Anat Ben-David

Anat Ben-David
The Open University of Israel | openu · Department of Sociology, Political Science and Communication

11.35
 · 
PhD

About

30
Publications
12,324
Reads
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296
Citations
Research Experience
July 2012 - September 2014
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
This study considers the ways that overt hate speech and covert discriminatory practices circulate on Facebook despite its official policy that prohibits hate speech. We argue that hate speech and discriminatory practices are not only explained by users' motivations and actions, but are also formed by a network of ties between the platform's policy...
Article
This article argues that the use of the Web as a primary source for studying the history of nations is conditioned by the structural ties between sovereignty and the Internet protocol, and by a temporal proximity between live and archived websites. The argument is illustrated by an empirical reconstruction of the history of the top-level domain of...
Article
Full-text available
Laboring in the new economy has recently drawn tremendous social, legal, and political debate. The changes created by platform facilitated labor are considered fundamental challenges to the future of work and are generating contestation regarding the proper classification of laborers as employees or independent contractors. Yet, despite this growin...
Article
This article analyses the socio-technical epistemic processes behind the construction of historical facts by the Internet Archive Wayback Machine (IAWM). Grounded in theoretical debates in Science and Technology Studies about digital and algorithmic platforms as “black boxes”, this article uses provenance information and other data traces provided...
Article
Full-text available
The article proposes archival thinking as an analytical framework for studying Facebook. Following recent debates on data colonialism, it argues that Facebook dialectically assumes a role of a new archon of public records, while being unarchivable by design. It then puts forward counter-archiving – a practice developed to resist the epistemic hegem...
Article
Full-text available
While web archiving techniques capture snapshots of websites in real time, this article introduces an approach for building special collections for web archiving in retrospect. Retrospective web archiving (RWA) aims to fill-in gaps in existing archives, as well as to expand the boundaries of web archiving from the open web to cross-platform curatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
While much scholarly attention is given to web histories of nations from the Global North, this chapter focusses on web histories of countries struggling for statehood at the fringe of the web. It analyses differences in the formal web presence of Palestine and Kosovo as shaped by the changing geopolitics of the internet in the past two decades. Su...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ben-David, A. & Amram, A. (2018, Forthcoming). Computational Methods for Web History. In: Brügger, N. & Milligan, I. (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Web History. London: Sage (Accepted version)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper empirically studies the effects of representation choices on neural sentiment analysis for Modern Hebrew, a morphologically rich language (MRL) for which no sentiment analyzer currently exists. We study two dimensions of representational choices: (i) the granularity of the input signal (token-based vs. morpheme-based), and (ii) the level...
Article
This study introduces a comparative approach to study user comments on the same news content across online platforms while distinguishing between soft and hard news genres. Empirical analysis focuses on Israel’s popular news website Ynet. Using automated tools, we scraped 17,347 comments to analyze differences in the quantity, length, and topics of...
Article
This study examines the use of visual data analytics as a method for historical investigation of national Webs, using Web archives. It empirically analyzes all graphically designed (non-photographic) images extracted from Websites hosted in the historical .yu domain and archived by the Internet Archive between 1997 and 2000, to assess the utility a...
Article
Full-text available
Web archives attempt to preserve the fast changing web, yet they will always be incomplete. Due to restrictions in crawling depth, crawling frequency, and restrictive selection policies, large parts of the Web are unarchived and, therefore, lost to posterity. In this paper, we propose an approach to uncover unarchived web pages and websites and to...
Conference Paper
Web archives preserve the fast changing Web, yet are highly incomplete due to crawling restrictions, crawling depth and frequency, or restrictive selection policies - most of the Web is unarchived and therefore lost to posterity. In this paper, we propose an approach to recover significant parts of the unarchived Web, by reconstructing descriptions...
Article
Full-text available
The field of Web Archiving is at a turning point. In the early years of web archiving, the single URL has been the dominant unit for preservation and access. Access tools such as the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine reflect this notion as they allowed consultation, or browsing, of one URL at a time. In recent years, however, the single URL approa...
Article
Many national and international heritage institutes realize the importance of archiving the web for future culture heritage. Web archiving is currently performed either by harvesting a national domain, or by crawling a pre-defined list of websites selected by the archiving institution. In either method, crawling results in more information being ha...
Article
Full-text available
Advocacy of causes related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the Web were already highly used before the rise of social media. Grassroots Web campaigns related to the conflict reached their peak during the first half of the 2000’s, from the outbreak of the Second Intifada until the Israeli disengagement from the Gaza Strip in 2005. As with pol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Web archives provide access to snapshots of the Web of the past, and could be valuable for research purposes. However, access to these archives is often limited, both in terms of data availability, and interfaces to this data. This paper explores new methods to overcome these limitations. It presents "sprint-methods" for performing research using a...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes Web-based networks of Palestinian communities in Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Australia, the United States, Canada, Spain, Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. The findings show a thematic and demographic shift from organizations of Palestinian communities abroad to a transnational solidarity network focused on Palestinian rights...
Article
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In 2003 the Palestinian state received official recognition on the Web before it was established on the ground. The delegation of the .ps Country code Top level domain (CcTld) to the Palestinian Authority and its inclusion in the UN list for recognized countries and territories created an official Web-space in which a Palestinian state operated sid...
Article
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The official terms for the dividing wall are ‘security fence’ on the Israeli side and ‘apartheid wall’ on the Palestinian side. Both terms fuse two contextually charged notions to describe the construction project. Beyond the two official terms, the structure has been given other names by sources appearing in the media space (e.g. the International...
Article
Full-text available
The official terms for the dividing wall are ‘security fence’ on the Israeli side and ‘apartheid wall’ on the Palestinian side. Both terms fuse two contextually charged notions to describe the construction project. Beyond the two official terms, the structure has been given other names by sources appearing in the media space (e.g. the International...
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude porte sur l’évolution de la représentation spatiale de l’État palestinien sur la Toile. Après un espace Web national officiellement reconnu, cette représentation spatiale a partiellement disparu dans les espaces Web 2.0, puis a été reconstruite en tant qu’espace généré par les utilisateurs. En examinant les frontières virtuelles de la P...
Book
Full-text available
GISWatch 2009 focuses on access to online information and knowledge – advancing human rights and democracy. It includes several thematic reports dealing with key issues in the field, as well as an institutional overview and a reflection on indicators that track access to information and knowledge. There is also an innovative section on visual mappi...
Article
Full-text available
Israeli non-governmental organizations (NGOs) resisting the security fence and other Israeli security measures are in 'virtual isolation' in networks dedicated to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and especially to the criticism of Israeli governmental policies and the construction of the security fence.The research reported is a hyperlink and term...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
A three-year granted project of the Open Media and Information Lab (OMILab) at the Open University of Israel, with the National Library of Israel. The project's main goal is to develop cross-collection and cross-modal research scenarios, tools and analyses of digitized and born-digital collections curated by the national library, including: audio/video, historical newspapers, contemporary newspapers, and the Israeli Web Archive.