André P. Calitz

André P. Calitz
Nelson Mandela University | NMMU · Department of Computing Sciences

PhD, DBA

About

223
Publications
289,638
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
857
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1984 - present
Nelson Mandela University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (223)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research alignment is a topic discussed in various approaches to research supervision, specifically relating to research methods and guidelines. The supervisors' role is to guide the student during their research process, offering advice in their field of study, providing research direction, setting milestones and monitoring the student's progress....
Article
IT diploma and advanced diploma qualifications are presently offered by public and private universities in South Africa. The public universities include research universities, comprehensive universities and Universities of Technology. Historically in South Africa, IT diploma programme content was collaboratively managed by the Technikon Computer Le...
Article
The Southern African Computer Lecturers’ Association (SACLA) is a formal association of academics involved in education, lecturing and teaching of Computer Science (CS), Information Systems (IS) and related Information Technology (IT) subjects at universities and other Higher Education Institutions throughout Southern Africa. SACLA celebrated 50 ye...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The growing popularity and use of Blockchain technologies by crypto-currencies, such as Bitcoin, has forced education institutions to introduce new Blockchain courses. The Blockchain courses consist of theoretical and practical components. The practical components require students to work with new technologies, such as programming in Solidity on th...
Chapter
The internationalisation of higher education has become increasingly important for many higher education institutions (HEIs) globally. To recruit national and international students, HEIs must invest in effective digital marketing and recruitment strategies. This study investigated the development of a strategic university of choice model that can...
Conference Paper
Businesses are undergoing digital transformation and automating business processes and functions. The use of software, instead of people to perform particular tasks has become common practice. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotic Process Automation (RPA) are two rapidly advancing technological domains altering business processes and how the wor...
Conference Paper
Businesses create and implement Loyalty Programmes (LPs) to increase sales and create long-term relationships and commitment with consumers. Poorly executed LPs can damage the brand and more seriously, the relationship with the customer. The objective of this paper was to determine whether customers trust loyalty programmes and whether customers th...
Conference Paper
In academia, the online environment has created a number of challenges and increased opportunities for academic misconduct and specifically cheating. Contract Cheating Websites provide services, at a cost, to students wanting to use ghost writers and unauthorised assistance during tests and examinations. The emergence of ‘CheatTech’, such as Chegg,...
Chapter
What technologies are being used in innovative digitalisation initiatives for Smart Communities in the Eastern Cape province in South Africa?
Conference Paper
The banking industry can play a major role in advancing women and specifically women entrepreneurship. Research on customer experience in retail, on-line and mobile banking has increased in recent years. Limited research has been conducted on women's perceptions and customer experience in retail and mobile banking in South Africa. The purpose of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data are a primary and permanent asset in any organisation. Organisations need to implement a data centric architecture, in order to derive data models to be used by software applications. Agricultural organisations rely on diverse datasets in order to aid their decision-making capabilities. Livestock is a major contributor to the global agricultur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems has become a "holy grail" for governments both in developing and developed countries. The ideology in its essence is diagnosed as a practice to unlock a vibrant economy where stakeholders network with each other, while government nurtures and sustains entrepreneurship. The implementation of entrepreneurial...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is disrupting almost every industry worldwide and changing entire business processes. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is defined as the automation of repeatable and redundant, rule-based human action through the use of software bots. The South African Revenue Service (SARS) back office processes are ideally s...
Article
A software architecture codifies the design choices of software developers, which defines a modular organizational spine for the design of a software artefact. Different architectures may be specified for different types of artefacts, a real-time interactive artefact, for example, would have markedly different requirements to those of a batch based...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Women entrepreneurs can advance the quality of their wellbeing through business sustainability. The banking industry can play a major role in advancing women entrepreneurship. Research on customer experience in retail, on-line and mobile banking has increased in recent years. Limited research has been conducted on women's perceptions and e...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Smart ports globally are implementing new technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big data, the Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain technologies to improve port performance and efficiency. Organisational resilience does not only require the implementation of new technologies, but more importantly employing resilient employe...
Article
Happiness is a new field of study in various fields, including health care and veterinary science. Workplace-related happiness, or subjective well-being in the work environment, has become a prominent research field. The happiness of veterinarians has gained academic interest globally over recent years. Previous research indicated that increased ha...
Book
Full-text available
Competitive strategies and higher education-industry collaboration policies are playing a vital role in fostering the reputation and international rankings of higher education institutions. The positive impact of these policies may best be observed in the economic and social outputs of many countries such as the USA, Singapore, South Korea, and Eur...
Chapter
The use of league tables and rankings (LTRs) as a tool to rank or measure the performance of higher education institutions (HEIs) has grown in popularity. Research indicates that these ranking criteria are often discussed from the standpoint of governments, the HEI management, and the ranking institutions producing these LTR publications. The opini...
Chapter
Post-trade securities settlements entered the electronic age between 1980 and 2000. The introduction of technologies such as secure electronic messaging, and improvements in database technology, enabled the inception of central securities depositories (CSDs) as trusted third parties or intermediaries within the securities settlements post-trade lan...
Chapter
IT diploma and advanced diploma qualifications are presently offered by public and private universities in South Africa. The public universities include research universities, comprehensive universities and Universities of Technology. Historically in South Africa, IT diploma programme content was collaboratively managed by the Technikon Computer Le...
Article
Full-text available
Providing environmental education and creating environmental awareness assists future generations to conserve, preserve and sustain the environment. Organisations are supporting environmental awareness education efforts and universities are increasingly being required to exercise sound environmental behaviour and educate all stakeholders on their r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research universities in South Africa are well-recognised sources of new knowledge, and their contributions to innovation are manifested through the creation, transfer and commercialisation of new technologies originating from academic research. Research collaboration between universities, industry and the community offers various benef...
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic is a global concern, affecting both academics and students at Higher Education Institutions. Universities worldwide have had to shift to online teaching. In the online learning environment, students had to use different technologies to complete their studies, adjust to working from home and cope with the pandemic challenges. S...
Conference Paper
The internationalisation of higher education is a dynamic process, continuously shaped and reshaped by the international context in which it occurs. Internationalisation is the process of integrating an intercultural and an international dimension into the purpose, functions or delivery of higher education. Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) glob...
Conference Paper
The increased competitiveness in the higher education sector and the need for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) to become more autonomous and self-funded, has amplified the need to recruit national and international students. International students generate additional income for HEIs. Furthermore, the strategy to recruit national and internation...
Article
Observation of global smart city trends shows a shift in focus from sector-based interventions towards integrated decision-making informed by Big Data. This move towards integration is evident in the emergence of Integrated City Management Platforms (ICMPs). Despite the deluge of data generated by ICMPs and the accompanying growth in computing powe...
Conference Paper
The optimisation of candidate solution policies using Evolution Strategies (ES) have indicated that these strategies are viable alternatives to common Reinforcement Learning techniques and provide the inherent traits of ES when solving partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP) problems. This paper presents a novel ES method called, Boots...
Conference Paper
South Africa (S.A.) is currently facing economic and social challenges that could benefit from the implementation of international smart city guidelines. Crucial to transforming a city into a smart city is the collection and access to reliable data. One of the main problems experienced by S.A. cities is the limited access to data, resulting from a...
Article
Electroencephalography (EEG) signals can be contaminated by the noise raised from a non-cerebral artifact and vary in magnitude due to physiological differences between individuals. Hence, EEG has not been extensively applied to the design of Human Activity Recognition (HAR) systems. HAR involves classifying the activities of an individual that are...
Article
Number or license plate recognition has become an essential technology for traffic and security applications. Providing access control at any organization or academic institution improves the level of security. However, providing security personnel to manually control the access of vehicles at an academic institution is costly, time-consuming, and...
Article
Full-text available
The use of Industry Advisory Boards (IABs) can ensure programme quality and the compliance with international curriculum standards, such as the ACM curricula recommendations. An IAB can provide a platform to discuss topics such as Information Technology (IT) trends, graduate education standards and industry requirements. Academic literature provide...
Article
Full-text available
The usefulness of a uniform resource locator (URL) on the World Wide Web is reliant on the resource being hosted at the same URL in perpetuity. When URLs are altered or removed, this results in the resource, such as an image or document, being inaccessible. While web-archiving projects seek to prevent such a loss of online resources, providing comp...
Chapter
An empirical study was conducted amongst national and international students at a South African university. International students indicated that university brochures and website, recommendations of former students and information from the International Office were considered important factors in their university of choice. National students indica...
Chapter
Higher education practitioners, especially marketers are turning to university rankings and league tables as a cue for comparing themselves with other universities to attract students. The purpose of this chapter is to investigate whether students in South Africa, consider university rankings as a significant factor when deciding on a university of...
Article
Higher education institutions (HEIs) are experiencing increased interest and enrolments in study programs by international students. For recruitment and retention purposes it is important that HEI managers understand the factors that influence a student's choice of HEI. Prior studies have found that these factors may differ from country to country...
Chapter
Smart city initiatives are widely becoming part of the world agenda to address crises and to identify new initiatives for countries to manage resources while providing better living conditions for all citizens. The purpose of this study was to design a model to support the alignment of value in Smart City initiatives. To address this purpose, a sys...
Article
Skilled Information Technology (IT) professionals are essential to support businesses and the economy. Businesses increasingly require more qualified IT professionals, be they male or female. In South Africa, the number of women professionals participating in the IT industry is less than 20%. A number of factors influence women’s IT career choices,...
Chapter
Full-text available
An Industry Advisory Board (IAB) can provide useful feedback to academic schools or departments, relating to topics such as industry graduate requirements, IT trends, programme quality and curriculum development. Though the existing literature already provides general guidelines for the role and responsibilities, membership, composition and functio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Engineering combines the fields of mathematics and science, including engineering science and technology, in order to solve problems and to improve the society and economies of countries. Engineers have the ability to implement ideas generally in a cost effective and practical manner. Although a field in engineering is largely a male-dominated care...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Observation of global smart city trends shows a shift in focus from sector-based interventions towards integrated decision-making informed by Big Data. This move towards integration is evident in the emergence of Integrated City Management Platforms, which aim to orchestrate smart city infrastructure at a system-of-systems level. Despite the fact t...
Article
Higher education institutions (HEIs) are experiencing increased interest and enrollments in study programs by international students. The diversity of study options available to students requires HEI's management to understand the factors that influence a student's choice of HEI, specifically for recruitment and retention purposes. These factors di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Information Technology (IT) industry is constantly creating new job positions and job titles. IT students should be familiar with new IT positions and IT job titles available in industry in order to select the appropriate IT career after completing their studies. In this study, the IT career awareness of students completing their postgraduate C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Alumni are important stakeholders in academic institutions and can provide valuable feedback on service offerings. In the academic environment, customer/stu-dent satisfaction and perceived value positively influence graduate/Alumni satisfaction. The purpose of this research study was to measure the perception and satisfaction of the Alumni of the S...
Conference Paper
Cities globally are facing an increasing forecasted citizen growth for the next decade. It has therefore become a necessity for cities to address their initiatives in smarter ways to overcome the challenges of possible extinction of resources. Cities in South Africa are trying to involve stakeholders to help address these challenges. Stakeholders a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gesture recognition is a convenient and natural Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) technique. Recent advances in bioengineering have seen the use of biosensor technologies in HCI, since various biosensors provide real-time feedback from biological activities. This has enabled User Interface (UI) designers to design more natural UIs, including the use...
Conference Paper
Currently, much attention is being given to integrating smart city solutions aimed at eliminating systemic inefficiencies with a focus on integrated decision-making, interoperability and collaboration. However, the concepts of integrated decision-making have preceded the recent wave of integration by half a century. There are concerns that the hype...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Continuous innovation in terms of products, processes, administration and structures is needed to compete effectively in the global markets of the 21st century. This continuous innovation within an existing organisation can be described as intrapreneurship. The pharmaceutical industry is one that is highly regulated and competition, especially amon...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Increasing competition between destinations for tourists, residents and investment explains the growing interest in the expansion of research and practice of place branding or destination marketing. Destination marketing is used as a means to increase the visibility of a place for outsiders and reinforce its local meaning to its internal inhabitant...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A happy workforce increases productivity because employees are more focused, creative and entrepreneurial. The field of happiness studies was originally called well-being economics, which did not resonate with most people, hence the lay term of happiness being used. The new thinking in businesses today is making happiness part of their business mod...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agriculture has been identified as a strategy for sustainable development in an attempt to improve food security and alleviate poverty around the world. Urban agriculture is the practise of farming and gardening in urban and peri-urban areas. Stokvels are informal saving groups popularly used in South Africa. This is one of the strategies families...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Alumni from the School of ICT at the Nelson Mandela University (NMU) complete IT diplomas, BTech, MTech, MIT and PhD qualifications. Academics are frequently asked the question by students: Should I go and work in industry or should I complete postgraduate studies? The School of ICT at NMU prepares students for IT careers in call centre operations,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Secondary school scholars are generally not familiar with careers in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) field and are not aware of the course contents of Computer Science or Information Systems degree programmes. In this paper the authors have expanded on previous research conducted in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces of...
Article
Corporate governance is the process by which organizations are directed and controlled. King IV is regarded as the cornerstone of corporate governance for businesses and emphasizes the importance of sustainability reporting in South Africa. Sustainability reporting guidelines inform organizations how to disclose their most critical effects on the e...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Happiness of people can affect their daily functioning and work performance. There is limited research assessing the happiness levels of various disciplines within the health care industry. This article is the first attempt to evaluate the happiness levels of private sector physiotherapists in South Africa. Objectives: Research in happ...
Article
Purpose – Higher education institutions (HEIs) face a number of challenges in effectively managing and reporting on sustainability information, such as siloes of data and a limited distribution of information. Business intelligence (BI) can assist in addressing the challenges faced by organisations. The purpose of this study was to propose a BI fra...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural tourism has established a market share of approximately 20% in the tourism sector globally. In addition, it fosters socio-economic benefits for a destination and its residents. This study explores residents’ attitudes towards cultural events in Nelson Mandela Bay (NMB), South Africa, to enhance the destination image and induce stakeholder...
Article
Full-text available
Aim/Purpose: This paper aims to present an example of the application of a Knowledge Man-agement (KM) framework to automotive original component manufacturers (OEMs). The objective is to explore KM according to the four pillars of a selected KM framework. Background: This research demonstrates how a framework, namely the George Washington Univ...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to show that business intelligence (BI) is a key component of a sustainability-reporting framework for higher education institutions (HEIs). Design/methodology/approach Four questionnaires were administered to Registrars and managers at 21 South African HEIs and at selected international HEIs. The data analysis entailed bot...
Conference Paper
Students graduating from Computer Science (CS) and Information Systems (IS) departments face the question whether to go into the industry or whether to continue at university with postgraduate studies. The IT industry is currently experiencing a severe skill shortage, and recruitment agencies and recruitment websites are advertising posts for more...
Article
Students graduating from Computer Science (CS) and Information Systems (IS) departments face the question whether to go into the industry or whether to continue at university with postgraduate studies. The IT industry is currently experiencing a severe skill shortage, and recruitment agencies and recruitment websites are advertising posts for more...
Article
Full-text available
In recent times there has been an increase in the global use of events for marketing and branding destinations. The strategic marketing of events enhances the destination’s attractiveness and subsequently draws more visitors in the highly contested tourist marketplace. This study investigates how Nelson Mandela Bay (NMB), South Africa can market ev...
Article
Destination marketing involves identifying a strategy to harvest and maintain a brand image for tourist destinations through a customer-orientated philosophy. When considering destination marketing, the brand image of the destination must be clear and established. The success of a destination marketing initiative can be driven through events. There...
Article
Orientation: Industry 4.0 promotes technological innovations and human–robot collaboration (HRC). Human–robot interaction (HRI) and HRC on the manufacturing assembly line have been implemented in numerous advanced production environments worldwide. Collaborative robots (Cobots) are increasingly being used as collaborators with humans in factory pro...
Article
Augmented Reality (AR) provides a fusion of the real and virtual worlds by superimposing virtual objects on real world scenery. The implementation of AR on mobile devices is known as Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR). MAR is in its infancy and MAR development software is in the process of maturing. Dating back to the origin of Computer Science as an i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concepts of a service guarantee, customer satisfaction and perceived value of a service being offered in education are being applied to Alumni satisfaction at Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Businesses offer service guarantees, however HEIs rarely guarantee the service they offer to students. Literature indicates that offering a service g...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the U&G theory for evaluating social media usage in higher education. The paper reports on a social media awareness campaign which was designed and implemented in a higher education context as extra-curricular content. Design/methodology/approach A case study research approach was used and the theoretical...
Article
Since the release of Satoshi Nakamoto’s breakthrough white paper in 2008, which preceded disruptive peer to peer value transmission through the Bitcoin network instead of by traditional means, many applications have been sought in financial services generally and more narrowly within capital markets for the Blockchain technology that underpins the...
Article
The prices of agricultural grain commodities are known to be volatile due to several factors that influence these prices. Moreover, different combinations of these factors, such as demand, supply and macroeconomic indicators are responsible for the price volatility at different times. Big Data presents opportunities to collect and integrate dataset...
Conference Paper
The growing ability to collect and integrate data from disparate sources on a larger scale creates new opportunities for improved decision making. The concepts of using data for predictions by using statistical or computational intelligence models have been researched extensively. However, the tools and techniques that make it possible to analyse t...
Conference Paper
Augmented Reality (AR) provides a fusion of the real and virtual worlds by superimposing virtual objects on real world scenery. The implementation of AR on mobile devices is known as Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR). MAR is in its infancy and MAR development software is in the process of maturing. Dating back to the origin of Computer Science as an i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The topic of gender differences is widely discussed and debated from many angles and on many platforms. Regardless of the outcome of these debates, the fact that women account for over 50% of the world population, makes them an attractive market, this includes Institutions of Higher Education. Women formulate approximately half of the working age p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The grain commodities farming sector contributes significantly to the South African economy through job creation, foreign exchange earnings and supply of raw materials to other industries. Perhaps, even more important is the role grain commodities production plays in ensuring food security in South Africa. Currently, there are different trading str...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Retailers, wholesalers, marketers, alcohol distributors and manufacturers continuously fight for volume growth and market-share gain within the total alcohol market. The consumers determine who will have more share of wallet or, as referred to in the liquor industry, share of throat. This paper identifies the marketing mix elements (four P's) that...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Higher Education Institutions require students to work in teams or groups in order to acquire skills that will be required in the workplace. Group effectiveness, as it is measured in the workplace, requires specific skill sets, such as organisational skills, conflict management and leadership skills. MBA programmes require students to work in group...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
South African banks have over the past decade regarded service quality as a key driver of competitive advantage and strategic importance. This is emphasised by the fact that most banks offer financial products and services that are similar which requires a shift from product to consumer orientation. The most important characteristic of services is...