Ana Urraca-Ruiz

Ana Urraca-Ruiz
Universidade Federal Fluminense | UFF · Departamento de Economia (SEN)

PhD

About

52
Publications
10,784
Reads
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219
Citations
Citations since 2016
18 Research Items
143 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
Additional affiliations
June 2002 - present
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2002 - present
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
February 1992 - June 1997
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Field of study
  • Industrial Economics and Technical Change

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
This paper explores the relationships between technological and productive structures.It attempts to show that, during market integration processes, when changes in productive structures are expected, the changes in national technological specialization are less linked to technological cumulativeness and opportunity. The paper uses patent data for1...
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This paper focuses on the contribution of dynamic technological specialization to aggregated growth and convergence. Certain theoretical approaches (Structuralism) maintain the view that being specialized in ‘correct’ technologies helps to achieve: i) sustainable rhythms of long-run growth; ii) accelerated catching up and higher rhythms of converge...
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This paper aims to analyze recent R&D investments undertaken by equipment and service supplies companies in Brazil, trying to identify their motivation and to capture the role played by international market characteristics and the main technology players in Brazil. Three main features attracted these companies’ R&D investments to Brazil: the size o...
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The article aims investigate features of the technical change in Brazilian industry. Theliterature related to sectoral patterns of innovation is utilized as theoretical framework, whereashierarchical and non-hierarchical clustering analyses are used as methodological resource.Utilizing the Industrial Survey of Technological Innovation (PINTEC 2000)...
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Este trabalho tem como objetivo discutir as características do P&D transacional em países emergentes, a partir do ponto de vista das estratégias globais das grandes corporações transnacionais (GCTs) e das vantagens oferecidas pelos receptores, fazendo uma especial referência ao caso brasileiro. As tradicionais motivações para a internacionalização...
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O objetivo desta pesquisa é estimar os clubes de convergência municipaisdo Brasil com base no modelo de crescimento neoclássico ampliado. A evidênciaempírica acerca da existência de equilíbrios múltiplos (clubes de convergência) sugereque há fortes diferenças de produtividade entre as funções de produção agregadasdos municípios. Para testar essa hi...
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As bases de conhecimento são sistemas altamente complexos e representam combinações, arranjos de unidades de conhecimento para resolver problemas em específicos períodos de tempo. Quando os ciclos tecnológicos avançam, as bases de conhecimento evoluem. Nos últimos 30 anos, identificamos duas ondas tecnológicas. A primeira começou com os sete paradi...
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This paper aims to analyze the process of growth convergence between 2000 and 2010 using two neoclassical models: intra-club β-convergence and inter-clubs β-catching-up. Both models estimate parameters with endogenized residue using a set of variables related to technological drivers. The intra-club β-convergence model determines the convergence cl...
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O objetivo deste artigo é construir um modelo econômico capaz de explicar a dinâmica de crescimento econômico no longo prazo confrontando hipóteses restritivas de múltiplos regimes de crescimento, a luz da teoria do crescimento unificado. Fatos históricos como o catching up dos Estados Unidos, Japão, Coreia e China desafiam a robustez dos equilíbri...
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Resumo Este trabalho analisa o papel das transformações da estrutura produtiva sobre a evolução da parcela do trabalho na renda agregada no Brasil no período 1995-2009. Foi realizada uma decomposição estrutural do crescimento da parcela do trabalho, isolando o efeito das alterações na composição setorial da renda real dos efeitos relacionados aos a...
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Using data from the Brazilian Innovation Survey (PINTEC) and from a reference group composed of 110 Brazilian internationalised companies, the article applies a Propensity Score Matching (PSM) to obtain a control group of non-internationalised companies with similar characteristics to the reference group. PSM tests the following hypotheses: interna...
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This paper aims to analyze how technological specialization patterns coevolve with the commercial specialization patterns. Given the interdependence between productive, technological and commercial structures, it is expected that demand shocks implicit to liberalization processes will generate impacts on the technological structure. The coevolution...
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This article studies the role of technology drivers in catching up at different stages of development. Countries can be at different stages of development when entering in a new catching-up cycle. Thus, the technological drivers of growth [technological capabilities, external spillovers, technological specialization and stability of policies in sci...
Article
This paper explores the role of technological opportunity and cumulativeness in the evolution of technological specialization patterns (TSP) in catching-up processes. Concretely, I assume that opportunity induces mobility while cumulativeness leads to diversification and stability. The empirical analysis uses patent data indicators for nine Asian a...
Research
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This paper aims to link the convergence process to the stages of technological development. Supposing that the effect of technical change on growth-convergence happens through the supply side, this effect can be decomposed in three technological components: technological capabilities and innovation capacity, external spillovers and technological sp...
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In recent years eco-innovation studies have placed special emphasis on environmental management in the company encouraging the introduction of a prevention philosophy rather than correction measures of environmental damage. The aim of this article is to contribute to this debate but in the environmentally sound technologies field due to their impor...
Article
In recent years eco-innovation studies have placed special emphasis on environmental management in the company encouraging the introduction of a prevention philosophy rather than correction measures of environmental damage. The aim of this article is to contribute to this debate but in the environmentally sound technologies field due to their impor...
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This paper tests the existence of stages of technological diversification for a group of Asian and Latin-American countries since the late eighties; this is, when new technological paradigms emerged. Assuming that changes in technological specializations are linked to changes in productive specializations, this work look for evidences about the evo...
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Este trabalho tem como objetivo revisar a forma como é observada a estrutura industrial brasileira e avaliar se esta pode ser qualificada como de ‘regressiva’. Para isto será utilizado: (i) uma classificação industrial específica construída a partir de um conjunto de indicadores relativos aos resultados de inovação; (ii) a evolução do crescimento d...
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This paper analyses how important is the capture of technological competences at global level in environmetal technologies and its implications for the world technology transfer. Using data from the European Patents Office (1978-2011) and a classification for eight technological fields in environmental technologies, the paper concludes that the con...
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The aim of this paper is to observe the evolution of technological specialization, convergence and the process of building technological competences for two groups of countries – Asia and Latin America – between 1985-1995 and 1999-2008. Between these periods, most of the countries in these groups registered growing levels of global integration in t...
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This paper analyses how important is the capture of technological competences at global level in environmental technologies and its implications for the world technology transfer. Using data from the European Patents Office (1978–2010) and a classification for eight technological fields in environmental technologies, the paper concludes that the co...
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Este trabalho tem como objetivo definir uma metodologia para identificar as principais estratégias de cooperação tecnológica transacional e aplicá-la aos casos de Estados Unidos e Japão. Este exercício permitirá comprovar as hipóteses relativas ao novo modelo de rede que caracteriza a internacionalização da atividade inovadora na busca pelas compet...
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Article
Este trabalho tem como objetivo revisar a forma como é observada a estrutura industrial brasileira e avaliar se esta pode ser qualificada como de ‘regressiva’. Para isto será utilizado: (i) uma classificação industrial específica construída a partir de um conjunto de indicadores relativos aos resultados de inovação; (ii) a evolução do crescimento d...
Article
Full-text available
This analyses recent R&D investments undertaken by transnational equipment and service suppliers in Brazil, trying to identify their motives and to capture the role played by international market characteristics and the main technology players in Brazil. Three main features attracted these companies' R&D investments to Brazil: the size of the pre-s...
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Full-text available
This article aims to compare innovative behavior between multinational (EMN) and national(ENA) firms in Brazil by sector of industrial activity. The variables of comparison are thosetraditionally recommended by literature (intensity of technological change, sources and resultsof innovation, learning and technological trajectory) and which are in Pi...
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Using data from European Patent Office (1978-2005) related to three groups of countries (leaders, Asians and Latin-Americans), this paper aims to identify the structural change of Brazilian technological specialization and its nature between the two periods, pre and post commercial liberalisation. The paper confirms these structural changes with th...
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Using patent data from European Patent Office (1978-2002) for ten Latin-American countries, this paper aims: (i) to identify the technological specialization of multinational enterprises (MNE) that use technological resources from these countries; (ii) to observe if the pattern of MNE technological speciahzation seems similar with to the host count...
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Using patent data from EPO from 1978 to 2003, this paper aims to identify the role of MNE in the determination of technological specialization trends and convergence in Spain and the extend to which the technological activity of these companies helps to define the technical distribution of competences in the country.The main findings are: (i) Spain...
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Using a database composed by patents filed in the European Patent Office, thispaper aims to: (i ) identify patterns of technological specialization of selected countriesfrom Latin America and Asia; (ii ) classify the role played by MNE (multinationalenterprises) in the building of technological competencies of these countriesas well as their role i...
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This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the measurement of technological opportunity (TO). Using micro level data form IBGE’s PINTEC, the paper elaborates a probit model that associates innovative effort with the probability to innovate. TO is defined as the level of effort that maximizes the probability to innovate. Two measures of inno...
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Utilizando dados de patente, este trabalho procura adicionar evidência empírica ao estudo do processo de internacionalização da P&D mediante a compreensão dos tipos de conhecimento desenvolvidos fora do país de origem das multinacionais, associando-os às características principais da firma. Os resultados gerais parecem colocar dúvida sobre a existê...
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Using patent data from EPO from 1978 to 2002, this paper aims to identify the role of MNE in the determination of technological specialization trends and convergence in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico and the extend to which the technological activity of these companies helps to define the technical distribution of competences in the country. T...
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Since the beginning of the eighties, a new view for universities has emergedas a consequence of, mainly, four facts: (i) the new model of neo-regulation foruniversities based on a full independence to appropriate the benefits of theirresearch efforts; (ii) the coming out of new applied sciences, as microbiology;(iii) the enforcement of university-c...
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This paper aims to add evidence to the literature on the internationalization of R&D of transnational enterprises. It focus on two main topics of the process: (i) the relation between the degree of internationalization and host country technological capabilities, and (ii) the role played by companies´ competencies. Using a database formed by patent...
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Este artículo presenta el patrón sectorial de innovación de la economía española en el cual los sectores son agregados de acuerdo con especificaciones comunes sobre el desarrollo de los procesos de innovación y de la actividad productiva, sobre los cuales intervienen los regímenes tecnológicos y la estructura industrial como elementos que guían el...
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Effective protection is an important tool for the assessment of import policy and, therefore, of the structure of incentives for domestic production. In this paper, we estimate the levels of effective protection for the Brazilian economy for 2000 and 2005. The calculations for 2000 takes into account the distorting effects of the incidence of cumul...
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This paper aims to assess the relevance of different sources of TO for Brazilian industries and to compare the results with those obtained in science-frontier countries. The paper uses micro level data from PINTEC (2003). The paper covers two different sources of TO: extra-mural sources of knowledge and technological trajectories and compare them w...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This project aims to analyze the industrial dimension of technical change; the links between structural change, industrial dynamics and income distribution at sectoral level; income generation and productivity; sectoral patterns of innovation; and the economic transformations will came with the industries of the future (4.0; environment; renewal energy and bio-industries).
Project
The project aims to explore the role of foreign R&D leading by multinational corporations in developing countrires, as well how multinational corporations from developing countires uses internationalizarion to capture technological competence and capabilitires from developed countries
Project
To Identify key-industries, key-competences, transnational flows of knowledge; diversification; related technologies; technical and productive base; To evaluate the impact of regulations (Kyoto protocol and others) in the evolution and paths of environmental technologies.