. It is attributed to the family Luiseiidae, previously only known by one genus and species, Luiseia breviata described from the Carboniferous/Permian boundary of New Mexico (U...
Article
Permoridium fresenaci gen. et sp. nov., the oldest putative representative of the bug suborder Coleorrhyncha is described from the lower Permian of Germany, in the new family Permoridiidae. The main autapomorphies of the new taxon are the separation of M+CuA from R at extreme wing base and the veins CuP and PCu strongly appressed. Its position in t...
Article
Using a fossilized birth–death model, a new phylogeny of the superfamily Evanioidea (including ensign wasps, nightshade wasps and hatchet wasps) is proposed, with estimates of divergence times for its constitutive families and for corroborating the monophyly of Evanioidea. Additionally, our Bayesian analyses demonstrate the monophyly of †Anomoptere...
Article
The leptogastrine Leptogaster? cerestensis sp. nov., new fossil representative of this genus, is described from the Lower Oligocene of Céreste (Southern France). This fossil shows some characters of the extant genus Mesoleptogaster but differs from it in its relatively short hind legs, a putative plesiomorphic character state, rendering its attribu...
Article
Full-text available
A hangingfly (Mecoptera, Bittacidae) is described from bituminous shales of the late Oligocene crater-lake of Enspel, Germany. It is attributed to a new species, Eremobittacus opeth sp. nov., and constitutes the first post-Eocene record of fossil hangingflies from Germany. The genus Eremobittacus was hitherto exclusively known from Mexico. Its pres...
Article
Full-text available
A new specimen of the species Litholingia rhora Ren, 2002, from the Middle-Upper Jurassic deposit of Daohugou, is used to redescribe the species and precise its diagnosis. We also propose a series of wing venation drawings highlighting the main characteristics of the wing venation all Litholingia species. Finally, we summarize the current diversity...
Article
A new species, namely Doratomantispa pouilloni sp. nov., of the mantidfly subfamily Doratomantispinae, is described and illustrated from a complete individual preserved in mid-Cretaceous amber from Tanai, northern Myanmar. Doratomantispa pouilloni sp. nov. preserves nearly all the diagnostic characters of this subfamily, but differs from the two ot...
Article
Full-text available
Emphytus miocenicus sp. nov., first fossil representative of this genus, is described from the upper Miocene of the diatom paleolake of Montagne d’Andance (Ardèche, France). Its placement is ensured by an in-depth comparison with all the extant and fossil genera of the subfamily Allantinae. The representatives of Emphytus are distributed in the Pal...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrothermal palaeoenvironments are very uncommon in Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous deposits worldwide. We present new plant and insect remains from travertines formed during the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary in northern Spain (Aguilar Fm., Palencia province). A total of 136 plant specimens and three insect wings were collected and studied. Thi...
Article
Poroblattina anadiensis sp. nov., first record of the roachoid family Poroblattinidae from Portugal, is described from the upper Gzhelian Vale da Mó ‘Formation’ of Buçaco Carboniferous Basin. The genus Poroblattina was previously known by numerous records from the Moscovian and the Asselian (time range between 306.95 and 295.0 Ma) in Euramerica, sh...
Article
Full-text available
The new archaeorthopteran family Roqueiidae is defined for the new genus and species Roqueia alpine, described from the Pennsylvanian (Kasimovian) of La Mure region (Isère, Alps, France). This new taxon is characterised by the set of characters: basal fusion of MA with R, its distal re-emergence from RP and ending into vein MP. The Roqueiidae are t...
Article
A new genus and species of stonefly is described and figured from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber as †Burmaperla pouilloni Jouault & Nel gen. et sp. nov. The placement of this new genus and species within the Perlidae is corroborated by an in-depth comparison of apomorphies. This new species differs from all other Acroneuriinae from the mid-Cretac...
Article
Tubuliferan Thysanoptera are extremely uncommon in the fossil record, thus little is our knowledge of their geological history. Here, we describe the first apterous Phlaeothripidae, and the eighth species of Tubulifera, for the entire Mesozoic. It corresponds to a small female preserved in Upper Albian amber of Peñacerrada II outcrop (Álava amber)...
Article
We describe Oudardgramma bruayensis gen. et sp. nov., first representative of the small order Caloneurodea from the Bashkirian of Bruay-en-Artois. It is characterized by the very small size of the wing, and a unique pattern of the vein M+CuA+CuPa. As the previous oldest Caloneurodea were Moscovian, the new taxon corresponds to the oldest record of...
Article
Full-text available
Paleoxyela nearctica gen. et sp. nov., is described from the upper Eocene of Florissant Formation in Colorado. We placed Paleoxyela gen. nov. in the subfamily Macroxyelinae and the tribe Macroxyelini based on the numerous wing venation characters visible on the specimen. Proxyelia pankowskii gen. et sp. nov. is described from the lower Eocene Fossi...
Article
A new genus and species of myrmeciine ants, also called bulldog ants, is described and illustrated from the Palaeocene of Menat (France) as Tyrannomecia inopinata gen. et sp. nov. This new taxon represents the oldest representative of the subfamily and provides the oldest calibration point for the total clade Myrmeciinae. It shows the apomorphic ch...
Article
The new archaeorthopteran family Archaeogeraridae, based on Archaeogerarus schubneli gen. et sp. nov., is described from the Moscovian of Avion. It has several unique wing venation characters allowing to separate it from the other groups of this superorder, viz. a vein RP separating from RA very close to wing base and closely parallel to it; M shor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Acercaria is a group of insects comprising the extant orders Psocodea, Thysanoptera, and Hemiptera. The extinct orders †Lophioneurida (late Carboniferous–Late Cretaceous), †Permopsocida (early Permian–Late Cretaceous), †Miomoptera, and †Hypoperlida (both late Carboniferous-late Permian) are also included within Acercaria. †Lophioneurida is grouped...
Article
†Cratoelcana rasnitsyni sp. nov., new elcanid species, and †Pseudoacrida sennlaubi sp. nov., new locustopsid species, are described from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation in Brazil, on the basis of two well-preserved compression fossils. The genus †Cratoelcana previously comprised its type species †Cratoelcana zessini and †Cratoelcana damianii w...
Article
Hemiphlebiidae are the most basal lestomorphan family following the latest phylogenetic analysis of the Zygoptera: this unique damselfly family today contains one relict species found in the wetlands of Australia. It was, however, very diverse and widespread during the Mesozoic. Nevertheless, very few species were known obscuring the origination an...
Article
Full-text available
Full body impressions and resting traces of Hexapoda can be of extreme importance because they bring crucial information on behavior and locomotion of the trace makers, and help to better define trophic relationships with other organisms (predators or preys). However, these ichnofossils are much rarer than trackways, especially for winged insects....
Article
Christophus myanmarensis gen. et sp. nov., Christophus ohmkuhnlei gen. et sp. nov., and Mintara parva gen. et sp. nov., three new species and two new genera of belytine wasps (Diapriidae: Belytinae) are described and figured from males preserved in mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese) amber. These new fossils enrich the fossil record of Cretaceous diapr...
Article
Full-text available
The current state of knowledge on the Niedermoschel black shale of the Rotliegend (Lower Permian) is briefly summarized and an up-to-date list of the hitherto described taxa is given. A selection of representative specimens is photographed and reproduced. For the first time, the trace fossil Cochlichnus is described for the Rotliegend of the Saar-N...
Article
The first vespid species from the Lower Cretaceous Crato formation (Brazil) is described and figured as Curiosivespa sennlaubi Jouault, Rasnitsyn & Nel, n. sp. This new species can be differentiated from the other Curiosivespa species, inter alia, by its forewing venation (e.g. Rs+M and 2-M aligned; 2 m-cu meeting M slightly prior to 2 r-m). This f...
Article
The new Archaeorthoptera Duquesnia gallica gen. et sp. nov. Nel & Roques, is described from the upper Carboniferous of Northern France. It shows several putative synapomorphies with the three genera Contracladus Dvořák et al., 2021 (Pennsylvanian of Germany), Nugonioneura (lower Permian of USA), and Avionugonioneura from the Moscovian of Avion (Fra...
Article
Full-text available
New Caledonia was, until recently, considered an old continental island harbouring a rich biota with outstanding Gondwanan relicts. However, deep marine sedimentation and tectonic evidence suggest complete submergence of the island during the latest Cretaceous to the Paleocene. Molecular phylogenies provide evidence for some deeply-diverging clades...
Article
Electrobaissoptera liui sp. nov., a new species of the snakefly family Bassopteridae, is described and figured from an individual preserved in mid-Cretaceous amber from Tanai, northern Myanmar. Electrobaissoptera liui sp. nov. preserves nearly all of the known characters used to circumscribe the family and genus, and is unique among bassopterids fo...
Article
Full-text available
A new archaeorthopteran genus and species, Avionugonioneura jouaulti, is described from the Moscovian of the Avion in Northern France. It shows several strong similarities, with the two genera Contracladus (Pennsylvanian) and Nugonioneura (early Permian), viz. a simple vein M emerging anteriorly from M+ CuA+CuPa and an anteriorly branched CuA+CuPa,...
Article
The synlestid damselfly, Cretaphylolestes cretacicus gen. et sp. nov., is described from the Lower Cretaceous Shouchang Formation (lower Aptian) of Zhejiang Province, Eastern China. It is the oldest Synlestidae, as we exclude the Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous genus Gaurimacia from this family. The clade Lestiformia is currently represented in the...
Article
Full-text available
In the paper ‘A new stonefly species (Plecoptera: Perlodidae) from Eocene Baltic amber and questions on the wing venation potential for species diagnostic of fossil Plecoptera’, we figured and discussed on a specimen of the plecopteran Pteroliriope sinitshenkovae Cui, Béthoux, Kondratieff, Shih & Ren, 2016 (Jouault et al., 2021: figs 5–6), under th...
Article
Full-text available
Eoteredon lacoi gen. et sp. nov., is described from the early Eocene Green River Formation in Wyoming, the second fossil siricid genus and species described from North America. We propose Eoteredon as sister to the genus Teredon, whose sole species is one of the rarest of extant Siricidae. The majority of siricids today inhabit temperate Northern H...
Article
Full-text available
Acoustic communication is well-known in insects since the Mesozoic, but earlier evidence of this behavior is rare. Titanoptera, an ‘orthopteroid’ Permian-Triassic order, is one of the few candidates for Paleozoic intersex calling interactions: some specimens had highly specialized broadened zones on the forewings, which are currently considered—des...
Article
Sinonothochrysa zhangi Huang and Nel gen. et sp. nov., a new genus and species of nothochrysine lacewing, are described and illustrated from the Palaeocene Buxin Formation, Sanshui Basina, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, South China. The new taxon is the oldest described representative and first reports this subfamily in China. It is also the firs...
Article
Full-text available
Ghost lineages have always challenged the understanding of organism evolution. They participate in misinterpretations in phylogenetic, clade dating, biogeographic, and paleoecologic studies. They directly result from fossilization biases and organism biology. The Cylindrotomidae are a perfect example of an unexplained ghost lineage during the Mesoz...
Article
A new archaeorthopteran genus and species, Penanoptera manseri, is described from the Early Permian Niedermoschel black shale of the Saar-Nahe Basin in Germany. This is the fifth taxon of stem-Orthoptera from this stratum. It underpins the importance of this insect assemblage in the context of Early Permian insect evolution.
Article
Morphological diagnoses are given for the cricket family Trigonidiidae and its two monophyletic subfamilies, the Trigonidiinae and the Nemobiinae. Owing to their morphological characters, we transfer the extant genus Lissotrachellus Hubbell, 1838 from the Gryllidae: Pentacentrinae to the Trigonidiidae: Nemobiinae. Lissotrachellus was the type genus...
Article
Full-text available
The small Mesozoic myrmeleontoid family Babinskaiidae comprises 13 described species in nine genera known from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil, the Baissa locality of Russian Siberia, and mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Lu et al., 2017; Makarkin et al., 2017; Hu et al., 2018; Huang et al., 2019; Makarkin & Staniczek, 2019; Ngô-Muller e...