André Kretzschmar

André Kretzschmar
University of Zurich | UZH · Division of Personality and Assessment

Dr. Dipl.-Psych.

About

32
Publications
17,748
Reads
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536
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
484 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2016 - April 2016
University of Western Australia
Position
  • Visiting Researcher
November 2012 - November 2015
University of Luxembourg
Position
  • Research Associate and Doctoral Candidate
Education
November 2012 - November 2015
University of Luxembourg
Field of study
  • Psychology
July 2008 - January 2009
The University of Sydney
Field of study
  • Economics, Psychology
October 2005 - April 2011

Publications

Publications (32)
Preprint
Habits pose a fundamental puzzle for those aiming to understand human behavior. They pervade our everyday lives and dominate some forms of psychopathology but are extremely hard to elicit in the lab. In this Registered Report, we develop novel experimental paradigms grounded in computational models, which suggest that habit strength should be propo...
Article
Die menschliche Intelligenz ist eines der am besten erforschten und validierten Konstrukte innerhalb der Psychologie.Dennoch wird die Validität von Intelligenztests im gruppen- und insbesondere kulturvergleichenden Kontext regelmäßig und berechtigter-weise kritisch hinterfragt. Obwohl verschiedene Alternativen und Weiterentwicklungen der Intelligen...
Article
Der B5T® Big-Five-Persönlichkeitstest soll die fünf Persönlichkeitsdimensionen des Fünf-Faktoren-Modells (Neurotizismus, Extraversion, Gewissenhaftigkeit, Verträglichkeit und Offenheit) sowie drei Grundmotive (Bedürfnis nach Anerkennung und Leistung, Bedürfnis nach Einfluss und Macht sowie Bedürfnis nach Sicherheit und Ordnung) erfassen. Der Frageb...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human intelligence represents one of the most investigated and validated constructs in psychological research. The validity of intelligence tests is, however, regularly questioned, especially when it comes to cross-cultural research. Although various alternatives and further developments of intelligence assessments have been proposed (e.g., culture...
Article
Full-text available
Human intelligence represents one of the most investigated and validated constructs in psychological research. The validity of intelligence tests is, however, regularly questioned, especially when it comes to cross-cultural research. Although various alternatives and further developments of intelligence assessments have been proposed (e.g., culture...
Article
Full-text available
Character strengths are assessed in adults and adolescents using different measurements. However, a comparison of character strengths across age groups requires the equivalence of these measurements. The present study examined the comparability of the two questionnaires most frequently used in research: The VIA Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS) for a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Research on the associations between cognitive and noncognitive personality traits has widely neglected character strengths, that means positively and morally valued personality traits that constitute good character. Method: The present study aimed to bridge this gap by studying the associations between character strengths and fluid i...
Article
Im Leitartikel „Replikationskrise, p-hacking und Open Science – Eine Umfrage zu fragwürdigen Forschungspraktiken in studentischen Projekten und Impulse für die Lehre“ werden wichtige empirische Befunde präsentiert, die aufzeigen, inwieweit sich die Weiterentwicklung der psychologischen Wissenschaft aufgrund der Replikationskrise in der deutschsprac...
Preprint
Research on the associations between cognitive and noncognitive personality traits has widely neglected positively valued traits such as character strengths. The present study aimed to bridge this gap by studying the associations between character strengths and intelligence using different operationalizations of intelligence and character strengths...
Article
Full-text available
In order to investigate the nature of complex problem solving (CPS) within the nomological network of cognitive abilities, few studies have simultantiously considered working memory and intelligence, and results are inconsistent. The Brunswik symmetry principle was recently discussed as a possible explanation for the inconsistent findings because t...
Preprint
In order to investigate the nature of Complex Problem Solving (CPS) within the nomological network of cognitive abilities, few studies have simultantiously considered working memory and intelligence, and results are inconsistent. The Brunswik symmetry principle was recently discussed as a possible explanation for the inconsistent findings, because...
Preprint
Character strengths are assessed in adults and adolescents using different measurements. However, a comparison of character strengths across age groups requires the equivalence of these measurements. The present study examined the comparability of the two questionnaires most frequently used in research: the Values in Action - Inventory of Strengths...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a Monte-Carlo simulation within a latent variable framework by varying the following characteristics: population correlation (ρ = .10, .20, .30, .40, .50, .60, .70, .80, .90, and 1.00) and composite score reliability (coefficient omega: ω = .40, .50, .60, .70, .80, and .90). The sample sizes required to estimate stable measurement-erro...
Article
Full-text available
Personality and intelligence are defined as hierarchical constructs, ranging from broad g-factors to (domain-)specific constructs. The present study investigated whether different combinations of hierarchical levels lead to different personality-intelligence correlations. Based on the integrative data analysis approach, we combined a total of five...
Article
Full-text available
The original aim of complex problem solving (CPS) research was to bring the cognitive demands of complex real-life problems into the lab in order to investigate problem solving behavior and performance under controlled conditions. Up until now, the validity of psychometric intelligence constructs has been scrutinized with regard to its importance f...
Article
Full-text available
In opening up the black box of what entrepreneurship education (EE) should be about, this study focuses on the exploration of relationships between two constructs: opportunity identification (OI) and complex problem-solving (CPS). OI, as a domain-specific capability, is at the core of entrepreneurship research, whereas CPS is a more domain-general...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the psychometric properties of an extended version of the MicroFIN test as the latest development in complex problem solving (CPS) assessments within the multiple complex systems (MCS) approach. Specifically, we examined factorial validity, reliability, and the relation to reasoning using data from 362 Latvian high sc...
Article
Many differential cognitive psychologists appear to interpret correlated-factor models associated with inter-latent variable correlations meaningfully < 1.0 as support for the plausibility of several related, but to some degree distinct, dimensions. It is contended in this paper that such a conclusion drawn from a well-fitting correlated-factor mod...
Article
Full-text available
In this commentary, I discuss some critical issues in the study by Greiff, S.; Stadler, M.; Sonnleitner, P.; Wolff, C.; Martin, R., “Sometimes less is more: Comparing the validity of complex problem solving measures”, Intelligence 2015, 50, 100–113. I conclude that—counter to the claims made in the original study—the specific study design was not s...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined whether experience with different computer-based complex problem situations would improve complex problem solving (CPS) competence in an unknown problem situation. Therefore, university students (N = 110) took part in a control group study. They were trained in five different complex problem situations for up to 7 hr, and their...
Article
Transversal skills, such as complex problem solving (CPS) are viewed as central twenty-first-century skills. Recent empirical findings have already supported the importance of CPS for early academic advancement. We wanted to determine whether CPS could also contribute to the understanding of career advancement later in life. Towards this end, we co...
Article
Recent advancements in the assessment of Complex Problem Solving (CPS) build on the use of homogeneous tasks that enable the reliable estimation of CPS skills. The range of problems featured in established instruments such as MicroDYN is consequently limited to a specific subset of homogeneous complex problems. This restriction is problematic when...
Article
In this article, we highlight why and how industrial and organizational psychologists can take advantage of research on 21st century skills and their assessment. We present vital theoretical perspectives, a suitable framework for assessment, and exemplary instruments with a focus on advances in the assessment of human capital. Specifically, complex...
Article
Full-text available
Die Bedeutung des komplexen Problemlösens (KPL) hat sich im pädagogisch-psychologischen Kontext vielfach gezeigt und ist einer der Gründe dafür, dass KPL in Schulleistungsstudien (z. B. PISA) eine wichtige Rolle einnimmt. Bisherige Forschungsarbeiten zum Einfluss von KPL auf Schulleistungen haben jedoch schulfachliche Kompetenzen und deren Beziehun...
Article
Full-text available
EN: Problem solving is seen as an important competency to be successful in a rapidly changing world with steadily increasing complexity. It is, therefore, not surprising that problem solving has recently gained importance especially in educational-psychological research. In order to keep pace with this development, the current editorial to the spec...
Article
The 21st-century work environment places strong emphasis on nonroutine transversal skills. In an educational context, complex problem solving (CPS) is generally considered an important transversal skill that includes knowledge acquisition and its application in new and interactive situations. The dynamic and interactive nature of CPS requires a com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complex Problem Solving (CPS) is a prominent representative of transversal, domain-general skills, empirically connected to a broad range of outcomes and recently included in large-scale assessments such as PISA 2012. Advancements in the assessment of CPS are now calling for a) broader assessment vehicles allowing the whole breadth of the concept t...

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