Anan Jarab

Anan Jarab
Jordan University of Science and Technology | Just · Department of Clinical Pharmacy

PhD in Clinical Pharmacy
Investigation of variables associated with medication non-adherence and HRQoL in patients with RA and CHF

About

111
Publications
28,208
Reads
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1,286
Citations
Citations since 2017
86 Research Items
1097 Citations
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Introduction
Research interests: - Predictors of low health-related quality of life in patients with different chronic diseases - Predictors of medication non-adherence in patients with different chronic diseases - Assessment and identification of drug-related problems - Designing and implementing pharmaceutical care interventions and using RCT to evaluate the impact of these interventions on clinical and humanistic outcomes in patients with different chronic diseases
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - September 2014
Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan
Position
  • Associate Professor of Clinical Pharmacy

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment goals are often not achieved despite the availability of many effective treatments. Furthermore, clinical pharmacist interventions to improve clinical and humanistic outcomes in COPD patients have not yet been explored and few randomized controlled trials have been reported to evaluate the impa...
Article
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Glycemic goals (hemoglobin A1c less than  7%) are often not achieved in patients with type 2 diabetes despite the availability of many effective treatments and the documented benefits of glycemic control in the reduction of long-term microvascular and macrovascular complications. Several studies have established the important positive effects of ph...
Article
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Background: The prevalence of diabetes in Jordan is among the highest in the world, making it a particularly alarming health problem there. It has been indicated that poor adherence to the prescribed therapy lead to poor glycemic control and enhance the development of diabetes complications and unnecessary hospitalization. Objective: To explore...
Article
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Objectives: The primary goal of the present study was to implement and evaluate the impact of pharmaceutical care service for hospitalized chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in Jordan. Setting: Nephrology wards of one of the largest general hospitals in Jordan. Methods: All patients who were previously diagnosed with CKD by their physician...
Article
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Unlabelled: Drug-related problems (DRPs) can reduce the potential clinical benefits of treatment with medicines and waste valuable resources. No previous studies were published to examine the nature and frequency of drug related problems among hospitalized patients in Palestinian hospitals. Methodology: Prospective observational study was conduc...
Article
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Vaccine willingness has an important role in COVID-19 adult vaccination programs in many countries. However, there are limited data about vaccine willingness among children, which is largely confined to parents’ opinions. With the emergence of new variants affecting this age group, children’s opinions on COVID vaccination are important. This study...
Article
Objective: Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases with a substantial impact on the health status of affected patients. Further research is necessary to identify factors contributing to poor asthma control. The current study aimed to investigate the factors associated with poor asthma control among adult asthmatic patients. Methods: In...
Preprint
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Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) has been associated with increases risk of cardiovascular events including heart failure (HF). This study aimed to explore the factors associated with poor BP control among patients with HF attending two major outpatient cardiology clinics in Jordan. Variables including socio-demographics, biomedical variables, in a...
Article
Objective: The study aims to evaluate the impact of distance education on Pharmacy, Pharm.D and postgraduate students’ satisfaction and its associated factors during COVID -19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was distributed online for Pharmacy, Pharm.D and postgraduate Diploma and Master Students across Jordanian universities....
Article
Objective Vaccination is one of the most important measures that the world is relying on to end the COVID-19 pandemic. A number of vaccines have been authorized; however, there are several differences in the available vaccines which may lead to differences in public hesitancy levels toward each vaccine. Therefore, the aim of this study was to asses...
Article
This is a cross-sectional Web-based study that aims to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the Jordanian women toward iron-deficiency anemia. Participants were invited to complete a questionnaire via multipurpose Facebook groups. In total, 4110 women completed the questionnaire. Of these, 15.9% had never heard of iron-deficiency...
Article
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The present study aimed to explore the willingness of the general public in the Middle East area to take or continue with the available COVID-19 vaccine in light of the emergence of the new omicron variant. This study is a web-based questionnaire distributed in Lebanon, Jordan, and Kuwait during the omicron variant outbreak. The questionnaire consi...
Article
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Purpose: COVID-19 vaccines are critical for containing the pandemic and preventing serious SARS-CoV-2 infections. In addition to the two main doses, a booster dose has been utilized to improve immunity. The aim of current study is to evaluate Iraqi adult population knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 booster dose. Subjects and me...
Article
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The focus of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination campaigns has been the adult population, particularly the elderly and those with chronic diseases. However, COVID-19 can also affect children and adolescents. Furthermore, targeting this population can accelerate the attainment of herd immunity. The aim of the current study was to evaluat...
Article
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Although online teaching has been implemented worldwide, specifically in higher education, resistance to technology use exists, as faculty members may lack technology familiarity and may require both guidance and training. The present study evaluated faculty members' satisfaction towards distance teaching as imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic. An...
Article
Objective: Antibiotic resistance is a major health threat and efforts should be intensified to reduce its burden. Healthcare providers, especially pharmacists, can be actively involved in the reduction of antibiotic resistance. However, negative practices among pharmacists have been observed. This study evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and practice...
Article
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Objective: Achieving glycemic control significantly improves the progression of the disease among diabetes mellitus patients although this is not achieved by many diabetics. The aim of the study is to explore the factors associated with glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients and methods: In addition to sociodemographic va...
Article
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Background Enhancing the contribution of practicing pharmacists into scientific evidence via practice-based research (PBR) is crucial in maintaining high-quality clinical practice and healthcare delivery. Involving community pharmacists in PBR can potentially can also help break barriers to the utilization of the current best evidence in everyday p...
Article
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Background The literature demonstrated a positive impact of medication therapy management (MTM) services provided by the pharmacists to improve the overall health outcomes. Nevertheless, limited data is available with regard to MTM service implementation by community pharmacists and its associated factors in Jordan. Objective To evaluate community...
Article
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Background: Despite being the first-line treatment for severe or moderate acne, isotretinoin has several serious side effects that necessitate the evaluation of patients' knowledge about isotretinoin side effects and its proper use. Objective: The current study aim was to explore information needs about isotretinoin by evaluating patients' knowl...
Article
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine pharmacists' perceived knowledge and expertise required to deliver pharmaceutical care services to pediatric patients. METHODS Once ethical approval was obtained, a questionnaire was posted on local pharmacy groups. The questionnaire is composed of 4 domains: 1) Demographics, 2) Perceived knowledge...
Article
Objectives: Anemia is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Data about factors associated with medication non-adherence in anemic HD patients is limited. This study examined determinants of medication non-adherence and its association with achievement of therapeutic goals of anemia measures among HD patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study wa...
Article
Objectives: Anemia is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Data about factors associated with medication non-adherence in anemic HD patients is limited. This study examined determinants of medication non-adherence and its association with achievement of therapeutic goals of anemia measures among HD patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study...
Article
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Providing vaccination in community pharmacies could increase the vaccination coverage rate as well as help reducing the workload of the healthcare system. The current study was conducted to evaluate community pharmacists' willingness and barriers to provide vaccination in community pharmacy setting. A validated questionnaire which included eight it...
Article
Introduction Despite the controversy about the benefits of dietary supplements in treating or preventing COVID-19, their use has increased worldwide even with the introduction of relevant vaccines. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the perception of Middle Eastern Arab publics of dietary supplements as prophylactic or therapeutic agents against...
Article
Introduction: This study aims to assess existing sleep apps for mobile phones to determine the perceived effect of these applications on user’s attitudes, knowledge, willingness to change, and its likelihood to change behavior from a user’s perspective. Material and Methods: A systematic search was conducted through Google play store and iTunes App...
Article
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Objective This study examined health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and factors associated with poor HRQoL among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted on HD patients with anemia in Jordan (n = 168). Validated questionnaires were utilized to collect data on HRQoL using EQ-5D-5L, psychiatric symptoms...
Article
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Background: Quality of life (QoL) of diabetic patients is a primary outcome in the management of diabetes. However, to improve patients’ QoL, validated instruments are necessary to measure QoL, moreover, identifying variables that may influence patients QoL is the first step in improving patients’ QoL. The study aim was to develop and validate a br...
Article
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Objectives: This study aimed to explore the experiences and views of domiciliary coronavirus disease (COVID-19) patients towards pharmaceutical care services provided during their infection. Methods: This was a single-centered observational study conducted among home-treated COVID-19 patients (n = 500), who were tested positive for COVID-19 in a me...
Article
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Objective: Vaccination is one of the most important measures that the world is relying on to end the COVID-19 pandemic. A number of vaccines have been authorized; however, there are several differences in the available vaccines which may lead to differences in public hesitancy levels towards each vaccine. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ass...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study aims to assess medication adherence and explore its predictors in outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Method This cross-sectional study collected socio-demographics, disease-related information, and different biomedical variables for type 2 diabetes patients attending a Jordanian Diabetes center. The four-item medication adheren...
Article
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine pharmacists’ perceived knowledge and expertise required to deliver pharmaceutical care services to pediatric patients. METHODS Once ethical approval was obtained; a questionnaire was posted on local pharmacy groups. The questionnaire is composed of four domains: (1) Demographics (2) Perceived knowle...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Lack of medication adherence among patients with dyslipidemia negatively affects health�related outcomes. This study aims to evaluate medication adherence; we also aim to investigate the predictors of non-adherence among patients with dyslipidemia in Jordan. Medication adherence was evaluated in a total of 228 dyslipidemia patients. The B...
Article
Objectives Research is crucial for improving patients’ healthcare. Although pharmacists’ important role in implementing research has been emphasized by different health organizations, pharmacist’s participation in research is still suboptimal. This study aims to evaluate hospital pharmacists and assistant pharmacists’ attitudes, barriers and motiva...
Article
Aims of the study This study aims to determine females’ views, experiences, and attitudes regarding the cesarean section (CS) and to explore the factors that increase the prevalence of CS in Jordan. Design This is a cross‐sectional study using a questionnaire that was distributed electronically through social media websites. Study participants inc...
Article
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Purpose The study aim was to evaluate HRQOL and to explore the variables associated with poor HRQOL among patients with dyslipidemia in Jordan. Methods The present study utilized the EQ-5D questionnaire which evaluates HRQOL in terms of mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Responses to the five dimensions...
Article
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Purpose: To evaluate factors associated with anxiety and depression among pharmacy students before and during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were translated into Arabic and placed on the e-learning platforms of two Jordanian universities after conduct...
Article
Objectives The objective of this study was to explore community pharmacists’ perspectives on administering COVID-19 vaccine in community pharmacies in Jordan. Methods Purposeful sampling was used to identify a list of 100 community pharmacies which were approached to participate in the study. Twenty-three interviews were needed to reach data satur...
Article
Objectives The Validation of Global Lung Initiative (GLI 2012) equations is required prior to their application in clinical practice in different regions. This study validated the GLI 2012 equations in Middle Eastern preschool aged children, which was not previously conducted. Study design Spirometry measures were collected from 765 (54% males) he...
Article
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Objectives This study aims to explore home-treated COVID-19 patients’ experiences and perceptions of pharmaceutical care services offered during their sickness. Methods This is a cross-sectional online questionnaire study, where a 30-item questionnaire was texted via a link to COVID-19 patients who were tested positive previously. A list of anonym...
Article
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Background The remarkably increasing number of graduated pharmacists necessitates exploring the current Pharmacy and Pharm D students’ future career choices in order to help the health policy makers to enhance effective health and education workforce planning. Objective To identify Pharmacy and Pharm D undergraduates’ attitudes and preferences tow...
Article
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Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a major threat to public health and has had a significant impact on all aspects of life. An effective vaccine is the most anticipated resolution. This study aims to evaluate Jordanian intent to be vaccinated. Methods: This is a cross-sectional web-based study. Sample characteristics we...
Article
Objectives Inappropriate medication storage and disposal is a global problem and has a negative impact on public health, economy and the environment. One of the main causes of this problem is the lack of knowledge among the population about medication storage and disposal. This study aimed to develop a tool to measure knowledge and practice about m...
Article
Background The Global Lung Initiative 2012 (GLI‐2012) spirometry equations are multi‐ethnic equations that cover all ages between 3‐95. However, there is a need to evaluate the suitability of these equations to a sample of Middle Eastern adolescents prior to being applied in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to evaluate the suitability of...
Article
Background Lipid control represents a cornerstone in the management of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Nevertheless, little research has explored the factors associated with poor lipid control in patients with dyslipidemia Objective The study aim was to investigate the variables associated with poor lipid control among patients wit...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic necessitates collaborative teamwork by all healthcare providers including pharmacists. Since Pharmacy and Pharm. D students represent the future pharmacists, it is necessary to ensure that they have a good awareness about COVID-19 or any other pandemic that could happen in the future. Objective: The study aim wa...
Article
Objectives The present study aimed to exploring community pharmacists’ willingness and readiness to test for COVID‐19 in Jordan. Methods Purposeful sampling was used to identify a list of 30 community pharmacies which were approached to participate in the study. Twenty interviews were needed to reach data saturation. In‐depth interviews were condu...
Article
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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the content available on Facebook pharmacy groups in Jordan regarding the perception of the pharmacists’ role during the coronavirus pandemic in Jordan. Methods: Researchers identified Facebook pharmacy groups through the search engine on the Facebook website. The main search keywords were pharmacy, pharmacis...
Article
Background Pediatric pharmaceutical care is a new concept in the pharmacy profession. In Jordan, the knowledge of pediatric pharmaceutical care is limited, which may have negative consequences on pediatric pharmaceutical care and treatment efficacy and safety. Objectives The main objective of the present study is to assess parental needs for pediat...
Article
Background Estimating kidney function is essential to consider in drug dosing for renally eliminated drugs. It has been estimated that more than half of medications’ adverse effects are caused by the inappropriate dosing. Limited data is available on drug dosing adjustment, particularly the antibiotics, among Jordanian patients with declined kidney...
Article
Objectives Hypertension (HTN) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease CVD, it is an epidemic health problem with 1 billion people affected worldwide. Limited studies have examined the impact of HTN on physical, psychological and social functioning of HTN patients. Furthermore, little is known about factors that impair these domains among...
Article
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Background Despite the negative impact of angina and its worsening symptoms on the quality of life of the affected patients, little research has evaluated the factors associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with angina. Objective The study aim was to evaluate HRQOL and to explore factors associated with poor HRQO...
Article
Objective The objective of the present study was to explore the barriers and supporting factors for adherence among HIV patients and to explore their needs for pharmaceutical care services. Methods This study utilizes in‐depth interviews with HIV patients. Out of 50 patients approached, a total of 30 patients agreed to participate in the study. Th...
Article
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Background Worldwide, the prescribing pattern of the Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) has increased. They are considered highly effective medications in controlling various conditions including inflammatory diseases. They are associated with various adverse effects including gastrointestinal bleeding and ulcer and renal toxicity though...
Article
Objective The study aim was to explore factors associated with medication non‐adherence in patients with angina in Jordan. Methods The current study was conducted in the outpatient cardiac clinic at the Royal Medical Services Hospital in Amman. Variables including socio‐demographics, biomedical variables in addition to disease and therapy factors...
Article
Background Poor adherence to the prescribed therapy leads to low bone mineral density and enhance the development of osteoporosis complications and unnecessary hospitalization. Objective To explore factors associated with medication non-adherence in patients with osteoporosis. Findings would help guide the development of future pharmaceutical care...
Article
Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of nurses working in paediatric wards in Jordan towards the off‐label administration of medicines in children. Methods This is a prospective cross‐sectional questionnaire‐based study. A validated questionnaire was administered to 200 paediatric nurses in diff...
Article
Objective The study aim was to evaluate health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) and to explore factors associated with poor HRQoL in patients with osteoporosis in Jordan. Methods The validated EQ‐5D questionnaire was used to assess HRQoL in outpatients with osteoporosis at the Royal Medical Services Hospital in Jordan. The EQ‐5D is a standardised i...
Article
Objectives This study aims to describe the prevalence and predictors for parental antibiotics self‐medication of their children and to characterize their knowledge, practice and attitude within this area. Methods This is a cross‐sectional study which targeted parents of children between the ages of 1–12 years. Parents were asked to fill out an onl...
Article
Asthma is a clinical problem with social, psychological and economic burdens. To improve patient disease management, different education programs have been developed. Challenges in asthma management may be partially attributed to non‐adherence or improper use of inhalers. This study aimed to implement and assess hospital‐based pharmaceutical care s...
Article
Background: Research has indicated that medication adherence is low and represents a barrier to achieve the desired health outcome in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the factors that are significantly associated with self-reported medication non-adherence in patients...
Article
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Background and objective: Despite the established importance of thromboprophylaxis in patients with Venous Thromboembolism (VTE), limited number of studies has assessed the awareness of VTE and the thromboprophylaxis therapy among the affected patients. The aim of the current study was to assess awareness and to explore variables associated with a...
Article
Objectives The present study aimed to explore the views and attitudes of the general public in Jordan towards medicines used in children and the role of the pharmacists in delivering effective and safe treatments to this age group. Methods The public opinion questionnaire was administered using a structured interview technique to a sample of a tho...
Article
Objectives The present study aimed to explore views and attitudes of parents towards the use of unlicensed and off‐label medicines in children, paediatric clinical trials, and the role of pharmacists in the safety and effectiveness of medicines. Methods A cross‐sectional electronic survey was conducted over social media networks in the Arab world...
Article
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Objective: The present study aimed to explore faculty (i.e., professors of various ranks) opinions and views regarding the pediatric content in courses taught to pharmacy students in Jordan. Methods: Purposeful sampling was used to identify faculty from ten pharmacy schools. Participants were identified through their institutions’ websites. After o...
Article
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Objectives: Pharmacists require a baseline level of knowledge in paediatric pharmaceutical care in order to be able to adequately care for paediatric patients and counsel their families. This study aimed to explore the self-reported knowledge, attitudes and competency of final-year pharmacy students in Jordan regarding paediatric pharmaceutical car...
Article
Objective To explore parents’ attitudes and practices regarding self‐medication of their children in Jordan. Methods An exploratory study with qualitative methods was employed. Participants were invited through clinics, pharmacies and hospitals. Twenty‐six parents from different Jordanian cities took part in in‐depth interviews. All interviews are...
Article
Objectives The aim of this study was to explore self‐reported experiences of community pharmacists towards off‐label prescribing. Methods A questionnaire survey was handed directly to pharmacists working in a group of randomly chosen community pharmacies in Jordan. Complete questionnaires were collected 1 week after the questionnaires were distrib...
Article
Objective The study aim was to evaluate health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) and to explore factors associated with poor HRQoL in patients with type 2 diabetes in Jordan. Methods The EQ‐5D questionnaire was used to assess HRQoL in outpatients (n = 196) with type 2 diabetic during their clinic appointment at three major Hospitals in Jordan. Socio...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of nurses working in paediatric wards in Jordan towards the off‐label administration of medicines in children. Methods This is a prospective cross‐sectional questionnaire‐based study. A validated questionnaire was administered to 200 paediatric nurses in different hosp...
Article
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Background: Torsade de Pointes (TdP) is an abnormal cardiac rhythm associated with a prolongation of QT interval. Although in most cases it spontaneously returns to the normal rhythm, TdP can lead to sudden cardiac death. Medications are the main cause of QT-prolongation and subsequent TdP flare, even though the exact mechanism of why some people...
Article
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Objective This study aims to assess the views and attitudes of the general public towards the current role of pharmacists in Jordan. Methods This study is a cross-sectional quantitative questionnaire-based study. After a thorough literature review on public perspectives of pharmaceutical care services, a draft questionnaire was designed. This ques...
Article
Objective Medication nonadherence represents a major barrier to achieve optimal health outcomes in patients with hypertension. The study aim was to identify obstacles to medication adherence in patients with hypertension in Jordan. Methods Socio‐demographic and clinical variables in addition to medication adherence and health‐related quality of li...