Ana Sofia Vaz

Ana Sofia Vaz
InBIO-CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources) University of Porto

PhD

About

55
Publications
19,864
Reads
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947
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Interdisciplinarity is needed to gain knowledge of the ecology of invasive species and invaded ecosystems, and of the human dimensions of biological invasions. We combine a quantitative literature review with a qualitative historical narrative to document the progress of interdisciplinarity in invasion science since 1950. Our review shows that 92.4...
Article
In their review, Dickinson and Hobbs (2017) ensemble a set of critiques on the notion, characteristics, and challenges of cultural ecosystem services (CES) and respective research. Concurrently, Costanza et al. (2017) provide a throughout overview on the last ''Twenty years of ecosystem services". Inspired by their narratives, we advance thought on...
Article
There is growing interest in ecosystem disservices, i.e. the negative effects of ecosystems on humans. The focus on disservices has been controversial because of the lack of clarity on how to disentangle ecosystem services and disservices related to human wellbeing. A perspective that considers both services and disservices is needed to inform obje...
Article
Full-text available
Identification of ecosystem services, i.e. the contributions that ecosystems make to human well-being, has proven instrumental in galvanising public and political support for safeguarding biodiversity and its benefits to people. Here we synthe-sise the global evidence on ecosystem services provided and disrupted by freshwater bivalves, a heterogeno...
Chapter
During the last decades, remote sensing has changed the way humans observe and understand the Earth system. The repeated and increasingly detailed observations made from satelliteSatellite platforms and other remote sensing procedures have revolutionized research, particularly in the atmospheric and oceanographic sciences but also in the biophysica...
Article
Crowdsourced social media data has become popular for assessing cultural ecosystem services (CES). Nevertheless, social media data analyses in the context of CES can be time consuming and costly, particularly when based on the manual classification of images or texts shared by people. The potential of deep learning for automating the analysis of cr...
Article
The Yellow-legged hornet (Vespa velutina nigrithorax), native to regions of Southeast Asia, was accidentally introduced in Europe, South Korea, and Japan, where is has often become invasive. Due to its potential negative impacts at ecologic, economic and social levels, this hornet was included in the “Union list” of the EU legislation for invasive...
Article
The potential supply of ecosystem services is often assessed using land cover data. Assessment of actual use of ecosystem services by beneficiaries remains less covered and is often assumed to be congruent with potential supply. However, we believe that to contribute to the sustainable management of multifunctional landscapes, more insights are nee...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has caused immense social and economic costs worldwide. Most experts endorse the view that the virus has a zoonotic origin with the final spillover being associated with wildlife trade. Besides human consumption, wild animals are also extensively traded as pets. Information on zoonotic diseases has been reported to reduce co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genetic miscegenation was historically perceived as a maladaptive process or even an imperfection of nature. However, through adaptive introgression, some species can share genes associated with well-adapted traits. Current scientific perceptions on the benefits of adaptive introgression can help to clarify how these paradoxes condition scientific...
Article
Full-text available
How institutional stakeholders perceive the supply and demand of ecosystem services (ES) under distinct contexts determines which planning actions are deemed priority or not. Public officers play a crucial role in social-ecological management and decisionmaking processes, but there is a paucity of research exploring their perceptions on ES supply a...
Article
Climate change is expected to have strong social-ecological implications, with global but especially regional and local challenges. To assess the climatic vulnerability of a given territory, it is necessary to evaluate its exposure to climate change and its adaptive capacity. This study describes the development of an Action Plan for Adapting to Cl...
Article
Securing biodiversity values alongside ecosystem services and other socioeconomic assets, is a priority in the European policy and territorial planning. Here, we design a landscape planning approach that identifies priority conservation areas and informs on their ecosystem services' potential in the context of a legally binding spatial planning ins...
Preprint
Full-text available
Monitoring the progress parties have made toward meeting global biodiversity targets requires appropriate indicators. The recognition of Invasive alien species (IAS) as a biodiversity threat has led to the development of specific targets aiming at reducing their prevalence and impact. However, indicators for adequately monitoring and reporting on t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Crowdsourced social media data has become popular in the assessment of cultural ecosystem services (CES). Advances in deep learning show great potential for the timely assessment of CES at large scales. Here, we describe a procedure for automating the assessment of image elements pertaining to CES from social media. We focus on a binary (natural, h...
Article
The Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) was established to promote and provide guidance toward a global observation network on biodiversity and ecosystems for decision makers and the scientific community. Here we comment on three key challenges in the development and implementation of monitoring schemes and indica...
Article
Invasive alien plants negatively impact ecosystems, necessitating intricate management actions. In a critically endangered vegetation type within the fynbos biome of South Africa, a study was performed comparing different management interventions over plots invaded by Acacia saligna. A dynamic modelling approach was designed to analyze field data a...
Article
The supply of ecosystem services is largely determined by changes in land use and cover. Here, we analysed how the supply and interactions among four ecosystem services have evolved over five decades in a mountain biosphere reserve largely dominated by human land uses. We modelled pastures for livestock, crop production, aquifer recharge and erosio...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring visitor dynamics and their nature-based experiences is an important dimension in the conservation management of protected areas. In the current digital age, the content analysis of social media information is being increasingly used in such a context. However, research testing whether social media content analysis provides similar inform...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset provides crowd-sourced and georeferenced information useful for the assessment of cultural ecosystem services in the Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve (southern Spain). Data were collected within the European project ECOPOTENTIAL focused on Earth observations of ecosystem services. The dataset comprises 778 records expressing the results...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset provides crowd-sourced and georeferenced information useful for the assessment of cultural ecosystem services in the Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve (southern Spain). Data were collected within the European project ECOPOTENTIAL focused on Earth observations of ecosystem services. The dataset comprises 778 records expressing the results...
Article
Full-text available
In the “digital conservation” age, big data from Earth observations and from social media have been increasingly used to tackle conservation challenges. Here, we combined information from those two digital sources in a multimodel inference framework to identify, map, and predict the potential for nature's cultural contributions to people in two con...
Article
Humans act as drivers for the introduction of non-native trees. Some non-native species may become invasive and cause undesirable impacts, thereby motivating targeted decision-making and management actions. Australian acacias (or wattles; genus Acacia subgenus Phyllodineae) have been introduced worldwide, offering both opportunities and risks for l...
Article
Full-text available
Wildlife trade is a profitable economic activity. Birds are among the most heavily traded animals worldwide, with numerous species threatened by pet trade. Information on both legal and illegal aspects of trade and consumer demand is difficult to obtain across different countries, particularly given substantial socio-economic and cultural variation...
Article
Full-text available
In their recent perspective paper, Pausas and Keeley (2019) present “wildfires as an ecosystem service”, summarizing both the evolutionary and socioecological benefits generated by wildfires to humankind. While we acknowledge the evolutionary and socioecological importance of fire, we argue that referring to (wild)fire as an “ecosystem service” is...
Article
Coastal sand dunes are dynamic ecosystems, with vegetation and biota responding to continuous changes in its typical environmental severity. Understanding vegetation patterns is relevant to early detect shifts in prevailing coastal dynamics and to refine monitoring strategies, especially in secondary sand dunes, which are under legal protection in...
Article
Understanding how non-material benefits from ecosystems, known as cultural services, are shaped by non-native biota is paramount to manage biological invasions and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Despite recent advances, assessments of cultural services still lack an explicit temporal dimension, which is relevant for developing mo...
Article
The conversion of natural and semi-natural forests into plantations is an increasing trend across European landscapes under abandonment. In Northwest Iberian Peninsula, current land use changes, namely neglected management (or even abandonment) of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) and blue gum eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus) stands by individual landow...
Raw Data
Code and data used in Castro-Diez et al. (2019). Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services. Biological Reviews. https://doi.org/10.21950/EGM8SE
Article
Full-text available
Non-native tree (NNT) species have been transported worldwide to create or enhance services that are fundamental for human well-being, such as timber provision, erosion control or ornamental value; yet NNTs can also produce undesired effects, such as fire proneness or pollen allergenicity. Despite the variety of effects that NNTs have on multiple e...
Article
Identifying the key factors driving invasion processes is crucial for designing and implementing appropriate management strategies. In fact, the importance of (model-based) prevention and early detection was highlighted in the recent European Union regulation on Invasive Alien Species. Models based on abundance estimates for different age/size clas...
Chapter
Alien plant species have been essential for farming and agro-forestry systems and for their supply of food, fiber, tannins, resins or wood from antiquity to the present. They also contributed to supporting functions and regulating services (water, soil, biodiversity) and to the design of landscapes with high cultural and scenic value. Some of those...
Thesis
Full-text available
https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/bitstream/10216/116555/2/297027.pdf
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Non-native tree species are widely used in forest plantations and agroforestry systems worldwide for their often-high productivity and performance compared to native trees. In addition, they have been and are introduced and used for multiple reasons, such as gardening, protective functions, arboreta, erosion control and for increasing the forest ar...
Article
Human perceptions of nature and the environment are increasingly being recognised as important for environmental management and conservation. Understanding people's perceptions is crucial for understanding behaviour and developing effective management strategies to maintain, preserve and improve biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being...
Chapter
Tendo em conta os impactes económicos, ecológicos e sociais das espécies invasoras já dispersas no território nacional é crucial um forte investimento para prevenir a entrada de novas espécies (potencialmente) invasoras e detetar precocemente novos focos de invasão de forma a promover uma gestão eficaz e atempada que limite novas invasões biológica...
Article
Limitations in the assessment of cultural ecosystem services through quantifiable approaches have constrained our knowledge of how these services can be altered by drivers of global change, such as non-native tree species. Here, we address this caveat by evaluating the effects of non-native tree species, in comparison to native ones, on several cat...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Pneumothorax represents the existence of air in the pleural space and can, in extreme cases, lead to pulmonary failure. It is a rare entity on pediatrics. Due to its broad clinical presentation and prognosis pediatricians must be aware of it and prepared to manage it. Purpose: To characterize the patients, disease, treatment and out...
Article
Regime shift' has emerged as a key concept in the environmental sciences. The concept has roots in complexity science and its ecological applications, and is increasingly applied to intertwined social and ecological phenomena. Yet what exactly is a regime shift? We explore this question at three nested levels. First, we propose a broad, contingent,...
Article
Invasive species are increasing in number, extent and impact worldwide. Effective invasion management has thus become a core socio-ecological challenge. To tackle this challenge, integrating spatial-temporal dynamics of invasion processes with modelling approaches is a promising approach. The inclusion of dynamic processes in such modelling framewo...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and land-use changes are among the most relevant determinants of future persistence of rare plant species in rural landscapes. We analysed the structure of populations of a rare plant, Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. nobilis, and of their respective plant communities against several environmental variables (climate-, topography-, land-use-...
Article
Ecological monitoring programmes are designed to detect and measure changes in biodiversity and ecosystems. In the case of biological invasions, they can contribute to anticipating risks and adaptively managing invaders. However, monitoring is often expensive because large amounts of data might be needed to draw inferences. Thus, careful planning i...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal sand-dunes of northern Portugal are dynamic ecosystems under natural and human disturbances. Still, they constitute an interesting subject for ecological research, since they spread over a main biogeographic transition between the Eurosiberian and the Mediterranean regions. Despite the awareness of lichen contribution to grey dune stability...
Article
Abstract Background: Coastal dunes are dynamic ecosystems, with vegetation seen as a key element in the response to a continuously changing environment. Aims: We explored co-occurrence patterns of plant species within dune ecosystems along a regional climatic and a local sea–inland gradient. Methods: Five habitat types were surveyed along a sea–...
Article
Full-text available
A narrow relationship between marine resources and local populations always existed in fishing communities of coastal areas. In the Portuguese estuaries bait fishing is a common practice in which gatherers collect intertidal species such as seaworms, shrimps, crabs or clams. In recent Local Natural Reserve of Douro Estuary (RNLED) this activity is...

Network

    • Centre for Invasion Biology, Stellenbosch University
    • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
    • Stellenbosch University
    • Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL
    • Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ / German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig / Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
To explore the fields of conservation culturomics and iEcology, two emerging research areas based on the analysis of online data resources. Conservation culturomics (https://www.conservationculturomics.com) focuses on the study of human-nature interactions through the analysis of digital data, with the main application in conservation science. iEcology (https://www.i-ecology.org) is focused on studies of ecological patterns and processes based on digitally stored ecological data, generated for other purposes. Our aims are also to promote their wider use, and facilitate their integration in research, management, policy and practice. We welcome new collaborations and members.
Project
Terrawise is an interdisciplinary consulting agency in the field of ecosystem services. We aim to promote sustainable practices for resilient societies through the connection of social and ecological systems. We develop strategic approaches to support knowledge, decision-making and communication under cross-collaboration between science, governance, industry and society. We rely on our scientific and expert network to design creative solutions in the face of environmental and social-ecological change. www.terrawise.eu
Project
My current work is focusing on understanding how invasive species impact, ecosystem services and human well-being. Furthermore it looks into involving stakeholders in research and management.