Ana Isabel Sánchez

Ana Isabel Sánchez
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment

About

52
Publications
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1,441
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
903 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: fibromyalgia is a complex chronic pain syndrome characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, insomnia and autonomic alterations. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is regarded as a promising treatment in fibromyalgia, but its impact on autonomic function remains uncertain. In this research, we studied the effect of CBT on autonomic...
Article
This study examines the usefulness of an electronic diary (ED) in the monitoring of clinical manifestations of fibromyalgia (FM), compared to traditional pencil-and-paper self-reports. Fourteen women with FM completed an interview, several questionnaires, and an ED for a week (several times a day) recording pain, fatigue, sleep, difficulty in think...
Article
Full-text available
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic syndrome characterized by heterogeneous clinical manifestations, and knowing this variability can help to develop tailored treatments. To understand better the heterogeneity of FM the present cross-sectional study analyzed the role of several physical symptoms (pain, fatigue and poor sleep quality) and cognitive-affec...
Article
Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome that is accompanied by notable psychological distress. However, little research has been done on how the psychopathological profile of FM patients may influence their functional status. Method: Using the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised the study examined the psychopathological dimensions of 1...
Article
Little research has investigated how traumatic experiences relate to fibromyalgia (FM). We explored the presence of trauma exposure in a sample of Spanish participants with FM and examined the associations between (a) the number and type of traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and (b) the severity of clinical mani...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objective Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the first-line treatments in the management of fibromyalgia (FM) and it has been applied with considerable success to treat the psychological processes associated with pain and insomnia. We hypothesized that treating sleep and pain jointly with new combined modalities of CBT may offe...
Article
Full-text available
Catastrophizing, acceptance, and coping have an important predictive value in chronic pain; however, it is not known which of these variables has the greatest contribution in fibromyalgia (FM). This study explored the mediating role of catastrophizing, acceptance, and coping in the relationship between pain and emotional distress/disability in a FM...
Article
Full-text available
This controlled trial aims to analyze the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia and pain (CBT-IP) compared to cognitive-behavioral therapy for pain (CBT-P) and usual medical care (UMC) at improving sleep and other clinical manifestations (pain, fatigue, impaired functioning, and emotional distress) in women with fibromyalgia (FM). O...
Article
Aim: Sleep problems are a common complaint in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We analyzed sleep quality with subjective and objective measures in a sample with SLE and its possible relationships with the main manifestations of the disease. Methods: Twenty-one women with SLE and 20 healthy women participated in the study. All partici...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Although sleep alterations can be an important factor contributing to the clinical state of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, there are no studies to adequately assess sleep quality in this type of disease. Objectives: The aim of this work is to analyse the sleep quality of Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) patients based on more objec...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this systematic review was to explore psychological interventions applied to patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and analyze their usefulness in promoting a favorable adaptation in the psychological, social and physical area. A comprehensive search bases Scopus, Medline, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library data was performed a...
Article
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in men and women with FM and compare sleep and clinical features between both genders. Methods: Fifteen women and 13 men were selected to participate in nine weekly CBT-I sessions that involved completing several self-reported questionnaire...
Article
Objective Fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) involves chronic pain accompanied by alteration of cognitive functions, mainly memory and attention. Despite vigilance is a pre-requisite for appropriate performance in most cognitive tasks, it has not been assessed directly in fibromyalgia. The current research aimed to study vigilance in this illness and to ex...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive attention to pain is a common psychological characteristic among people who suffer from chronic pain. The Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) is an internationally accepted tool to assess this feature, although there is no validated version of this measure for Spanish people with fibromyalgia. Since this pain syndrome mainly...
Article
Sleep complaints are one of the most frequent and relevant symptoms that characterize fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). However, objective sleep disturbances have not been consistently described across FMS studies. It is therefore commonly accepted that FMS patients experience sleep misperception, even though no studies have investigated the contributio...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Alexithymia is a personality construct that is frequently identified in fibromyalgia (FM). Previous studies have explored the relationship between alexithymia and emotional distress in this disease. Yet, the additional link with factors of pain appraisal is unknown. This study examined the moderating effect of alexithymia in the relationsh...
Article
Objectives This study was the first to explore whether individuals with fibromyalgia (FM) have different cognitive alterations (i.e., in alertness, orienting, and executive control) depending on their sex. We also analysed possible gender differences in the relationships between cognitive functioning and some of the main symptoms of FM. DesignCross...
Article
The prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) is much lower in men than in women. Therefore, current knowledge about this chronic pain syndrome emerged mainly from research on women. The aim of the present study was to compare clinical symptoms and sleep parameters between male and female FM patients. Forty FM patients (18 men and 22 women) aged 48.00±8.45 y...
Article
Pain is the cardinal feature in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and increases risk of anxiety and depression. Patients with FMS frequently complain of sleep disturbances as well. Sleep may intermediate the association between pain and emotional symptoms, an idea which has been scarce studied. The objective of this study is to uncover the role of subjec...
Article
Full-text available
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a debilitating rheumatic disorder characterized mainly by the presence of continual and widespread musculoskeletal pain, in addition to other disturbing symptoms. There is inconsistent evidence about the effectiveness of the treatments developed so far, making FM a chronic disease that is difficult to treat. The aim of this lit...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep disturbances play an important role in the exacerbation of pain and other troubling symptoms reported by patients with fibromyalgia (FM). The objective of this trial was to analyze the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) versus a sleep hygiene (SH) education program at improving sleep and other clinical manifestati...
Article
Objectives: To date, very few studies have analyzed gender differences in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome [FMS], as the prevalence of this syndrome is much lower in males than females. The aim of this study was to explore how gender differences affect the experience of pain, physical activity and psychological measures of FMS patients compared...
Article
The prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) in males is much lower than in women. Thus, current knowledge about the syndrome has been developed from research with women. The aim of the present study is to analyze whether FM manifestations differ as a function of sex. Two clinical groups with FM (21 males and 21 women) and a control group of healthy men (n=...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) on polysomnographic parameters in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Twenty-six women with FM participated in the study and were randomly assigned to a CBT-I (n = 13) group or sleep hygiene (SH) condition (n = 13). The evaluation consisted in two interview...
Article
Insecure attachment has been hypothesized to be an important factor for understanding the experience of pain. Considering the Attachment-Diathesis Model of Chronic Pain developed by Meredith, Ownsworth, and Strong (2008), this cross-sectional study examines the relationship between attachment style, pain appraisal, and illness behavior. Two hundred...
Article
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome associated with adverse symptoms of cognitive, behavioural, and emotional dysfunction. Accumulating evidence supports the notion that sleep dysfunction, which affects almost all FM patients, has a reciprocal influence on pain. Yet, little is known about the relationship between sleep and other FM symptom...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the relationship between several cognitive-affective factors of the fear-avoidance model of pain, the big five model of personality, and functional impairment in fibromyalgia (FM). Seventy-four FM patients completed the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20, the Pain Vigila...
Article
Full-text available
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a chronic illness characterized by episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep. Mood disturbance has been frequently related to OSAS, but there is no a consensus among results of different studies. AIMS. To assess depression and anxiety of patients with SAHS, and to determine which of polysomnographi...
Article
This study analyzes the role of a number of cognitive-affective dimensions in the experience and coping of pain in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Specifically, it was examined whether anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing and pain-related anxiety predict the pain perception and the self-efficacy expectations in these patients. Seventy-four fi...
Article
Cognitive deficits in fibromyalgia may be specifically related to controlled processes, such as those measured by working memory or executive function tasks. This hypothesis was tested here by measuring controlled temporal preparation (temporal orienting) during a response inhibition (go no-go) task. Temporal orienting effects (faster reaction time...
Article
Full-text available
Dicofol was listed by International POPs Elimination Network (IPEN) as requiring immediate and urgent considera-tion and thus was considered as a new candidate by Persistent Organic Pollutant Review Committee (POPRC) as a possible persistent organic pollutant (POP). Dicofol is structurally similar to DDT. It is persistent in food and water, highly...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by repeated episodes of complete (apneas) or partial (hypopneas) cessations of breathing while sleeping. While continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment is commonly chosen to treat OSA, various conservative behavioral therapies are also used, particularly in patients unable to tol...
Article
La práctica regular de ejercicio físico ha demostrado tener efectos beneficiosos sobre la salud psicológica. El propósito de este estudio descriptivo mediante encuesta ha sido analizar la asociación entre la práctica de ejercicio físico y los hábitos de vida saludables y el bienestar psicológico. Se han utilizado dos muestras, una de ellas compuest...
Article
Regular physical exercise has preventive effects for psychological wellbeing. The objective of the present descriptive study was to analyse the association between the practice of physical exercise and healthy life habits, and psychological well-being. It used two samples, one of them composed of 208 students from the Aveiro University (Portugal) a...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study is to analyse the relationship between sleep, burnout, and job strain in a sample of 316 healthy workers from various professional sectors. Multiple significant correlations between the principal sleep parameters, the dimensions of burnout, and job strain were found. The regression analyses show that sleep quality a...
Article
Full-text available
Material and method: The sample was made up of 11 snorers (two women and nine men), in an age range between 29 and 58 (X= 43.82 and SD= 8.67), and 14 patients with OSAS (two women and 12 men), in the age range between 30 and 65 (X= 49.64 and SD= 10.67), who were selected from a clinical population. The AHI used for establishing an OSAS diagnostic w...
Article
Full-text available
El presente estudio tiene como objetivo analizar en una muestra de 316 trabajadores sanos de distintos sectores profesionales la relación entre sueño, burnout y tensión laboral. Encontramos múltiples correlaciones significativas entre los principales parámetros de sueño, las dimensiones de burnout y de tensión laboral. En los análisis de regresión...
Article
Recently, interest for studying the relationship between sleep and immunological system has increased. The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of respiratory cessation that occur during sleep. Recent studies have suggested the need to study the relation between OSAS and immune system. The objec...
Article
In recent years many studies have shown that Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome is one of the biggest risk factors for drivers. The most severe patients report that they become sleepiness not only while driving on the highway or over long distances - during which the driver may stop the vehicle to sleep for a short time - but also during short distan...
Article
38 h of sleep deprivation in women resulted in decreased alpha, increased theta and increased intrahemispheric correlation during rest and increased theta and reaction time during task. F3-O1 coherent activity was selectively decreased consistent with the role of sleep for recovery of frontal functions. Sleep deprivation effects were milder in wome...
Article
El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es un trastorno que se caracteriza por una obstrucción de la vía respiratoria aérea superior durante el sueño aun cuando existe un adecuado esfuerzo respiratorio. Esta obstrucción dificulta la respiración provocando entre otros síntomas, sueño fragmentado y pérdida o supresión de las fases de sueño...
Article
Abstract Various studies have focused on understanding how the continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) treatment improves the emotional state of obstructive sleep apnea patients, as well as factors that determine improvement. Yet the results are contradictory. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the changes in depression levels, anxi...
Article
En: Análisis y Modificación de Conducta Valencia 1999, v.25, n.103; p. 735-749 El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS), es uno de los trastornos más frecuentes asociados a excesiva somnolencia diurna. Actualmente la presión nasal positiva contínua (CPAP), es el tratamiento más utilizado en la apnea de sueño. Diversas investigaciones se ha...
Article
Recently, interest for studying the relationship between sleep and immunological system has increased. The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of respiratory cessation that occur during sleep. Recent studies have suggested the need to study the relation between OSAS and immune system. The objec...
Article
El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es un trastorno que se caracteriza por una obstrucción de la vía respiratoria aérea superior durante el sueño aun cuando existe un adecuado esfuerzo respiratorio. Esta obstrucción dificulta la respiración provocando entre otros síntomas, sueño fragmentado y pérdida o supresión de las fases de sueño...
Article
El síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es un trastorno de la respiración que se produce durante el sueño, caracterizado por episodios repetidos de apnea (cese total del flujo aéreo) o hipopnea (cese parcial) con una duración mínima de 10 segundos. La sintomatología asociada al trastorno es muy variada. La mayoría de los pacientes se quej...

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