Andre Borrmann

Andre Borrmann
Technische Universität München | TUM · Computational Modeling and Simulation

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317
Publications
172,140
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4,452
Citations
Citations since 2017
150 Research Items
3471 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800
20172018201920202021202220230200400600800

Publications

Publications (317)
Article
The challenge this paper addresses is how to automatically generate geometric digital twins of the indoor environment of buildings. Unlike most previous research that starts with detecting planes in the point cloud and only considers the geometric information, the proposed ”void-growing” approach is a full-automatic approach that starts with detect...
Article
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To meet the climate goals of the Paris agreement, the focus on energy efficiency needs to be shifted to increase the retrofitting rate of the existing building stock. Due to the lack of usable information on the existing building stock, reasoning about the retrofitting potential in early design stages is difficult. Therefore, deconstructing and bui...
Article
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With the ever-growing digitalisation of the built environment, specifying information requirements (IR) is crucial to control the Building Information Modelling (BIM) data. However, the way of encoding these requirements is subject to a wide range of possibilities, making it difficult for the users to choose the most suitable method. The paper pres...
Conference Paper
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Several studies rely on the de facto standard Adaptive Monte Carlo Localization (AMCL) method to localize a robot in an Occupancy Grid Map (OGM) extracted from a building information model (BIM model). However, most of these studies assume that the BIM model precisely represents the real world, which is rarely true. Discrepancies between the refere...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of georeferencing building information modelling (BIM) models is complex and in need of a comprehensive solution. We focus on the open BIM data format Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) and its georeferencing implementation. The requirements voiced by the domain experts during recent years have been collected and analysed. While IFC alre...
Article
Full-text available
“What-if” questions are intuitively generated and commonly asked during the design process. Engineers and architects need to inherently conduct design decisions, progressing from one phase to another. They either use empirical domain experience, simulations, or data-driven methods to acquire consequential feedback. We take an example from an interd...
Conference Paper
More and more architects and planners are choosing timber in construction because of its sustainability. However, timber elements have low mass, consist of multi-layered structures, and require complex junctions which makes the design process and construction challenging. The design of the junctions influences the sound insulation quality of a buil...
Conference Paper
Building design requires considering multiple requirements and must fulfill diverse regulations. Therefore, model analysis and simulations are fundamental parts of the design process to find the optimal solution for a given problem. Important decisions are based on a building’s assessed final performance in the early design phases. In particular, t...
Conference Paper
Scan planning describes the process of choosing equipment and locations for reality capture with laser scanners. By contrast to the traditional, expert-based method usually conducted in the field, automated approaches aim to solve this task exclusively with pre-existing data in the form of plans or 3D models of the scene. Existing approaches for au...
Conference Paper
The high effort of operating and maintaining existing infrastructure facilities resulted in a large stock of structurally deficient bridges in most industrialized countries. Today, the condition assessment of bridges is conducted mostly manually. To relieve effort and costs, the digitization and automation of conventional manual, labour-intensive m...
Article
This paper addresses the challenge of enriching geometric digital twins of buildings, with a particular emphasis on capturing small but important entities from the electrical and the fire-safety domain, such as signs, sockets, switches, smoke alarms, etc. Unlike most previous research that focussed on structural elements and processed laser point c...
Article
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Collaboration and communication are two essential aspects of Building Information Modeling (BIM). Current practice and international standards implement BIM collaboration on the basis of domain model federation where loosely coupled models are managed as separated files and coordinated in a mostly manual fashion. The concept has severe limitations...
Article
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The process of designing a building involves producing design concepts while fulfilling various requirements and regulations. Furthermore, during the project's life-cycle, multiple experts from multiple domains collaborate in developing the different partial models, including architectural, structural, and HVAC among others. Accordingly, clearly co...
Article
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Digital manufacturing methods have been successfully used in different industries for years and have since had a positive effect on the development of their productivity. These methods offer significantly greater design freedom and make it possible to develop shape-optimized and function-activated components. In the construction industry, however,...
Article
Timber construction is associated with a low carbon footprint and offers a high degree of sustainability. However, it poses challenges considering sound insulation. Acoustic analyses, which could require major expensive and time consuming changes in the building design, are typically performed once the design is already in the detailed stage. By us...
Article
Full-text available
Automated parsing of design data will increasingly be a prerequisite for efficient data- and analytics-driven management of building portfolios. The high complexity and low rigidity in BIM model exchange standards such as IFC result in considerable differences in data quality and impede the direct data availability for analytics-based decision supp...
Article
Full-text available
Although adherence to project schedule is the most critical performance metric among project owners, still 53 % of typical construction projects exhibit schedule delays. While construction progress monitoring is key to allow effective project management, it is still a largely manual, error prone and inefficient process. To contribute to more effici...
Article
Full-text available
The construction industry relies on precise building information for evaluating designs performance, collaboration, and delivery. For more than a decade, the Level of Development (LOD) is the most popular concept for describing the progression of geometric and semantic information across the design phases. The LOD is a domain language that aims to...
Article
Full-text available
Human path-planning operates differently from deterministic AI-based path-planning algorithms due to the decay and distortion in a human's spatial memory and the lack of complete scene knowledge. Here, we present a cognitive model of path-planning that simulates human-like learning of unfamiliar environments, supports systematic degradation in spat...
Preprint
Full-text available
"What-if" questions are intuitively generated during the design process. Engineers and architects need to inherently conduct design decisions, progressing from one phase to another. They either use empirical domain experience, simulations, or data-driven methods to conduct consequential feedback. We take an example in an interdisciplinary domain, e...
Article
Full-text available
Capturing human knowledge underlying the design and engineering of products has been among the main goals of computational engineering since its very beginning. Over the last decades, various approaches have been proposed to tackle this objective. Among the most promising approaches is the application of graph theory for representing product struct...
Article
Full-text available
The provision of geometric and semantic information is among the most fundamental tasks in BIM-based building design. As the design is constantly developing along with the design phases, there is a need for a formalism to define its maturity and detailing. In practice, the concept of Level of Development (LOD) is used to specify what information mu...
Conference Paper
p>Bridges require regular inspection and maintenance during their service life, which is costly and time-consuming. Digital twins (DT), which incorporate a geometric-semantic model of an existing bridge, can support the operation and maintenance process. The process of creating such DT models can be based on Point cloud data (PCD), created via phot...
Chapter
Normen und Richtlinien dienen im Bauwesen der Vereinheitlichung von Anforderungen und sichern auf diese Weise Technikstandards, um so beispielsweise die Statik, Betriebssicherheit, Materialqualität und nicht zuletzt die Sicherheit des Nutzers zu garantieren. Bislang handelt es sich bei der Prüfung einer Bauplanung hinsichtlich ihrer Konformität mit...
Chapter
Building Information Modeling ist inhärent verknüpft mit grundlegenden Fragen des Informations- und Datenmanagements in Bauprojekten. Insbesondere die modellgestützte Kollaboration bei der Planung und Ausführung von BIM-basierten Projekten stellt hohe Anforderungen an das Datenmanagement, da die beteiligten Akteure entsprechend ihrer individuellen...
Chapter
Die Planung, Erstellung und auch der Betrieb von Bauwerken erfordern die Zusammenarbeit einer Vielzahl von Beteiligten, die untereinander im ständigen Informationsaustausch stehen. Viele ihrer Arbeits- und Kommunikationsprozesse können durch die einheitlich strukturierten Bauwerksmodelle unmittelbar verbessert werden. Zur Unterstützung der Zusammen...
Chapter
Das Kapitel fasst den aktuellen Stand der Umsetzung von Building Information Modeling zusammen und geht auf noch zu lösende Fragestellungen ein. Zudem gibt es einen Ausblick auf die zu erwartenden Entwicklungen in der nahen und fernen Zukunft. Dabei werden Konzepte wie Digitale Zwillinge, Künstliche Intelligenz und Robotergestütztes Bauen beleuchte...
Chapter
Der Entwurf und die Planung von Bauwerken ist ein fortschreitender Prozess, bei dem zunächst vage und grobe Informationen sukzessive weiter ausgearbeitet werden und an Bestimmtheit, Genauigkeit, Detailliertheit und Zuverlässigkeit gewinnen. In der konventionellen Planung, bei der technische Zeichnungen das wesentliche Mittel der Informationsweiterg...
Chapter
Die kontinuierliche Überwachung des Baufortschritts ist unerlässlich, um die laufenden Arbeiten auf den Baustellen verfolgen zu können. Gegenwärtig ist dies eine manuelle und zeitraubende Tätigkeit. Die BIM-basierte Baufortschrittsüberwachung ermöglicht den automatisierten Vergleich des tatsächlichen Bauzustands mit dem geplanten Zustand, um Abweic...
Chapter
Eine der wichtigsten Voraussetzungen für Building Information Modeling ist die Arbeit mit dreidimensionaler Geometrie. Dieses Kapitel geht daher auf die Grundlagen zur Beschreibung von Geometrie im Computer ein. Dabei werden explizite und implizite Verfahren zur Repräsentation von Volumenmodellen ebenso behandelt wie die Grundlagen der parametrisch...
Chapter
Im Rahmen von Planung, Errichtung und Betrieb eines Bauwerks kommt eine Vielzahl von unterschiedlichen Softwarelösungen zum Einsatz. Um einen möglichst verlustfreien digitalen Datenfluss auf hohem inhaltlichem Niveau im Sinne des BIG-BIM-Ansatzes zu realisieren, ist es notwendig, Interoperabilität zwischen diesen Softwareprodukten herzustellen. Das...
Chapter
Building Information Modeling (BIM) basiert auf der durchgängigen Nutzung eines digitalen Bauwerksmodells über den gesamten Lebenszyklus eines Bauwerks – vom Entwurf, über die Planung und Ausführung bis zum Betrieb. Das Verfahren geht einher mit dem Ziel eines deutlich verbesserten Datenaustauschs und der dadurch erzielbaren Steigerung der Planungs...
Chapter
Mit den Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) steht ein umfassendes und standardisiertes Datenformat für den herstellerneutralen Austausch von digitalen Bauwerksmodellen zur Verfügung. Es bildet damit eine wesentliche Grundlage für die Umsetzung von Big Open BIM. Das Kapitel beschreibt ausführlich den Aufbau des IFC-Datenmodells und geht im Detail auf...
Chapter
Über den gesamten Lebenszyklus von Bauwerken hinweg sind multi-disziplinäre Gruppen von Experten in Prozessen eingebunden, die eines ständigen Austausches von Informationen bedürfen. Hierfür müssen verlässliche, gut strukturierte und maschinenlesbare Prozesse und Anforderungen an den Informationsaustausch spezifiziert und formalisiert werden.. Für...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird auf die verschiedenen Möglichkeiten zur Programmierung von BIM-Applikationen eingegangen. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt liegt dabei auf der Verarbeitung von Daten im herstellerneutralen Austauschformat Industry Foundation Classes (IFC). In diesem Zusammenhang werden der Zugriff auf Daten im Format STEP Clear Text Encoding erläut...
Chapter
Full-text available
Building Information Modeling (BIM) beruht auf dem Konzept der durchgängigen Nutzung eines digitalen Bauwerksmodells über den gesamten Lebenszyklus eines Bauwerks – vom Entwurf, über die Planung und Ausführung bis zum Betrieb. Es geht einher mit dem Ziel eines deutlich verbesserten Datenaustauschs und der dadurch erzielbaren Steigerung der Planungs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Building design processes usually follow similar workflows with different stakeholders and interdisciplinary design teams incorporating their individual domain knowledge. To improve the holistic performance of building designs considering economic and environmental qualities, design decisions based on simulations and analysis in early phases have a...
Conference Paper
Additive manufacturing (AM) is no longer a new technology and is already being used profitably in many sectors of the economy. AM is also becoming increasingly popular in the construction industry, and more and more research is focused on unlocking new building materials for AM. As a digital fabrication method, AM provides many new opportunities fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design and detailing decisions result from numerous considerations and boundary conditions. Such decisions highly influence the cost and performance of the final design. Typically, architects and engineers tend to employ their domain knowledge and reuse successful detailing patterns that fulfill the current needs and boundary conditions. Detailing...
Conference Paper
Reinforcement learning (RL) has demonstrated great success in solving navigation tasks but often fails when learning complex environmental structures. One open challenge is to incorporate low-level generalizable skills with human-like adaptive path-planning in an RL framework. Motivated by neural findings in animal navigation, we propose a Successo...
Article
de Für die Vorfertigung von Brückentragwerken in industrieller Fließfertigung sind weitreichende Veränderungen in Entwurf und Ausführung nötig. Deshalb erläutert dieser Aufsatz einen ganzheitlichen und durchgängig digitalen Planungsprozess für eine modulare Bauweise mit ebenen, additiv gefertigten Grundmodulen. Als Grundlage eines automatisierten E...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the advancing digitization in the AEC industry (Architecture, Engineering and Construction), existing workflows are undergoing a transformation towards modern work patterns. In particular, there is potential for optimization in the area of building in existing structures. For example, the on-site capture of a comprehensive model in the conte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Even when adherence to the project schedule is the most critical performance metric among project owners, 53% of typical construction projects exhibit schedule delays. This research proposes a method to detect the most common temporary objects in large-scale laser scanner point clouds of construction sites to contribute to more efficient constructi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A seamless integration of model analysis and simulations into the design process is a key for supporting the different decisions, including deciding upon the position, dimensions, and materiality of building elements. Such design options are explored from the early design phases, where a decision is taken based on their performance. A crucial analy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 28th EG-ICE International Workshop 2021 brings together international experts working at the interface between advanced computing and modern engineering challenges. Many engineering tasks require open-world resolutions to support multi-actor collaboration, coping with approximate models, providing effective engineer-computer interaction, search...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Collaboration and communication are two essential aspects of Building Information Modeling (BIM). Current standards such as ISO 19650 take this into account by propagating the concept of federated domain models based on file-based information containers (BIM level 2). In consequence, complete models are transmitted every time a new version is share...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Timber construction is characterized with its high circularity and sustainability. However, such construction requires a careful evaluation of sound insulation between the different building zones. Currently, acoustic analysis is performed after the design is already detailed, which requires a substantial amount of time and effort to improve the de...
Article
Full-text available
Building in heavy rain is seldom beneficial, but common practice on site. It promotes inaccuracies and impairs the use of modern but sensible high-performance materials and costs time, since disruption in construction frequently causes complicated returns to the planning process. Nevertheless, a handcrafted production process is still considered th...
Article
Full-text available
Designing railway infrastructure is a knowledge-intensive task. Although there are a number of mature design authoring systems available, their support for dynamically incorporating domain-specific engineering knowledge is very limited. At the same time, a standardized digital representation of railway engineering knowledge (such as building codes...
Preprint
Full-text available
The application of suitable data structures is an essential aspect for novel digital workflows in engineering and design processes of the Architectural, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. Since model-based data exchange gets increasingly adopted by the industry, feasible and more effective methods must be considered to improve data excha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The open data exchange standard Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) has been recently significantly extended to also cover infrastructure facilities such as roads and railways. The results of these activities form part of version 4.3 of the standard. Linear placement of objects is one of the most important concepts in infrastructure asset modelling....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
Bauen im Regen, eine katastrophale Vorstellung, doch Praxis auf Baustellen. Es bringt Ungenauigkeit, behindert den Einsatz moderner Hochleistungswerkstoffe und kostet Zeit, da Störungen im Bauprozess oft umständliche Rückläufe in den Planungsprozess bedeuten. Dennoch gilt der handwerklich geprägte Bauprozess als unvermeidlich, da jedes Bauwerk indi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The technology of Building Information Modeling (BIM) promises a significant increase in productivity in the design, construction and operation of buildings and infrastructure facilities. In the entire world, the AEC industry is starting to transform itself by moving from 2D drawings to digital building models that do not only represent 3D geometry...
Article
Code compliance checking has been the subject of scientific research for more than four decades and has been put into practice in numerous projects. To date, however, no universally valid, sustainable approach to the rule-based compliance checking of models has been established. Visual programming languages are easier to understand and thus more tr...
Book
Building Information Modeling (BIM) ist eine innovative Technologie, die auf der durchgängigen Verwendung digitaler Bauwerksmodelle für alle Planungs-, Ausführungs- und Betriebsprozesse beruht. Das Buch erläutert ausführlich die informationstechnischen Grundlagen der BIM-Methode und vermittelt dem Leser fundiertes Wissen zu allen wesentlichen Aspek...
Preprint
Full-text available
Microscopic approaches to the simulation of pedestrian dynamics rely on modelling the behaviour of individual agents and their mutual interactions. Regarding the spatial resolution, microscopic simulators are either based on continuous (SpaceCont) or discrete (SpaceDisc) approaches. To combine the advantages of both approaches, we propose to integr...
Article
Construction site layout planning, the arrangement of temporary facilities and equipment on site, is a fundamental part of construction preparation. In construction, the operation of tower cranes has a great impact on construction process execution and preparation costs. Therefore, tower cranes should be chosen and placed such that they enable smoo...
Conference Paper
Low carbon footprint and high sustainability characterize timber construction. Accordingly, architects and engineers are increasingly using it in their designs. However, a major challenge in timber construction is to provide a sufficient sound insulation. In contrast to masonry and concrete construction, timber construction lacks software tools to...
Article
The simulation of pedestrian dynamics is required for a wide range of applications, including crowd management, evacuation scenarios, and the design of buildings. Microscopic simulators are based on the simulation of individual agents and their mutual interactions. In comparison to macroscopic simulators that are based on network-flow models, micro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) is a data schema available as ISO 16739 which enables the exchange of high-quality geometric and sematic data of civil engineering structures. Current official version IFC4.0 was first published in 2013 and updated in 2018. In the recent years, buildingSMART International (bSI) started multiple projects with the in...
Article
Full-text available
An important element of metadata for any building information modelling (BIM) model is its location and orientation on the Earth. In most cases, engineering design is based on Cartesian coordinate systems. However, as facilities are placed in a geospatial context, discrepancies result from the transformation from the Earth's curved surface to the o...
Article
Full-text available
The heterogeneous character of information models results in communication barriers between subsystems in railway organizations dealing with Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Geographic information systems (GIS). The integration of information is a promising way to bridge the heterogeneity of information models and satisfy the need for a more...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Due to the spread of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the way people move and behave in public space has changed tremendously. New hygiene and social distancing rules must be implemented, especially in usually crowded places. To investigate the effects of these rules on pedestrian dynamics, the crowd simulation company accu:rate h...
Article
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Automated construction-progress monitoring enables the required transparency for improved process control, and is thus being increasingly adopted by the construction industry. Many recent approaches use Scan-to/vs-BIM methods for capturing the as-built status of large construction sites. However, they often lack accuracy or are incomplete due to oc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For the last several years, laser scanning has become one of the reference technologies when talking about the monitoring of assets. Nowadays, the trend is to use these data for creating semantically rich three-dimensional (3D) models, broadly known as digital twins. The bottleneck appears when processing the large amount of data acquired with the...
Article
Accurate data in the form of technical drawings of built assets are an essential requirement for the successful operation and reconstruction of the built environment. When the consistency between these data and the real-world situation cannot be ensured, the data are not reliable and need to be verified by comparing drawings and reality. Depending...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Construction projects are multidisciplinary and contractual. The collaboration among the project participants and the quality of the exchanged building information throughout the project lifecycle are prescribed in legal agreements. The Level of Development (LOD) concept is widely used for describing the building elements' maturity. Detailing model...