Anastasia Fedotova

Anastasia Fedotova
Russian Academy of Sciences | RAS · Institute of the History of Science and Technology

PhD

About

74
Publications
14,238
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131
Citations
Introduction
My main research interest is the role of scientific knowledge in the rationalization of agriculture and forestry in the second half of the 19th and first half of the 20th century (Russian Empire / USSR)
Additional affiliations
September 1999 - present
Russian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
September 1997 - June 2000
Saint Petersburg State University
Field of study
  • Plant ecology

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Białowieża Primeval Forest and its most famous inhabitant, the European bison, have both grown to a symbol of pristine nature – and Poland itself – in the course of the 19th and early 20th century. It was therefore understandable that the European bison and the forest were used in a series of prints presenting the most important symbols of Poland,...
Article
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Collection of the clippings from the periodicals and books of the middle of the 19th – beginning 20th century about Białowieża Primeval Forest, belonging to Polish journalist, bibliographer and editor Ludwik Abramowicz (1879–1939) was found at the Wroblewski Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. This article describes the collection, prese...
Article
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The second half of the 18th century was a crucial time for the history of education and science in Poland. Reforms introduced by the Commission of National Education reorganized the school system, led to the publication of several textbooks devoted to subjects such as zoology and botany, and surveyed teachers for information about “natural treasure...
Preprint
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Climate and environmental changes affect species’ morphology and ecology; however, the response of a species to changes in abiotic and biotic factors is not always consistent. Here, we tested how the structural body size of the pine marten and its population sex ratio changed over time and alongside climate change. We analysed temporal changes in m...
Article
The first scientific description of the flora of the Białowieża Primeval Forest (Puszcza Białowieska) was published in 1829 in Stanisław Batys Gorski’s paper “O roślinach żubrom upodobanych, jakoteż innych w puszczy Białowiezkiey [About preferred plants of the European bison and other plants from the Białowieża Primeval Forest]”. This publication c...
Article
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A report from mission to Białowieża Primeval Forest by Janusz Domaniewski, an outstanding zoologist and nature conservationist was discovered in the archives of the Museum and the Institute of Zoology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The mission, undertaken in February 1921, was the third scientific expedition to the Forest (after the e...
Article
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The article analyses Janusz Domaniewski’s writings on the post-war history of Białowieża National Park (BNP), stored in the Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. The analysed letters concern the resumption of the activities of the Society for the Protection of the European Bison, the assessment of the wartime losses...
Article
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The hunting magazine “Przegląd Myśliwski i Łowiectwo Polskie” was published for four years (1923-1926). Its founder and editor-in-chief was a writer, historian and hunting activist Julian Ejsmond. The journal was connected with Poznań’s hunting society, which, at that time, was conflicted with hunting organizations in Warsaw. Białowieża Primeval Fo...
Article
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In this paper, we analyse data on the occurrence of the European mink (Mustela lutreola) in Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) in the 19th century. The aim of the paper is to provide evidence of the occurrence of the European mink found in different sources, both published and archival documents. The archival sources on which this paper is based incl...
Article
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Missing audiovisual documents about European bison and the Białowieża Forest ABSTRACT: In the context of research on Polish hunting and natural science magazines from the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, we discovered the existence of audiovisual documents about the Białowieża Forest and the history of European bison. What h...
Article
The article deals with one of the key resources for peasants of Eastern Europe, wood pastures. Relying on new archival material, we demonstrate that peasant communities, in the spirit of James Scott, consistently sabotaged state efforts to ban livestock pasturing in the forests. The state, over the long nineteenth century, strengthened control over...
Article
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Find and save the last bison - what is known about the mission of Herman Knothe in the Bialowieza Forest in 1919? The article presents the mission of Herman Knothe to Białowieża Primeval Forest in March 1919. Emerging Polish authorities entrusted Knothe, a naturalist and hunter, with the task of finding the last European bison in the forest of Bia...
Article
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Unknown testimony to the beginning of the reintroduction of bears in the Białowieża Forest. Parki nar. Rez. Przyr. 39(2): 89-98. A�������: The article presents documents found in the collection of the correspondence of Janusz Domaniewski, an outstanding zoologist and nature protection activist, at the Museum and Institute of Zoology of the Polish A...
Book
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Understanding the current state and dynamics of any forest is impossible without recognizing its history. Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF), located on the border between Poland and Belarus, is one of the best preserved European lowland forests and a subject of myriads of works focusing on countless aspects of its biology, ecology, and management. A...
Chapter
Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) entered the long nineteenth century having recently lost its royal forest status in 1795. By the end of the period, it was once again deprived but this time of its status as an imperial hunting reserve. Nevertheless, in the meantime, the human-forest relationship evolved and countless scientific and literary publica...
Chapter
The history of Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) experienced a pivotal moment with the royal hunt by Alexander II in 1860. The impact of the hunt was to trigger a gradual change in BPF management (creating a game reserve, purchasing deer, exterminating predators, restricting logging) that ultimately transformed it into the private hunting ground of...
Chapter
This chapter takes us though the period of mid-nineteenth century when the goals of management of Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) shifted from economic exploitation to preservation of European bison and creation of hunting reserve. The new Ministry of State Domains (created in 1837) with the new Forestry Department (created in 1843) aimed at combi...
Chapter
The beginning of World War I did not significantly affect the daily life of Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) until the approaching battle-front forced the evacuation of forest and of the game management employees, along with the palace and appanage properties. The Germans entered Białowieża on August 17th, 1915, and left it on December 28th, 1918....
Chapter
The fourth chapter addresses the period when Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) was taken into the custodianship of the Russian State. By 1795, after the third partition of Poland, BPF was incorporated into the Russian Empire, to be the property of the Russian state treasury. Following the 1795 partition, the administrative system that had previously...
Chapter
This second chapter addresses the archival, literature, and map-based research, which underpins our investigation. The materials for the study of environmental history of Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) used in this book were mostly written sources (published and archival manuscripts), along with archival maps and artistic depictions of the Forest...
Chapter
This chapter covers the period when Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) served as a hunting reserve for the Grand Dukes of Lithuania and the Polish Kings from the late fourteenth century until 1795. At the same time, along with grand hunting, a various traditional uses were allowed associated with villages, towns, and churches. The most significant of...
Chapter
In September 1888, Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF) together with the adjacent Świsłocz Forest was transferred to the Tsar’s family private property managed by the Ministry of Imperial Court. This was in order to secure better protection for European bison and turn the Forest into the Tsar’s private hunting ground. In the years following the transf...
Chapter
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The paper offers the biography of the most famous author who wrote about Białowieża Primeval Forest in the mid-19th century – Dmitry Dolmatov (or Dalmatov, ~1812, Saransk – ~1877, Vyatka). He served as high rank forestry officer in Grodno province between 1842 and 1848 and was known as the author of modernizing, though not entirely realistic, proje...
Article
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The article, based on a detailed query in the archival issues of the “Łowiec Polski” magazine from 1899–1939, shows the perception of the bison and Białowieża Primeval Forest among the authors and readers of this periodical. The founder and fi rst editor-in-chief of the magazine was Jan Sztolcman, a naturalist best known for his crucial role in sav...
Article
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In 1830, two European bison arrived at the Warsaw Zoological Cabinet. F.P. Jarocki, the curator of the Cabinet and the first professor of zoology at the University of Warsaw hunted them in Białowieża Primeval Forest, with the consent of the Russian Tsar. However in the illustration of the exhibition at the Cabinet by W. Gerson, published in 1869 in...
Article
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The European bison is one of the last remnants of the megafauna that once roamed through Europe. By the early modern period, it had already disappeared from most of its former range and had become a coveted natural curiosity as well as been designated as royal game. In the 18th century, the last population of lowland European bison surviving in the...
Article
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Collections, botanical gardens, and museums are key places for natural history. As multi-coded spaces of knowledge, they fulfil many different functions. Their focus and their meanings have changed over time. Having originated from convent gardens and curiosity cabinets, they first became prominent in the 16th and 17th centuries within a variety of...
Article
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Many mammal species have been extensively impacted by human interventions in the past. It was especially important for endangered or key species such as European bison Bison bonasus, which has a long history of human interventions and is currently a refugee species confined by anthropogenic activities to suboptimal forest habitats. Using archival i...
Article
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На основе анализа опубликованных и архивных источников рассматриваются изменения законодательства и административной политики Российской империи в отношении бортного пчеловодства в XVIII—XIX вв. Показано, как в XVIII в. владение бортными деревьями постепенно входит в противоречие с формирующимся правом собственности на лесные участки, носящим абсол...
Article
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Studies of past forest use traditions are crucial in both understanding the present state of the oldest European forests, and in guiding decisions on future forest conservation and management. Current management of Poland’s Białowieża Forest (BF), one of the best-preserved forests of the European lowlands, is heavily influenced by anecdotal knowled...
Article
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THE EUROPEAN BISON OF THE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY IN PARIS AND THE HISTORY OF ZOOLOGY AND NATURAL HISTORY MUSEOGRAPHY IN THE XVIII AND XIX CENTURY This article presents the history of the European bison specimens preserved at the National Museum of Natural History (MNHN) in Paris. The 1945 inventory made by Jacques Millot, who first noticed the...
Article
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На основе анализа архивных документов (главным образом из санкт-петербургских фондов) в статье обсуждается беловежский зубр (Bison bonasus bonasus), как экспонат зоологических музеев в XVIII – начале XX вв. Это крупнейшее из сохранившихся млекопитающих Европы к раннему новому времени было истреблено на большей части своего ареала. В XVI–XVIII вв. з...
Article
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The paper discusses the Białowieża bison (Bison bonasus bonasus) as a museum exhibit in the 18th – early 20th centuries, basing on the analysis of archival documents, mainly from St. Petersburg. One of the last remnants of extinct megafauna once roaming through Europe, by the Early Modern time it had been eliminated in the most part of its previous...
Article
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Understanding how the relationships between large carnivores and humans have evolved and have been managed through centuries can provide relevant insights for wildlife conservation. The management history of many large carnivores has followed a similar pattern, from game reserved for nobility, to persecuted pests, to conservation targets. We recons...
Article
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Sir Boris Uvarov (1886–1970) became widely known after his move to London (1920) as an orthopterologist and organizer of locust control in the colonies of the British Empire. The present paper is focused on his early steps in the field of applied entomology: his first anti-locust campaign in Stavropol'e (1911–1914), which seemed to be useful for hi...
Article
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The recent shift of attention from ideas to practices in the history of science alerted scholars to the importance of spatial and material aspects in the production of knowledge, promoting a growing corpus of literature on natural history cabinets, museums and botanical gardens. Some scholars even went further on by examining the ‘spaces in between...
Article
Full-text available
The 19th century game management in Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF), especially hunts for European bison, have been a subject of several works. The aspect of hunts motivated by research and museum needs have not been described in detail yet. The paper attempts at describing the administrative process behind such hunts and collecting all records of...
Article
Full-text available
Sir Boris Uvarov (1886–1970) became widely known after his move to London (1920) as an orthopterologist and organizer of locust control in the colonies of the British Empire. The present paper is focused on his early steps in the field of applied entomology: his first anti-locust campaign in Stavropol Krai (1911–1914), which seemed to be useful for...
Article
Full-text available
The 19th century game management in Bialowieża Primeval Forest (BPF), especially hunts for European bison, have been a subject of several works. The aspect of hunts motivated by research and museum needs have not been described in detail yet. The paper attempts at describing the administrative process behind such hunts and collecting all records of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the second edition of a biography of Alexander Middendorf (1815—1894) — a prominent naturalist and a scientific traveller, a member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St. Pe- tersburg. The biography was produced in co-authorship by two scholars from Russia and Estonia. It sheds a new light not only on this important scientist...
Article
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Previously published biographical accounts of Sir Boris Uvarov, FRS (1886 [sic]–1970) were based mostly on personal recollections by his friends and colleagues record- ed for the first time in the 1970s or later. Archival research reveals the true date of his birth and allows some oher key facts and dates on his early biography to be corrected.
Article
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Pasturing of livestock in forests has had profound consequences for Europe's landscapes. In Białowieża Primeval Forest (BPF), cattle pasturing was a part of traditional forest use that ceased only in the second half of the twentieth century. We collected information on the institutional changes governing forest cattle pasturing and the changes in s...
Article
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A letter dated May 22, 1921 (London) by Boris Uvarov (1889–1970), a Russian-born entomologist and author of the phase theory (which provided the rational foundation for the control of locusts), to his colleague and teacher, zoogeographer and taxonomist, Andrey Semenoff Tian-Shanski (1866–1942) is published for the first time. The letter is remarkab...
Article
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“The Review of Activities the Bureau of Applied Botany in 1917–1918” is published here for the first time after having been found in the Russian State Historical Archive (St. Petersburg). It was written by its director Robert Regel, a recognized authority in the field of applied botany both in Russia and worldwide. The review highlights the working...
Article
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В данном очерке мы приводим письма Александра Алексеевича Оглоблина (1891–1967) Борису Петровичу Уварову (1888–1969), датированные второй половиной 1930-х гг. Оба этих ученых эмигрировали из России после событий 1917 г., один из них обосновался в Лондоне, другой – в Буэнос-Айресе, оба построили карьеру как энтомологи и эксперты по борьбе с саранчой...
Article
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This paper examines the organization of the Regional Entomological Congresses that took place in the 1880s in Odessa and Kharkov following outbreaks of the “kuzka grain beetle” (Anisoplia austriaca). These Congresses represented the first steps towards the professionalization of agricultural entomology within Russia. The “kuzka grain beetle” as wel...
Article
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Russian plant breeder and geneticist Nikolai Vavilov was at the center of science and politics during the most tumultuous period in Soviet history and his impact continued long after his death. His memory was celebrated in a series of jubilees (1957–2012) following the downfall of Trofim Lysenko. This paper analize them in more broad context to ide...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the rise of applied entomology in the nineteenth-century Russian empire from the time when certain branches of the Russian civil service began collecting field data on insect pests till the moment when the first professional positions for agricultural entomologists were established. The central theme of our research is the int...
Chapter
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The chapter examines an episode in the history of nineteenth-century agricultural improvement, the attempt to change the climate of Russia’s southern steppe provinces by planting forests. The afforestation efforts carried out in the Velikii Anadol’ forestry district in the eastern Ukraine were closely interwoven with debates about the potential cli...
Article
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The article examines the organization of the Regional Entomological Congresses that took place in the 1880s in Odessa and Kharkov following outbreaks of the kuzka' grain beetle (Anisoplia austriaca). "these. Congresses represented the 'first steps towards the professionalization of agricultural entomology within Russia. The 'beetle question emerged...
Book
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В коллективной монографии «Становление прикладных биологических исследований в России: взаимодействие науки и практики в XIX — начале ХХ вв.» на конкретно-историческом материале анализируется проблема организации биологических исследований в России в ключевой период профессионализации научной деятельности и институционализации наук о жизни. На прим...
Book
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Публикуются документы (отчеты, официальные и рабочие записки) Бюро по прикладной ботанике Ученого комитета Главного управления землеустройства и земледелия (Министерства земледелия) за годы Первой мировой войны. В том числе приводится черновик отчета Бюро за период с 27 октября 1914 до 1 июля 1917 г., до последнего времени считавшегося утерянным. М...
Article
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The first forestry experimental stations in Europe appeared in the 1860–1870s. Russia also had draft proposals for such stations around this time. Discussions about forestry experimental stations began in the 1870s, soon after the Forestry Society of St. Petersburg was established with the support of the Forestry Department. Leading experts in fore...
Article
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Sources from the archives in Prague and Stockholm raise some previously unknown facts regarding the life and activities of the eminent Russian soil scientist and hydrologist Pavel Otockij in 1920-40s, who emigrated from Russia in 1917. For the first time, the place and time of his death can be verified: Stockholm, 28th of May 1954.
Article
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Рассматриваются попытки Российской государственной администрации в XIX в. улучшить климат южных степных губерний путем искусственного лесонасаждения. Усилия, предпринимаемые в казенном Велико-Анадольском степном лесничестве (совр. Донецкая обл., Украина), тесно переплетались с дискуссиями о климатическом влиянии обезлесения — дебатами, которые вели...
Article
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In my paper I will describe the involvement of Russian botanists in the collection and cultivation of medicinal plants as part of the war eff ort. In the autumn of 1914, when cut off from foreign suppliers, Russia was quickly faced with the situation of “pharmaceutical hunger”. In 1915–1917, with advice or/ and leadership of botanists, special meet...
Article
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The year 2012 marks several important anniversaries in the history of applied botany in Russia. The activity of the individuals celebrated in this year has resulted in the establishment of a research institute and gene bank: the Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry (VIR, St. Petersburg), which keeps one of the most significant collections of cultiva...
Article
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The biographical and bibliographical dictionary «Russian botanists» by Sergey Yu. Lipshits was a unique bibliographic project; it remains an essential guidebook for historians of biology in Russia. It contains biographical and full bibliographical entries for all botanists and other scholars engaged in botanical research in Russia in the 18th—mid-2...
Article
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Biological Perspective, Animal Ecology and Modern Nature. Review of the book Nyhart L.K. “Modern Nature: The Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany” (Chicago, London, 2009)
Conference Paper
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In 1882 six Russian scientists travelled to Western Europe to study methods of anthrax inoculation. One of those who went on the trip was an agronomist, Pavel Kostychev. Later Kostychev worked briefly with the anthrax vaccine, but the eff ect of foreign travel was more than signifi cant for his soil studies. Research methods, which Kostychev assimi...
Article
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The biographical and bibliographical dictionary¨Russiandictionary¨Russian botanists¨by botanists¨by Sergey Yu Lipshits 1 was a unique bibliographic project; it remains an essential guidebook for historians of biology in Russia It contains biographical and full bibliographical entries for all botanists and other scholars engaged in botanical researc...
Article
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This article analyses the contribution of the Austrian-born Russian scientist, Franz Joseph Ruprecht (1814—70) to the development of geobotany in general and to the controversial issue of the origins of the very fertile chernozem (Black Earth) of the steppe region of the Russian Empire. On the basis of careful field work and microscopic analysis of...
Article
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Я располагаю только корректурой, к сожалению в ней содержится несколько серьезных погрешностей (пропущенные ссылки и пр.). Те кто читает по английски, лучше читайте английскую версию этой статьи, вышедшую в 2010 г. Франц Иванович Рупрехт (Ruprecht, Franz Joseph, 1814–1870) , австрийский подданный, приехал в Петербург по приглашению академика К. Б....

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Projects (5)
Project
The main aim of the project is to identify the impact of European perception of bison and primeval forest on science and culture of the 18th-19th centuries. By tracing those topics in the scientific, artistic and popular discourse of the era, we hope to identify roots of modern visions of bison and primeval forest, all based on common, Polish-Lithuanian heritage.
Project
research in the history of early russian soil science
Project
Applied botany and agriculture in the late Imperial - early Soviet Russia