Andoni Gaizka Moral

Andoni Gaizka Moral
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial | INTA

PhD in Physics and Master in Aerospace Engineering

About

51
Publications
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343
Citations
Introduction
Andoni Gaizka Moral currently works at Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Spain). Main research in Astrobiology, Aerospace Engineering and Optics Engineering. Project Manager of the 'Raman Laser Spectrometer' (RLS) Instrument for ESA's ExoMars 2020 Rover'. Project Manager of the 'Raman Laser Assembly' (RLA) of the Raman Instrument of the JAXA-DLR MMX mission. Project Manager of the 'Signs Of LIfe Detection' (SOLID) instrument for the NASA Icebreaker Mission Proposal

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of three key analytical instruments incorporated within the body of the ExoMars 2022 rover. The rover will collect samples from different sites on the Oxia Planum plain, using a drill capable of penetrating the near subsurface and rocky outcrops to a depth of 2 m. Samples are passed to the Analytical Labora...
Article
Mineralogy is the key to understanding the origin of Phobos and its position in the evolution of the Solar System. In situ Raman spectroscopy on Phobos is an important tool to achieve the scientific objectives of the Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission, and maximize the scientific merit of the sample return by characterizing the mineral composi...
Article
Full-text available
The Raman laser spectrometer (RLS) instrument onboard the Rosalind Franklin rover of the ExoMars 2022 mission will analyze powdered samples on Mars to search for traces of life. To prepare for the mission, the RLS scientific team has developed the RLS ExoMars Simulator (RLS Sim), a flexible model of RLS that operates similarly to the actual instrum...
Article
Full-text available
The scientific aims of the ExoMars Raman laser spectrometer (RLS) include identifying biological signatures and evidence of mineralogical processes associated with life. The RLS instrument was optimised to identify carbonaceous material, including reduced carbon. Previous studies suggest that reduced carbon on the Martian surface (perhaps originati...
Article
Full-text available
The 2020s could be called, with little doubt, the "Mars decade". No other period in space exploration history has experienced such interest in placing orbiters, rovers and landers on the Red Planet. In 2021 alone, the Emirates' first Mars Mission (the Hope orbiter), the Chinese Tianwen-1 mission (orbiter, lander and rover), and NASA's Mars 2020 Per...
Article
Full-text available
The Mars2020/Perseverance and ExoMars/Rosalind Franklin rovers are both slated to return the first Raman spectra ever collected from another planetary surface, Mars. In order to optimize the rovers scientific outcome, the scientific community needs to be provided with tailored tools for data treatment and interpretation. Responding to this need, th...
Preprint
Full-text available
ExoFit trials are field campaigns financed by ESA to test the Rosalind Franklin rover and to enhance collaboration practices between ExoMars working groups. During the first trial, a replicate of the ExoMars rover was remotely operated from Oxfordshire (United Kingdom) to perform a complex sequence of scientific operation at the Tabernas Desert (Sp...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents the latest chemometric tools developed by the RLS science team to optimize the scientific outcome of the Raman system onboard the ExoMars 2022 rover. Feldspar, pyroxene and olivine samples were first analyzed through the RLS ExoMars Simulator to determine the spectroscopic indicators to be used for a proper discrimination of mine...
Article
ExoFit trials are field campaigns financed by ESA to test the Rosalind Franklin rover and to enhance collaboration practices between ExoMars working groups. During the first trial, a replicate of the ExoMars rover was remotely operated from Oxfordshire (United Kingdom) to perform a complex sequence of scientific operation at the Tabernas Desert (Sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
We evaluate what will be the effectiveness of the ExoMars Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) to determine the degree of serpentinization of olivine-rich units on Mars. We selected terrestrial analogues of martian ultramafic rocks from the Leka Ophiolite Complex (LOC) and analyzed them with both laboratory and flight-like analytical instruments. We firs...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mineralogy is a key to understanding the origin of Phobos and its place in the context of the Solar System evolution. In-situ Raman spectroscopy on Phobos would be an important tool to achieve the science objectives of the Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission and maximize the science merit of sample return by characterizing the mineral compositi...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, the analytical research performed by the Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) team during the ExoFiT trial is presented. During this test, an emulator of the Rosalind Franklin rover was remotely operated at the Atacama Desert in a Mars-like sequence of scientific operations that ended with the collection and the analysis of two drilled core...
Article
We evaluated the effectiveness of the ExoMars Raman laser spectrometer (RLS) to determine the degree of serpentinization of olivine-rich units on Mars. We selected terrestrial analogs of martian ultramafic rocks from the Leka Ophiolite Complex (LOC) and analyzed them with both laboratory and flight-like analytical instruments. We first studied the...
Article
Full-text available
SuperCam is a highly integrated remote-sensing instrumental suite for NASA’s Mars 2020 mission. It consists of a co-aligned combination of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), Time-Resolved Raman and Luminescence (TRR/L), Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy (VISIR), together with sound recording (MIC) and high-magnification imaging techniques...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This work aims to evaluate whether the multi-point analysis the ExoMars Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) will perform on powdered samples could serve to classify ultramafic rocks on Mars. To do so, the RLS ExoMars Simulator was used to study terrestrial analogues of Martian peridotites and pyroxenites by applying the operational constraints...
Article
Full-text available
Organic chemistry is ubiquitous in the Solar System, and both Mars and a number of icy satellites of the outer Solar System show substantial promise for having hosted or hosting life. Here, we propose a novel astrobiologically focused instrument suite that could be included as scientific payload in future missions to Mars or the icy moons: the Comp...
Article
The ExoMars rover, scheduled to be launched in 2020, will be equipped with a novel and diverse payload. It will also include a drill to collect subsurface samples (from 0‐ to 2‐m depth) and deliver them to the rover analytical laboratory, where it will be possible to perform combined science between instruments. For the first time, the exact same s...
Article
Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is the Pasteur Payload instrument of the ExoMars mission that will perform Raman spectroscopy for the first time in a planetary space mission. RLS main units are: SPU (SPectrometer Unit), iOH (internal Optical Head), and ICEU (Instrument Control and Excitation Unit), that includes the laser for samples excitation purp...
Article
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the three Pasteur Payload instruments located within the rover analytical laboratory drawer (ALD), for ESA's Aurora exploration programme, ExoMars 2020 mission. The instrument will analyse the crushed surface and subsurface samples that are positioned below the Raman optical head by the ALD carousel. The...
Conference Paper
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the Pasteur Payload instruments within the ESA’s ExoMars mission. The RLS instrument scientific goal consists of perform in-situ Raman spectroscopy over different organic and mineral powder samples of the Mars subsoil. It consists of three main units: SPU (Spectrometer Unit), iOH (Internal Optical Head),...
Conference Paper
We report on the Raman spectrometer onboard the MMX rover which will be part of JAXAs Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission. The mission will be launched in 2024 and the Raman Spectrometer for MMX (RAX) instrument is designed to investigate the surface mineralogy of the Martian moon Phobos, according to the top-level science objectives of the MMX...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the three instruments located within the Rover ALD (Analytical Laboratory Drawer) of the ExoMars 2020 mission. One of the main ExoMars mission scientific objectives, is to find traces of past life on Mars. So, protect Mars environment from terrestrial biological contamination and protect Mars sample prop...
Article
The use of CAN bus in space applications has increased during the last fifteen years. The need of standardizing not only the physical and link layers but also the higher layers protocol to meet spacecraft specific constraints or requirements, such as bus redundancy management, node monitoring and synchronization, has aroused. Therefore, a Working G...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the Pasteur Payload instruments, within the ESA's Aurora Exploration Programme, ExoMars mission. Raman spectroscopy is based on the analysis of spectral fingerprints due to the inelastic scattering of light when interacting with matter. RLS is composed by Units: SPU (Spectrometer Unit), iOH (Internal Opt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ExoMars 2020 mission is an ESA-Roscosmos collaboration and will deliver a European rover and a Russian surface platform to the surface of Mars. The ExoMars rover will search for signs of life. It will collect samples with a drill that is designed to extract samples from various depths. Once collected, it is will perform mineralogical and chemistry...
Article
A miniaturized diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL) designed as part of the Raman laser spectrometer (RLS) instrument for the European Space Agency (ESA) Exomars mission 2020 is assembled and tested for the mission purpose and requirements. Two different processes were tried for the laser assembling: one based on adhesives, following traditional...
Conference Paper
We propose the laser-based Solderjet Bumping as a full inorganic joining technique for the hermetical sealing of a possible calibration target container for the ExoMars Raman Laser Spectrometer. This technique allows the adhesive free bonding in a flux free and localized soldering process. We show a finite elements analysis based optimization of a...
Chapter
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the Pasteur Payload instruments, within the ESA's Aurora Exploration Programme, ExoMars mission. The RLS Instrument will perform Raman spectroscopy on crushed powdered samples deposited on a small container after crushing the cores obtained by the Rover's drill system. In response to ESA requirements for...
Chapter
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the Pasteur Payload instruments, within the ESA's Aurora Exploration Programme, ExoMars mission. ExoMars 2018 main Scientific objective is "Searching for evidence of past and present life on Mars". Raman Spectroscopy is used to analyze the vibrational modes of a substance either in the solid, liquid or g...
Chapter
The Raman Laser Spectrometer instrument is included in ExoMars program Pasteur payload and it is focused on the Mars samples analytical analysis of the geochemistry content and elemental composition of the observed crushed samples obtained by the Rover. One of the most critical Units of the RLS is the Spectrometer unit (SPU) that performs Raman spe...
Article
The Raman Laser Spectrometer is scheduled for launch on board the ESA ExoMars mission in 2018. Its purpose is to perform analysis of the Raman signal scattered from crushed core samples retrieved from up to 2m below the Martian surface. In support of this activity an RLS breadboard instrument has been assembled whose focal plane incorporates an inv...
Chapter
The Raman Laser Spectrometer (RLS) is one of the Pasteur Payload instruments, within the ESA's Aurora Exploration Programme, ExoMars mission. The RLS Instrument will perform Raman spectroscopy on crushed powered samples deposited on a small container after crushing the cores obtained by the Rover's drill system. This is the first time that a Raman...
Article
Full-text available
The CTU (Cryogenics Translation Unit) is a low range (+/- 1 mm) high resolution (<50 nm) translation unit to be used at cryogenic temperature (20K). The unit is a multipurpose device capable of fine closed loop positioning. This device can be used as active element in IR Instrumentation for compensating thermo-elastic deformation moving optical ele...
Article
The MTS Folding Mirror Subsystem is part of the MIRI Telescope Simulator, which is an Optical Ground Support Equipment for ESA MIRI (Medium Infrared Instrument) Qualification, in the frame of the James Webb Space Telescope Program. The program prime contractor is INTA (Spanish National Aerospace Centre). The Subsystem consists of four different mir...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
SuperCam spectrometer for NASA's Perseverance MARS2020 Rover to Mars
Project
A Raman Spectrometer will be on board a small rover to be deposited on Phobos surface, within the JAXA-DLR MMX (Martian Moons eXplorer) mission